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Lucene example source code file (IndexFileDeleter.java)

This example Lucene source code file (IndexFileDeleter.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Lucene tags/keywords

arraylist, collection, commitpoint, directory, io, ioexception, ioexception, list, override, override, refcount, refcount, segmentinfos, string, string, util

The Lucene IndexFileDeleter.java source code

package org.apache.lucene.index;

/**
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

import org.apache.lucene.store.Directory;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.PrintStream;
import java.util.*;

import org.apache.lucene.store.NoSuchDirectoryException;
import org.apache.lucene.util.CollectionUtil;

/*
 * This class keeps track of each SegmentInfos instance that
 * is still "live", either because it corresponds to a
 * segments_N file in the Directory (a "commit", i.e. a
 * committed SegmentInfos) or because it's an in-memory
 * SegmentInfos that a writer is actively updating but has
 * not yet committed.  This class uses simple reference
 * counting to map the live SegmentInfos instances to
 * individual files in the Directory.
 *
 * The same directory file may be referenced by more than
 * one IndexCommit, i.e. more than one SegmentInfos.
 * Therefore we count how many commits reference each file.
 * When all the commits referencing a certain file have been
 * deleted, the refcount for that file becomes zero, and the
 * file is deleted.
 *
 * A separate deletion policy interface
 * (IndexDeletionPolicy) is consulted on creation (onInit)
 * and once per commit (onCommit), to decide when a commit
 * should be removed.
 * 
 * It is the business of the IndexDeletionPolicy to choose
 * when to delete commit points.  The actual mechanics of
 * file deletion, retrying, etc, derived from the deletion
 * of commit points is the business of the IndexFileDeleter.
 * 
 * The current default deletion policy is {@link
 * KeepOnlyLastCommitDeletionPolicy}, which removes all
 * prior commits when a new commit has completed.  This
 * matches the behavior before 2.2.
 *
 * Note that you must hold the write.lock before
 * instantiating this class.  It opens segments_N file(s)
 * directly with no retry logic.
 */

final class IndexFileDeleter {

  /* Files that we tried to delete but failed (likely
   * because they are open and we are running on Windows),
   * so we will retry them again later: */
  private List<String> deletable;

  /* Reference count for all files in the index.  
   * Counts how many existing commits reference a file.
   **/
  private Map<String, RefCount> refCounts = new HashMap();

  /* Holds all commits (segments_N) currently in the index.
   * This will have just 1 commit if you are using the
   * default delete policy (KeepOnlyLastCommitDeletionPolicy).
   * Other policies may leave commit points live for longer
   * in which case this list would be longer than 1: */
  private List<CommitPoint> commits = new ArrayList();

  /* Holds files we had incref'd from the previous
   * non-commit checkpoint: */
  private List<Collection lastFiles = new ArrayList>();

  /* Commits that the IndexDeletionPolicy have decided to delete: */ 
  private List<CommitPoint> commitsToDelete = new ArrayList();

  private PrintStream infoStream;
  private Directory directory;
  private IndexDeletionPolicy policy;

  final boolean startingCommitDeleted;
  private SegmentInfos lastSegmentInfos;

  /** Change to true to see details of reference counts when
   *  infoStream != null */
  public static boolean VERBOSE_REF_COUNTS = false;

  void setInfoStream(PrintStream infoStream) {
    this.infoStream = infoStream;
    if (infoStream != null) {
      message("setInfoStream deletionPolicy=" + policy);
    }
  }
  
  private void message(String message) {
    infoStream.println("IFD [" + new Date() + "; " + Thread.currentThread().getName() + "]: " + message);
  }

  /**
   * Initialize the deleter: find all previous commits in
   * the Directory, incref the files they reference, call
   * the policy to let it delete commits.  This will remove
   * any files not referenced by any of the commits.
   * @throws CorruptIndexException if the index is corrupt
   * @throws IOException if there is a low-level IO error
   */
  public IndexFileDeleter(Directory directory, IndexDeletionPolicy policy, SegmentInfos segmentInfos, PrintStream infoStream)
    throws CorruptIndexException, IOException {

    this.infoStream = infoStream;

    final String currentSegmentsFile = segmentInfos.getCurrentSegmentFileName();

    if (infoStream != null) {
      message("init: current segments file is \"" + currentSegmentsFile + "\"; deletionPolicy=" + policy);
    }

    this.policy = policy;
    this.directory = directory;

    // First pass: walk the files and initialize our ref
    // counts:
    long currentGen = segmentInfos.getGeneration();
    IndexFileNameFilter filter = IndexFileNameFilter.getFilter();

    CommitPoint currentCommitPoint = null;
    String[] files = null;
    try {
      files = directory.listAll();
    } catch (NoSuchDirectoryException e) {  
      // it means the directory is empty, so ignore it.
      files = new String[0];
    }

    for (String fileName : files) {

      if (filter.accept(null, fileName) && !fileName.equals(IndexFileNames.SEGMENTS_GEN)) {
        
        // Add this file to refCounts with initial count 0:
        getRefCount(fileName);

        if (fileName.startsWith(IndexFileNames.SEGMENTS)) {

          // This is a commit (segments or segments_N), and
          // it's valid (<= the max gen).  Load it, then
          // incref all files it refers to:
          if (infoStream != null) {
            message("init: load commit \"" + fileName + "\"");
          }
          SegmentInfos sis = new SegmentInfos();
          try {
            sis.read(directory, fileName);
          } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            // LUCENE-948: on NFS (and maybe others), if
            // you have writers switching back and forth
            // between machines, it's very likely that the
            // dir listing will be stale and will claim a
            // file segments_X exists when in fact it
            // doesn't.  So, we catch this and handle it
            // as if the file does not exist
            if (infoStream != null) {
              message("init: hit FileNotFoundException when loading commit \"" + fileName + "\"; skipping this commit point");
            }
            sis = null;
          } catch (IOException e) {
            if (SegmentInfos.generationFromSegmentsFileName(fileName) <= currentGen) {
              throw e;
            } else {
              // Most likely we are opening an index that
              // has an aborted "future" commit, so suppress
              // exc in this case
              sis = null;
            }
          }
          if (sis != null) {
            CommitPoint commitPoint = new CommitPoint(commitsToDelete, directory, sis);
            if (sis.getGeneration() == segmentInfos.getGeneration()) {
              currentCommitPoint = commitPoint;
            }
            commits.add(commitPoint);
            incRef(sis, true);

            if (lastSegmentInfos == null || sis.getGeneration() > lastSegmentInfos.getGeneration()) {
              lastSegmentInfos = sis;
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }

    if (currentCommitPoint == null && currentSegmentsFile != null) {
      // We did not in fact see the segments_N file
      // corresponding to the segmentInfos that was passed
      // in.  Yet, it must exist, because our caller holds
      // the write lock.  This can happen when the directory
      // listing was stale (eg when index accessed via NFS
      // client with stale directory listing cache).  So we
      // try now to explicitly open this commit point:
      SegmentInfos sis = new SegmentInfos();
      try {
        sis.read(directory, currentSegmentsFile);
      } catch (IOException e) {
        throw new CorruptIndexException("failed to locate current segments_N file");
      }
      if (infoStream != null) {
        message("forced open of current segments file " + segmentInfos.getCurrentSegmentFileName());
      }
      currentCommitPoint = new CommitPoint(commitsToDelete, directory, sis);
      commits.add(currentCommitPoint);
      incRef(sis, true);
    }

    // We keep commits list in sorted order (oldest to newest):
    CollectionUtil.mergeSort(commits);

    // Now delete anything with ref count at 0.  These are
    // presumably abandoned files eg due to crash of
    // IndexWriter.
    for(Map.Entry<String, RefCount> entry : refCounts.entrySet() ) {  
      RefCount rc = entry.getValue();
      final String fileName = entry.getKey();
      if (0 == rc.count) {
        if (infoStream != null) {
          message("init: removing unreferenced file \"" + fileName + "\"");
        }
        deleteFile(fileName);
      }
    }

    // Finally, give policy a chance to remove things on
    // startup:
    if (currentSegmentsFile != null) {
      policy.onInit(commits);
    }

    // Always protect the incoming segmentInfos since
    // sometime it may not be the most recent commit
    checkpoint(segmentInfos, false);
    
    startingCommitDeleted = currentCommitPoint == null ? false : currentCommitPoint.isDeleted();

    deleteCommits();
  }

  public SegmentInfos getLastSegmentInfos() {
    return lastSegmentInfos;
  }

  /**
   * Remove the CommitPoints in the commitsToDelete List by
   * DecRef'ing all files from each SegmentInfos.
   */
  private void deleteCommits() throws IOException {

    int size = commitsToDelete.size();

    if (size > 0) {

      // First decref all files that had been referred to by
      // the now-deleted commits:
      for(int i=0;i<size;i++) {
        CommitPoint commit = commitsToDelete.get(i);
        if (infoStream != null) {
          message("deleteCommits: now decRef commit \"" + commit.getSegmentsFileName() + "\"");
        }
        for (final String file : commit.files) {
          decRef(file);
        }
      }
      commitsToDelete.clear();

      // Now compact commits to remove deleted ones (preserving the sort):
      size = commits.size();
      int readFrom = 0;
      int writeTo = 0;
      while(readFrom < size) {
        CommitPoint commit = commits.get(readFrom);
        if (!commit.deleted) {
          if (writeTo != readFrom) {
            commits.set(writeTo, commits.get(readFrom));
          }
          writeTo++;
        }
        readFrom++;
      }

      while(size > writeTo) {
        commits.remove(size-1);
        size--;
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Writer calls this when it has hit an error and had to
   * roll back, to tell us that there may now be
   * unreferenced files in the filesystem.  So we re-list
   * the filesystem and delete such files.  If segmentName
   * is non-null, we will only delete files corresponding to
   * that segment.
   */
  public void refresh(String segmentName) throws IOException {
    String[] files = directory.listAll();
    IndexFileNameFilter filter = IndexFileNameFilter.getFilter();
    String segmentPrefix1;
    String segmentPrefix2;
    if (segmentName != null) {
      segmentPrefix1 = segmentName + ".";
      segmentPrefix2 = segmentName + "_";
    } else {
      segmentPrefix1 = null;
      segmentPrefix2 = null;
    }
    
    for(int i=0;i<files.length;i++) {
      String fileName = files[i];
      if (filter.accept(null, fileName) &&
          (segmentName == null || fileName.startsWith(segmentPrefix1) || fileName.startsWith(segmentPrefix2)) &&
          !refCounts.containsKey(fileName) &&
          !fileName.equals(IndexFileNames.SEGMENTS_GEN)) {
        // Unreferenced file, so remove it
        if (infoStream != null) {
          message("refresh [prefix=" + segmentName + "]: removing newly created unreferenced file \"" + fileName + "\"");
        }
        deleteFile(fileName);
      }
    }
  }

  public void refresh() throws IOException {
    refresh(null);
  }

  public void close() throws IOException {
    // DecRef old files from the last checkpoint, if any:
    int size = lastFiles.size();
    if (size > 0) {
      for(int i=0;i<size;i++) {
        decRef(lastFiles.get(i));
      }
      lastFiles.clear();
    }

    deletePendingFiles();
  }

  /**
   * Revisits the {@link IndexDeletionPolicy} by calling its
   * {@link IndexDeletionPolicy#onCommit(List)} again with the known commits.
   * This is useful in cases where a deletion policy which holds onto index
   * commits is used. The application may know that some commits are not held by
   * the deletion policy anymore and call
   * {@link IndexWriter#deleteUnusedFiles()}, which will attempt to delete the
   * unused commits again.
   */
  void revisitPolicy() throws IOException {
    if (infoStream != null) {
      message("now revisitPolicy");
    }

    if (commits.size() > 0) {
      policy.onCommit(commits);
      deleteCommits();
    }
  }
  
  public void deletePendingFiles() throws IOException {
    if (deletable != null) {
      List<String> oldDeletable = deletable;
      deletable = null;
      int size = oldDeletable.size();
      for(int i=0;i<size;i++) {
        if (infoStream != null) {
          message("delete pending file " + oldDeletable.get(i));
        }
        deleteFile(oldDeletable.get(i));
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * For definition of "check point" see IndexWriter comments:
   * "Clarification: Check Points (and commits)".
   * 
   * Writer calls this when it has made a "consistent
   * change" to the index, meaning new files are written to
   * the index and the in-memory SegmentInfos have been
   * modified to point to those files.
   *
   * This may or may not be a commit (segments_N may or may
   * not have been written).
   *
   * We simply incref the files referenced by the new
   * SegmentInfos and decref the files we had previously
   * seen (if any).
   *
   * If this is a commit, we also call the policy to give it
   * a chance to remove other commits.  If any commits are
   * removed, we decref their files as well.
   */
  public void checkpoint(SegmentInfos segmentInfos, boolean isCommit) throws IOException {

    if (infoStream != null) {
      message("now checkpoint \"" + segmentInfos.getCurrentSegmentFileName() + "\" [" + segmentInfos.size() + " segments " + "; isCommit = " + isCommit + "]");
    }

    // Try again now to delete any previously un-deletable
    // files (because they were in use, on Windows):
    deletePendingFiles();

    // Incref the files:
    incRef(segmentInfos, isCommit);

    if (isCommit) {
      // Append to our commits list:
      commits.add(new CommitPoint(commitsToDelete, directory, segmentInfos));

      // Tell policy so it can remove commits:
      policy.onCommit(commits);

      // Decref files for commits that were deleted by the policy:
      deleteCommits();
    } else {
      // DecRef old files from the last checkpoint, if any:
      for (Collection<String> lastFile : lastFiles) {
        decRef(lastFile);
      }
      lastFiles.clear();

      // Save files so we can decr on next checkpoint/commit:
      lastFiles.add(segmentInfos.files(directory, false));
    }
  }

  void incRef(SegmentInfos segmentInfos, boolean isCommit) throws IOException {
    // If this is a commit point, also incRef the
    // segments_N file:
    for( final String fileName: segmentInfos.files(directory, isCommit) ) {
      incRef(fileName);
    }
  }

  void incRef(Collection<String> files) throws IOException {
    for(final String file : files) {
      incRef(file);
    }
  }

  void incRef(String fileName) throws IOException {
    RefCount rc = getRefCount(fileName);
    if (infoStream != null && VERBOSE_REF_COUNTS) {
      message("  IncRef \"" + fileName + "\": pre-incr count is " + rc.count);
    }
    rc.IncRef();
  }

  void decRef(Collection<String> files) throws IOException {
    for(final String file : files) {
      decRef(file);
    }
  }

  void decRef(String fileName) throws IOException {
    RefCount rc = getRefCount(fileName);
    if (infoStream != null && VERBOSE_REF_COUNTS) {
      message("  DecRef \"" + fileName + "\": pre-decr count is " + rc.count);
    }
    if (0 == rc.DecRef()) {
      // This file is no longer referenced by any past
      // commit points nor by the in-memory SegmentInfos:
      deleteFile(fileName);
      refCounts.remove(fileName);
    }
  }

  void decRef(SegmentInfos segmentInfos) throws IOException {
    for (final String file : segmentInfos.files(directory, false)) {
      decRef(file);
    }
  }

  public boolean exists(String fileName) {
    if (!refCounts.containsKey(fileName)) {
      return false;
    } else {
      return getRefCount(fileName).count > 0;
    }
  }

  private RefCount getRefCount(String fileName) {
    RefCount rc;
    if (!refCounts.containsKey(fileName)) {
      rc = new RefCount(fileName);
      refCounts.put(fileName, rc);
    } else {
      rc = refCounts.get(fileName);
    }
    return rc;
  }

  void deleteFiles(List<String> files) throws IOException {
    for(final String file: files) {
      deleteFile(file);
    }
  }

  /** Deletes the specified files, but only if they are new
   *  (have not yet been incref'd). */
  void deleteNewFiles(Collection<String> files) throws IOException {
    for (final String fileName: files) {
      if (!refCounts.containsKey(fileName)) {
        if (infoStream != null) {
          message("delete new file \"" + fileName + "\"");
        }
        deleteFile(fileName);
      }
    }
  }

  void deleteFile(String fileName)
       throws IOException {
    try {
      if (infoStream != null) {
        message("delete \"" + fileName + "\"");
      }
      directory.deleteFile(fileName);
    } catch (IOException e) {			  // if delete fails
      if (directory.fileExists(fileName)) {

        // Some operating systems (e.g. Windows) don't
        // permit a file to be deleted while it is opened
        // for read (e.g. by another process or thread). So
        // we assume that when a delete fails it is because
        // the file is open in another process, and queue
        // the file for subsequent deletion.

        if (infoStream != null) {
          message("unable to remove file \"" + fileName + "\": " + e.toString() + "; Will re-try later.");
        }
        if (deletable == null) {
          deletable = new ArrayList<String>();
        }
        deletable.add(fileName);                  // add to deletable
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Tracks the reference count for a single index file:
   */
  final private static class RefCount {

    // fileName used only for better assert error messages
    final String fileName;
    boolean initDone;
    RefCount(String fileName) {
      this.fileName = fileName;
    }

    int count;

    public int IncRef() {
      if (!initDone) {
        initDone = true;
      } else {
        assert count > 0: Thread.currentThread().getName() + ": RefCount is 0 pre-increment for file \"" + fileName + "\"";
      }
      return ++count;
    }

    public int DecRef() {
      assert count > 0: Thread.currentThread().getName() + ": RefCount is 0 pre-decrement for file \"" + fileName + "\"";
      return --count;
    }
  }

  /**
   * Holds details for each commit point.  This class is
   * also passed to the deletion policy.  Note: this class
   * has a natural ordering that is inconsistent with
   * equals.
   */

  final private static class CommitPoint extends IndexCommit {

    Collection<String> files;
    String segmentsFileName;
    boolean deleted;
    Directory directory;
    Collection<CommitPoint> commitsToDelete;
    long version;
    long generation;
    final boolean isOptimized;
    final Map<String,String> userData;

    public CommitPoint(Collection<CommitPoint> commitsToDelete, Directory directory, SegmentInfos segmentInfos) throws IOException {
      this.directory = directory;
      this.commitsToDelete = commitsToDelete;
      userData = segmentInfos.getUserData();
      segmentsFileName = segmentInfos.getCurrentSegmentFileName();
      version = segmentInfos.getVersion();
      generation = segmentInfos.getGeneration();
      files = Collections.unmodifiableCollection(segmentInfos.files(directory, true));
      isOptimized = segmentInfos.size() == 1 && !segmentInfos.info(0).hasDeletions();
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
      return "IndexFileDeleter.CommitPoint(" + segmentsFileName + ")";
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isOptimized() {
      return isOptimized;
    }

    @Override
    public String getSegmentsFileName() {
      return segmentsFileName;
    }

    @Override
    public Collection<String> getFileNames() throws IOException {
      return files;
    }

    @Override
    public Directory getDirectory() {
      return directory;
    }

    @Override
    public long getVersion() {
      return version;
    }

    @Override
    public long getGeneration() {
      return generation;
    }

    @Override
    public Map<String,String> getUserData() {
      return userData;
    }

    /**
     * Called only be the deletion policy, to remove this
     * commit point from the index.
     */
    @Override
    public void delete() {
      if (!deleted) {
        deleted = true;
        commitsToDelete.add(this);
      }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isDeleted() {
      return deleted;
    }
  }
}

Other Lucene examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Lucene IndexFileDeleter.java source code file:



my book on functional programming

 

new blog posts

 

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