Alvin Alexander | Java, Scala, Unix, Perl, Mac OS X
I've really been in the Perl neighborhood for these last few days. Here are two more tips on using regular expressions and escape sequences in Perl:
You can do many crazy things with Perl regular expressions, but many times you just need to use an escape character (or escape sequence) in a regular expression. I'm often asked what escape sequences you can use in Perl regular expressions, so without any further ado, here is a simple list of "special" characters (such as the [Tab] character) can be matched by the Perl regular expressions:
I won't say that this is a complete list, but I think this is a list of the most popular backslash characters (also known as escape sequences) that can be used in Perl strings:
I was looking for a nice program that would let me kill a bunch of related processes on a Windows PC, similar to the way the
killall command works on Linux. (I find this very useful when I'm testing apps and I have a bunch of windows open.)
Cool, I've been back to Perl for a few days. I'd forgotten what a cool language it is. Here are two brief Perl tips related to my recent work:
Summary: How to use Perl here documents, i.e., the Perl heredoc syntax.
Perl offers a convenient way of printing multiple lines of output through an interesting feature known as a "Perl here document". A here document, or heredoc, lets you easily store multiple lines of text in a Perl variable.
A multiline Perl here document works like this:
Summary: Using the Perl backtick operator to execute system comands
One of the real strengths of the Perl programming language is the ease in which you can access (execute) the commands of the underlying operating system. As other programming languages point out, this can be considered a weakness, because it also makes your programs system-dependent, but in reality I've found this to be a problem only five or 10 percent of the time.
Here are some important/useful JBuilder keyboard shortcuts to remember:
JBuilder Open Tools question: Can you tell me some of the best JBuilder Open Tools?
Sure. From the Borland Conference 2001, here is a list of the Top-10 Open Tools for JBuilder:
A note for me for the future: Bob Hope passed away a few days ago. I don't think most people younger than me care about this too much, but I liked his "On the Road" movies, tv specials, and what he did for the people in the military.
Here are a couple of new tips I've written on using regular expressions in Java 1.4. Both tips include complete, working source code examples.
Java multiline pattern FAQ: Can you share an example of a multiline Java pattern (regular expression)?
Enable Java assertions tip: The main thing to remember is that assertions -- new to Java 1.4 -- are not enabled by default. That's true when compiling, and also when running your program.
When compiling your code with
javac, you need to compile your source code using the "-source 1.4" option. Then, when running your program you need to specify the "-ea" of the
javaw command to enable assertions.
Here's a simple but interesting quote from a "Use Case" book I was reading last night:
"If the actor is not part of the system, then the requirements cannot be a part of the system."
This statement seems obvious, but reflecting on some of my own work I can see where I have occasionally strayed in this direction, and having reviewed the work of other people, I have often seen these types of requirements in requirements documentation.
Enable Java assertions in Ant (FAQ): How do I enable Java assertions in Ant?
Here's something that should have been a little more obvious to me: how to enable assertions when compiling Java code that uses the version 1.4 "assertions" feature:
I just participated in a seminar on the new features in the Java 1.4.2 language, and new planned features for the Java 1.5 language. Here is a list of URLs that I used in the research for that seminar:
Two new items today. First, I've published the Unix Systems Administrator Training Material. I'm not very happy with it in it's current form, but it's out there. (It needs some reformatting work.)
I'm going to live with some monks for the rest of this week and early next week, so things will be quiet here.
This may be a little too touchy-feely for some people, but as I prepare for this trip, the one thing I was struck with this morning is how bad we have been to the Earth since North America was first colonized. Looking at things from the perspective of the Earth, things were pretty good back in the days when the Indians roamed this continent. Since then, we've built all of these cities, "conquered" all of this land, and then polluted the air, land, and water.
Wow, I just learned about the Linux
locate command the other day. I'm going to have to quit using
find so much. The
locate command is very quick, assuming it can find what it's looking for in it's cache.
Here's a quick locate example. Assume that you have apache installed on your system, but you can't remember where it is. Just type
locate apachectl to find the
apachectl command, and you'll see locate return some output, very quickly, like this: