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Drupal example source code file (README.txt)

This example Drupal source code file (README.txt) is included in the DevDaily.com "Drupal Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Drupal by Example".

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The README.txt Drupal example source code


Once the Date API is installed, all functions in the API are available to be used 
anywhere by any module. If the Date Timezone module is installed, the system site 
timezone selector and the user timezone selectors are overwritten to allow the 
selection of timezone names instead of offsets. Proper timezone conversion 
requires knowledge of those timezone names, something that is not currently 
available in Drupal core, and the change in selectors makes it possible to track it.

In most cases, you should enable the Date Timezone module any time you use the
Date API to be able to set the site and user timezone names. It is not enabled by 
default in case another module is setting timezone names in the database.

The API uses the PHP 5.2 date functions to create and manipulate dates, and 
contains an option module that will emulate those functions in earlier versions
of PHP.

If you are using PHP 4 or PHP 5.0 or 5.1, native date handling won't work right.
Install the Date_PHP4 module to enable wrapper functions so this code will work
in old PHP versions. 

Example, the following will create a date for the local value in one 
timezone, adjust it to a different timezone, then return the offset in seconds 
in the new timezone for the input date; The offset will be adjusted for both 
the timezone difference and daylight savings time, if necessary:

$date = date_create('2007-03-11 02:00:00', timezone_open('America/Chicago'));
$chicago_time = date_format($date, 'Y-m-d H:i');

print 'At '. $chicago_time .' in Chicago, the timezone offset in seconds 
  was '. date_offset_get($date);

date_timezone_set($date, timezone_open('Europe/Berlin');
$berlin_time = date_format($date, 'Y-m-d H:i');

print 'It was '. $berlin_time .' in Berlin when it 
  was '. $chicago_time .' in Chicago.';
print 'At that time in Berlin, the timezone offset in seconds was 
  '. date_offset_get($date);

A helper function is available, date_make_date($string, $timezone, $type),
where $string is a unixtimestamp, an ISO date, or a string like YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS,
$timezone is the name of the timezone this date is in, and $type is the type
of date it is (DATE_UNIX, DATE_ISO, or DATE_DATETIME). It create and return
a date object set to the right date and timezone.

Simpletest tests for these functions are included in the package.

Available functions include the following (more documentation is provided in 
the files):

Date PHP4 Module
PHP 4 substitutions for the PHP 5 date functions are supplied. Use the PHP 5 
functions in your code as they would normally be used and the PHP 4 
alternatives will be automatically be substituted in when needed. 

You cannot do everything with these functions that can be done in PHP 5, but 
you can create dates, find timezone offsets, and format the results. 
Timezone handling uses native PHP 5 functions when available and degrades 
automatically for PHP 4 to use substitutions like those 
provided in previous versions of the Date and Event modules.

Read the doxygen documentation in this module for more information 
about using the functions in ways that will work in PHP 4.

Simpletest tests for the PHP 4 equivalent functions are included in the package.

The following functions are emulated in PHP4:

Preconfigured arrays
Both translated and untranslated values are available. The date_week_days_ordered()
function will shift an array of week day names so it starts with the site's
first day of the week, otherwise the weekday names start with Sunday as the first
value, the expected order for many php and sql functions.


Miscellaneous date manipulation functions 
Pre-defined constants and functions that will handle pre-1970 and post-2038 
dates in both PHP 4 and PHP 5, in any OS. Dates can be converted from one 
type to another and date parts can be extracted from any date type.



Date calculation and navigation
date_difference() will find the time difference between any two days, measured
in seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, weeks, or years.


Date regex and format helpers 
Pre-defined constants, an array of date format strings and their 
equivalent regex strings.

DATE_REGEX_LOOSE is a very loose regex that will pull date parts out
of an ISO date with or without separators, using either 'T' or a space
to separate date and time, and with or without time.

date_format_date() is similar to format_date(), except it takes a 
date object instead of a timestamp as the first parameter.




Standardized ical parser and creator 
The iCal parser is found in date_api_ical.inc, which is not included by default. 
Include that file if you want to use these functions:

Complete rewrite of ical imports to parse vevents, vlocations, valarms, 
and all kinds of timezone options and repeat rules for ical imports. 
The function now sticks to parsing the ical into an array that can be used 
in various ways. It no longer trys to convert timezones while parsing, 
instead a date_ical_date_format() function is provided that can be used to 
convert from the ical timezone to whatever timezone is desired in the 
results. Repeat rules are parsed into an array which other modules can 
manipulate however they like to create additional events from the results.


Helpers for portable date SQL 
The SQL functions are found in date_api_sql.inc, which is not included by default. 
Include that file if you want to use these functions:


Date forms and validators
Reusable, configurable, self-validating FAPI date elements are found in 
date_api_elements.inc, which is not included by default. Include it
if you want to use these elements. To use them, create a form element
and set the '#type' to one of the following:

  The date_select element will create a collection of form elements, with a
  separate select or textfield for each date part. The whole collection will
  get re-formatted back into a date value of the requested type during validation.

 The date_text element will create a textfield that can contain a whole
 date or any part of a date as text. The user input value will be re-formatted
 back into a date value of the requested type during validation.

 The date_timezone element will create a drop-down selector to pick a
 timezone name.

The custom date elements require a few other pieces of information to work
correctly, like #date_format and #date_type. See the internal documentation
for more information.

Date Popup Module

A new module is included in the package that will enable a popup jQuery 
calendar date picker and timepicker in date and time fields.

It is implemented as a custom form element, so set '#type' to 'date_popup'
to use this element. See the internal documentation for more information.

Date Repeat API

An API for repeating dates is available if installed. It can be used by 
other modules to create a form element that will allow users to select
repeat rules and store those selections in an iCal RRULE string, and a
calculation function that will parse the RRULE and return an array of dates
that match those rules. The API is implemented in the Date module as a
new date widget if the Date Repeat API is installed.

Install file for dependent modules

The following code is an example of what should go in the .install file for
any module that uses the new Date API. This is needed to be sure the system 
is not using an earlier version of the API that didn't include all these new 
features. Testing for version '5.2' will pick up any version on or after the 
change to the new API.

 * Implementation of hook_requirements().
function calendar_requirements($phase) {
  $requirements = array();
  $t = get_t();

  // This is the minimum required version for the Date API so that it will 
     work with this module.
  $required_version = 5.2;

  // Make sure the matching version of date_api is installed.
  // Use info instead of an error at install time since the problem may
  // just be that they were installed in the wrong order.
  switch ($phase) {
    case 'runtime':
      if (variable_get('date_api_version', 0) < $required_version) {
        $requirements['calendar_api_version'] = array(
          'title' => $t('Calendar requirements'),
          'value' => $t('The Calendar module requires a more current version 
             of the Date API. Please check for a newer version.'),
          'severity' => REQUIREMENT_ERROR,
     case 'install':
      if (variable_get('date_api_version', 0) < $required_version) {
        $requirements['calendar_api_version'] = array(
          'title' => $t('Calendar requirements'),
          'value' => $t('The Calendar module requires the latest version 
             of the Date API, be sure you are installing the latest versions 
             of both modules.'),
          'severity' => REQUIREMENT_INFO,
  return $requirements;

 * Implementation of hook_install().
function calendar_install() {
  // Make sure this module loads after date_api.
  db_query("UPDATE {system} SET weight = 1 WHERE name = 'calendar'");

 * Implementation of hook_update().
function calendar_update_5000() {
  $ret = array();
  $ret[] = update_sql("UPDATE {system} SET weight = 1 WHERE name = 'calendar'");
  return $ret;

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