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Commons Email example source code file (EmailUtils.java)

This example Commons Email source code file (EmailUtils.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons Email tags/keywords

emailutils, emailutils, fileoutputstream, illegalargumentexception, illegalargumentexception, io, ioexception, messagingexception, mimemessage, random, random, requested, string, string, stringbuffer, util

The Commons Email EmailUtils.java source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.commons.mail;

import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import java.util.Random;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * Utility methods used by commons-email.
 *
 * <p>
 * These methods are copied from other commons components (commons-lang) to avoid creating
 * a dependency for such a small component.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * This is a package scoped class, and should not be used directly by users.
 * </p>
 *
 * @author jakarta-commons
 * @version $Id: EmailUtils.java 782475 2009-06-07 22:02:58Z sgoeschl $
 *
 * @since 1.0
 */
final class EmailUtils
{
    /**
     * <p>
     * Random object used by random method. This has to be not local to the random method
     * so as to not return the same value in the same millisecond.
     * </p>
     */
    private static final Random RANDOM = new Random();

    /**
     * Constructs a new <code>EmailException with no detail message.
     */
    private EmailUtils()
    {
        super();
    }

    /**
     * <p>
     * Checks if a String is empty ("") or null.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param str the String to check, may be null
     *
     * @return <code>true if the String is empty or null
     *
     * @since Commons Lang v2.1, svn 240418
     */
    static boolean isEmpty(String str)
    {
        return (str == null) || (str.length() == 0);
    }

    /**
     * <p>
     * Checks if a String is not empty ("") and not null.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param str the String to check, may be null
     *
     * @return <code>true if the String is not empty and not null
     *
     * @since Commons Lang v2.1, svn 240418
     */
    static boolean isNotEmpty(String str)
    {
        return (str != null) && (str.length() > 0);
    }

    /**
     * <p>
     * Validate an argument, throwing <code>IllegalArgumentException if the argument is null.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param object the object to check is not <code>null
     * @param message the exception message you would like to see if the object is <code>null
     *
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the object is <code>null
     *
     * @since Commons Lang v2.1, svn 201930
     */
    static void notNull(Object object, String message)
    {
        if (object == null)
        {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(message);
        }
    }

    /**
     * <p>
     * Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters specified.
     * </p>
     *
     * <p>
     * Characters will be chosen from the set of alphabetic characters.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param count the length of random string to create
     *
     * @return the random string
     *
     * @since Commons Lang v2.1, svn 201930
     */
    static String randomAlphabetic(int count)
    {
        return random(count, 0, 0, true, false, null, RANDOM);
    }

    /**
     * <p>
     * Creates a random string based on a variety of options, using supplied source of randomness.
     * </p>
     *
     * <p>
     * If start and end are both <code>0, start and end are set to ' ' and 'z',
     * the ASCII printable characters, will be used, unless letters and numbers are both <code>false,
     * in which case, start and end are set to <code>0 and Integer.MAX_VALUE.
     * </p>
     *
     * <p>
     * If set is not <code>null, characters between start and end are chosen.
     * </p>
     *
     * <p>
     * This method accepts a user-supplied {@link Random} instance to use as a source of randomness. By seeding a
     * single {@link Random} instance with a fixed seed and using it for each call, the same random sequence of strings
     * can be generated repeatedly and predictably.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param count the length of random string to create
     * @param start the position in set of chars to start at
     * @param end the position in set of chars to end before
     * @param letters only allow letters?
     * @param numbers only allow numbers?
     * @param chars the set of chars to choose randoms from. If <code>null,
     *              then it will use the set of all chars.
     * @param random a source of randomness.
     *
     * @return the random string
     *
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if <code>count < 0.
     *
     * @since Commons Lang v2.1, svn 201930
     */
    private static String random(
        int count,
        int start,
        int end,
        boolean letters,
        boolean numbers,
        char [] chars,
        Random random)
    {
        if (count == 0)
        {
            return "";
        }
        else if (count < 0)
        {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested random string length " + count + " is less than 0.");
        }

        if ((start == 0) && (end == 0))
        {
            end = 'z' + 1;
            start = ' ';

            if (!letters && !numbers)
            {
                start = 0;
                end = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
            }
        }

        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
        int gap = end - start;

        while (count-- != 0)
        {
            char ch;

            if (chars == null)
            {
                ch = (char) (random.nextInt(gap) + start);
            }
            else
            {
                ch = chars[random.nextInt(gap) + start];
            }

            if ((letters && numbers && Character.isLetterOrDigit(ch)) || (letters && Character.isLetter(ch))
                            || (numbers && Character.isDigit(ch)) || (!letters && !numbers))
            {
                buffer.append(ch);
            }
            else
            {
                count++;
            }
        }

        return buffer.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Convinience method to write a MimeMessage into a file.
     *
     * @param resultFile the file containing the MimeMessgae
     * @param mimeMessage the MimeMessage to write
     * @throws IOException writing the MimeMessage failed
     * @throws MessagingException writing the MimeMessage failed
     */
    static void writeMimeMessage(File resultFile, MimeMessage mimeMessage) throws IOException, MessagingException
    {
        FileOutputStream fos = null;

        if (mimeMessage == null)
        {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("mimeMessage is null");
        }

        if (resultFile == null)
        {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("resulFile is null");
        }

        if (resultFile.getParentFile() != null)
        {
            resultFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
        }

        try
        {
            fos = new FileOutputStream(resultFile);
            mimeMessage.writeTo(fos);
            fos.flush();
            fos.close();
            fos = null;
        }
        finally
        {
            if (fos != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    fos.close();
                    fos = null;
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    // ignore
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

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