AppleScript/iTunes FAQ: Can you demonstrate an AppleScript iTunes example (such as an AppleScript iTunes alarm clock)?
For a little while now I've been creating an AppleScript iTunes alarm clock application (an AppleScript alarm that would work with iTunes). The basic idea of the application was to do the following:
- Let me enter the time the alarm should go off.
- Try to wake me up several times using spoken words and different voices (using the Applescript say command).
- If all that fails, the AppleScript program should automatically start iTunes and play a song of my choosing. (In my case the song "Young at Heart" by Tony Bennett.)
My AppleScript iTunes alarm clock program
I'm not going to try to explain the program too much ... I hope you can get the idea of how it works by looking at the AppleScript source code. I'll just try to highlight a few key points here:
- The first thing the program does is get the desired wake up time from the user by prompting them with the AppleScript
- The program then stays in a loop until the
current dateis greater than or equal to the time the user entered.
- The program then starts speaking various phrases using different voices provided by the Mac OS/X operating system.
- The AppleScript program launches iTunes, finds a song whose name contain the string "Young at Heart" with an artist name containing the string "Bennett", then plays that song. (Note that I have several different versions of this song by different artists, so I need to specify more than just the name of the song.)
Source code for my AppleScript iTunes alarm clock program
I could make this AppleScript example a lot more convenient for other users -- and implement a ton of other ideas I have -- but at this point I thought I would just share the code. So, here's the initial source code for my AppleScript iTunes alarm clock application:
-- -- AppleScript "alarm clock" application (version 1) -- written by Alvin J. Alexander, alvinalexander.com -- -- prompt the user for the desired wake up time set targetTime to the text returned of (display dialog "Enter the wake-up date/time:" default answer "" & (current date)) -- wait until we reach the target date/time repeat while (current date) is less than date targetTime -- should be 60 delay 2 end repeat -- start talking say "Good morning Al." using "Whisper" delay 2 say "Al, it's time to rise and shine." using "Fred" delay 2 say "The current time is " & getTimeInHoursAndMinutes() using "Vicki" delay 2 say "Wake up sleepy head" using "Trinoids" delay 2 say "You asked us to wake you up at this time." using "Victoria" delay 2 say "It's time to wake up, it's time to wake up!" using "Cellos" -- launch iTunes and play the desired song tell application "iTunes" activate set ts to (every file track of playlist "Library" whose name contains "Young at Heart" and artist contains "Bennett") repeat with t in ts play t end repeat end tell -- get the time in the desired format on getTimeInHoursAndMinutes() -- Get the "hour" set timeStr to time string of (current date) set Pos to offset of ":" in timeStr set theHour to characters 1 thru (Pos - 1) of timeStr as string set timeStr to characters (Pos + 1) through end of timeStr as string -- Get the "minute" set Pos to offset of ":" in timeStr set theMin to characters 1 thru (Pos - 1) of timeStr as string set timeStr to characters (Pos + 1) through end of timeStr as string --Get "AM or PM" set Pos to offset of " " in timeStr set theSfx to characters (Pos + 1) through end of timeStr as string return (theHour & ":" & theMin & " " & theSfx) as string end getTimeInHoursAndMinutes
Running my AppleScript iTunes alarm clock program
You can run this script on your Mac OS/X computer by copying the code shown above, and pasting it into the ScriptEditor on your system. Of course you'll probably need to change the name of the song that you run in iTunes, but other than that it should work out of the box. After that just save it as a script on your system, and you're all set.
Feel free to modify this script however you'd like. Or if you have suggestions that you'd like to see implemented just let me know. FWIW my other current ideas are:
- Provide the capability to play several songs in sequence.
- Increase the volume as the song is playing.
- Improve the prompt for the wake up time.
- Provide a way for the user to cancel the script (besides the normal [Command][.] method of canceling AppleScript programs.)
On a related note, here's a link to my Mac OS X text to speech using AppleScript tutorial. It demonstrates how to make Mac OS X voices speak text, and also gives you an idea of what the different voices sound like.Back to top
Quick comment: it's "Vicki" not "Vicky"
That has been corrected -- thank you!
Thanks for posting this it showed me a few other things I was learning to do like say the current date. I was trying to combine "say" with "current date" from StandardAdditions and everything I was trying to think of wasn't working.
I'm new to the whole applescript biz and I was wondering how you get the script to run automatically.
I was working on my own applescript alarm clock (modified version of another I found online) but for it to work, I had to have the script running all night. seems like a waste right?
Is there a way to set up the applescript alarm clock to start and run without having to prompt it to manually? Or does the script have to run all night until the desired target time?
I haven't tried this yet, but since learning yesterday that I can set a Mac wake up time, I plan to look into combining the Mac wake-up event with running my AppleScript alarm.
FWIW, I've written before about how to run Mac tasks at specific times, and I think one (or both) of these approaches should work:
If I can't run an AppleScript script directly, I can also save an AppleScript file as an executable (or something like an executable, if I remember right, though I may be thinking of the Mac Automator), and if that fails, I can also run an AppleScript from a Unix shell script. So, one way or another I'll get this to work, but I'm hoping one of the simple approaches will worke easily.