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Lift Framework example source code file (MVCHelper.scala)

This example Lift Framework source code file (MVCHelper.scala) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Lift Framework tags/keywords

box, box, empty, emptybox, full, full, list, mvcmatch, mvcresponse, mvcresponse, nil, nil, req, t

The Lift Framework MVCHelper.scala source code

/*
 * Copyright 2010-2011 WorldWide Conferencing, LLC
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package net.liftweb
package http

import net.liftweb.common._
import net.liftweb.util._
import scala.xml.{NodeSeq, Node}

/**
 * Mix this trait into a class to provide support for
 * MVC style coding.  Each controller line is defined as:
 * <pre name="code" class="scala">
 * serve {
 *   case "user" :: User(user) :: _ => "#name" #> user.firstName
 * }
 * </pre>
 *
 * The above code matches /user/4, loads the user with primary
 * key 4 from the database, then applies the transform to the /user.html
 * template replacing the node with the id "name" with the firstName of
 * the user
 */
trait MVCHelper extends LiftRules.DispatchPF {
  /**
   * The partial function to match a request to a response
   */
  protected type MVCMatch = PartialFunction[List[String], MVCResponse]

  /**
   * Serve an MVC page based on matching the path
   */
  protected def serve(pf: MVCMatch) {_dispatch ::= pf}

  @volatile private var _dispatch: List[MVCMatch] = Nil
  
  private lazy val nonDevDispatch = _dispatch.reverse

  private object curRequest extends RequestVar[Req](null) {
    override def __nameSalt = Helpers.nextFuncName
  }

  private object curSession extends
  RequestVar[LiftSession](S.session openOr 
                          LiftRules.statelessSession.
                          vend.apply(curRequest.is)) {
    override def __nameSalt = Helpers.nextFuncName
  }                              

  private def dispatch: List[MVCMatch] = 
    if (Props.devMode) _dispatch.reverse else nonDevDispatch

  /**
   * Is the Rest helper defined for a given request
   */
  def isDefinedAt(in: Req) = {
    S.session match {
      case Full(_) => dispatch.find(_.isDefinedAt(in.path.partPath)).isDefined
      
      case _ =>
      curRequest.set(in)
      S.init(in, curSession.is) {
        dispatch.find(_.isDefinedAt(in.path.partPath)).isDefined
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Apply the Rest helper
   */
  def apply(in: Req): () => Box[LiftResponse] = {
    val path = in.path.partPath
    S.session match {
      case Full(_) => {
        val resp = dispatch.find(_.isDefinedAt(path)).get.
        apply(path).toResponse
        
        () => resp
      }
      
      case _ =>
        S.init(in, curSession.is) {
          val resp = dispatch.find(_.isDefinedAt(path)).get.
          apply(path).toResponse

          () => resp
        }
    }
  }

  /**
   * A trait that holds a response for the MVCHelper.  Conversions
   * exist from Unit (just serve the template),
   * CssBindFunc (do the substitution on the template),
   * NodeSeq (run the template),
   * LiftResponse (send the response back),
   * or Box or Option of any of the above.
   * 
   */
  protected sealed trait MVCResponse {
    def toResponse: Box[LiftResponse]
  }

  private def templateForPath(req: Req): Box[NodeSeq] = {
    
    def tryIt(path: List[String]): Box[NodeSeq] = path match {
      case Nil => Empty
      case xs => Templates(path) match {
        case ret@ Full(_) => ret
        case _ => tryIt(path.dropRight(1))
      }
    }

    tryIt(req.path.partPath)
  }

  object MVCResponse {
    implicit def unitToResponse(unit: Unit): MVCResponse = 
      new MVCResponse {
        val toResponse: Box[LiftResponse] = 
          for {
            session <- S.session
            req <- S.request
            template <- templateForPath(req)
            resp <- session.processTemplate(Full(template),
                                            req, req.path, 200)
          } yield resp
      }

    implicit def bindToResponse(bind: CssBindFunc): MVCResponse = 
      new MVCResponse {
        val toResponse: Box[LiftResponse] = 
          for {
            session <- S.session
            req <- S.request
            template <- templateForPath(req)
            resp <- session.processTemplate(Full(bind(template)),
                                            req, req.path, 200)
          } yield resp
      }

    implicit def nsToResponse(nodes: Seq[Node]): MVCResponse = {
      new MVCResponse {
        val toResponse: Box[LiftResponse] = 
          for {
            session <- S.session
            req <- S.request
            resp <- session.processTemplate(Full(nodes),
                                            req, req.path, 200)
          } yield resp
      }
    }

    implicit def respToResponse(resp: LiftResponse): MVCResponse = 
      new MVCResponse {
        val toResponse: Box[LiftResponse] = Full(resp)
      }
      

    implicit def boxThinginy[T](box: Box[T])(implicit f: T => MVCResponse): MVCResponse = new MVCResponse {
      val toResponse: Box[LiftResponse] = boxToResp(box)(f)
    }

    implicit def optionThinginy[T](box: Option[T])(implicit f: T => MVCResponse): MVCResponse = new MVCResponse {
      val toResponse: Box[LiftResponse] = boxToResp(box)(f)
    }
  }

  /**
   * Turn a Box[T] into the return type expected by
   * DispatchPF.  Note that this method will return
   * messages from Failure() and return codes and messages
   * from ParamFailure[Int[(msg, _, _, code) 
   */
  protected implicit def boxToResp[T](in: Box[T])
  (implicit c: T => MVCResponse): Box[LiftResponse] = 
    in match {
      case Full(v) => c(v).toResponse
      case e: EmptyBox => emptyToResp(e)
    }

  /**
   * Convert an Empty into an appropriate LiftResponse.  In the
   * case of Failure, you may want to display a particular error
   * message to the user.
   */
  protected def emptyToResp(eb: EmptyBox): Box[LiftResponse] =
    eb match {
      case ParamFailure(msg, _, _, code: Int) =>
        Full(InMemoryResponse(msg.getBytes("UTF-8"), 
                              ("Content-Type" ->
                               "text/plain; charset=utf-8") ::
                              Nil, Nil, code))
      
      case Failure(msg, _, _) => 
        Full(NotFoundResponse(msg))

      case _ => Empty
    }

  /**
   * Validate what, if it passes validation, then
   * redirect to the new URL, else display the messages
   * using S.error and redisplay the current page.
   */
  protected def saveRedir(what:
                          {def validate: List[FieldError];
                           def save(): Boolean},
                          where: String) = () => {
    what.validate match {
      case Nil => what.save(); S.redirectTo(where)
      case xs => S.error(xs)
    }
  }
}

Other Lift Framework examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Lift Framework MVCHelper.scala source code file:



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