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Lift Framework example source code file (HttpAuthentication.scala)

This example Lift Framework source code file (HttpAuthentication.scala) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Lift Framework tags/keywords

authenticationalgorithm, authenticationscheme, authenticationscheme, boolean, boolean, checkandpurge, full, httpauthentication, noncewatcher, req, req, string, string, utf-8

The Lift Framework HttpAuthentication.scala source code

/*
 * Copyright 2007-2011 WorldWide Conferencing, LLC
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package net.liftweb
package http
package auth

import net.liftweb.common._
import net.liftweb.actor._
import net.liftweb.util._
import net.liftweb.util.Helpers._
import net.liftweb.http._
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary._
import scala.collection.mutable.{HashMap}

/**
 * All http authentication methods must implement these methods.
 * The most important method to note here is the verified_? partial function
 * as this is what is used to then determine if the response specified in
 * the boot dispatcher is used or its a 401 response.
 *
 */
trait HttpAuthentication {
  def header(r: Req): Box[String] = r.request.header("Authorization")

  def verified_? : PartialFunction[Req, Boolean]

  def realm: String = ""

  def unauthorizedResponse: UnauthorizedResponse = UnauthorizedResponse(realm)

  def shutDown {}

}

object NoAuthentication extends HttpAuthentication {
  def verified_? = {case req => true}
}

object userRoles extends RequestVar[List[Role]](Nil)

/**
 * Methods that are specific to HTTP basic are defined here.
 * The methods from the parent trait are implemented to decode the
 * Base64 encoded input from the http client.
 */
case class HttpBasicAuthentication(realmName: String)(func: PartialFunction[(String, String, Req), Boolean]) extends HttpAuthentication {
  def credentials(r: Req): Box[(String, String)] = {
    header(r).flatMap(auth => {
      val decoded = new String(Base64.decodeBase64(auth.substring(6, auth.length).getBytes)).split(":").toList
      decoded match {
        case userName :: password :: _ => Full((userName, password))
        case userName :: Nil => Full((userName, ""))
        case _ => Empty
      }
    }
      )
  }

  override def realm = realmName

  def verified_? = {
    case (req) => {
      credentials(req) match {
        case Full((user, pwd)) if (func.isDefinedAt(user, pwd, req)) =>
          func(user, pwd, req)
        case _ => false
      }
    }
  }

}

case class HttpDigestAuthentication(realmName: String)(func: PartialFunction[(String, Req, (String) => Boolean), Boolean]) extends HttpAuthentication with Loggable {
  private val nonceMap = new HashMap[String, Long]

  private object CheckAndPurge
  private object ShutDown

  object NonceWatcher extends LiftActor {
    private var keepPinging = true

    protected def messageHandler =
      {
        case CheckAndPurge =>
          if (keepPinging) doPing()
          nonceMap.foreach((entry) => {
            val ts = System.currentTimeMillis
            if ((ts - entry._2) > nonceValidityPeriod) {
              nonceMap -= entry._1
            }
          })

        case ShutDown => keepPinging = false
      }


    private[auth] def doPing() {
      try {
        Schedule.schedule (this, CheckAndPurge, 5 seconds)
      } catch {
        case e => logger.error("Couldn't start NonceWatcher ping", e)
      }
    }

  }

  NonceWatcher.doPing()

  override def shutDown = NonceWatcher ! ShutDown

  def getInfo(req: Req): Box[DigestAuthentication] = header(req).map(auth => {

    val info = auth.substring(7, auth.length)
    val pairs = splitNameValuePairs(info)
    DigestAuthentication(req.request.method.toUpperCase, pairs("username"), pairs("realm"), pairs("nonce"),
      pairs("uri"), pairs("qop"), pairs("nc"),
      pairs("cnonce"), pairs("response"), pairs("opaque"))
  }
    )

  /**
   * The period in milli seconds during which the nonce sent by server is valid. After this period
   * even if the auth digest matches correctly the authentication will fail.
   *
   * A useful usability would be to return something like "5 seconds" where seconds function is defined in TimeHelpers.
   * The default value returned is 30 seconds.
   *
   */
  def nonceValidityPeriod: Long = 30 seconds

  override def realm = realmName

  override def unauthorizedResponse = {
    val nonce = randomString(64);
    nonceMap += (nonce -> System.currentTimeMillis)
    UnauthorizedDigestResponse(realm, Qop.AUTH, nonce, randomString(64))
  }

  def verified_? = {
    case (req) => {
      getInfo(req) match {
        case Full(auth) if (func.isDefinedAt((auth.userName, req, validate(auth) _))) =>
          func((auth.userName, req, validate(auth) _)) match {
            case true =>
              val ts = System.currentTimeMillis
              val nonceCreationTime: Long = nonceMap.getOrElse(auth.nonce, -1)
              nonceCreationTime match {
                case -1 => false
                case _ =>
                  (ts - nonceCreationTime) < nonceValidityPeriod
              }
            case _ => false
          }
        case _ => false
      }
    }
  }

  private def validate(clientAuth: DigestAuthentication)(password: String): Boolean = {
    val ha1 = hexEncode(md5((clientAuth.userName + ":" + clientAuth.realm + ":" + password).getBytes("UTF-8")))
    val ha2 = hexEncode(md5((clientAuth.method + ":" + clientAuth.uri).getBytes("UTF-8")))

    val response = hexEncode(md5((ha1 + ":" + clientAuth.nonce + ":" +
            clientAuth.nc + ":" + clientAuth.cnonce + ":" +
            clientAuth.qop + ":" + ha2).getBytes("UTF-8")));

    (response == clientAuth.response) && (nonceMap.getOrElse(clientAuth.nonce, -1) != -1)
  }
}

case class DigestAuthentication(method: String,
                                userName: String,
                                realm: String,
                                nonce: String,
                                uri: String,
                                qop: String,
                                nc: String,
                                cnonce: String,
                                response: String,
                                opaque: String)


sealed abstract class AuthenticationScheme {
  def code: String

  override def toString = "AuthenticationScheme(" + code + ")"
}
case object BasicScheme extends AuthenticationScheme {
  def code: String = "Basic"
}
case object DigestScheme extends AuthenticationScheme {
  def code: String = "Digest"
}
case object UnknownScheme extends AuthenticationScheme {
  def code: String = "Unknown"
}

sealed abstract class AuthenticationAlgorithm {
  def code: String
}
case object MD5Session extends AuthenticationAlgorithm {
  def code: String = "MD5-sess"
}
case object MD5 extends AuthenticationAlgorithm {
  def code: String = "MD5"
}

Other Lift Framework examples (source code examples)

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