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Groovy example source code file (GroovyMain.java)

This example Groovy source code file (GroovyMain.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Groovy tags/keywords

bufferedreader, bufferedreader, compilationfailedexception, file, file, groovyshell, invokerinvocationexception, io, ioexception, math, options, parseexception, printwriter, printwriter, string, string, util

The Groovy GroovyMain.java source code

/*
 * Copyright 2003-2007 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package groovy.ui;

import groovy.lang.GroovyShell;
import groovy.lang.GroovySystem;
import groovy.lang.MissingMethodException;
import groovy.lang.Script;

import java.io.*;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.commons.cli.CommandLine;
import org.apache.commons.cli.CommandLineParser;
import org.apache.commons.cli.HelpFormatter;
import org.apache.commons.cli.OptionBuilder;
import org.apache.commons.cli.Options;
import org.apache.commons.cli.ParseException;
import org.apache.commons.cli.PosixParser;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.CompilationFailedException;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.CompilerConfiguration;
import org.codehaus.groovy.runtime.InvokerHelper;
import org.codehaus.groovy.runtime.InvokerInvocationException;
import org.codehaus.groovy.runtime.DefaultGroovyMethods;
import org.codehaus.groovy.runtime.StackTraceUtils;

/**
 * A Command line to execute groovy.
 *
 * @author Jeremy Rayner
 * @author Yuri Schimke
 * @version $Revision: 22333 $
 */
public class GroovyMain {

    // arguments to the script
    private List args;

    // is this a file on disk
    private boolean isScriptFile;

    // filename or content of script
    private String script;

    // process args as input files
    private boolean processFiles;

    // edit input files in place
    private boolean editFiles;

    // automatically output the result of each script
    private boolean autoOutput;

    // automatically split each line using the splitpattern
    private boolean autoSplit;

    // The pattern used to split the current line
    private String splitPattern = " ";

    // process sockets
    private boolean processSockets;

    // port to listen on when processing sockets
    private int port;

    // backup input files with extension
    private String backupExtension;

    // do you want full stack traces in script exceptions?
    private boolean debug = false;

    // Compiler configuration, used to set the encodings of the scripts/classes
    private CompilerConfiguration conf = new CompilerConfiguration(System.getProperties());

    /**
     * Main CLI interface.
     *
     * @param args all command line args.
     */
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        processArgs(args, System.out);
    }

    // package-level visibility for testing purposes (just usage/errors at this stage)
    // TODO: should we have an 'err' printstream too for ParseException?
    static void processArgs(String[] args, final PrintStream out) {
        Options options = buildOptions();

        try {
            CommandLine cmd = parseCommandLine(options, args);

            if (cmd.hasOption('h')) {
                printHelp(out, options);
            } else if (cmd.hasOption('v')) {
                String version = GroovySystem.getVersion();
                out.println("Groovy Version: " + version + " JVM: " + System.getProperty("java.version"));
            } else {
                // If we fail, then exit with an error so scripting frameworks can catch it
                // TODO: pass printstream(s) down through process
                if (!process(cmd)) {
                    System.exit(1);
                }
            }
        } catch (ParseException pe) {
            out.println("error: " + pe.getMessage());
            printHelp(out, options);
        }
    }

    private static void printHelp(PrintStream out, Options options) {
        HelpFormatter formatter = new HelpFormatter();
        PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(out);

        formatter.printHelp(
            pw,
            80,
            "groovy [options] [args]",
            "options:",
            options,
            2,
            4,
            null, // footer
            false);
       
        pw.flush();
    }

    /**
     * Parse the command line.
     *
     * @param options the options parser.
     * @param args    the command line args.
     * @return parsed command line.
     * @throws ParseException if there was a problem.
     */
    private static CommandLine parseCommandLine(Options options, String[] args) throws ParseException {
        CommandLineParser parser = new PosixParser();
        return parser.parse(options, args, true);
    }

    /**
     * Build the options parser.  Has to be synchronized because of the way Options are constructed.
     *
     * @return an options parser.
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("static-access")
    private static synchronized Options buildOptions() {
        Options options = new Options();
        options.addOption(OptionBuilder.hasArg().withArgName("path").withDescription("Specify where to find the class files - must be first argument").create("classpath"));
        options.addOption(OptionBuilder.withLongOpt("classpath").hasArg().withArgName("path").withDescription("Aliases for '-classpath'").create("cp"));

        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withLongOpt("define").
            withDescription("define a system property").
            hasArg(true).
            withArgName("name=value").
            create('D'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withLongOpt("disableopt").
            withDescription("disables one or all optimization elements. " +
                            "optlist can be a comma separated list with the elements: " +
                            "all (disables all optimizations), " +
                            "int (disable any int based optimizations)").
            hasArg(true).
            withArgName("optlist").
            create());
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.hasArg(false)
            .withDescription("usage information")
            .withLongOpt("help")
            .create('h'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.hasArg(false)
            .withDescription("debug mode will print out full stack traces")
            .withLongOpt("debug")
            .create('d'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.hasArg(false)
            .withDescription("display the Groovy and JVM versions")
            .withLongOpt("version")
            .create('v'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withArgName("charset")
            .hasArg()
            .withDescription("specify the encoding of the files")
            .withLongOpt("encoding")
            .create('c'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withArgName("script")
            .hasArg()
            .withDescription("specify a command line script")
            .create('e'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withArgName("extension")
            .hasOptionalArg()
            .withDescription("modify files in place; create backup if extension is given (e.g. \'.bak\')")
            .create('i'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.hasArg(false)
            .withDescription("process files line by line using implicit 'line' variable")
            .create('n'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.hasArg(false)
            .withDescription("process files line by line and print result (see also -n)")
            .create('p'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withArgName("port")
            .hasOptionalArg()
            .withDescription("listen on a port and process inbound lines (default: 1960)")
            .create('l'));
        options.addOption(
            OptionBuilder.withArgName("splitPattern")
            .hasOptionalArg()
            .withDescription("split lines using splitPattern (default '\\s') using implicit 'split' variable")
            .withLongOpt("autosplit")
            .create('a'));

        return options;
    }

    private static void setSystemPropertyFrom(final String nameValue) {
        if(nameValue==null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument should not be null");

        String name, value;
        int i = nameValue.indexOf("=");

        if (i == -1) {
            name = nameValue;
            value = Boolean.TRUE.toString();
        }
        else {
            name = nameValue.substring(0, i);
            value = nameValue.substring(i + 1, nameValue.length());
        }
        name = name.trim();

        System.setProperty(name, value);
    }

    /**
     * Process the users request.
     *
     * @param line the parsed command line.
     * @throws ParseException if invalid options are chosen
     */
    private static boolean process(CommandLine line) throws ParseException {
        List args = line.getArgList();
        
        if (line.hasOption('D')) {
            String[] values = line.getOptionValues('D');

            for (int i=0; i<values.length; i++) {
                setSystemPropertyFrom(values[i]);
            }
        }

        GroovyMain main = new GroovyMain();
        
        // add the ability to parse scripts with a specified encoding
        main.conf.setSourceEncoding(line.getOptionValue('c',main.conf.getSourceEncoding()));

        main.isScriptFile = !line.hasOption('e');
        main.debug = line.hasOption('d');
        main.conf.setDebug(main.debug);
        main.processFiles = line.hasOption('p') || line.hasOption('n');
        main.autoOutput = line.hasOption('p');
        main.editFiles = line.hasOption('i');
        if (main.editFiles) {
            main.backupExtension = line.getOptionValue('i');
        }
        main.autoSplit = line.hasOption('a');
        String sp = line.getOptionValue('a');
        if (sp != null)
            main.splitPattern = sp;

        if (main.isScriptFile) {
            if (args.isEmpty())
                throw new ParseException("neither -e or filename provided");

            main.script = (String) args.remove(0);
            if (main.script.endsWith(".java"))
                throw new ParseException("error: cannot compile file with .java extension: " + main.script);
        } else {
            main.script = line.getOptionValue('e');
        }

        main.processSockets = line.hasOption('l');
        if (main.processSockets) {
            String p = line.getOptionValue('l', "1960"); // default port to listen to
            main.port = Integer.parseInt(p);
        }
        
        // we use "," as default, because then split will create
        // an empty array if no option is set
        String disabled = line.getOptionValue("disableopt", ",");
        String[] deopts = disabled.split(",");
        for (String deopt_i : deopts) {
            main.conf.getOptimizationOptions().put(deopt_i,false);
        }
        
        main.args = args;

        return main.run();
    }


    /**
     * Run the script.
     */
    private boolean run() {
        try {
            if (processSockets) {
                processSockets();
            } else if (processFiles) {
                processFiles();
            } else {
                processOnce();
            }
            return true;
        } catch (CompilationFailedException e) {
            System.err.println(e);
            return false;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            if (e instanceof InvokerInvocationException) {
                InvokerInvocationException iie = (InvokerInvocationException) e;
                e = iie.getCause();
            }
            System.err.println("Caught: " + e);
            if (!debug) {
                StackTraceUtils.deepSanitize(e);
            }
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Process Sockets.
     */
    private void processSockets() throws CompilationFailedException, IOException {
        GroovyShell groovy = new GroovyShell(conf);
        //check the script is currently valid before starting a server against the script
        if (isScriptFile) {
            groovy.parse(DefaultGroovyMethods.getText(huntForTheScriptFile(script)));
        } else {
            groovy.parse(script);
        }
        new GroovySocketServer(groovy, isScriptFile, script, autoOutput, port);
    }

    /**
     * Hunt for the script file, doesn't bother if it is named precisely.
     *
     * Tries in this order:
     * - actual supplied name
     * - name.groovy
     * - name.gvy
     * - name.gy
     * - name.gsh
     */
    public File huntForTheScriptFile(String input) {
        String scriptFileName = input.trim();
        File scriptFile = new File(scriptFileName);
        String[] standardExtensions = {".groovy",".gvy",".gy",".gsh"};
        int i = 0;
        while (i < standardExtensions.length && !scriptFile.exists()) {
            scriptFile = new File(scriptFileName + standardExtensions[i]);
            i++;
        }
        // if we still haven't found the file, point back to the originally specified filename
        if (!scriptFile.exists()) {
            scriptFile = new File(scriptFileName);
        }
        return scriptFile;
    }

    /**
     * Process the input files.
     */
    private void processFiles() throws CompilationFailedException, IOException {
        GroovyShell groovy = new GroovyShell(conf);

        Script s;

        if (isScriptFile) {
            s = groovy.parse(huntForTheScriptFile(script));
        } else {
            s = groovy.parse(script, "main");
        }

        if (args.isEmpty()) {
            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
            PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(System.out);

            try {
                processReader(s, reader, writer);
            } finally {
                reader.close();
                writer.close();
            }

        } else {
            Iterator i = args.iterator();
            while (i.hasNext()) {
                String filename = (String) i.next();
                File file = huntForTheScriptFile(filename);
                processFile(s, file);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Process a single input file.
     *
     * @param s    the script to execute.
     * @param file the input file.
     */
    private void processFile(Script s, File file) throws IOException {
        if (!file.exists())
            throw new FileNotFoundException(file.getName());

        if (!editFiles) {
            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file));
            try {
                PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(System.out);
                processReader(s, reader, writer);
                writer.flush();
            } finally {
                reader.close();
            }
        } else {
            File backup;
            if (backupExtension == null) {
                backup = File.createTempFile("groovy_", ".tmp");
                backup.deleteOnExit();
            } else {
                backup = new File(file.getPath() + backupExtension);
            }
            backup.delete();
            if (!file.renameTo(backup))
                throw new IOException("unable to rename " + file + " to " + backup);

            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(backup));
            try {
                PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(file));
                try {
                    processReader(s, reader, writer);
                } finally {
                    writer.close();
                }
            } finally {
                reader.close();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Process a script against a single input file.
     *
     * @param s      script to execute.
     * @param reader input file.
     * @param pw     output sink.
     */
    private void processReader(Script s, BufferedReader reader, PrintWriter pw) throws IOException {
        String line;
        String lineCountName = "count";
        s.setProperty(lineCountName, BigInteger.ZERO);
        String autoSplitName = "split";
        s.setProperty("out", pw);

        try {
            InvokerHelper.invokeMethod(s, "begin", null);
        } catch (MissingMethodException mme) {
            // ignore the missing method exception
            // as it means no begin() method is present
        }

        while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
            s.setProperty("line", line);
            s.setProperty(lineCountName, ((BigInteger)s.getProperty(lineCountName)).add(BigInteger.ONE));

            if(autoSplit) {
                s.setProperty(autoSplitName, line.split(splitPattern));
            }

            Object o = s.run();

            if (autoOutput && o != null) {
                pw.println(o);
            }
        }

        try {
            InvokerHelper.invokeMethod(s, "end", null);
        } catch (MissingMethodException mme) {
            // ignore the missing method exception
            // as it means no end() method is present
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * Process the standard, single script with args.
     */
    private void processOnce() throws CompilationFailedException, IOException {
        GroovyShell groovy = new GroovyShell(conf);

        if (isScriptFile) {
            groovy.run(huntForTheScriptFile(script), args);
        }
        else {
            groovy.run(script, "script_from_command_line", args);
        }
    }
}

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