println

Using `puts` or `echo` instead of `println` in Scala

As my mind was wandering off earlier today, I started to wonder what it would take to create a Ruby puts or PHP echo statement in Scala. (For some reason my brain can never type “println,” and puts or echo are much easier to type.)

One simple way to mimic a puts or echo method is to use Scala's ability to rename things on import:

scala> import System.out.{println => echo}
import System.out.{println=>echo}

scala> import System.out.{println => puts}
import System.out.{println=>puts}

scala> echo("foo")
foo

scala> puts("foo")
foo

scala> puts(1 + 1)
2

A simple RxJava 2 “Hello, world” example

As a brief note, and assuming that you already know a little bit about RxJava, here’s the simplest possible RxJava 2 “Hello, world” example I think you can create:

package hello;

import io.reactivex.Observable;

public class HelloWorld {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Observable<String> observable = Observable.just("Hello, world");
        observable.subscribe(System.out::println);
    }

}

The Kotlin forEach println syntax

It’s a little hard to move back and forth between Scala and Kotlin because of some of the differences between the languages. Skipping the long story, here’s an example of how to print every line in a list of strings in Kotlin using forEach and println. First the setup:

import java.io.File
fun readFile(filename: String): List<String> = File(filename).readLines()
val lines = readFile("/etc/passwd")

Then here are two different ways to use forEach with println:

How to prompt users for input from Scala shell scripts

This is an excerpt from the Scala Cookbook, partially modified for the internet. This is Recipe 14.12, “How to prompt users for input from Scala shell scripts.”

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Problem

You want to prompt a user for input from a Scala shell script and read her responses.

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Solution

Use the readLine, print, printf, and Console.read* methods to read user input, as demonstrated in the following script. Comments in the script describe each method:

Table of Contents

  1. Problem
  2. Solution
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Scala shell scripts and the command line: Prompting the user, and reading input

A great thing about Scala is that not only is it scalable, it was also created to help you work on small tasks, including being useful in shell scripts. This includes small shell script tasks like prompting a user interactively from a shell script, and reading their input.

You can prompt users with print commands like println and print, and you can read their input with all of these methods that are available on the Scala Console class: