Solution: When AndroidManifest.xml changes aren’t seen in your Flutter dev/test app

As a brief note, if you’re developing an Android app with Flutter and then find that the changes you made to your AndroidManifest.xml file aren’t being seen in your app, you’ll probably need to uninstall your dev/test app and completely reinstall it with flutter run. I just ran into this problem while working with flutter_local_notifications — which requires changes to AndroidManifest.xml to work properly — and uninstalling and reinstalling the app fixed the problem.

Flutter error: Unhandled Exception: MissingPluginException(No implementation found for method canLaunch on channel plugins...

If you get a Flutter error like this one:

Unhandled Exception: MissingPluginException(No implementation found 
for method canLaunch on channel plugins.flutter.io/url_launcher)

fear not, I get it about once a week. For me it happens every time I add a new plugin to my Flutter project, and then forget to stop my application and restart it. Either that, or you might be working from the command line and forgot to run flutter pub get.

Usually what happens in my workflow is:

A correct Flutter FutureBuilder example (for SharedPreferences, REST services, and database access)

At the time of this writing (September 19, 2019), there’s a lot of bad information in books and on the internet about how to use a Flutter FutureBuilder. That bad information caused me to waste a lot of time over the last two days. I don’t have time today to explain everything, but in short, here’s a technically correct FutureBuilder example:

A Flutter function to convert a TimeOfDay to a String (formatted)

If you ever need a Dart/Flutter method to format a TimeOfDay variable — i.e., convert a TimeOfDay to a String — I can confirm that this method works:

String formatTimeOfDay(TimeOfDay tod) {
    final now = new DateTime.now();
    final dt = DateTime(now.year, now.month, now.day, tod.hour, tod.minute);
    final format = DateFormat.jm();  //"6:00 AM"
    return format.format(dt);

A Dart Future/then/catchError example

When I was trying to debug a problem that I thought was related to Flutter’s SharedPreferences library, I ended up rewriting a preferences method to use code like this rather than the normal approach:

Future<SharedPreferences> fPrefs = SharedPreferences.getInstance();
fPrefs.then((value) {rez = value.getBool(KEY_ENABLE_NOTIFICATIONS) ?? false; })
   .catchError((e) {
       debugPrint("===== ERROR: ${e.error}");
       return 60;
return rez;

While that ended up being a waste of time, the benefit of my side excursion is that I get to show this example of how to use then and catchError with a Dart future. So if you wanted to see a Dart Future/then/catchError example, I hope this is helpful.