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Commons DBCP example source code file (TestPerUserPoolDataSource.java)

This example Commons DBCP source code file (TestPerUserPoolDataSource.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons DBCP tags/keywords

connection, connection, exception, exception, integer, io, jdbc, objectoutputstream, peruserpooldatasource, peruserpooldatasource, preparedstatement, resultset, should, sql, sqlexception, sqlexception, string

The Commons DBCP TestPerUserPoolDataSource.java source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.commons.dbcp.datasources;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

import junit.framework.Test;
import junit.framework.TestSuite;

import org.apache.commons.dbcp.TestConnectionPool;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.TesterDriver;
import org.apache.commons.dbcp.cpdsadapter.DriverAdapterCPDS;

/**
 * @author John McNally
 * @author Dirk Verbeeck
 * @version $Revision: 907359 $ $Date: 2010-02-06 20:07:29 -0500 (Sat, 06 Feb 2010) $
 */
public class TestPerUserPoolDataSource extends TestConnectionPool {
    public TestPerUserPoolDataSource(String testName) {
        super(testName);
    }

    public static Test suite() {
        return new TestSuite(TestPerUserPoolDataSource.class);
    }

    protected Connection getConnection() throws SQLException {
        return ds.getConnection("foo","bar");
    }

    private DataSource ds;

    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        super.setUp();
        DriverAdapterCPDS pcds = new DriverAdapterCPDS();
        pcds.setDriver("org.apache.commons.dbcp.TesterDriver");
        pcds.setUrl("jdbc:apache:commons:testdriver");
        pcds.setUser("foo");
        pcds.setPassword("bar");
        pcds.setAccessToUnderlyingConnectionAllowed(true);

        PerUserPoolDataSource tds = new PerUserPoolDataSource();
        tds.setConnectionPoolDataSource(pcds);
        tds.setDefaultMaxActive(getMaxActive());
        tds.setDefaultMaxWait((int)(getMaxWait()));
        tds.setPerUserMaxActive("foo",new Integer(getMaxActive()));
        tds.setPerUserMaxWait("foo",new Integer((int)(getMaxWait())));
        tds.setDefaultTransactionIsolation(
            Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_COMMITTED);

        ds = tds;
    }

    public void testBackPointers() throws Exception {
        // todo disabled until a wrapping issuen in PerUserPoolDataSource are resolved
    }

    /**
     * Switching 'u1 -> 'u2' and 'p1' -> 'p2' will
     * exhibit the bug detailed in 
     * http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=18905
     */
    public void testIncorrectPassword() throws Exception 
    {
        try {
            // Use bad password
            ds.getConnection("u1", "zlsafjk");
            fail("Able to retrieve connection with incorrect password");
        } catch (SQLException e1) {
            // should fail

        }
        
        // Use good password
        ds.getConnection("u1", "p1").close();
        try 
        {
            ds.getConnection("u1", "x");
            fail("Able to retrieve connection with incorrect password");
        }
        catch (SQLException e)
        {
            if (!e.getMessage().startsWith("Given password did not match")) 
            {
                throw e;
            }
            // else the exception was expected
        }
        
        // Make sure we can still use our good password.
        ds.getConnection("u1", "p1").close();
        
        // Try related users and passwords
        ds.getConnection("foo", "bar").close();
        try {
            ds.getConnection("foob", "ar");
            fail("Should have caused an SQLException");
        } catch (SQLException expected) {
        }
        try {
            ds.getConnection("foo", "baz");
            fail("Should have generated SQLException");
        } catch (SQLException expected) {
        }
    }


    public void testSimple() throws Exception 
    {
        Connection conn = ds.getConnection();
        assertNotNull(conn);
        PreparedStatement stmt = conn.prepareStatement("select * from dual");
        assertNotNull(stmt);
        ResultSet rset = stmt.executeQuery();
        assertNotNull(rset);
        assertTrue(rset.next());
        rset.close();
        stmt.close();
        conn.close();
    }

    public void testSimpleWithUsername() throws Exception 
    {
        Connection conn = ds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
        assertNotNull(conn);
        PreparedStatement stmt = conn.prepareStatement("select * from dual");
        assertNotNull(stmt);
        ResultSet rset = stmt.executeQuery();
        assertNotNull(rset);
        assertTrue(rset.next());
        rset.close();
        stmt.close();
        conn.close();
    }

    public void testClosingWithUserName() 
        throws Exception 
    {
        Connection[] c = new Connection[getMaxActive()];
        // open the maximum connections
        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i] = ds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
        }

        // close one of the connections
        c[0].close();
        assertTrue(c[0].isClosed());
        // get a new connection
        c[0] = ds.getConnection("u1", "p1");

        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i].close();
        }

        // open the maximum connections
        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i] = ds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
        }
        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i].close();
        }
    }

    public void testSimple2() 
        throws Exception 
    {
        Connection conn = ds.getConnection();
        assertNotNull(conn);

        PreparedStatement stmt = 
            conn.prepareStatement("select * from dual");
        assertNotNull(stmt);
        ResultSet rset = stmt.executeQuery();
        assertNotNull(rset);
        assertTrue(rset.next());
        rset.close();
        stmt.close();
        
        stmt = conn.prepareStatement("select * from dual");
        assertNotNull(stmt);
        rset = stmt.executeQuery();
        assertNotNull(rset);
        assertTrue(rset.next());
        rset.close();
        stmt.close();
        
        conn.close();
        try 
        {
            conn.createStatement();
            fail("Can't use closed connections");
        } 
        catch(SQLException e) 
        {
            // expected
        }

        conn = ds.getConnection();
        assertNotNull(conn);

        stmt = conn.prepareStatement("select * from dual");
        assertNotNull(stmt);
        rset = stmt.executeQuery();
        assertNotNull(rset);
        assertTrue(rset.next());
        rset.close();
        stmt.close();

        stmt = conn.prepareStatement("select * from dual");
        assertNotNull(stmt);
        rset = stmt.executeQuery();
        assertNotNull(rset);
        assertTrue(rset.next());
        rset.close();
        stmt.close();
        
        conn.close();
        conn = null;
    }

    public void testOpening() 
        throws Exception 
    {
        Connection[] c = new Connection[getMaxActive()];
        // test that opening new connections is not closing previous
        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i] = ds.getConnection();
            assertTrue(c[i] != null);
            for (int j=0; j<=i; j++) 
            {
                assertTrue(!c[j].isClosed());
            }
        }

        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i].close();
        }
    }

    public void testClosing() 
        throws Exception 
    {
        Connection[] c = new Connection[getMaxActive()];
        // open the maximum connections
        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i] = ds.getConnection();
        }

        // close one of the connections
        c[0].close();
        assertTrue(c[0].isClosed());
        
        // get a new connection
        c[0] = ds.getConnection();

        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i].close();
        }
    }

    public void testMaxActive() 
        throws Exception 
    {
        Connection[] c = new Connection[getMaxActive()];
        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i] = ds.getConnection();
            assertTrue(c[i] != null);            
        }

        try
        {
            ds.getConnection();
            fail("Allowed to open more than DefaultMaxActive connections.");
        }
        catch(java.sql.SQLException e)
        {
            // should only be able to open 10 connections, so this test should
            // throw an exception
        }

        for (int i=0; i<c.length; i++) 
        {
            c[i].close();
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * Verify that defaultMaxWait = 0 means immediate failure when
     * pool is exhausted.
     */
    public void testMaxWaitZero() throws Exception {
        PerUserPoolDataSource tds = (PerUserPoolDataSource) ds;
        tds.setDefaultMaxWait(0);
        tds.setPerUserMaxActive("u1", new Integer(1));
        Connection conn = tds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
        try {
            tds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
            fail("Expecting Pool Exhausted exception");
        } catch (SQLException ex) {
            // expected
        }
        conn.close();
    }
    
    public void testPerUserMethods() throws Exception {
        PerUserPoolDataSource tds = (PerUserPoolDataSource) ds;
        
        // you need to set maxActive otherwise there is no accounting
        tds.setPerUserMaxActive("u1", new Integer(5));
        tds.setPerUserMaxActive("u2", new Integer(5));
        
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u2", "p2"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u2", "p2"));
        
        Connection conn = tds.getConnection();
        assertNotNull(conn);
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u2", "p2"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u2", "p2"));

        conn.close();
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u2", "p2"));
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u2", "p2"));

        conn = tds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
        assertNotNull(conn);
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u2", "p2"));
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u2", "p2"));

        conn.close();
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u2", "p2"));
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u2", "p2"));
    }
    
    public void testMultipleThreads1() throws Exception {
        // Override wait time in order to allow for Thread.sleep(1) sometimes taking a lot longer on
        // some JVMs, e.g. Windows.
        final int defaultMaxWait = 430;
        ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).setDefaultMaxWait(defaultMaxWait);
        ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).setPerUserMaxWait("foo",new Integer(defaultMaxWait));
        multipleThreads(1, false, false, defaultMaxWait);
    }

    public void testMultipleThreads2() throws Exception {
        final int defaultMaxWait = 500;
        ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).setDefaultMaxWait(defaultMaxWait);
        ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).setPerUserMaxWait("foo",new Integer(defaultMaxWait));
        multipleThreads(2 * defaultMaxWait, true, true, defaultMaxWait);
    }

    public void testTransactionIsolationBehavior() throws Exception {
        Connection conn = getConnection();
        assertNotNull(conn);
        assertEquals(Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_COMMITTED, 
                     conn.getTransactionIsolation());
        conn.setTransactionIsolation(Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_UNCOMMITTED);
        conn.close();
        
        Connection conn2 = getConnection();
        assertEquals(Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_COMMITTED, 
                     conn2.getTransactionIsolation());
        
        Connection conn3 = getConnection();
        assertEquals(Connection.TRANSACTION_READ_COMMITTED, 
                     conn3.getTransactionIsolation());
        conn2.close();
        conn3.close();
    }     

    public void testSerialization() throws Exception {
        // make sure the pool has initialized
        Connection conn = ds.getConnection();
        conn.close();

        // serialize
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        ObjectOutputStream out = new ObjectOutputStream(baos);
        out.writeObject(ds);
        byte[] b = baos.toByteArray();
        out.close();

        ByteArrayInputStream bais = new ByteArrayInputStream(b);
        ObjectInputStream in = new ObjectInputStream(bais);
        Object obj = in.readObject();
        in.close();

        assertEquals( 1, ((PerUserPoolDataSource)obj).getNumIdle() );
    }

    // see issue http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=23843
    // unregistered user is in the same pool as without username 
    public void testUnregisteredUser() throws Exception {
        PerUserPoolDataSource tds = (PerUserPoolDataSource) ds;
        
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle());
        
        Connection conn = tds.getConnection();
        assertNotNull(conn);
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle());

        conn.close();
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle());

        conn = tds.getConnection("u1", "p1");
        assertNotNull(conn);
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));

        conn.close();
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive());
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle());
        assertEquals(0, tds.getNumActive("u1", "p1"));
        assertEquals(1, tds.getNumIdle("u1", "p1"));
    }

    // see issue http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=23843
    public void testDefaultUser1() throws Exception {
        TesterDriver.addUser("mkh", "password");
        TesterDriver.addUser("hanafey", "password");
        TesterDriver.addUser("jsmith", "password");

        PerUserPoolDataSource puds = (PerUserPoolDataSource) ds;
        puds.setPerUserMaxActive("jsmith", new Integer(2));
        String[] users = {"mkh", "hanafey", "jsmith"};
        String password = "password";
        Connection[] c = new Connection[users.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < users.length; i++) {
            c[i] = puds.getConnection(users[i], password);
            assertEquals(users[i], getUsername(c[i]));
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < users.length; i++) {
            c[i].close();
        }
    }
    
    // see issue http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=23843
    public void testDefaultUser2() throws Exception {
        TesterDriver.addUser("mkh", "password");
        TesterDriver.addUser("hanafey", "password");
        TesterDriver.addUser("jsmith", "password");

        PerUserPoolDataSource puds = (PerUserPoolDataSource) ds;
        puds.setPerUserMaxActive("jsmith", new Integer(2));
        String[] users = {"jsmith", "hanafey", "mkh"};
        String password = "password";
        Connection[] c = new Connection[users.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < users.length; i++) {
            c[i] = puds.getConnection(users[i], password);
            assertEquals(users[i], getUsername(c[i]));
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < users.length; i++) {
            c[i].close();
        }
    }

    // See DBCP-8
    public void testChangePassword() throws Exception {
        try {
            ds.getConnection("foo", "bay");
            fail("Should have generated SQLException");
        } catch (SQLException expected) {
        }
        Connection con1 = ds.getConnection("foo", "bar");
        Connection con2 = ds.getConnection("foo", "bar");
        Connection con3 = ds.getConnection("foo", "bar");
        con1.close();
        con2.close();
        TesterDriver.addUser("foo","bay"); // change the user/password setting
        try {
            Connection con4 = ds.getConnection("foo", "bay"); // new password
            // Idle instances with old password should have been cleared
            assertEquals("Should be no idle connections in the pool", 
                    0, ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).getNumIdle("foo", "bar"));
            con4.close();
            // Should be one idle instance with new pwd
            assertEquals("Should be one idle connection in the pool", 
                    1, ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).getNumIdle("foo", "bay"));
            try {
                ds.getConnection("foo", "bar"); // old password
                fail("Should have generated SQLException"); 
            } catch (SQLException expected) {
            }
            Connection con5 = ds.getConnection("foo", "bay"); // take the idle one
            con3.close(); // Return a connection with the old password
            ds.getConnection("foo", "bay").close();  // will try bad returned connection and destroy it
            assertEquals("Should be one idle connection in the pool", 
                    1, ((PerUserPoolDataSource) ds).getNumIdle("foo", "bar"));
            con5.close();
        } finally {
            TesterDriver.addUser("foo","bar");
        }
    }
}

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