Short source code examples

The Android API makes extensive use of what I thought were "static inner classes", but apparently the correct term is "static nested class". Here's a description of the differences between static and non-static nested inner classes from the URL shown:

"A non-static nested class (or 'inner class') has full access to the members of the class within which it is nested.

Using a parallel map to transform a collection of String to all-uppercase

From time to time I have a problem with Android Studio where it won’t show the logcat output of an app I’m trying to debug. I haven’t been able to figure out why that is, so what I do instead is look at my logcat output from my command line.

As a short tip, if you want to see Android LogCat output from your command line, just run this adb command from your Unix/Linux command line:

This isn't my usual "source code snippet", but I thought this was a good description of UTF-8:

UTF-8 is almost exactly like regular ASCII text, except it has escape codes for non-ASCII characters such as Japanese glyphs.

This comes from the book, Hello Android.

A Scala Akka 2.0 Actor "ping pong" example:

This source code shows a simple example of how to create an Android ListActivity and ListView, using a static array of elements for the list.

This is the source code for a simple Android Preferences demo from the book Beginning Android 3:

Here's the source code for a Scala function to determine whether signs (positive, negative) of two values are opposite:

Without any real introduction or discussion, here's the source code for a Scala class that I use to retrieve Twitter REST content, using the Apache HttpClient library, and the Lift JSON library:

Here's a simple way to get content from a REST web service using Scala:

object GetUrlContent extends App {

  val url = ""
  val result =


That's a simple, "new" way I do it with Scala. However, note that it handles timeouts very poorly, such as if the web service you're calling is down or running slowly.

FWIW, here's an old approach I used to retrieve REST content (content from a REST URL):

I'm sorry, I don't remember where I found this code, but here's a Scala function to split a camel case string into its components strings (substrings):

An Android HttpClient web services client example. Also shows HttpGet, DefaultHttpClient, DocumentBuilder, DocumentBuilderFactory, ResponseHandler, Document, Element, Node, NodeList, InputSource, GPS, LocationManager, and more.

This is an Android Handler and ProgressBar example, from the excellent book, Beginning Android 3. (See the URL that I have linked to.)

How to create an Android BroadcastReceiver object:

  private BroadcastReceiver receiver = new BroadcastReceiver()
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent)
      runOnUiThread(new Runnable()
        public void run()

An Android AlertDialog Builder example:

AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
builder.setTitle("Exception!").setMessage(t.toString()).setPositiveButton("OK", null).show();

How to create a Toast message in Android:

Toast.makeText(this, "No forecast available", 2500).show();

A PHP function that reduces multiple consecutive spaces in a string to one single space, so something like "   " is reduced to " ".

function reduceMultipleSpacesToSingleSpace($text) {
  return preg_replace('/\s+/', " ", $text );

A PHP function that strips a string of all characters other than alphanumeric characters:

function onlyAlphanumericAndSpaces($text) {
  # allow only alphanumeric
  return ereg_replace("[^A-Za-z0-9 ]", "", $text );
 * Implementation of hook_form_alter().
 * Use these functions to alter the "charity" forms.
function user_validator_form_charity_node_form_alter(&$form, &$form_state) {

  $form['bookverify'] = array(
      '#type' => 'fieldset',
      '#title' => t('Confirmation'),
      '#weight' => 20
  $form['bookverify']['words'] = array(
      '#type' => 'textfield',
      '#title' => t('First five words from Lesson 12'),