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Lucene example source code file (FuzzyQuery.java)

This example Lucene source code file (FuzzyQuery.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Lucene tags/keywords

filteredtermenum, float, fuzzyquery, fuzzyquery, fuzzytermenum, illegalargumentexception, illegalargumentexception, io, ioexception, override, override, string, stringbuilder, stringbuilder, term

The Lucene FuzzyQuery.java source code

package org.apache.lucene.search;

 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

import org.apache.lucene.index.IndexReader;
import org.apache.lucene.index.Term;
import org.apache.lucene.util.ToStringUtils;

import java.io.IOException;

/** Implements the fuzzy search query. The similarity measurement
 * is based on the Levenshtein (edit distance) algorithm.
 * <p>Warning: this query is not very scalable with its default prefix
 * length of 0 - in this case, *every* term will be enumerated and
 * cause an edit score calculation.
 * <p>This query uses {@link MultiTermQuery.TopTermsScoringBooleanQueryRewrite}
 * as default. So terms will be collected and scored according to their
 * edit distance. Only the top terms are used for building the {@link BooleanQuery}.
 * It is not recommended to change the rewrite mode for fuzzy queries.
public class FuzzyQuery extends MultiTermQuery {
  public final static float defaultMinSimilarity = 0.5f;
  public final static int defaultPrefixLength = 0;
  public final static int defaultMaxExpansions = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
  private float minimumSimilarity;
  private int prefixLength;
  private boolean termLongEnough = false;
  protected Term term;
   * Create a new FuzzyQuery that will match terms with a similarity 
   * of at least <code>minimumSimilarity to term.
   * If a <code>prefixLength > 0 is specified, a common prefix
   * of that length is also required.
   * @param term the term to search for
   * @param minimumSimilarity a value between 0 and 1 to set the required similarity
   *  between the query term and the matching terms. For example, for a
   *  <code>minimumSimilarity of 0.5 a term of the same length
   *  as the query term is considered similar to the query term if the edit distance
   *  between both terms is less than <code>length(term)*0.5
   * @param prefixLength length of common (non-fuzzy) prefix
   * @param maxExpansions the maximum number of terms to match. If this number is
   *  greater than {@link BooleanQuery#getMaxClauseCount} when the query is rewritten, 
   *  then the maxClauseCount will be used instead.
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if minimumSimilarity is >= 1 or < 0
   * or if prefixLength < 0
  public FuzzyQuery(Term term, float minimumSimilarity, int prefixLength,
      int maxExpansions) {
    this.term = term;
    if (minimumSimilarity >= 1.0f)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("minimumSimilarity >= 1");
    else if (minimumSimilarity < 0.0f)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("minimumSimilarity < 0");
    if (prefixLength < 0)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("prefixLength < 0");
    if (maxExpansions < 0)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("maxExpansions < 0");
    setRewriteMethod(new MultiTermQuery.TopTermsScoringBooleanQueryRewrite(maxExpansions));
    if (term.text().length() > 1.0f / (1.0f - minimumSimilarity)) {
      this.termLongEnough = true;
    this.minimumSimilarity = minimumSimilarity;
    this.prefixLength = prefixLength;
   * Calls {@link #FuzzyQuery(Term, float) FuzzyQuery(term, minimumSimilarity, prefixLength, Integer.MAX_VALUE)}.
  public FuzzyQuery(Term term, float minimumSimilarity, int prefixLength) {
    this(term, minimumSimilarity, prefixLength, defaultMaxExpansions);
   * Calls {@link #FuzzyQuery(Term, float) FuzzyQuery(term, minimumSimilarity, 0, Integer.MAX_VALUE)}.
  public FuzzyQuery(Term term, float minimumSimilarity) {
    this(term, minimumSimilarity, defaultPrefixLength, defaultMaxExpansions);

   * Calls {@link #FuzzyQuery(Term, float) FuzzyQuery(term, 0.5f, 0, Integer.MAX_VALUE)}.
  public FuzzyQuery(Term term) {
    this(term, defaultMinSimilarity, defaultPrefixLength, defaultMaxExpansions);
   * Returns the minimum similarity that is required for this query to match.
   * @return float value between 0.0 and 1.0
  public float getMinSimilarity() {
    return minimumSimilarity;
   * Returns the non-fuzzy prefix length. This is the number of characters at the start
   * of a term that must be identical (not fuzzy) to the query term if the query
   * is to match that term. 
  public int getPrefixLength() {
    return prefixLength;

  protected FilteredTermEnum getEnum(IndexReader reader) throws IOException {
    if (!termLongEnough) {  // can only match if it's exact
      return new SingleTermEnum(reader, term);
    return new FuzzyTermEnum(reader, getTerm(), minimumSimilarity, prefixLength);
   * Returns the pattern term.
  public Term getTerm() {
    return term;
  public String toString(String field) {
    final StringBuilder buffer = new StringBuilder();
    if (!term.field().equals(field)) {
    return buffer.toString();
  public int hashCode() {
    final int prime = 31;
    int result = super.hashCode();
    result = prime * result + Float.floatToIntBits(minimumSimilarity);
    result = prime * result + prefixLength;
    result = prime * result + ((term == null) ? 0 : term.hashCode());
    return result;

  public boolean equals(Object obj) {
    if (this == obj)
      return true;
    if (!super.equals(obj))
      return false;
    if (getClass() != obj.getClass())
      return false;
    FuzzyQuery other = (FuzzyQuery) obj;
    if (Float.floatToIntBits(minimumSimilarity) != Float
      return false;
    if (prefixLength != other.prefixLength)
      return false;
    if (term == null) {
      if (other.term != null)
        return false;
    } else if (!term.equals(other.term))
      return false;
    return true;


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