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Commons Digester example source code file (Main.java)

This example Commons Digester source code file (Main.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons Digester tags/keywords

addressbook, addressbook, digester, digester, main, main, string, string

The Commons Digester Main.java source code

 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

import org.apache.commons.digester.Digester;

 * A simple program to demonstrate the basic functionality of the
 * Commons Digester module.
 * <p>
 * This code will parse the provided "example.xml" file to build a tree
 * of java objects, then cause those objects to print out their values
 * to demonstrate that the input file has been processed correctly.
 * <p>
 * As with all code, there are many ways of achieving the same goal;
 * the solution here is only one possible solution to the problem.
* <p> 
 * Very verbose comments are included here, as this class is intended
 * as a tutorial; if you look closely at method "addRules", you will
 * see that the amount of code required to use the Digester is actually
 * quite low.
 * <p>
 * Usage: java Main example.xml
public class Main {
     * Main method : entry point for running this example program.
     * <p>
     * Usage: java Example example.xml
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        if (args.length != 1) {
        String filename = args[0];
        // Create a Digester instance
        Digester d = new Digester();
        // Prime the digester stack with an object for rules to
        // operate on. Note that it is quite common for "this"
        // to be the object pushed.
        AddressBook book = new AddressBook();
        // Add rules to the digester that will be triggered while
        // parsing occurs.
        // Process the input file.
        try {
            java.io.File srcfile = new java.io.File(filename);
        catch(java.io.IOException ioe) {
            System.out.println("Error reading input file:" + ioe.getMessage());
        catch(org.xml.sax.SAXException se) {
            System.out.println("Error parsing input file:" + se.getMessage());
        // Print out all the contents of the address book, as loaded from
        // the input file.
    private static void addRules(Digester d) {

        // when we encounter a "person" tag, do the following:

        // create a new instance of class Person, and push that
        // object onto the digester stack of objects
        d.addObjectCreate("address-book/person", Person.class);
        // map *any* attributes on the tag to appropriate
        // setter-methods on the top object on the stack (the Person
        // instance created by the preceeding rule). 
        // For example:
        // if attribute "id" exists on the xml tag, and method setId 
        // with one parameter exists on the object that is on top of
        // the digester object stack, then a call will be made to that
        // method. The value will be type-converted from string to
        // whatever type the target method declares (where possible), 
        // using the commons ConvertUtils functionality.
        // Attributes on the xml tag for which no setter methods exist
        // on the top object on the stack are just ignored.

        // call the addPerson method on the second-to-top object on
        // the stack (the AddressBook object), passing the top object
        // on the stack (the recently created Person object).
        d.addSetNext("address-book/person", "addPerson");        
        // when we encounter a "name" tag, call setName on the top
        // object on the stack, passing the text contained within the
        // body of that name element [specifying a zero parameter count
        // implies one actual parameter, being the body text]. 
        // The top object on the stack will be a person object, because 
        // the pattern address-book/person always triggers the 
        // ObjectCreateRule we added previously.
        d.addCallMethod("address-book/person/name", "setName", 0);
        // when we encounter an "email" tag, call addEmail on the top
        // object on the stack, passing two parameters: the "type"
        // attribute, and the text within the tag body.
        d.addCallMethod("address-book/person/email", "addEmail", 2);
        d.addCallParam("address-book/person/email", 0, "type");
        d.addCallParam("address-book/person/email", 1);
        // When we encounter an "address" tag, create an instance of class
        // Address and push it on the digester stack of objects. After
        // doing that, call addAddress on the second-to-top object on the
        // digester stack (a "Person" object), passing the top object on
        // the digester stack (the "Address" object). And also set things
        // up so that for each child xml element encountered between the start
        // of the address tag and the end of the address tag, the text 
        // contained in that element is passed to a setXXX method on the 
        // Address object where XXX is the name of the xml element found.
        d.addObjectCreate("address-book/person/address", Address.class);
        d.addSetNext("address-book/person/address", "addAddress");

    private static void usage() {
        System.out.println("Usage: java Main example.xml");

Other Commons Digester examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Commons Digester Main.java source code file:

my book on functional programming


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