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Lucene example source code file (CompoundFileWriter.java)

This example Lucene source code file (CompoundFileWriter.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Lucene tags/keywords

compoundfilewriter, directory, directory, fileentry, fileentry, format_no_segment_prefix, hashset, illegalstateexception, indexoutput, io, ioexception, ioexception, nullpointerexception, string, string, util

The Lucene CompoundFileWriter.java source code

package org.apache.lucene.index;

 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

import org.apache.lucene.store.Directory;
import org.apache.lucene.store.IndexOutput;
import org.apache.lucene.store.IndexInput;
import org.apache.lucene.util.IOUtils;

import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.HashSet;

import java.io.IOException;

 * Combines multiple files into a single compound file.
 * The file format:<br>
 * <ul>
 *     <li>VInt fileCount
 *     <li>{Directory}
 *         fileCount entries with the following structure:</li>
 *         <ul>
 *             <li>long dataOffset
 *             <li>String fileName
 *         </ul>
 *     <li>{File Data}
 *         fileCount entries with the raw data of the corresponding file</li>
 * </ul>
 * The fileCount integer indicates how many files are contained in this compound
 * file. The {directory} that follows has that many entries. Each directory entry
 * contains a long pointer to the start of this file's data section, and a String
 * with that file's name.
 * @lucene.internal
public final class CompoundFileWriter {

    private static final class FileEntry {
        /** source file */
        String file;

        /** temporary holder for the start of directory entry for this file */
        long directoryOffset;

        /** temporary holder for the start of this file's data section */
        long dataOffset;
        /** the directory which contains the file. */
        Directory dir;

    // Before versioning started.
    static final int FORMAT_PRE_VERSION = 0;
    // Segment name is not written in the file names.
    static final int FORMAT_NO_SEGMENT_PREFIX = -1;

    // NOTE: if you introduce a new format, make it 1 lower
    // than the current one, and always change this if you
    // switch to a new format!

    private Directory directory;
    private String fileName;
    private HashSet<String> ids;
    private LinkedList<FileEntry> entries;
    private boolean merged = false;
    private SegmentMerger.CheckAbort checkAbort;

    /** Create the compound stream in the specified file. The file name is the
     *  entire name (no extensions are added).
     *  @throws NullPointerException if <code>dir or name is null
    public CompoundFileWriter(Directory dir, String name) {
      this(dir, name, null);

    CompoundFileWriter(Directory dir, String name, SegmentMerger.CheckAbort checkAbort) {
        if (dir == null)
            throw new NullPointerException("directory cannot be null");
        if (name == null)
            throw new NullPointerException("name cannot be null");
        this.checkAbort = checkAbort;
        directory = dir;
        fileName = name;
        ids = new HashSet<String>();
        entries = new LinkedList<FileEntry>();

    /** Returns the directory of the compound file. */
    public Directory getDirectory() {
        return directory;

    /** Returns the name of the compound file. */
    public String getName() {
        return fileName;

    /** Add a source stream. <code>file is the string by which the 
     *  sub-stream will be known in the compound stream.
     *  @throws IllegalStateException if this writer is closed
     *  @throws NullPointerException if <code>file is null
     *  @throws IllegalArgumentException if a file with the same name
     *   has been added already
    public void addFile(String file) {
      addFile(file, directory);

     * Same as {@link #addFile(String)}, only for files that are found in an
     * external {@link Directory}.
    public void addFile(String file, Directory dir) {
        if (merged)
            throw new IllegalStateException(
                "Can't add extensions after merge has been called");

        if (file == null)
            throw new NullPointerException(
                "file cannot be null");

        if (! ids.add(file))
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                "File " + file + " already added");

        FileEntry entry = new FileEntry();
        entry.file = file;
        entry.dir = dir;

    /** Merge files with the extensions added up to now.
     *  All files with these extensions are combined sequentially into the
     *  compound stream.
     *  @throws IllegalStateException if close() had been called before or
     *   if no file has been added to this object
    public void close() throws IOException {
        if (merged)
            throw new IllegalStateException("Merge already performed");

        if (entries.isEmpty())
            throw new IllegalStateException("No entries to merge have been defined");

        merged = true;

        // open the compound stream
        IndexOutput os = directory.createOutput(fileName);
        IOException priorException = null;
        try {
            // Write the Version info - must be a VInt because CFR reads a VInt
            // in older versions!
            // Write the number of entries

            // Write the directory with all offsets at 0.
            // Remember the positions of directory entries so that we can
            // adjust the offsets later
            long totalSize = 0;
            for (FileEntry fe : entries) {
                fe.directoryOffset = os.getFilePointer();
                os.writeLong(0);    // for now
                totalSize += fe.dir.fileLength(fe.file);

            // Pre-allocate size of file as optimization --
            // this can potentially help IO performance as
            // we write the file and also later during
            // searching.  It also uncovers a disk-full
            // situation earlier and hopefully without
            // actually filling disk to 100%:
            final long finalLength = totalSize+os.getFilePointer();

            // Open the files and copy their data into the stream.
            // Remember the locations of each file's data section.
            for (FileEntry fe : entries) {
                fe.dataOffset = os.getFilePointer();
                copyFile(fe, os);

            // Write the data offsets into the directory of the compound stream
            for (FileEntry fe : entries) {

            assert finalLength == os.length();

            // Close the output stream. Set the os to null before trying to
            // close so that if an exception occurs during the close, the
            // finally clause below will not attempt to close the stream
            // the second time.
            IndexOutput tmp = os;
            os = null;
        } catch (IOException e) {
          priorException = e;
        } finally {
          IOUtils.closeSafely(priorException, os);

   * Copy the contents of the file with specified extension into the provided
   * output stream.
  private void copyFile(FileEntry source, IndexOutput os) throws IOException {
    IndexInput is = source.dir.openInput(source.file);
    try {
      long startPtr = os.getFilePointer();
      long length = is.length();
      os.copyBytes(is, length);

      if (checkAbort != null) {

      // Verify that the output length diff is equal to original file
      long endPtr = os.getFilePointer();
      long diff = endPtr - startPtr;
      if (diff != length)
        throw new IOException("Difference in the output file offsets " + diff
            + " does not match the original file length " + length);

    } finally {

Other Lucene examples (source code examples)

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