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Groovy example source code file (Node.java)

This example Groovy source code file (Node.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Groovy tags/keywords

collection, io, iterator, list, list, map, node, node, nodebuilder, nodelist, nodelist, object, object, override, string, util

The Groovy Node.java source code

/*
 * Copyright 2003-2010 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package groovy.util;

import groovy.lang.Closure;
import groovy.lang.DelegatingMetaClass;
import groovy.lang.GroovySystem;
import groovy.lang.MetaClass;
import groovy.xml.QName;
import org.codehaus.groovy.runtime.InvokerHelper;

import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.*;

/**
 * Represents an arbitrary tree node which can be used for structured metadata or any arbitrary XML-like tree.
 * A node can have a name, a value and an optional Map of attributes.
 * Typically the name is a String and a value is either a String or a List of other Nodes,
 * though the types are extensible to provide a flexible structure, e.g. you could use a
 * QName as the name which includes a namespace URI and a local name. Or a JMX ObjectName etc.
 * So this class can represent metadata like <code>{foo a=1 b="abc"} or nested
 * metadata like <code>{foo a=1 b="123" { bar x=12 text="hello" }}
 *
 * @author <a href="mailto:james@coredevelopers.net">James Strachan
 * @author Paul King
 * @version $Revision: 19450 $
 */
public class Node implements Serializable {

    static {
        // wrap the standard MetaClass with the delegate
        setMetaClass(GroovySystem.getMetaClassRegistry().getMetaClass(Node.class), Node.class);
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 4121134753270542643L;

    private Node parent;

    private Object name;

    private Map attributes;

    private Object value;

    /**
     * Creates a new Node named <code>name and if a parent is supplied, adds
     * the newly created node as a child of the parent.
     *
     * @param parent the parent node or null if no parent
     * @param name the name of the node
     */
    public Node(Node parent, Object name) {
        this(parent, name, new NodeList());
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new Node named <code>name with value value and
     * if a parent is supplied, adds the newly created node as a child of the parent.
     *
     * @param parent the parent node or null if no parent
     * @param name the name of the node
     * @param value the Node value, e.g. some text but in general any Object
     */
    public Node(Node parent, Object name, Object value) {
        this(parent, name, new HashMap(), value);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new Node named <code>name with
     * attributes specified in the <code>attributes Map. If a parent is supplied,
     * the newly created node is added as a child of the parent.
     *
     * @param parent the parent node or null if no parent
     * @param name the name of the node
     * @param attributes a Map of name-value pairs
     */
    public Node(Node parent, Object name, Map attributes) {
        this(parent, name, attributes, new NodeList());
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new Node named <code>name with value value and
     * with attributes specified in the <code>attributes Map. If a parent is supplied,
     * the newly created node is added as a child of the parent.
     *
     * @param parent the parent node or null if no parent
     * @param name the name of the node
     * @param attributes a Map of name-value pairs
     * @param value the Node value, e.g. some text but in general any Object
     */
    public Node(Node parent, Object name, Map attributes, Object value) {
        this.parent = parent;
        this.name = name;
        this.attributes = attributes;
        this.value = value;

        if (parent != null) {
            getParentList(parent).add(this);
        }
    }

    private List getParentList(Node parent) {
        Object parentValue = parent.value();
        List parentList;
        if (parentValue instanceof List) {
            parentList = (List) parentValue;
        } else {
            parentList = new NodeList();
            parentList.add(parentValue);
            parent.setValue(parentList);
        }
        return parentList;
    }

    public boolean append(Node child) {
        child.parent = this;
        return getParentList(this).add(child);
    }

    public boolean remove(Node child) {
        child.parent = null;
        return getParentList(this).remove(child);
    }

    public Node appendNode(Object name, Map attributes) {
        return new Node(this, name, attributes);
    }

    public Node appendNode(Object name) {
        return new Node(this, name);
    }

    public Node appendNode(Object name, Object value) {
        return new Node(this, name, value);
    }

    public Node appendNode(Object name, Map attributes, Object value) {
        return new Node(this, name, attributes, value);
    }

    public Node replaceNode(Closure c) {
        getParentList(parent).remove(this);
        NodeBuilder b = new NodeBuilder();
        Node newNode = (Node) b.invokeMethod("dummyNode", c);
        List<Node> children = newNode.children();
        Node result = this;
        for (Node child : children) {
            result = parent.appendNode(child.name(), child.attributes(), child.value());
        }
        return result;
    }

    public void plus(Closure c) {
        List<Node> list = this.parent().children();
        int afterIndex = list.indexOf(this);
        List<Node> leftOvers = new ArrayList(list.subList(afterIndex + 1, list.size()));
        list.subList(afterIndex + 1, list.size()).clear();

        NodeBuilder b = new NodeBuilder();
        Node newNode = (Node) b.invokeMethod("dummyNode", c);
        List<Node> children = newNode.children();
        for (Node child : children) {
            parent.appendNode(child.name(), child.attributes(), child.value());
        }

        for (Node child : leftOvers) {
            this.parent().children().add(child);
        }
    }

    protected static void setMetaClass(final MetaClass metaClass, Class nodeClass) {
        final MetaClass newMetaClass = new DelegatingMetaClass(metaClass) {
            @Override
            public Object getAttribute(final Object object, final String attribute) {
                Node n = (Node) object;
                return n.get("@" + attribute);
            }

            @Override
            public void setAttribute(final Object object, final String attribute, final Object newValue) {
                Node n = (Node) object;
                n.attributes().put(attribute, newValue);
            }

            @Override
            public Object getProperty(Object object, String property) {
                if (object instanceof Node) {
                    Node n = (Node) object;
                    return n.get(property);
                }
                return super.getProperty(object, property);
            }

            @Override
            public void setProperty(Object object, String property, Object newValue) {
                if (property.startsWith("@")) {
                    String attribute = property.substring(1);
                    Node n = (Node) object;
                    n.attributes().put(attribute, newValue);
                    return;
                }
                delegate.setProperty(object, property, newValue);
            }

        };
        GroovySystem.getMetaClassRegistry().setMetaClass(nodeClass, newMetaClass);
    }

    public String text() {
        if (value instanceof String) {
            return (String) value;
        } else if (value instanceof Collection) {
            Collection coll = (Collection) value;
            String previousText = null;
            StringBuffer buffer = null;
            for (Iterator iter = coll.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
                Object child = iter.next();
                if (child instanceof String) {
                    String childText = (String) child;
                    if (previousText == null) {
                        previousText = childText;
                    } else {
                        if (buffer == null) {
                            buffer = new StringBuffer();
                            buffer.append(previousText);
                        }
                        buffer.append(childText);
                    }
                }
            }
            if (buffer != null) {
                return buffer.toString();
            } else {
                if (previousText != null) {
                    return previousText;
                }
            }
        }
        return "";
    }


    public Iterator iterator() {
        return children().iterator();
    }

    public List children() {
        if (value == null) {
            return new NodeList();
        }
        if (value instanceof List) {
            return (List) value;
        }
        // we're probably just a String
        List result = new NodeList();
        result.add(value);
        return result;
    }

    public Map attributes() {
        return attributes;
    }

    public Object attribute(Object key) {
        return (attributes != null) ? attributes.get(key) : null;
    }

    public Object name() {
        return name;
    }

    public Object value() {
        return value;
    }

    public void setValue(Object value) {
        this.value = value;
    }

    public Node parent() {
        return parent;
    }

    /**
     * Provides lookup of elements by non-namespaced name
     *
     * @param key the name (or shortcut key) of the node(s) of interest
     * @return the nodes which match key
     */
    public Object get(String key) {
        if (key != null && key.charAt(0) == '@') {
            String attributeName = key.substring(1);
            return attributes().get(attributeName);
        }
        if ("..".equals(key)) {
            return parent();
        }
        if ("*".equals(key)) {
            return children();
        }
        if ("**".equals(key)) {
            return depthFirst();
        }
        return getByName(key);
    }

    /**
     * Provides lookup of elements by QName.
     *
     * @param name the QName of interest
     * @return the nodes matching name
     */
    public NodeList getAt(QName name) {
        NodeList answer = new NodeList();
        for (Iterator iter = children().iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
            Object child = iter.next();
            if (child instanceof Node) {
                Node childNode = (Node) child;
                Object childNodeName = childNode.name();
                if (name.matches(childNodeName)) {
                    answer.add(childNode);
                }
            }
        }
        return answer;
    }

    /**
     * Provides lookup of elements by name.
     *
     * @param name the name of interest
     * @return the nodes matching name
     */
    private NodeList getByName(String name) {
        NodeList answer = new NodeList();
        for (Iterator iter = children().iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
            Object child = iter.next();
            if (child instanceof Node) {
                Node childNode = (Node) child;
                Object childNodeName = childNode.name();
                if (childNodeName instanceof QName) {
                    QName qn = (QName) childNodeName;
                    if (qn.matches(name)) {
                        answer.add(childNode);
                    }
                } else if (name.equals(childNodeName)) {
                    answer.add(childNode);
                }
            }
        }
        return answer;
    }

    /**
     * Provide a collection of all the nodes in the tree
     * using a depth first traversal.
     *
     * @return the list of (depth-first) ordered nodes
     */
    public List depthFirst() {
        List answer = new NodeList();
        answer.add(this);
        answer.addAll(depthFirstRest());
        return answer;
    }

    private List depthFirstRest() {
        List answer = new NodeList();
        for (Iterator iter = InvokerHelper.asIterator(value); iter.hasNext();) {
            Object child = iter.next();
            if (child instanceof Node) {
                Node childNode = (Node) child;
                List children = childNode.depthFirstRest();
                answer.add(childNode);
                answer.addAll(children);
            }
        }
        return answer;
    }

    /**
     * Provide a collection of all the nodes in the tree
     * using a breadth-first traversal.
     *
     * @return the list of (breadth-first) ordered nodes
     */
    public List breadthFirst() {
        List answer = new NodeList();
        answer.add(this);
        answer.addAll(breadthFirstRest());
        return answer;
    }

    private List breadthFirstRest() {
        List answer = new NodeList();
        List nextLevelChildren = getDirectChildren();
        while (!nextLevelChildren.isEmpty()) {
            List working = new NodeList(nextLevelChildren);
            nextLevelChildren = new NodeList();
            for (Iterator iter = working.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
                Node childNode = (Node) iter.next();
                answer.add(childNode);
                List children = childNode.getDirectChildren();
                nextLevelChildren.addAll(children);
            }
        }
        return answer;
    }

    private List getDirectChildren() {
        List answer = new NodeList();
        for (Iterator iter = InvokerHelper.asIterator(value); iter.hasNext();) {
            Object child = iter.next();
            if (child instanceof Node) {
                Node childNode = (Node) child;
                answer.add(childNode);
            }
        }
        return answer;
    }

    public String toString() {
        return name + "[attributes=" + attributes + "; value=" + value + "]";
    }

    public void print(PrintWriter out) {
        new NodePrinter(out).print(this);
    }
}

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