home | career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix

Tomcat example source code file (JDBCAccessLogValve.java)

This example Tomcat source code file (JDBCAccessLogValve.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Tomcat tags/keywords

driver, empty, empty, insert, into, io, jdbc, lifecycleexception, lifecycleexception, lifecyclesupport, properties, servlet, sql, sqlexception, sqlexception, string, string, util, values

The Tomcat JDBCAccessLogValve.java source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */


package org.apache.catalina.valves;


import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.Driver;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Timestamp;
import java.util.Properties;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;

import org.apache.catalina.Lifecycle;
import org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException;
import org.apache.catalina.LifecycleListener;
import org.apache.catalina.connector.Request;
import org.apache.catalina.connector.Response;
import org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport;
import org.apache.catalina.util.StringManager;

/**
 * <p>
 * This Tomcat extension logs server access directly to a database, and can 
 * be used instead of the regular file-based access log implemented in 
 * AccessLogValve.
 * To use, copy into the server/classes directory of the Tomcat installation
 * and configure in server.xml as:
 * <pre>
 *      <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.JDBCAccessLogValve"
 *          driverName="<i>your_jdbc_driver"
 *          connectionURL="<i>your_jdbc_url"
 *          pattern="combined" resolveHosts="false"
 *      />
 * </pre>
 * </p>
 * <p>
 * Many parameters can be configured, such as the database connection (with
 * <code>driverName and connectionURL),
 * the table name (<code>tableName)
 * and the field names (corresponding to the get/set method names).
 * The same options as AccessLogValve are supported, such as
 * <code>resolveHosts and pattern ("common" or "combined" 
 * only).
 * </p>
 * <p>
 * When Tomcat is started, a database connection (with autoReconnect option)
 * is created and used for all the log activity. When Tomcat is shutdown, the
 * database connection is closed.
 * This logger can be used at the level of the Engine context (being shared
 * by all the defined hosts) or the Host context (one instance of the logger 
 * per host, possibly using different databases).
 * </p>
 * <p>
 * The database table can be created with the following command:
 * </p>
 * <pre>
 * CREATE TABLE access (
 * id INT UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT NOT NULL,
 * remoteHost CHAR(15) NOT NULL,
 * userName CHAR(15),
 * timestamp TIMESTAMP NOT NULL,
 * virtualHost VARCHAR(64) NOT NULL,
 * method VARCHAR(8) NOT NULL,
 * query VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
 * status SMALLINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
 * bytes INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
 * referer VARCHAR(128),
 * userAgent VARCHAR(128),
 * PRIMARY KEY (id),
 * INDEX (timestamp),
 * INDEX (remoteHost),
 * INDEX (virtualHost),
 * INDEX (query),
 * INDEX (userAgent)
 * );
 * </pre>
 * <p>Set JDBCAccessLogValve attribute useLongContentLength="true" as you have more then 4GB outputs. 
 * Please, use long SQL datatype at access.bytes attribute.
 * The datatype of bytes at oracle is <i>number and other databases use bytes BIGINT NOT NULL.
 * </p>
 * 
 * <p>
 * If the table is created as above, its name and the field names don't need 
 * to be defined.
 * </p>
 * <p>
 * If the request method is "common", only these fields are used:
 * <code>remoteHost, user, timeStamp, query, status, bytes
 * </p>
 * <p>
 * <i>TO DO: provide option for excluding logging of certain MIME types.
 * </p>
 * 
 * @author Andre de Jesus
 * @author Peter Rossbach
 */

public final class JDBCAccessLogValve 
    extends ValveBase 
    implements Lifecycle {

    // ----------------------------------------------------------- Constructors


    /**
     * Class constructor. Initializes the fields with the default values.
     * The defaults are:
     * <pre>
     *      driverName = null;
     *      connectionURL = null;
     *      tableName = "access";
     *      remoteHostField = "remoteHost";
     *      userField = "userName";
     *      timestampField = "timestamp";
     *      virtualHostField = "virtualHost";
     *      methodField = "method";
     *      queryField = "query";
     *      statusField = "status";
     *      bytesField = "bytes";
     *      refererField = "referer";
     *      userAgentField = "userAgent";
     *      pattern = "common";
     *      resolveHosts = false;
     * </pre>
     */
    public JDBCAccessLogValve() {
        super();
        driverName = null;
        connectionURL = null;
        tableName = "access";
        remoteHostField = "remoteHost";
        userField = "userName";
        timestampField = "timestamp";
        virtualHostField = "virtualHost";
        methodField = "method";
        queryField = "query";
        statusField = "status";
        bytesField = "bytes";
        refererField = "referer";
        userAgentField = "userAgent";
        pattern = "common";
        resolveHosts = false;
        conn = null;
        ps = null;
        currentTimeMillis = new java.util.Date().getTime();
    }


    // ----------------------------------------------------- Instance Variables

   /**
    * Use long contentLength as you have more 4 GB output.
    * @since 6.0.15
    */
    protected boolean useLongContentLength = false ;
    
   /**
     * The connection username to use when trying to connect to the database.
     */
    protected String connectionName = null;


    /**
     * The connection URL to use when trying to connect to the database.
     */
    protected String connectionPassword = null;

   /**
     * Instance of the JDBC Driver class we use as a connection factory.
     */
    protected Driver driver = null;


    private String driverName;
    private String connectionURL;
    private String tableName;
    private String remoteHostField;
    private String userField;
    private String timestampField;
    private String virtualHostField;
    private String methodField;
    private String queryField;
    private String statusField;
    private String bytesField;
    private String refererField;
    private String userAgentField;
    private String pattern;
    private boolean resolveHosts;


    private Connection conn;
    private PreparedStatement ps;


    private long currentTimeMillis;


    /**
     * The descriptive information about this implementation.
     */
    protected static String info = 
        "org.apache.catalina.valves.JDBCAccessLogValve/1.1";


    /**
     * The lifecycle event support for this component.
     */
    protected LifecycleSupport lifecycle = new LifecycleSupport(this);


    /**
     * The string manager for this package.
     */
    private StringManager sm = StringManager.getManager(Constants.Package);


    /**
     * Has this component been started yet?
     */
    private boolean started = false;


    // ------------------------------------------------------------- Properties
 
    /**
     * Return the username to use to connect to the database.
     *
     */
    public String getConnectionName() {
        return connectionName;
    }

    /**
     * Set the username to use to connect to the database.
     *
     * @param connectionName Username
     */
    public void setConnectionName(String connectionName) {
        this.connectionName = connectionName;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the database driver name.
     * 
     * @param driverName The complete name of the database driver class.
     */
    public void setDriverName(String driverName) {
        this.driverName = driverName;
    }

   /**
     * Return the password to use to connect to the database.
     *
     */
    public String getConnectionPassword() {
        return connectionPassword;
    }

    /**
     * Set the password to use to connect to the database.
     *
     * @param connectionPassword User password
     */
    public void setConnectionPassword(String connectionPassword) {
        this.connectionPassword = connectionPassword;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the JDBC URL for the database where the log is stored.
     * 
     * @param connectionURL The JDBC URL of the database.
     */
    public void setConnectionURL(String connectionURL) {
        this.connectionURL = connectionURL;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the table where the logs are stored.
     * 
     * @param tableName The name of the table.
     */
    public void setTableName(String tableName) {
        this.tableName = tableName;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the remote host.
     * 
     * @param remoteHostField The name of the remote host field.
     */
    public void setRemoteHostField(String remoteHostField) {
        this.remoteHostField = remoteHostField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the remote user name.
     * 
     * @param userField The name of the remote user field.
     */
    public void setUserField(String userField) {
        this.userField = userField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the server-determined timestamp.
     * 
     * @param timestampField The name of the server-determined timestamp field.
     */
    public void setTimestampField(String timestampField) {
        this.timestampField = timestampField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the virtual host information 
     * (this is in fact the server name).
     * 
     * @param virtualHostField The name of the virtual host field.
     */
    public void setVirtualHostField(String virtualHostField) {
        this.virtualHostField = virtualHostField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the HTTP request method.
     * 
     * @param methodField The name of the HTTP request method field.
     */
    public void setMethodField(String methodField) {
        this.methodField = methodField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the URL part of the HTTP query.
     * 
     * @param queryField The name of the field containing the URL part of 
     * the HTTP query.
     */
    public void setQueryField(String queryField) {
        this.queryField = queryField;
    }


  /**
   * Sets the name of the field containing the HTTP response status code.
   * 
   * @param statusField The name of the HTTP response status code field.
   */  
    public void setStatusField(String statusField) {
        this.statusField = statusField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the number of bytes returned.
     * 
     * @param bytesField The name of the returned bytes field.
     */
    public void setBytesField(String bytesField) {
        this.bytesField = bytesField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the referer.
     * 
     * @param refererField The referer field name.
     */
    public void setRefererField(String refererField) {
        this.refererField = refererField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the name of the field containing the user agent.
     * 
     * @param userAgentField The name of the user agent field.
     */
    public void setUserAgentField(String userAgentField) {
        this.userAgentField = userAgentField;
    }


    /**
     * Sets the logging pattern. The patterns supported correspond to the 
     * file-based "common" and "combined". These are translated into the use 
     * of tables containing either set of fields.
     * <P>TO DO: more flexible field choices.

* * @param pattern The name of the logging pattern. */ public void setPattern(String pattern) { this.pattern = pattern; } /** * Determines whether IP host name resolution is done. * * @param resolveHosts "true" or "false", if host IP resolution * is desired or not. */ public void setResolveHosts(String resolveHosts) { this.resolveHosts = new Boolean(resolveHosts).booleanValue(); } /** * get useLongContentLength */ public boolean getUseLongContentLength() { return this.useLongContentLength ; } /** * @param useLongContentLength the useLongContentLength to set */ public void setUseLongContentLength(boolean useLongContentLength) { this.useLongContentLength = useLongContentLength; } // --------------------------------------------------------- Public Methods /** * This method is invoked by Tomcat on each query. * * @param request The Request object. * @param response The Response object. * * @exception IOException Should not be thrown. * @exception ServletException Database SQLException is wrapped * in a ServletException. */ public void invoke(Request request, Response response) throws IOException, ServletException { final String EMPTY = "" ; getNext().invoke(request, response); String remoteHost = EMPTY; if(resolveHosts) remoteHost = request.getRemoteHost(); else remoteHost = request.getRemoteAddr(); String user = EMPTY; if(request != null) user = request.getRemoteUser(); String query=""; if(request != null) query = request.getRequestURI(); long bytes = response.getContentCountLong() ; if(bytes < 0) bytes = 0; int status = response.getStatus(); String virtualHost = EMPTY; String method = EMPTY; String referer = EMPTY; String userAgent = EMPTY; if (pattern.equals("combined") && request != null) { virtualHost = request.getServerName(); method = request.getMethod(); referer = request.getHeader("referer"); userAgent = request.getHeader("user-agent"); } synchronized (this) { int numberOfTries = 2; while (numberOfTries>0) { try { open(); ps.setString(1, remoteHost); ps.setString(2, user); ps.setTimestamp(3, new Timestamp(getCurrentTimeMillis())); ps.setString(4, query); ps.setInt(5, status); if(useLongContentLength) { ps.setLong(6, bytes); } else { if (bytes > Integer.MAX_VALUE) bytes = -1 ; ps.setInt(6, (int) bytes); } if (pattern.equals("combined")) { ps.setString(7, virtualHost); ps.setString(8, method); ps.setString(9, referer); ps.setString(10, userAgent); } ps.executeUpdate(); return; } catch (SQLException e) { // Log the problem for posterity container.getLogger().error(sm.getString("jdbcAccessLogValve.exception"), e); // Close the connection so that it gets reopened next time if (conn != null) close(); } numberOfTries--; } } } /** * Adds a Lifecycle listener. * * @param listener The listener to add. */ public void addLifecycleListener(LifecycleListener listener) { lifecycle.addLifecycleListener(listener); } /** * Get the lifecycle listeners associated with this lifecycle. If this * Lifecycle has no listeners registered, a zero-length array is returned. */ public LifecycleListener[] findLifecycleListeners() { return lifecycle.findLifecycleListeners(); } /** * Removes a Lifecycle listener. * * @param listener The listener to remove. */ public void removeLifecycleListener(LifecycleListener listener) { lifecycle.removeLifecycleListener(listener); } /** * Open (if necessary) and return a database connection for use by * this AccessLogValve. * * @exception SQLException if a database error occurs */ protected void open() throws SQLException { // Do nothing if there is a database connection already open if (conn != null) return ; // Instantiate our database driver if necessary if (driver == null) { try { Class clazz = Class.forName(driverName); driver = (Driver) clazz.newInstance(); } catch (Throwable e) { throw new SQLException(e.getMessage()); } } // Open a new connection Properties props = new Properties(); props.put("autoReconnect", "true"); if (connectionName != null) props.put("user", connectionName); if (connectionPassword != null) props.put("password", connectionPassword); conn = driver.connect(connectionURL, props); conn.setAutoCommit(true); if (pattern.equals("common")) { ps = conn.prepareStatement ("INSERT INTO " + tableName + " (" + remoteHostField + ", " + userField + ", " + timestampField +", " + queryField + ", " + statusField + ", " + bytesField + ") VALUES(?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)"); } else if (pattern.equals("combined")) { ps = conn.prepareStatement ("INSERT INTO " + tableName + " (" + remoteHostField + ", " + userField + ", " + timestampField + ", " + queryField + ", " + statusField + ", " + bytesField + ", " + virtualHostField + ", " + methodField + ", " + refererField + ", " + userAgentField + ") VALUES(?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?)"); } } /** * Close the specified database connection. */ protected void close() { // Do nothing if the database connection is already closed if (conn == null) return; // Close our prepared statements (if any) try { ps.close(); } catch (Throwable f) { ; } this.ps = null; // Close this database connection, and log any errors try { conn.close(); } catch (SQLException e) { container.getLogger().error(sm.getString("jdbcAccessLogValeve.close"), e); // Just log it here } finally { this.conn = null; } } /** * Invoked by Tomcat on startup. The database connection is set here. * * @exception LifecycleException Can be thrown on lifecycle * inconsistencies or on database errors (as a wrapped SQLException). */ public void start() throws LifecycleException { if (started) throw new LifecycleException (sm.getString("accessLogValve.alreadyStarted")); lifecycle.fireLifecycleEvent(START_EVENT, null); started = true; try { open() ; } catch (SQLException e) { throw new LifecycleException(e); } } /** * Invoked by tomcat on shutdown. The database connection is closed here. * * @exception LifecycleException Can be thrown on lifecycle * inconsistencies or on database errors (as a wrapped SQLException). */ public void stop() throws LifecycleException { if (!started) throw new LifecycleException (sm.getString("accessLogValve.notStarted")); lifecycle.fireLifecycleEvent(STOP_EVENT, null); started = false; close() ; } public long getCurrentTimeMillis() { long systime = System.currentTimeMillis(); if ((systime - currentTimeMillis) > 1000) { currentTimeMillis = new java.util.Date(systime).getTime(); } return currentTimeMillis; } }

Other Tomcat examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Tomcat JDBCAccessLogValve.java source code file:

new blog posts

 

Copyright 1998-2013 Alvin Alexander, alvinalexander.com
All Rights Reserved.