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Android example source code file (CertificateChainValidator.java)

This example Android source code file (CertificateChainValidator.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Android by Example" TM.

Java - Android tags/keywords

android, certificatechainvalidator, certificateexception, date, httpsconnection, io, ioexception, net, network, rsa, security, ssl, sslcertificate, sslerror, sslhandshakeexception, sslsession, sslsocket, string, x509certificate

The CertificateChainValidator.java Android example source code

 * Copyright (C) 2008 The Android Open Source Project
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

package android.net.http;

import com.android.internal.net.DomainNameValidator;

import org.apache.harmony.xnet.provider.jsse.SSLParameters;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.security.cert.Certificate;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateExpiredException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateNotYetValidException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.util.Date;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSession;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

 * Class responsible for all server certificate validation functionality
 * {@hide}
class CertificateChainValidator {

     * The singleton instance of the certificate chain validator
    private static final CertificateChainValidator sInstance
            = new CertificateChainValidator();

     * @return The singleton instance of the certificates chain validator
    public static CertificateChainValidator getInstance() {
        return sInstance;

     * Creates a new certificate chain validator. This is a private constructor.
     * If you need a Certificate chain validator, call getInstance().
    private CertificateChainValidator() {}

     * Performs the handshake and server certificates validation
     * Notice a new chain will be rebuilt by tracing the issuer and subject
     * before calling checkServerTrusted().
     * And if the last traced certificate is self issued and it is expired, it
     * will be dropped.
     * @param sslSocket The secure connection socket
     * @param domain The website domain
     * @return An SSL error object if there is an error and null otherwise
    public SslError doHandshakeAndValidateServerCertificates(
            HttpsConnection connection, SSLSocket sslSocket, String domain)
            throws IOException {
        X509Certificate[] serverCertificates = null;

        // start handshake, close the socket if we fail
        try {
        } catch (IOException e) {
                sslSocket, e.getMessage(),
                "failed to perform SSL handshake");

        // retrieve the chain of the server peer certificates
        Certificate[] peerCertificates =

        if (peerCertificates == null || peerCertificates.length <= 0) {
                sslSocket, "failed to retrieve peer certificates");
        } else {
            serverCertificates =
                new X509Certificate[peerCertificates.length];
            for (int i = 0; i < peerCertificates.length; ++i) {
                serverCertificates[i] =

            // update the SSL certificate associated with the connection
            if (connection != null) {
                if (serverCertificates[0] != null) {
                        new SslCertificate(serverCertificates[0]));

        // check if the first certificate in the chain is for this site
        X509Certificate currCertificate = serverCertificates[0];
        if (currCertificate == null) {
                sslSocket, "certificate for this site is null");
        } else {
            if (!DomainNameValidator.match(currCertificate, domain)) {
                String errorMessage = "certificate not for this host: " + domain;

                if (HttpLog.LOGV) {

                return new SslError(
                    SslError.SSL_IDMISMATCH, currCertificate);

        // Clean up the certificates chain and build a new one.
        // Theoretically, we shouldn't have to do this, but various web servers
        // in practice are mis-configured to have out-of-order certificates or
        // expired self-issued root certificate.
        int chainLength = serverCertificates.length;
        if (serverCertificates.length > 1) {
          // 1. we clean the received certificates chain.
          // We start from the end-entity certificate, tracing down by matching
          // the "issuer" field and "subject" field until we can't continue.
          // This helps when the certificates are out of order or
          // some certificates are not related to the site.
          int currIndex;
          for (currIndex = 0; currIndex < serverCertificates.length; ++currIndex) {
            boolean foundNext = false;
            for (int nextIndex = currIndex + 1;
                 nextIndex < serverCertificates.length;
                 ++nextIndex) {
              if (serverCertificates[currIndex].getIssuerDN().equals(
                  serverCertificates[nextIndex].getSubjectDN())) {
                foundNext = true;
                // Exchange certificates so that 0 through currIndex + 1 are in proper order
                if (nextIndex != currIndex + 1) {
                  X509Certificate tempCertificate = serverCertificates[nextIndex];
                  serverCertificates[nextIndex] = serverCertificates[currIndex + 1];
                  serverCertificates[currIndex + 1] = tempCertificate;
            if (!foundNext) break;

          // 2. we exam if the last traced certificate is self issued and it is expired.
          // If so, we drop it and pass the rest to checkServerTrusted(), hoping we might
          // have a similar but unexpired trusted root.
          chainLength = currIndex + 1;
          X509Certificate lastCertificate = serverCertificates[chainLength - 1];
          Date now = new Date();
          if (lastCertificate.getSubjectDN().equals(lastCertificate.getIssuerDN())
              && now.after(lastCertificate.getNotAfter())) {

        // 3. Now we copy the newly built chain into an appropriately sized array.
        X509Certificate[] newServerCertificates = null;
        newServerCertificates = new X509Certificate[chainLength];
        for (int i = 0; i < chainLength; ++i) {
          newServerCertificates[i] = serverCertificates[i];

        // first, we validate the new chain using the standard validation
        // solution; if we do not find any errors, we are done; if we
        // fail the standard validation, we re-validate again below,
        // this time trying to retrieve any individual errors we can
        // report back to the user.
        try {
                newServerCertificates, "RSA");

            // no errors!!!
            return null;
        } catch (CertificateException e) {

            if (HttpLog.LOGV) {
                    "failed to pre-validate the certificate chain, error: " +
            return new SslError(
                SslError.SSL_UNTRUSTED, currCertificate);

    private void closeSocketThrowException(
            SSLSocket socket, String errorMessage, String defaultErrorMessage)
            throws IOException {
            socket, errorMessage != null ? errorMessage : defaultErrorMessage);

    private void closeSocketThrowException(SSLSocket socket,
            String errorMessage) throws IOException {
        if (HttpLog.LOGV) {
            HttpLog.v("validation error: " + errorMessage);

        if (socket != null) {
            SSLSession session = socket.getSession();
            if (session != null) {


        throw new SSLHandshakeException(errorMessage);

Other Android examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Android CertificateChainValidator.java source code file:

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