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TarTool example source code file (TarEntry.java)

This example TarTool source code file (TarEntry.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - TarTool tags/keywords

a, date, file, invalidheaderexception, io, string, string, stringbuffer, stringbuffer, tarentry, tarentry, tarheader, tarheader, util, win32prefix, z

The TarTool TarEntry.java source code

/*
** Authored by Timothy Gerard Endres
** <mailto:time@gjt.org>  
** 
** This work has been placed into the public domain.
** You may use this work in any way and for any purpose you wish.
**
** THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED AS-IS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
** NOT EVEN THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY. THE AUTHOR
** OF THIS SOFTWARE, ASSUMES _NO_ RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY
** CONSEQUENCE RESULTING FROM THE USE, MODIFICATION, OR
** REDISTRIBUTION OF THIS SOFTWARE. 
** 
*/

package com.ice.tar;

import java.io.*;
import java.util.Date;
import javax.activation.*;


/**
 *
 * This class represents an entry in a Tar archive. It consists
 * of the entry's header, as well as the entry's File. Entries
 * can be instantiated in one of three ways, depending on how
 * they are to be used.
 * <p>
 * TarEntries that are created from the header bytes read from
 * an archive are instantiated with the TarEntry( byte[] )
 * constructor. These entries will be used when extracting from
 * or listing the contents of an archive. These entries have their
 * header filled in using the header bytes. They also set the File
 * to null, since they reference an archive entry not a file.
 * <p>
 * TarEntries that are created from Files that are to be written
 * into an archive are instantiated with the TarEntry( File )
 * constructor. These entries have their header filled in using
 * the File's information. They also keep a reference to the File
 * for convenience when writing entries.
 * <p>
 * Finally, TarEntries can be constructed from nothing but a name.
 * This allows the programmer to construct the entry by hand, for
 * instance when only an InputStream is available for writing to
 * the archive, and the header information is constructed from
 * other information. In this case the header fields are set to
 * defaults and the File is set to null.
 *
 * <p>
 * The C structure for a Tar Entry's header is:
 * <pre>
 * struct header {
 *		char	name[NAMSIZ];
 *		char	mode[8];
 *		char	uid[8];
 *		char	gid[8];
 *		char	size[12];
 *		char	mtime[12];
 *		char	chksum[8];
 *		char	linkflag;
 *		char	linkname[NAMSIZ];
 *		char	magic[8];
 *		char	uname[TUNMLEN];
 *		char	gname[TGNMLEN];
 *		char	devmajor[8];
 *		char	devminor[8];
 *	} header;
 * </pre>
 *
 * @see TarHeader
 *
 */

public
class		TarEntry
extends		Object
	{
	/**
	 * If this entry represents a File, this references it.
	 */
	protected File				file;

	/**
	 * This is the entry's header information.
	 */
	protected TarHeader			header;

	/**
	 * Construct an entry with only a name. This allows the programmer
	 * to construct the entry's header "by hand". File is set to null.
	 */
	public
	TarEntry( String name )
		{
		this.initialize();
		this.nameTarHeader( this.header, name );
		}

	/**
	 * Construct an entry for a file. File is set to file, and the
	 * header is constructed from information from the file.
	 *
	 * @param file The file that the entry represents.
	 */
	public
	TarEntry( File file )
		throws InvalidHeaderException
		{
		this.initialize();
		this.getFileTarHeader( this.header, file );
		}

	/**
	 * Construct an entry from an archive's header bytes. File is set
	 * to null.
	 *
	 * @param headerBuf The header bytes from a tar archive entry.
	 */
	public
	TarEntry( byte[] headerBuf )
		throws InvalidHeaderException
		{
		this.initialize();
		this.parseTarHeader( this.header, headerBuf );
		}

	/**
	 * Initialization code common to all constructors.
	 */
	private void
	initialize()
		{
		this.file = null;
		this.header = new TarHeader();
		}

	/**
	 * Determine if the two entries are equal. Equality is determined
	 * by the header names being equal.
	 *
	 * @return it Entry to be checked for equality.
	 * @return True if the entries are equal.
	 */
	public boolean
	equals( TarEntry it )
		{
		return
			this.header.name.toString().equals
				( it.header.name.toString() );
		}

	/**
	 * Determine if the given entry is a descendant of this entry.
	 * Descendancy is determined by the name of the descendant
	 * starting with this entry's name.
	 *
	 * @param desc Entry to be checked as a descendent of this.
	 * @return True if entry is a descendant of this.
	 */
	public boolean
	isDescendent( TarEntry desc )
		{
		return
			desc.header.name.toString().startsWith
				( this.header.name.toString() );
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's header.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's TarHeader.
	 */
	public TarHeader
	getHeader()
		{
		return this.header;
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's name.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's name.
	 */
	public String
	getName()
		{
		return this.header.name.toString();
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's name.
	 *
	 * @param name This entry's new name.
	 */
	public void
	setName( String name )
		{
		this.header.name =
			new StringBuffer( name );
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's user id.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's user id.
	 */
	public int
	getUserId()
		{
		return this.header.userId;
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's user id.
	 *
	 * @param userId This entry's new user id.
	 */
	public void
	setUserId( int userId )
		{
		this.header.userId = userId;
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's group id.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's group id.
	 */
	public int
	getGroupId()
		{
		return this.header.groupId;
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's group id.
	 *
	 * @param groupId This entry's new group id.
	 */
	public void
	setGroupId( int groupId )
		{
		this.header.groupId = groupId;
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's user name.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's user name.
	 */
	public String
	getUserName()
		{
		return this.header.userName.toString();
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's user name.
	 *
	 * @param userName This entry's new user name.
	 */
	public void
	setUserName( String userName )
		{
		this.header.userName =
			new StringBuffer( userName );
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's group name.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's group name.
	 */
	public String
	getGroupName()
		{
		return this.header.groupName.toString();
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's group name.
	 *
	 * @param groupName This entry's new group name.
	 */
	public void
	setGroupName( String groupName )
		{
		this.header.groupName =
			new StringBuffer( groupName );
		}

	/**
	 * Convenience method to set this entry's group and user ids.
	 *
	 * @param userId This entry's new user id.
	 * @param groupId This entry's new group id.
	 */
	public void
	setIds( int userId, int groupId )
		{
		this.setUserId( userId );
		this.setGroupId( groupId );
		}

	/**
	 * Convenience method to set this entry's group and user names.
	 *
	 * @param userName This entry's new user name.
	 * @param groupName This entry's new group name.
	 */
	public void
	setNames( String userName, String groupName )
		{
		this.setUserName( userName );
		this.setGroupName( groupName );
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's modification time. The parameter passed
	 * to this method is in "Java time".
	 *
	 * @param time This entry's new modification time.
	 */
	public void
	setModTime( long time )
		{
		this.header.modTime = time / 1000;
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's modification time.
	 *
	 * @param time This entry's new modification time.
	 */
	public void
	setModTime( Date time )
		{
		this.header.modTime = time.getTime() / 1000;
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's modification time.
	 *
	 * @param time This entry's new modification time.
	 */
	public Date
	getModTime()
		{
		return new Date( this.header.modTime * 1000 );
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's file.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's file.
	 */
	public File
	getFile()
		{
		return this.file;
		}

	/**
	 * Get this entry's file size.
	 *
	 * @return This entry's file size.
	 */
	public long
	getSize()
		{
		return this.header.size;
		}

	/**
	 * Set this entry's file size.
	 *
	 * @param size This entry's new file size.
	 */
	public void
	setSize( long size )
		{
		this.header.size = size;
		}

	/**
	 * Convenience method that will modify an entry's name directly
	 * in place in an entry header buffer byte array.
	 *
	 * @param outbuf The buffer containing the entry header to modify.
	 * @param newName The new name to place into the header buffer.
	 */
	public void
	adjustEntryName( byte[] outbuf, String newName )
		{
		int offset = 0;
		offset = TarHeader.getNameBytes
			( new StringBuffer( newName ),
				outbuf, offset, TarHeader.NAMELEN );
		}

	/**
	 * Return whether or not this entry represents a directory.
	 *
	 * @return True if this entry is a directory.
	 */
	public boolean
	isDirectory()
		{
		if ( this.file != null )
			return this.file.isDirectory();

		if ( this.header != null )
			{
			if ( this.header.linkFlag == TarHeader.LF_DIR )
				return true;

			if ( this.header.name.toString().endsWith( "/" ) )
				return true;
			}

		return false;
		}

	/**
	 * Fill in a TarHeader with information from a File.
	 *
	 * @param hdr The TarHeader to fill in.
	 * @param file The file from which to get the header information.
	 */
	public void
	getFileTarHeader( TarHeader hdr, File file )
		throws InvalidHeaderException
		{
		this.file = file;

		String name = file.getPath();
		String osname = System.getProperty( "os.name" );
		if ( osname != null )
			{
			// Strip off drive letters!
			// REVIEW Would a better check be "(File.separator == '\')"?

			// String Win32Prefix = "Windows";
			// String prefix = osname.substring( 0, Win32Prefix.length() );
			// if ( prefix.equalsIgnoreCase( Win32Prefix ) )

			// if ( File.separatorChar == '\\' )

			// Per Patrick Beard:
			String Win32Prefix = "windows";
			if ( osname.toLowerCase().startsWith( Win32Prefix ) )
				{
				if ( name.length() > 2 )
					{
					char ch1 = name.charAt(0);
					char ch2 = name.charAt(1);
					if ( ch2 == ':'
						&& ( (ch1 >= 'a' && ch1 <= 'z')
							|| (ch1 >= 'A' && ch1 <= 'Z') ) )
						{
						name = name.substring( 2 );
						}
					}
				}
			}

		name = name.replace( File.separatorChar, '/' );

		// No absolute pathnames
		// Windows (and Posix?) paths can start with "\\NetworkDrive\",
		// so we loop on starting /'s.
		
		for ( ; name.startsWith( "/" ) ; )
			name = name.substring( 1 );

 		hdr.linkName = new StringBuffer( "" );

		hdr.name = new StringBuffer( name );

		if ( file.isDirectory() )
			{
			hdr.mode = 040755;
			hdr.linkFlag = TarHeader.LF_DIR;
			if ( hdr.name.charAt( hdr.name.length() - 1 ) != '/' )
				hdr.name.append( "/" );
			}
		else
			{
			hdr.mode = 0100644;
			hdr.linkFlag = TarHeader.LF_NORMAL;
			}

		// UNDONE When File lets us get the userName, use it!

		hdr.size = file.length();
		hdr.modTime = file.lastModified() / 1000;
		hdr.checkSum = 0;
		hdr.devMajor = 0;
		hdr.devMinor = 0;
		}

	/**
	 * If this entry represents a file, and the file is a directory, return
	 * an array of TarEntries for this entry's children.
	 *
	 * @return An array of TarEntry's for this entry's children.
	 */
	public TarEntry[]
	getDirectoryEntries()
		throws InvalidHeaderException
		{
		if ( this.file == null
				|| ! this.file.isDirectory() )
			{
			return new TarEntry[0];
			}

		String[] list = this.file.list();

		TarEntry[] result = new TarEntry[ list.length ];

		for ( int i = 0 ; i < list.length ; ++i )
			{
			result[i] =
				new TarEntry
					( new File( this.file, list[i] ) );
			}

		return result;
		}

	/**
	 * Compute the checksum of a tar entry header.
	 *
	 * @param buf The tar entry's header buffer.
	 * @return The computed checksum.
	 */
	public long
	computeCheckSum( byte[] buf )
		{
		long sum = 0;

		for ( int i = 0 ; i < buf.length ; ++i )
			{
			sum += 255 & buf[ i ];
			}

		return sum;
		}

	/**
	 * Write an entry's header information to a header buffer.
	 *
	 * @param outbuf The tar entry header buffer to fill in.
	 */
	public void
	writeEntryHeader( byte[] outbuf )
		{
		int offset = 0;

		offset = TarHeader.getNameBytes
			( this.header.name, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.NAMELEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getOctalBytes
			( this.header.mode, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.MODELEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getOctalBytes
			( this.header.userId, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.UIDLEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getOctalBytes
			( this.header.groupId, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.GIDLEN );

		long size = this.header.size;

		offset = TarHeader.getLongOctalBytes
			( size, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.SIZELEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getLongOctalBytes
			( this.header.modTime, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.MODTIMELEN );

		int csOffset = offset;
		for ( int c = 0 ; c < TarHeader.CHKSUMLEN ; ++c )
			outbuf[ offset++ ] = (byte) ' ';

		outbuf[ offset++ ] = this.header.linkFlag;

		offset = TarHeader.getNameBytes
			( this.header.linkName, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.NAMELEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getNameBytes
			( this.header.magic, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.MAGICLEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getNameBytes
			( this.header.userName, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.UNAMELEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getNameBytes
			( this.header.groupName, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.GNAMELEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getOctalBytes
			( this.header.devMajor, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.DEVLEN );

		offset = TarHeader.getOctalBytes
			( this.header.devMinor, outbuf, offset, TarHeader.DEVLEN );

		for ( ; offset < outbuf.length ; )
			outbuf[ offset++ ] = 0;

		long checkSum = this.computeCheckSum( outbuf );

		TarHeader.getCheckSumOctalBytes
			( checkSum, outbuf, csOffset, TarHeader.CHKSUMLEN );
		}

	/**
	 * Parse an entry's TarHeader information from a header buffer.
	 *
	 * @param hdr The TarHeader to fill in from the buffer information.
	 * @param header The tar entry header buffer to get information from.
	 */
	public void
	parseTarHeader( TarHeader hdr, byte[] header )
		throws InvalidHeaderException
		{
		int offset = 0;

		hdr.name =
			TarHeader.parseName( header, offset, TarHeader.NAMELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.NAMELEN;

		hdr.mode = (int)
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.MODELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.MODELEN;

		hdr.userId = (int)
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.UIDLEN );

		offset += TarHeader.UIDLEN;

		hdr.groupId = (int)
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.GIDLEN );

		offset += TarHeader.GIDLEN;

		hdr.size =
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.SIZELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.SIZELEN;

		hdr.modTime =
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.MODTIMELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.MODTIMELEN;

		hdr.checkSum = (int)
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.CHKSUMLEN );

		offset += TarHeader.CHKSUMLEN;

		hdr.linkFlag = header[ offset++ ];

		hdr.linkName =
			TarHeader.parseName( header, offset, TarHeader.NAMELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.NAMELEN;

		hdr.magic =
			TarHeader.parseName( header, offset, TarHeader.MAGICLEN );

		offset += TarHeader.MAGICLEN;

		hdr.userName =
			TarHeader.parseName( header, offset, TarHeader.UNAMELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.UNAMELEN;

		hdr.groupName =
			TarHeader.parseName( header, offset, TarHeader.GNAMELEN );

		offset += TarHeader.GNAMELEN;

		hdr.devMajor = (int)
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.DEVLEN );

		offset += TarHeader.DEVLEN;

		hdr.devMinor = (int)
			TarHeader.parseOctal( header, offset, TarHeader.DEVLEN );
		}

	/**
	 * Fill in a TarHeader given only the entry's name.
	 *
	 * @param hdr The TarHeader to fill in.
	 * @param name The tar entry name.
	 */
	public void
	nameTarHeader( TarHeader hdr, String name )
		{
		boolean isDir = name.endsWith( "/" );

		hdr.checkSum = 0;
		hdr.devMajor = 0;
		hdr.devMinor = 0;

		hdr.name = new StringBuffer( name );
		hdr.mode = isDir ? 040755 : 0100644;
		hdr.userId = 0;
		hdr.groupId = 0;
		hdr.size = 0;
		hdr.checkSum = 0;

		hdr.modTime =
			(new java.util.Date()).getTime() / 1000;

		hdr.linkFlag =
			isDir ? TarHeader.LF_DIR : TarHeader.LF_NORMAL;

		hdr.linkName = new StringBuffer( "" );
		hdr.userName = new StringBuffer( "" );
		hdr.groupName = new StringBuffer( "" );

		hdr.devMajor = 0;
		hdr.devMinor = 0;
		}

	}

Other TarTool examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this TarTool TarEntry.java source code file:



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