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Drupal example source code file (date_api.module)

This example Drupal source code file (date_api.module) is included in the DevDaily.com "Drupal Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Drupal by Example".

PHP - Drupal tags/keywords

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The date_api.module Drupal example source code

<?php
// $Id: date_api.module,v 1.64.2.5.2.121 2011/01/01 00:29:04 karens Exp $
/**
 * @file
 * This module will make the date API available to other modules.
 * Designed to provide a light but flexible assortment of functions
 * and constants, with more functionality in additional files that
 * are not loaded unless other modules specifically include them.
 */

/**
 * Set up some constants.
 *
 * Includes standard date types, format strings, strict regex strings for ISO
 * and DATETIME formats (seconds are optional).
 *
 * The loose regex will find any variety of ISO date and time, with or
 * without time, with or without dashes and colons separating the elements,
 * and with either a 'T' or a space separating date and time.
 */
define('DATE_ISO',  'date');
define('DATE_UNIX', 'datestamp');
define('DATE_DATETIME', 'datetime');
define('DATE_ARRAY', 'array');
define('DATE_OBJECT', 'object');
define('DATE_ICAL', 'ical');

define('DATE_FORMAT_ISO', "Y-m-d\TH:i:s");
define('DATE_FORMAT_UNIX', "U");
define('DATE_FORMAT_DATETIME', "Y-m-d H:i:s");
define('DATE_FORMAT_ICAL', "Ymd\THis");
define('DATE_FORMAT_ICAL_DATE', "Ymd");
define('DATE_FORMAT_DATE', 'Y-m-d');

define('DATE_REGEX_ISO', '/(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})T(\d{2}):(\d{2}):?(\d{2})?/');
define('DATE_REGEX_DATETIME', '/(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})\s(\d{2}):(\d{2}):?(\d{2})?/');
define('DATE_REGEX_LOOSE', '/(\d{4})-?(\d{1,2})-?(\d{1,2})([T\s]?(\d{2}):?(\d{2}):?(\d{2})?(\.\d+)?(Z|[\+\-]\d{2}:?\d{2})?)?/');
define('DATE_REGEX_ICAL_DATE', '/(\d{4})(\d{2})(\d{2})/');
define('DATE_REGEX_ICAL_DATETIME', '/(\d{4})(\d{2})(\d{2})T(\d{2})(\d{2})(\d{2})(Z)?/');

/**
 * Implementation of hook_init().
 */
function date_api_init() {
  if (function_exists('date_default_timezone_set')) {
    date_default_timezone_set(date_default_timezone_name());
  }  
  drupal_add_css(drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api')  .'/date.css');

}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_menu().
 */
function date_api_menu() {
  $items = array();
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/formats'] = array(
    'title' => 'Formats',
    'description' => 'Allow users to configure date formats',
    'type' => MENU_LOCAL_TASK,
    'file' => 'date_api.admin.inc',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('date_api_date_formats_form'),
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
    'weight' => 1,
  );
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/formats/configure'] = array(
    'title' => 'Configure',
    'description' => 'Allow users to configure date formats',
    'type' => MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK,
    'file' => 'date_api.admin.inc',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('date_api_date_formats_form'),
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
    'weight' => 1,
  );
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/formats/lookup'] = array(
    'title' => 'Date and time lookup',
    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
    'page callback' => 'date_api_date_time_lookup',
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
  );
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/formats/custom'] = array(
    'title' => 'Custom formats',
    'description' => 'Allow users to configure custom date formats.',
    'type' => MENU_LOCAL_TASK,
    'file' => 'date_api.admin.inc',
    'page callback' => 'date_api_configure_custom_date_formats',
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
    'weight' => 2,
  );
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/formats/add'] = array(
    'title' => 'Add format',
    'description' => 'Allow users to add additional date formats.',
    'type' => MENU_LOCAL_TASK,
    'file' => 'date_api.admin.inc',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('date_api_add_date_formats_form'),
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
    'weight' => 3,
  );
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/formats/delete/%'] = array(
    'title' => 'Delete date format',
    'description' => 'Allow users to delete a configured date format.',
    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
    'file' => 'date_api.admin.inc',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('date_api_delete_format_form', 5),
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
  );
  $items['admin/settings/date-time/delete/%'] = array(
    'title' => 'Delete date format type',
    'description' => 'Allow users to delete a configured date format type.',
    'type' => MENU_CALLBACK,
    'file' => 'date_api.admin.inc',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('date_api_delete_format_type_form', 4),
    'access arguments' => array('administer site configuration'),
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_menu_alter().
 */
function date_api_menu_alter(&$callbacks) {
  // Add a new 'admin/settings/date-time/configure' path and make it the same as
  // the 'admin/settings/date-time'.  Also set it to be the default local task -
  // needed to make tabs work as expected.
  $callbacks['admin/settings/date-time/configure'] = $callbacks['admin/settings/date-time'];
  $callbacks['admin/settings/date-time/configure']['type'] = MENU_DEFAULT_LOCAL_TASK;
}

/**
 * Helper function for getting the format string for a date type.
 */
function date_type_format($type) {
  switch ($type) {
    case DATE_ISO:
      return DATE_FORMAT_ISO;
    case DATE_UNIX:
      return DATE_FORMAT_UNIX;
    case DATE_DATETIME:
      return DATE_FORMAT_DATETIME;
    case DATE_ICAL:
      return DATE_FORMAT_ICAL;
  }
}

/**
 * An untranslated array of month names
 *
 * Needed for css, translation functions, strtotime(), and other places
 * that use the English versions of these words.
 *
 * @return
 *   an array of month names
 */
function date_month_names_untranslated() {
  static $month_names;
  if (empty($month_names)) {
    $month_names = array(1 => 'January', 2 => 'February', 3 => 'March',
      4 => 'April', 5 => 'May', 6 => 'June', 7 => 'July',
      8 => 'August', 9 => 'September', 10 => 'October',
      11 => 'November', 12 => 'December');
  }
  return $month_names;
}

/**
 * A translated array of month names
 *
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, will include a blank value at the beginning of the list.
 * @return
 *   an array of month names
 */
function date_month_names($required = FALSE) {
  $month_names = array();
  foreach (date_month_names_untranslated() as $key => $day) {
    $month_names[$key] = date_t($day, 'month_name');
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $month_names : $month_names;
}

/**
 * A translated array of month name abbreviations
 *
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, will include a blank value at the beginning of the list.
 * @return
 *   an array of month abbreviations
 */
function date_month_names_abbr($required = FALSE) {
  $month_names = array();
  foreach (date_month_names_untranslated() as $key => $day) {
    $month_names[$key] = date_t($day, 'month_abbr');
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $month_names : $month_names;
}

/**
 * An untranslated array of week days
 *
 * Needed for css, translation functions, strtotime(), and other places
 * that use the English versions of these words.
 *
 * @return
 *   an array of week day names
 */
function date_week_days_untranslated($refresh = TRUE) {
  static $weekdays;
  if ($refresh || empty($weekdays)) {
    $weekdays = array(0 => 'Sunday', 1 => 'Monday', 2 => 'Tuesday',
      3 => 'Wednesday', 4 => 'Thursday', 5 => 'Friday',
      6 => 'Saturday');
  }
  return $weekdays;
}

/**
 * A translated array of week days
 *
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, will include a blank value at the beginning of the array.
 * @return
 *   an array of week day names
 */
function date_week_days($required = FALSE, $refresh = TRUE) {
  $weekdays = array();
  foreach (date_week_days_untranslated() as $key => $day) {
    $weekdays[$key] = date_t($day, 'day_name');
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $weekdays : $weekdays;
}

/**
 * An translated array of week day abbreviations.
 *
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, will include a blank value at the beginning of the array.
 * @return
 *   an array of week day abbreviations
 */
function date_week_days_abbr($required = FALSE, $refresh = TRUE, $length = 3) {
  $weekdays = array();
  switch ($length) {
    case 1:
      $context = 'day_abbr1';
      break;
    case 2:
      $context = 'day_abbr2';
      break;
    default:
      $context = 'day_abbr';
      break; 
  }
  foreach (date_week_days_untranslated() as $key => $day) {
    $weekdays[$key] = date_t($day, $context);
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $weekdays : $weekdays;
}

/**
 * Order weekdays
 *   Correct weekdays array so first day in array matches the first day of
 *   the week. Use to create things like calendar headers.
 *
 * @param array $weekdays
 * @return array
 */
function date_week_days_ordered($weekdays) {
  if (variable_get('date_first_day', 1) > 0) {
    for ($i = 1; $i <= variable_get('date_first_day', 1); $i++) {
      $last = array_shift($weekdays);
      array_push($weekdays, $last);
    }
  }
  return $weekdays;
}

/**
 * An array of years.
 *
 * @param int $min
 *   the minimum year in the array
 * @param int $max
 *   the maximum year in the array
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, will include a blank value at the beginning of the array.
 * @return
 *   an array of years in the selected range
 */
function date_years($min = 0, $max = 0, $required = FALSE) {
  // Have to be sure $min and $max are valid values;
  if (empty($min)) $min = intval(date('Y', time()) - 3);
  if (empty($max)) $max = intval(date('Y', time()) + 3);
  $none = array(0 => '');
  return !$required ? $none + drupal_map_assoc(range($min, $max)) : drupal_map_assoc(range($min, $max));
}

/**
 * An array of days.
 *
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, returned array will include a blank value.
 * @param integer $month (optional)
 * @param integer $year (optional)
 * @return
 *   an array of days for the selected month.
 */
function date_days($required = FALSE, $month = NULL, $year = NULL) {
  // If we have a month and year, find the right last day of the month.
  if (!empty($month) && !empty($year)) {
    $date = date_make_date($year .'-'. $month .'-01 00:00:00', 'UTC');
    $max = date_format('t', $date);
  }
  // If there is no month and year given, default to 31.
  if (empty($max)) $max = 31;
  $none = array(0 => '');
  return !$required ? $none + drupal_map_assoc(range(1, $max)) : drupal_map_assoc(range(1, $max));
}

/**
 * An array of hours.
 *
 * @param string $format
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, returned array will include a blank value.
 * @return
 *   an array of hours in the selected format.
 */
function date_hours($format = 'H', $required = FALSE) {
  $hours = array();
  if ($format == 'h' || $format == 'g') {
    $min = 1;
    $max = 12;
  }
  else  {
    $min = 0;
    $max = 23;
  }
  for ($i = $min; $i <= $max; $i++) {
    $hours[$i] = $i < 10 && ($format == 'H' || $format == 'h') ? "0$i" : $i;
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $hours : $hours;
}

/**
 * An array of minutes.
 *
 * @param string $format
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, returned array will include a blank value.
 * @return
 *   an array of minutes in the selected format.
 */
function date_minutes($format = 'i', $required = FALSE, $increment = 1) {
  $minutes = array();
  // Have to be sure $increment has a value so we don't loop endlessly;
  if (empty($increment)) $increment = 1;
  for ($i = 0; $i < 60; $i += $increment) {
    $minutes[$i] = $i < 10 && $format == 'i' ? "0$i" : $i;
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $minutes : $minutes;
}

/**
 * An array of seconds.
 *
 * @param string $format
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, returned array will include a blank value.
 * @return array an array of seconds in the selected format.
 */
function date_seconds($format = 's', $required = FALSE, $increment = 1) {
  $seconds = array();
  // Have to be sure $increment has a value so we don't loop endlessly;
  if (empty($increment)) $increment = 1;
  for ($i = 0; $i < 60; $i += $increment) {
    $seconds[$i] = $i < 10 && $format == 's' ? "0$i" : $i;
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $seconds : $seconds;
}

/**
 * An array of am and pm options.
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, returned array will include a blank value.
 * @return array an array of am pm options.
 */
function date_ampm($required = FALSE) {
  $none = array('' => '');
  $ampm = array('am' => date_t('am', 'ampm'), 'pm' => date_t('pm', 'ampm'));
  return !$required ? $none + $ampm : $ampm;
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_date_formats().
 *
 * @return
 *   An array of date formats with attributes 'type' (short, medium or long),
 *   'format' (the format string) and 'locales'.  The 'locales' attribute is an
 *   array of locales, which can include both 2 character language codes like
 *   'en', 'fr', but also 5 character language codes like 'en-gb' and 'en-us'.
 */
function date_api_date_formats() {
  include_once('./'. drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/date_api_formats_list.inc');
  return _date_api_date_formats_list();
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_date_format_types().
 */
function date_api_date_format_types() {
  return array(
    'long' => t('Long'),
    'medium' => t('Medium'),
    'short' => t('Short'),
  );
}

/**
 * Array of regex replacement strings for date format elements.
 * Used to allow input in custom formats. Based on work done for
 * the Date module by Yves Chedemois (yched).
 *
 * @return array of date() format letters and their regex equivalents.
 */
function date_format_patterns($strict = FALSE) {
  return array(
    'd' => '\d{'. ($strict ? '2' : '1,2') .'}', 
    'm' => '\d{'. ($strict ? '2' : '1,2') .'}', 
    'h' => '\d{'. ($strict ? '2' : '1,2') .'}',      
    'H' => '\d{'. ($strict ? '2' : '1,2') .'}',   
    'i' => '\d{'. ($strict ? '2' : '1,2') .'}',
    's' => '\d{'. ($strict ? '2' : '1,2') .'}',
    'j' => '\d{1,2}',    'N' => '\d',      'S' => '\w{2}',
    'w' => '\d',       'z' => '\d{1,3}',    'W' => '\d{1,2}',
    'n' => '\d{1,2}',  't' => '\d{2}',      'L' => '\d',      'o' => '\d{4}',
    'Y' => '\d{4}',    'y' => '\d{2}',      'B' => '\d{3}',   'g' => '\d{1,2}',
    'G' => '\d{1,2}',  'e' => '\w*',        'I' => '\d',      'T' => '\w*',
    'U' => '\d*',      'z' => '[+-]?\d*',   'O' => '[+-]?\d{4}',
    //Using S instead of w and 3 as well as 4 to pick up non-ASCII chars like German umlaute
    'D' => '\S{3,4}',    'l' => '\S*', 'M' => '\S{3,4}', 'F' => '\S*',
    'P' => '[+-]?\d{2}\:\d{2}',
    'c' => '(\d{4})-(\d{2})-(\d{2})T(\d{2}):(\d{2}):(\d{2})([+-]?\d{2}\:\d{2})',
    'r' => '(\w{3}), (\d{2})\s(\w{3})\s(\d{2,4})\s(\d{2}):(\d{2}):(\d{2})([+-]?\d{4})?',
    );
}

/**
 * Array of granularity options and their labels
 *
 * @return array
 */
function date_granularity_names() {
  return array(
    'year' => date_t('Year', 'datetime'), 
    'month' => date_t('Month', 'datetime'), 
    'day' => date_t('Day', 'datetime'),
    'hour' => date_t('Hour', 'datetime'), 
    'minute' => date_t('Minute', 'datetime'), 
    'second' => date_t('Second', 'datetime'),
    );
}


/**
 * Give a granularity $precision, return an array of 
 * all the possible granularity elements.
 */
function date_granularity_array_from_precision($precision) {
  $granularity_array = array('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second');
  switch(($precision)) {
    case 'year':
      return array_slice($granularity_array, -6);
    case 'month':
      return array_slice($granularity_array, -5);
    case 'day':
      return array_slice($granularity_array, -4);
    case 'hour':
      return array_slice($granularity_array, -3);
    case 'minute':
      return array_slice($granularity_array, -2);
    default:
      return $granularity_array;
  }
}


/**
 * Give a granularity array, return the highest precision.
 */
function date_granularity_precision($granularity_array) {
  $input = clone($granularity_array);
  return array_pop($input);
}


/**
 * Construct an appropriate DATETIME format string for the granularity of an item.
 */
function date_granularity_format($granularity) {
  if (is_array($granularity)) {
    $granularity = date_granularity_precision($granularity);
  }
  $format = 'Y-m-d H:i:s';
  switch ($granularity) {
    case 'year':
      return substr($format, 0, 1);
    case 'month':
      return substr($format, 0, 3);
    case 'day':
      return substr($format, 0, 5);
    case 'hour';
      return substr($format, 0, 7);
    case 'minute':
      return substr($format, 0, 9);
    default:
      return $format;
  } 
}

/**
 * A translated array of timezone names.
 * Cache the untranslated array, make the translated array a static variable.
 *
 * @param $required
 *   If not required, returned array will include a blank value.
 * @return
 *   an array of timezone names
 */
function date_timezone_names($required = FALSE, $refresh = FALSE) {
  static $zonenames;
  if (empty($zonenames) || $refresh) {
    $cached = cache_get('date_timezone_identifiers_list');
    $zonenames = !empty($cached) ? $cached->data : array();
    if ($refresh || empty($cached) || empty($zonenames)) {
      $data = timezone_identifiers_list();
      asort($data);
      // Use include instead of include once in case the function gets 
      // refreshed via devel or other API and is called more than once.
      if (module_exists('date_php4')) {
        include('./'. drupal_get_path('module', 'date_php4') .'/date_php4_missing_data.inc');
      }
      foreach ($data as $delta => $zone) {
        // Because many time zones exist in PHP only for backward 
        // compatibility reasons and should not be used, the list is 
        // filtered by a regular expression.
        if (preg_match('!^((Africa|America|Antarctica|Arctic|Asia|Atlantic|Australia|Europe|Indian|Pacific)/|UTC$)!', $zone)) {
          $zonenames[$zone] = $zone;
        }      
      }
      // If using PHP4, filter the list down to only the timezones
      // the PHP4 wrapper has data for.
      if (module_exists('date_php4')) {
        foreach ($missing_timezone_data as $zone) {
          unset($zonenames[$zone]);
        }
      }
    
      // If using Event, further filter the list down to only 
      // zones that exist in the event module.
      if (module_exists('event') && db_table_exists('event_timezones')) {
        $result = db_query("SELECT name FROM {event_timezones} ORDER BY name");
        $names = array();
        while ($row = db_fetch_array($result)) {
          $names[] = str_replace(' ', '_', $row['name']);
        }
        foreach ($zonenames as $name => $zone) {
          if (!in_array($name, $names)) {
            unset($zonenames[$name]);
          }
        }
      }
      if (!empty($zonenames)) {
        cache_set('date_timezone_identifiers_list', $zonenames);
      }
    }
    foreach ($zonenames as $zone) {
      $zonenames[$zone] = t('!timezone', array('!timezone' => $zone));
    }
  }
  $none = array('' => '');
  return !$required ? $none + $zonenames : $zonenames;
}

/**
 * An array of timezone abbreviations that the system allows.
 * Cache an array of just the abbreviation names because the
 * whole timezone_abbreviations_list is huge so we don't want
 * to get it more than necessary.
 *
 * @return array
 */
function date_timezone_abbr($refresh = FALSE) {
  $cached = cache_get('date_timezone_abbreviations');
  $data = isset($cached->data) ? $cached->data : array();
  if (empty($data) || $refresh) {
    $data = array_keys(timezone_abbreviations_list());
    cache_set('date_timezone_abbreviations', $data);
  }
  return $data;
}

/**
 * A function to translate ambiguous short date strings.
 * 
 * Example: Pass in 'Monday', 'day_abbr' and get the translated 
 * abbreviation for Monday.
 * 
 * @param string $string
 * @param string $context
 * @param int $langcode
 * @return translated value of the string
 */
function date_t($string, $context, $langcode = NULL) {
  static $replace = array();
  
  if (empty($replace[$langcode])) {
    // The function to create the date string arrays is kept separate
    // so those arrays can be directly accessed by other functions.
    date_t_strings($replace, $langcode);
  }
  switch ($context) {
    case 'day_name':
    case 'day_abbr':
    case 'day_abbr1':
    case 'day_abbr2':  
      $untranslated = array_flip(date_week_days_untranslated());
      break;
    case 'month_name':
    case 'month_abbr':
      $untranslated = array_flip(date_month_names_untranslated());
      break;  
    case 'ampm':
      $untranslated = array_flip(array('am', 'pm', 'AM', 'PM'));  
      break;
    case 'datetime':
      $untranslated = array_flip(array('Year', 'Month', 'Day', 'Week', 'Hour', 'Minute', 'Second', 'All Day', 'All day'));  
      break;
    case 'datetime_plural':
      $untranslated = array_flip(array('Years', 'Months', 'Days', 'Weeks', 'Hours', 'Minutes', 'Seconds'));  
      break;
    case 'date_order':
      $untranslated = array_flip(array('Every', 'First', 'Second', 'Third', 'Fourth', 'Fifth'));  
      break;
    case 'date_order_reverse':
      $untranslated = array_flip(array('', 'Last', 'Next to last', 'Third from last', 'Fourth from last', 'Fifth from last'));  
      break;
    case 'date_nav':
      $untranslated = array_flip(array('Prev', 'Next', 'Today'));  
      break;
  }
  $pos = $untranslated[$string];
  return $replace[$langcode][$context][$pos];
}

/**
 * Construct translation arrays from pipe-delimited strings.
 * 
 * Combining these strings into a single t() gives them the context needed
 * for better translation.
 */
function date_t_strings(&$replace, $langcode) {
  $replace[$langcode]['day_name'] = explode('|', trim(t('!day-name Sunday|Monday|Tuesday|Wednesday|Thursday|Friday|Saturday', array('!day-name' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['day_abbr'] = explode('|', trim(t('!day-abbreviation Sun|Mon|Tue|Wed|Thu|Fri|Sat', array('!day-abbreviation' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['day_abbr1'] = explode('|', trim(t('!day-abbreviation S|M|T|W|T|F|S', array('!day-abbreviation' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['day_abbr2'] = explode('|', trim(t('!day-abbreviation SU|MO|TU|WE|TH|FR|SA', array('!day-abbreviation' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['ampm'] = explode('|', trim(t('!ampm-abbreviation am|pm|AM|PM', array('!ampm-abbreviation' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['datetime'] = explode('|', trim(t('!datetime Year|Month|Day|Week|Hour|Minute|Second|All Day|All day', array('!datetime' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['datetime_plural'] = explode('|', trim(t('!datetime_plural Years|Months|Days|Weeks|Hours|Minutes|Seconds', array('!datetime_plural' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['date_order'] = explode('|', trim(t('!date_order Every|First|Second|Third|Fourth|Fifth', array('!date_order' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['date_order_reverse'] = explode('|', trim(t('!date_order |Last|Next to last|Third from last|Fourth from last|Fifth from last', array('!date_order' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['date_nav'] = explode('|', trim(t('!date_nav Prev|Next|Today', array('!date_nav' => ''), $langcode)));
  
  // These start with a pipe so the January value will be in position 1 instead of position 0.
  $replace[$langcode]['month_name'] = explode('|', trim(t('!month-name |January|February|March|April|May|June|July|August|September|October|November|December', array('!month-name' => ''), $langcode)));
  $replace[$langcode]['month_abbr'] = explode('|', trim(t('!month-abbreviation |Jan|Feb|Mar|Apr|May|Jun|Jul|Aug|Sep|Oct|Nov|Dec', array('!month-abbreviation' => ''), $langcode)));
}

/**
 * Reworked from Drupal's format_date function to handle pre-1970 and
 * post-2038 dates and accept a date object instead of a timestamp as input.
 *
 * Translates formatted date results, unlike PHP function date_format().
 *
 * @param $oject
 *   A date object, could be created by date_make_date().
 * @param $type
 *   The format to use. Can be "small", "medium" or "large" for the preconfigured
 *   date formats. If "custom" is specified, then $format is required as well.
 * @param $format
 *   A PHP date format string as required by date(). A backslash should be used
 *   before a character to avoid interpreting the character as part of a date
 *   format.
 * @return
 *   A translated date string in the requested format.
 */
function date_format_date($date, $type = 'medium', $format = '', $langcode = NULL) {
  if (get_class($date) != 'DateTime') {
    $date = date_make_date($date);
  }
  if (empty($date)) {
    return '';
  }
  
  switch ($type) {
    case 'small':
    case 'short':
      $format = variable_get('date_format_short', 'm/d/Y - H:i');
      break;
    case 'large':
    case 'long':
      $format = variable_get('date_format_long', 'l, F j, Y - H:i');
      break;
    case 'custom':
      $format = $format;
      break;
    case 'medium':
    default:
      $format = variable_get('date_format_medium', 'D, m/d/Y - H:i');
  }
  $max = strlen($format);
  $datestring = '';
  for ($i = 0; $i < $max; $i++) {
    $c = $format[$i];
    switch ($c) {
      // Use date_t() for ambiguous short strings that need translation.
      // We send long day and month names to date_t(), along with context.
      case 'l':
        $datestring .= date_t(date_format($date, 'l'), 'day_name', $langcode);
        break;
      case 'D':
        $datestring .= date_t(date_format($date, 'l'), 'day_abbr', $langcode);
        break;
      case 'F':
        $datestring .= date_t(date_format($date, 'F'), 'month_name', $langcode);
        break;  
      case 'M':
        $datestring .= date_t(date_format($date, 'F'), 'month_abbr', $langcode);
        break;  
      case 'A':
      case 'a':
        $datestring .= date_t(date_format($date, $c), 'ampm', $langcode);
        break;  
      // The timezone name translations can use t().  
      case 'e':
      case 'T':
        $datestring .= t(date_format($date, $c));
        break;
      // Remaining date parts need no translation.
      case 'O':
        $datestring .= sprintf('%s%02d%02d', (date_offset_get($date) < 0 ? '-' : '+'), abs(date_offset_get($date) / 3600), abs(date_offset_get($date) % 3600) / 60);
        break;
      case 'P':
        $datestring .= sprintf('%s%02d:%02d', (date_offset_get($date) < 0 ? '-' : '+'), abs(date_offset_get($date) / 3600), abs(date_offset_get($date) % 3600) / 60);
        break;
      case 'Z':
        $datestring .= date_offset_get($date);
        break;              
      case '\\':
        $datestring .= $format[++$i];
        break;
      case 'r':
        $datestring .= date_format_date($date, 'custom', 'D, d M Y H:i:s O', $langcode);
        break;
      default:
        if (strpos('BdcgGhHiIjLmnNosStTuUwWYyz', $c) !== FALSE) {
          $datestring .= date_format($date, $c);
        }
        else {
          $datestring .= $c;
        }
    }
  }
  return $datestring;
}

/**
 * An override for interval formatting that adds past and future context
 *
 * @param DateTime $date
 * @param integer $granularity
 * @return formatted string
 */
function date_format_interval($date, $granularity = 2) {
  // If no date is sent, then return nothing
  if (empty($date)){
    return NULL;
  }

  $interval = time() - date_format($date, 'U');
  if($interval > 0 ) {
    return t('!time ago', array('!time' => format_interval($interval, $granularity)));
  } 
  else {
    return format_interval(abs($interval), $granularity);
  }
}

/**
 * A date object for the current time.
 *
 * @param $timezone
 *   Optional method to force time to a specific timezone,
 *   defaults to user timezone, if set, otherwise site timezone.
 * @return object date
 */
function date_now($timezone = NULL) {
  return date_make_date('now', $timezone);
}

/**
 *  Convert a date of any type or an array of date parts into a valid date
 *  object.

 *  @param $date
 *    A date in any format or the string 'now'.
 *  @param $timezone
 *    Optional, the name of the timezone this date is in, defaults
 *    to the user timezone, if set, otherwise the site timezone.
 *    Accepts either a timezone name or a timezone object as input.
 *  @param $type
 *    The type of date provided, could be
 *    DATE_ARRAY, DATE_UNIX, DATE_DATETIME, DATE_ISO, or DATE_OBJECT.
 *  @param $granularity
 *    The granularity of the date value provided. Set this for partial
 *    dates so they pass validation and don't get reset to 'now'.
 */
function date_make_date($date, $timezone = NULL, $type = DATE_DATETIME, $granularity = array('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute')) {
  
  // Make sure some value is set for the date and timezone even if the
  // site timezone is not yet set up to avoid fatal installation
  // errors.
  if (empty($timezone) || !date_timezone_is_valid($timezone)) {
    $timezone = date_default_timezone_name();
  }
  
  // Special handling for a unix timestamp of '0', since it will fail 'empty' tests below.
  if ($date === 0 && $type == DATE_UNIX) {
    $date = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_DATETIME, $timezone);
    $type = DATE_DATETIME;
  }
  
  // No value or one with unexpected array keys.
  if (empty($date) || (is_array($date) && array_diff($granularity, array_keys($date)))) {
    return NULL;
  }
    
  // Special handling for partial dates that don't need precision.
  $max_granularity = array_pop($granularity);
  if (in_array($max_granularity, array('year', 'month')) || $type == DATE_ISO || $type == DATE_ARRAY) {
    if ($type == DATE_UNIX) {
      $date = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_DATETIME);
    }
    $date = date_fuzzy_datetime($date);
    $type = DATE_DATETIME;
  }
  

  if (!date_is_valid($date, $type, $granularity)) {
    $date = 'now';
  }
  if (!empty($timezone) && !empty($date)) {
    if ($date == 'now') {
      return date_create('now', timezone_open($timezone));
    }
    elseif ($datetime = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_DATETIME, $timezone)) {
      return date_create($datetime, timezone_open($timezone));
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}

function date_timezone_is_valid($timezone) {
  static $timezone_names;
  if (empty($timezone_names)) {
    $timezone_names = array_keys(date_timezone_names(TRUE));
  }
  if (!in_array($timezone, $timezone_names)) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  return TRUE;
}

/**
 * Return a timezone name to use as a default.
 *
 * @return a timezone name
 *   Identify the default timezone for a user, if available, otherwise the site.
 *   Must return a value even if no timezone info has been set up.
 */
function date_default_timezone_name($check_user = TRUE) {
  global $user;
  if ($check_user && variable_get('configurable_timezones', 1) && !empty($user->timezone_name)) {
    return $user->timezone_name;
  }
  else {
    $default = variable_get('date_default_timezone_name', '');
    return empty($default) ? 'UTC' : $default;
  }
}

/**
 * A timezone object for the default timezone.
 *
 * @return a timezone name
 *   Identify the default timezone for a user, if available, otherwise the site.
 */
function date_default_timezone($check_user = TRUE) {
  $timezone = date_default_timezone_name($check_user);
  return timezone_open(date_default_timezone_name($check_user));
}

/**
 * Identify the number of days in a month for a date.
 */
function date_days_in_month($year, $month) {
  // Pick a day in the middle of the month to avoid timezone shifts.
  $datetime = date_pad($year, 4) .'-'. date_pad($month) .'-15 00:00:00';
  $date = date_make_date($datetime);
  return date_format($date, 't');
}

/**
 * Identify the number of days in a year for a date.
 *
 * @param mixed $date
 * @param string $type
 * @return integer
 */
function date_days_in_year($date = NULL, $type = DATE_OBJECT) {
  if (empty($date)) {
    $date = date_now();
  }
  if (!is_object($date)) {
    $date = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_OBJECT);
  }  
  if (is_object($date)) {
    if (date_format($date, 'L')) {
      return 366;
    }
    else {
      return 365;
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}

/**
 * Identify the number of ISO weeks in a year for a date.
 *
 * December 28 is always in the last ISO week of the year.
 *
 * @param mixed $date
 * @param string $type
 * @return integer
 */
function date_iso_weeks_in_year($date = NULL, $type = DATE_OBJECT) {
  if (empty($date)) {
    $date = date_now();
  }
  if (!is_object($date)) {
    $date = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_OBJECT);
  }  
  if (is_object($date)) {
    date_date_set($date, date_format($date, 'Y'), 12, 28);
    return date_format($date, 'W');
  }
  return NULL;
}

/**
 * Returns day of week for a given date (0 = Sunday).
 *
 * @param mixed  $date
 *   a date, default is current local day
 * @param string  $type
 *   The type of date, DATE_ISO, DATE_DATETIME, or DATE_UNIX
 * @return
 *    the number of the day in the week
 */
function date_day_of_week($date = NULL, $type = DATE_OBJECT) {
  if (empty($date)) {
    $date = date_now();
    $type = DATE_OBJECT;
  }
  $date = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_OBJECT);
  if (is_object($date)) {
    return date_format($date, 'w');
  }
  return NULL;
}

/**
 * Returns translated name of the day of week for a given date.
 *
 * @param mixed  $date
 *   a date, default is current local day
 * @param string  $type
 *   The type of date, DATE_ISO, DATE_DATETIME, or DATE_UNIX
 * @param string $abbr
 *   Whether to return the abbreviated name for that day
 * @return
 *    the name of the day in the week for that date
 */
function date_day_of_week_name($date = NULL, $abbr = TRUE, $type = DATE_DATETIME) {
  $dow = date_day_of_week($date, $type);
  $days = $abbr ? date_week_days_abbr() : date_week_days();
  return $days[$dow];
}

/**
 * Compute difference between two days using a given measure.
 *
 * @param mixed $date1
 *   the starting date
 * @param mixed $date2
 *   the ending date
 * @param string $measure
 *   'years', 'months', 'weeks', 'days', 'hours', 'minutes', 'seconds'
 * @param string $type
 *   the type of dates provided:
 *   DATE_OBJECT, DATE_DATETIME, DATE_ISO, DATE_UNIX, DATE_ARRAY
 */
function date_difference($date1_in, $date2_in, $measure = 'seconds', $type = DATE_OBJECT) {
  // Create cloned objects or original dates will be impacted by
  // the date_modify() operations done in this code.
  $date1 = drupal_clone(date_convert($date1_in, $type, DATE_OBJECT));
  $date2 = drupal_clone(date_convert($date2_in, $type, DATE_OBJECT));
  if (is_object($date1) && is_object($date2)) {
    $diff = date_format($date2, 'U') - date_format($date1, 'U');
    if ($diff == 0 ) {
      return 0;
    }
    elseif ($diff < 0) {
      // Make sure $date1 is the smaller date.
      $temp = $date2;
      $date2 = $date1;
      $date1 = $temp;
      $diff = date_format($date2, 'U') - date_format($date1, 'U');
    }
    $year_diff = intval(date_format($date2, 'Y') - date_format($date1, 'Y'));
    switch ($measure) {

      // The easy cases first.
      case 'seconds':
        return $diff;
      case 'minutes':
        return $diff / 60;
      case 'hours':
        return $diff / 3600;
      case 'years':
        return $year_diff;

      case 'months':
        $format = 'n';
        $item1 = date_format($date1, $format);
        $item2 = date_format($date2, $format);
        if ($year_diff == 0) {
          return intval($item2 - $item1);
        }
        else {
          $item_diff = 12 - $item1;
          $item_diff += intval(($year_diff - 1) * 12);
          return $item_diff + $item2;
       }
       break;

      case 'days':
        $format = 'z';
        $item1 = date_format($date1, $format);
        $item2 = date_format($date2, $format);
        if ($year_diff == 0) {
          return intval($item2 - $item1);
        }
        else {
          $item_diff = date_days_in_year($date1) - $item1;
          for ($i = 1; $i < $year_diff; $i++) {
            date_modify($date1, '+1 year');
            $item_diff += date_days_in_year($date1);
          }
          return $item_diff + $item2;
       }
       break;

      case 'weeks':
        $week_diff = date_format($date2, 'W') - date_format($date1, 'W');
        $year_diff = date_format($date2, 'o') - date_format($date1, 'o');
        for ($i = 1; $i <= $year_diff; $i++) {
          date_modify($date1, '+1 year');
          $week_diff += date_iso_weeks_in_year($date1);
        }
        return $week_diff;
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}

/**
 * Start and end dates for a calendar week, adjusted to use the
 * chosen first day of week for this site.
 */
function date_week_range($week, $year) {
  if (variable_get('date_api_use_iso8601', FALSE)) {
    return date_iso_week_range($week, $year);
  }
  
  $min_date = date_make_date($year .'-01-01 00:00:00', date_default_timezone_name());
  date_timezone_set($min_date, date_default_timezone());
  
  // move to the right week
  date_modify($min_date, '+' . strval(7 * ($week - 1)) . ' days');

  // move backwards to the first day of the week
  $first_day = variable_get('date_first_day', 1);
  $day_wday = date_format($min_date, 'w');
  date_modify($min_date, '-' . strval((7 + $day_wday - $first_day) % 7) . ' days');

  // move forwards to the last day of the week
  $max_date = drupal_clone($min_date);
  date_modify($max_date, '+7 days');

  if (date_format($min_date, 'Y') != $year) {
    $min_date = date_make_date($year .'-01-01 00:00:00', date_default_timezone());
  }
  return array($min_date, $max_date);
}

/**
 * Start and end dates for an ISO week.
 */
function date_iso_week_range($week, $year) {
  
  // Get to the last ISO week of the previous year.
  $min_date = date_make_date(($year - 1) .'-12-28 00:00:00', date_default_timezone_name());
  date_timezone_set($min_date, date_default_timezone());
  
  // Find the first day of the first ISO week in the year.
  date_modify($min_date, '+1 Monday');
  
  // Jump ahead to the desired week for the beginning of the week range.
  if ($week > 1) {
    date_modify($min_date, '+ '. ($week - 1) .' weeks');
  }
  
  // move forwards to the last day of the week
  $max_date = drupal_clone($min_date);
  date_modify($max_date, '+7 days');
  return array($min_date, $max_date);
}

/**
 * The number of calendar weeks in a year.
 * 
 * PHP week functions return the ISO week, not the calendar week.
 *
 * @param int $year
 * @return int number of calendar weeks in selected year.
 */
function date_weeks_in_year($year) {
  $date = date_make_date(($year + 1) . '-01-01 12:00:00', 'UTC');
  date_modify($date, '-1 day');
  return date_week(date_format($date, 'Y-m-d'));
}

/**
 * The calendar week number for a date.
 * 
 * PHP week functions return the ISO week, not the calendar week.
 *
 * @param string $date, in the format Y-m-d
 * @return int calendar week number.
 */
function date_week($date) {
  $date = substr($date, 0, 10);
  $parts = explode('-', $date);
  $date = date_make_date($date . ' 12:00:00', 'UTC');
  
  // If we are using ISO weeks, this is easy.
  if (variable_get('date_api_use_iso8601', FALSE)) {
    return intval(date_format($date, 'W'));
  }
  
  $year_date = date_make_date($parts[0] . '-01-01 12:00:00', 'UTC');
  $week = intval(date_format($date, 'W'));
  $year_week = intval(date_format($year_date, 'W'));
  $date_year = intval(date_format($date, 'o'));

  // remove the leap week if it's present
  if ($date_year > intval($parts[0])) {
    $last_date = drupal_clone($date);
    date_modify($last_date, '-7 days');
    $week = date_format($last_date, 'W') + 1;
  } 
  else if ($date_year < intval($parts[0])) {
    $week = 0;
  }
    
  if ($year_week != 1) $week++;

  // convert to ISO-8601 day number, to match weeks calculated above
  $iso_first_day = 1 + (variable_get('date_first_day', 1) + 6) % 7;

  // if it's before the starting day, it's the previous week
  if (intval(date_format($date, 'N')) < $iso_first_day) $week--;

  // if the year starts before, it's an extra week at the beginning
  if (intval(date_format($year_date, 'N')) < $iso_first_day) $week++;

  return $week;
}

/**
 * Date conversion helper function.
 *
 * A variety of ways to convert dates from one type to another.
 * No timezone conversion is done in this operation, except
 * when handling timestamps because create_date() assumes
 * timestamps hold the UTC value for the time.
 *
 * @param mixed $date
 *   the date to convert
 * @param string $from_type
 *   the type of date to convert from
 * @param string $to_type
 *   the type of date to convert to
 * @param string $tz
 *   the timezone of the supplied value, only needed when using timestamps
 *   for dates not set to UTC.
 */
function date_convert($date, $from_type, $to_type, $tz = 'UTC') {
  if (empty($date) && !$date === 0) return NULL;
  if (empty($from_type) || empty($to_type) || $from_type == $to_type) return $date;
  switch ($from_type) {
    case DATE_ARRAY:
      if (!is_array($date)) return NULL;
      if (isset($date['ampm'])) {
        if ($date['ampm'] == 'pm' && $date['hour'] < 12) $date['hour'] += 12;
        if ($date['ampm'] == 'am' && $date['hour'] == 12) $date['hour'] -= 12;
      }
      $datetime = date_pad(intval($date['year']), 4) .'-'. date_pad(intval($date['month'])) .
            '-'. date_pad(intval($date['day'])) .' '. date_pad(intval($date['hour'])) .
            ':'. date_pad(intval($date['minute'])) .':'. date_pad(intval($date['second']));
      switch ($to_type) {
        case DATE_ISO:
          return str_replace(' ', 'T', $datetime);
        case DATE_DATETIME:
          return $datetime;
        case DATE_ICAL:
          $replace = array(' ' => 'T', '-' => '', ':' => '');
          return strtr($datetime, $replace);
        case DATE_OBJECT:    
          return date_create($datetime, timezone_open($tz));
        case DATE_UNIX:
          $obj = date_create($datetime, timezone_open($tz));
          return date_format($obj, 'U');  
      }
      break;
    case DATE_OBJECT:
      if (!is_object($date)) return NULL;
      $obj = $date;
      break;
    case DATE_DATETIME:
    case DATE_ISO:
      if (!preg_match(DATE_REGEX_LOOSE, $date)) return NULL;
      $date = date_fuzzy_datetime($date);
      $obj = date_create($date, timezone_open($tz));
      break;
    case DATE_ICAL:
      if (!preg_match(DATE_REGEX_LOOSE, $date)) return NULL;
      preg_match(DATE_REGEX_LOOSE, $date, $regs);
      $datetime = date_pad($regs[1], 4) .'-'. date_pad($regs[2]) .'-'. date_pad($regs[3]) .
        'T'. date_pad($regs[5]) .':'. date_pad($regs[6]) .':'. date_pad($regs[7]);
      $obj = date_create($datetime, timezone_open($tz));
      break;
    case DATE_UNIX:
      if (!is_numeric($date)) return NULL;
      // Special case when creating dates with timestamps.
      // The date_create() function will assume date is UTC value
      // and will ignore our timezone.
      $obj = date_create("@$date", timezone_open('UTC'));
      date_timezone_set($obj, timezone_open($tz));
      break;
  }
  switch ($to_type) {
    case DATE_OBJECT:
      return $obj;
    case DATE_DATETIME:
      return date_format($obj, DATE_FORMAT_DATETIME);
    case DATE_ISO:
      return date_format($obj, DATE_FORMAT_ISO);
    case DATE_ICAL:
      return date_format($obj, DATE_FORMAT_ICAL);
    case DATE_UNIX:
      return date_format($obj, 'U');
    case DATE_ARRAY:
      $date_array = date_array($obj);
      // ISO dates may contain zero values for some date parts,
      // make sure they don't get lost in the conversion.
      if ($from_type == DATE_ISO) {
        $date_array = array_merge($date_array, date_iso_array($date));
      }
      return $date_array;
    default:
      return NULL;
  }
}

/**
 * Create valid datetime value from incomplete ISO dates or arrays.
 */
function date_fuzzy_datetime($date) {
  // A text ISO date, like MMMM-YY-DD HH:MM:SS
  if (!is_array($date)) {
    $date = date_iso_array($date);
  }
  // An date/time value in the format:
  //  array('date' => MMMM-YY-DD, 'time' => HH:MM:SS).
  elseif (array_key_exists('date', $date) || array_key_exists('time', $date)) {
    $date_part = array_key_exists('date', $date) ? $date['date'] : '';
    $time_part = array_key_exists('time', $date) ? $date['time'] : '';
    $date = date_iso_array(trim($date_part .' '. $time_part));
  }
  // Otherwise date must in in format:
  //  array('year' => YYYY, 'month' => MM, 'day' => DD).
  if (empty($date['year'])) {
    $date['year'] = date('Y');
  }
  if (empty($date['month'])) {
    $date['month'] = 1;
  }
  if (empty($date['day'])) {
    $date['day'] = 1;
  }
  foreach(array('hour', 'minute', 'second') as $part) {
    if (empty($date[$part])) {
      $date[$part] = 0;
    }
  }
  $value = date_pad($date['year'], 4) .'-'. date_pad($date['month']) .'-'. 
    date_pad($date['day']) .' '. date_pad($date['hour']) .':'. 
    date_pad($date['minute']) .':'. date_pad($date['second']);
  return $value;
}

/**
 * Create an array of date parts from an ISO date.
 */
function date_iso_array($date) {
  preg_match(DATE_REGEX_LOOSE, $date, $regs);
  return array(
    'year' => isset($regs[1]) ? intval($regs[1]) : '',
    'month' => isset($regs[2]) ? intval($regs[2]) : '',
    'day' => isset($regs[3]) ? intval($regs[3]) : '',
    'hour' => isset($regs[5]) ? intval($regs[5]) : '',
    'minute' => isset($regs[6]) ? intval($regs[6]) : '',
    'second' => isset($regs[7]) ? intval($regs[7]) : '',
    );       
}

/**
 * Create an array of values from a date object. Structured like the
 * results of getdate() but not limited to the 32-bit signed range.
 *
 * @param object $obj
 * @return array
 */
function date_array($obj) {
  $year = intval(date_format($obj, 'Y'));
  $dow = date_format($obj, 'w');
  $days = date_week_days();
  return array(
    'second' => (integer) date_format($obj, 's'),
    'minute' => (integer) date_format($obj, 'i'),
    'hour' => date_format($obj, 'G'),
    'day' => date_format($obj, 'j'),
    'wday' => $dow,
    'month' => date_format($obj, 'n'),
    'year' => date_format($obj, 'Y'),
    'yday' => date_format($obj, 'z'),
    'weekday' => $days[$dow],
    'month_name' => date_format($obj, 'F'),
    0 => date_format($obj, 'U'));
}

/**
 * Extract integer value of any date part from any type of date.
 *
 * Example:
 *   date_part_extract('2007-03-15 00:00', 'month', DATE_DATETIME)
 *   returns: 3
 *
 * @param mixed $date
 *   the date value to analyze.
 * @param string $part
 *   the part of the date to extract, 'year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second'
 * @param string $type
 *   the type of date supplied, DATE_ISO, DATE_UNIX, DATE_DATETIME, or DATE_OBJECT;
 * @return integer
 *   the integer value of the requested date part.
 */
function date_part_extract($date, $part, $type = DATE_DATETIME, $tz = 'UTC') {
  $formats = array('year' => 'Y', 'month' => 'n', 'day' => 'j',
    'hour' => 'G', 'minute' => 'i', 'second' => 's');
  $positions = array('year' => 0, 'month' => 5, 'day' => 8,
    'hour' => 11, 'minute' => 14, 'second' => 17);
  $ipositions = array('year' => 0, 'month' => 4, 'day' => 6,
    'hour' => 9, 'minute' => 11, 'second' => 13);
  switch ($type) {
    case DATE_ARRAY:
      return (integer) array_key_exists($part, $date) ? $date[$part] : NULL;
    case DATE_DATETIME:
    case DATE_ISO:
      return (integer) substr($date, $positions[$part], $part == 'year' ? 4 : 2);
    case DATE_ICAL:
      return (integer) substr($date, $ipositions[$part], $part == 'year' ? 4 : 2);
    case DATE_UNIX:
      // Special case when creating dates with timestamps.
      // The date_create() function will assume date is UTC value
      // and will ignore our timezone.
      $date = date_create("@$date", timezone_open('UTC'));
      date_timezone_set($date, timezone_open($tz));
      return date_format($date, $formats[$part]);
    case DATE_OBJECT:
      return date_format($date, $formats[$part]);
  }
 }

/**
 *  Functions to test the validity of a date in various formats.
 *  Has special case for ISO dates and arrays which can be missing
 *  month and day and still be valid.
 *
 *  @param $type
 *    could be DATE_ARRAY, DATE_UNIX, DATE_DATETIME, DATE_ISO, or DATE_OBJECT
 *  @param $granularity
 *    The granularity of the date value provided. Set this for partial
 *    dates so they pass validation.
 */
function date_is_valid($date, $type = DATE_DATETIME, $granularity = array('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute')) {
  
  // Check that the value is properly structured.
  // Remember that DATE_UNIX can have a valid value of '0', which is 'empty'.
  if (empty($date) && $type != DATE_UNIX) return FALSE;
  if ($type == DATE_OBJECT && !is_object($date)) return FALSE;
  if (($type == DATE_ISO || $type == DATE_DATETIME) && (!is_string($date) || !preg_match(DATE_REGEX_LOOSE, $date))) return FALSE;
  if ($type == DATE_UNIX and !is_numeric($date)) return FALSE;
  if ($type == DATE_ARRAY and !is_array($date)) return FALSE;

  // Make sure integer values are sent to checkdate.
  $year = intval(date_part_extract($date, 'year', $type));
  $month = intval(date_part_extract($date, 'month', $type));
  $day = intval(date_part_extract($date, 'day', $type));
  if (checkdate($month, $day, $year)) {
    return TRUE;
  }
  
  // If this is an incomplete date (year only or year and month only), 
  // need special handling, partial dates can have empty date parts.
  $max_granularity = $granularity;
  $max_granularity = array_pop($max_granularity);
  if (!in_array($max_granularity, array('year', 'month'))) {
    if (in_array('year', $granularity) && !date_valid_year($year)) {
      return FALSE;
    }
    elseif (in_array('month', $granularity) && !date_valid_month($month)) {
      return FALSE;
    }
    elseif (in_array('day', $granularity) && !date_valid_day($day, $month, $year)) {
      return FALSE;
    }
  }
  // ISO dates and arrays can have empty date parts.
  elseif ($type == DATE_ISO || $type == DATE_ARRAY) {
    if (!date_valid_year($year)) {
      return FALSE;
    }
    elseif (!empty($month) && !date_valid_month($month)) {
      return FALSE;
    }
    elseif (!empty($day) && !date_valid_day($day, $month, $year)) {
      return FALSE;
    }
  }
  elseif(!date_valid_year($year) || !date_valid_month($month) || date_valid_day($day, $month, $year)) {
    // Unix and datetime are expected to have at least a year, month, and day.
    return FALSE;
  }
  
  return TRUE;
}

function date_valid_year($year) {
  if (variable_get('date_max_year', 4000) < $year || variable_get('date_min_year', 1) > $year) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  else {
    return TRUE;
  }      
}

function date_valid_month($month) {
  if (12 < $month || 0 > $month) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  else {
    return TRUE;
  }
}

function date_valid_day($day, $month = NULL, $year = NULL) {
  $days_in_month = !empty($month) && !empty($year) ? date_days_in_month($year, $month) : 31;
  if ($days_in_month < $day || 1 > $day) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  else {
    return TRUE;
  }
}

/**
 * Helper function to left pad date parts with zeros.
 * Provided because this is needed so often with dates.
 *
 * @param int $value
 *   the value to pad
 * @param int $size
 *   total size expected, usually 2 or 4
 * @return string the padded value
 */
function date_pad($value, $size = 2) {
  return sprintf("%0". $size ."d", $value);
}

/**
 *  Function to figure out if any time data is to be collected or displayed.
 *
 *  @param granularity
 *    an array like ('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second');
 */
function date_has_time($granularity) {
  if (!is_array($granularity)) $granularity = array();
  return sizeof(array_intersect($granularity, array('hour', 'minute', 'second'))) > 0 ? TRUE : FALSE;
}

function date_has_date($granularity) {
  if (!is_array($granularity)) $granularity = array();
  return sizeof(array_intersect($granularity, array('year', 'month', 'day'))) > 0 ? TRUE : FALSE;
}
/**
 * Recalculate a date so it only includes elements from a granularity
 * array. Helps prevent errors when unwanted values round up and ensures
 * that unwanted date part values don't get stored in the database.
 *
 * Example:
 *   date_limit_value('2007-05-15 04:45:59', array('year', 'month', 'day'))
 *   returns '2007-05-15 00:00:00'
 *
 * @param $date
 *   a date value
 * @param $granularity
 *   an array of allowed date parts, like ('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second');
 * @param $type
 *   the type of date value provided,
 *   DATE_DATETIME, DATE_ISO, DATE_UNIX, or DATE_ARRAY
 * @return
 *   the date with the unwanted parts reset to zeros (or ones if zeros are
 *   invalid for that date type).
*/
function date_limit_value($date, $granularity, $type = DATE_DATETIME) {
  if (!date_is_valid($date, $type, $granularity) || !$nongranularity = date_nongranularity($granularity)) {
   return $date;
  }
  else {
    $date = date_convert($date, $type, DATE_ARRAY);
    foreach ($nongranularity as $level) {
      switch ($level) {
        case 'second':
          $date['second'] = 0;
          break;
        case 'minute':
          $date['minute'] = 0;
          break;
        case 'hour':
          $date['hour'] = 0;
          break;
        case 'month':
          $date['month'] = $type != DATE_ISO ? 1 : 0;
          break;
        case 'day':
          $date['day'] = $type != DATE_ISO ? 1 : 0;
          break;
       }
    }
    return date_convert($date, DATE_ARRAY, $type);
  }
}

/**
 * Rewrite a format string so it only includes elements from a
 * specified granularity array.
 *
 * Example:
 *   date_limit_format('F j, Y - H:i', array('year', 'month', 'day'));
 *   returns 'F j, Y'
 *
 * @param $format
 *   a format string
 * @param $granularity
 *   an array of allowed date parts, all others will be removed
 *   array('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second');
 * @return
 *   a format string with all other elements removed
 */
function date_limit_format($format, $granularity) {
  // If punctuation has been escaped, remove the escaping.
  // Done using strtr because it is easier than getting the
  // escape character extracted using preg_replace.
  $replace = array(
    '\-' => '-',
    '\:' => ':',
    "\'" => "'",
    '\.' => '.',
    '\,' => ',',
    );
  $format = strtr($format, $replace); 
  
  // Get the 'T' out of ISO date formats that don't have
  // both date and time.
  if (!date_has_time($granularity) || !date_has_date($granularity)) {
    $format = str_replace('\T', ' ', $format);
    $format = str_replace('T', ' ', $format);
  }
  
  $regex = array();
  if (!date_has_time($granularity)) {
    $regex[] = '((?<!\\\\)[a|A])';
  }
  // Create regular expressions to remove selected values from string.
  // Use (?<!\\\\) to keep escaped letters from being removed.
  foreach (date_nongranularity($granularity) as $element) {
    switch ($element) {
      case 'year':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[Yy])';
        break;
      case 'day':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[l|D|d|dS|j|jS]{1,2})';
        break;
      case 'month':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[FMmn])';
        break;
      case 'hour':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[HhGg])';
        break;
      case 'minute':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[i])';
        break;
      case 'second':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[s])';
        break;
      case 'timezone':
        $regex[] = '([\-/\.,:]?\s?(?<!\\\\)[TOZPe])';
        break;
    
    }
  }
  // Remove empty parentheses, brackets, pipes.
  $regex[] = '(\(\))';
  $regex[] = '(\[\])';
  $regex[] = '(\|\|)';

  // Remove selected values from string.
  $format = trim(preg_replace($regex, array(), $format));
  // Remove orphaned punctuation at the beginning of the string.
  $format = preg_replace('`^([\-/\.,:\'])`', '', $format);
  // Remove orphaned punctuation at the end of the string.
  $format = preg_replace('([\-/\.,:\']$)', '', $format);
  $format = preg_replace('(\\$)', '', $format);
    
  // Trim any whitespace from the result.
  $format = trim($format);
  
  // After removing the non-desired parts of the format, test if the only 
  // things left are escaped, non-date, characters. If so, return nothing.
  if (!$test = trim(preg_replace('(\\\\\w{1})', '', $format))) {
    return '';
  }
  return $format;
}

/**
 * Convert a format to an ordered array of granularity parts.
 *
 * Example:
 *   date_format_order('m/d/Y H:i')
 *   returns
 *     array(
 *       0 => 'month',
 *       1 => 'day',
 *       2 => 'year',
 *       3 => 'hour',
 *       4 => 'minute',
 *     );
 *
 * @param string $format
 * @return array of ordered granularity elements in this format string
 */
function date_format_order($format) {
  $order = array();
  if (empty($format)) return $order;
  $max = strlen($format);
  for ($i = 0; $i <= $max; $i++) {
    if (!isset($format[$i])) break;
    $c = $format[$i];
    switch ($c) {
      case 'd':
      case 'j':
        $order[] = 'day';
        break;
      case 'F':
      case 'M':
      case 'm':
      case 'n':
        $order[] = 'month';
        break;
      case 'Y':
      case 'y':
        $order[] = 'year';
        break;
      case 'g':
      case 'G':
      case 'h':
      case 'H':
        $order[] = 'hour';
        break;
      case 'i':
        $order[] = 'minute';
        break;
      case 's':
        $order[] = 'second';
        break;
    }
  }
  return $order;
}

/**
 * An difference array of granularity elements that are NOT in the
 * granularity array. Used by functions that strip unwanted
 * granularity elements out of formats and values.
 *
 * @param $granularity
 *   an array like ('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second');
 */
function date_nongranularity($granularity) {
  return array_diff(array('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second', 'timezone'), (array) $granularity);
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_simpletest().
 */
function date_api_simpletest() {
  $dir = drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/tests';
  $tests = file_scan_directory($dir, '\.test$');
  return array_keys($tests);
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_elements().
 */
function date_api_elements() {
  require_once('./'. drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/date_api_elements.inc');
  return _date_api_elements();
}

function date_api_theme() {
  $path = drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api');
  $base = array(
    'file' => 'theme.inc',
    'path' => "$path/theme",
  );
  return array(
    'date_nav_title' => $base + array('arguments' => array('type' => NULL, 'view' => NULL)),
    'date_vcalendar' => $base + array('arguments' => array('events' => NULL, 'calname' => NULL)),
    'date_vevent' => $base + array('arguments' => array('event' => NULL)),
    'date_valarm' => $base + array('arguments' => array('alarm' => NULL)),
    'date_timezone' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_select' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_text' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_select_element' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_textfield_element' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_date_part_hour_prefix' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_minsec_prefix' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_year' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_month' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_day' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_hour' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_minute' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_second' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_ampm' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_part_label_timezone' => $base + array('arguments' => array('element' => NULL)),
    'date_views_filter_form' => $base + array(
      'template' => 'date-views-filter-form',
      'arguments' => array('form' => NULL)),
    'date_calendar_day' => $base + array('arguments' => array('date' => NULL)),  
    'date_time_ago' => $base + array('arguments' => array('start_date' => NULL, 'end_date' => NULL, 'interval' => NULL)));
}

/**
 * Wrapper around date handler setting for timezone.
 */
function date_api_set_db_timezone($offset = '+00:00') {
  require_once('./'. drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/date_api_sql.inc');
  $handler = new date_sql_handler();
  return $handler->set_db_timezone($offset);
}

/**
 *  Function to figure out which local timezone applies to a date and select it
 */
function date_get_timezone($handling, $timezone = '') {
  switch ($handling) {
    case ('date'):
      $timezone = !empty($timezone) ? $timezone : date_default_timezone_name();
      break;
    case ('utc'):
      $timezone = 'UTC';
      break;
    default:
      $timezone = date_default_timezone_name();
  }
  return $timezone > '' ? $timezone : date_default_timezone_name();
}

/**
 *  Function to figure out which db timezone applies to a date and select it
 */
function date_get_timezone_db($handling, $timezone = '') {
  switch ($handling) {
    case ('none'):
      $timezone = date_default_timezone_name();
      break;
    default:
      $timezone = 'UTC';
      break;
  }
  return $timezone > '' ? $timezone : 'UTC';
}

/**
 * Wrapper function to make sure this function will always work.
 */
function date_api_views_fetch_fields($base, $type) {
  if (!module_exists('views')) {
    return array();
  }
  require_once('./'. drupal_get_path('module', 'views') .'/includes/admin.inc');
  return views_fetch_fields($base, $type);
}

/**
 * Get the list of date formats for a particular format length.
 *
 * @param $type
 *   The format type: 'short', 'medium', 'long', 'custom'.  If empty, then all
 *   available formats will be returned.
 * @param $reset
 *   Whether or not to reset this function's internal cache (defaults to FALSE).
 * @return
 *   Array of date formats.
 */
function date_get_formats($type = NULL, $reset = FALSE) {
  static $_date_formats;

  if ($reset || !isset($_date_formats)) {
    $_date_formats = _date_formats_build();
  }

  return $type ? (isset($_date_formats[$type]) ? $_date_formats[$type] : FALSE) : $_date_formats;
}

/**
 * Get the format details for a particular id.
 *
 * @param $dfid
 *   Identifier of a date format string.
 * @return
 *   Array of date format details.
 */
function date_get_format($dfid) {
  $result = db_query('SELECT df.dfid, df.format, df.type, df.locked FROM {date_formats} df WHERE df.dfid = %d', $dfid);
  return db_fetch_array($result);
}

/**
 * Get the list of available date format types and attributes.
 *
 * @param $type
 *   The format type, e.g. 'short', 'medium', 'long', 'custom'.  If empty, then
 *   all attributes for that type will be returned.
 * @param $reset
 *   Whether or not to reset this function's internal cache (defaults to FALSE).
 * @return
 *   Array of date format types.
 */
function date_get_format_types($type = NULL, $reset = FALSE) {
  static $_date_format_types;

  if ($reset || !isset($_date_format_types)) {
    $_date_format_types = _date_format_types_build();
  }

  return $type ? (isset($_date_format_types[$type]) ? $_date_format_types[$type] : FALSE) : $_date_format_types;
}


/**
 * Implementation of hook_flush_caches().
 */
function date_api_flush_caches() {
  // Rebuild list of date formats.
  date_formats_rebuild();
  return array();
}

/**
 * Resets the database cache of date formats, and saves all new date formats to
 * the database.
 */
function date_formats_rebuild() {
  $date_formats = date_get_formats(NULL, TRUE);

  foreach ($date_formats as $format_type => $formats) {
    foreach ($formats as $format => $info) {
      date_format_save($info);
    }
  }

  // Rebuild configured date formats locale list.
  date_format_locale(NULL, NULL, TRUE);

  _date_formats_build();
}

/**
 * Save a date format type to the database.
 *
 * @param $date_format_type
 *   An array of attributes for a date format type.
 */
function date_format_type_save($date_format_type) {
  $type = array();
  $type['type'] = $date_format_type['type'];
  $type['title'] = $date_format_type['title'];
  $type['locked'] = $date_format_type['locked'];

  // Update date_format table.
  if (isset($date_format_type['is_new']) && !empty($date_format_type['is_new'])) {
    drupal_write_record('date_format_types', $type);
  }
  else {
    drupal_write_record('date_format_types', $type, 'type');
  }
}

/**
 * Delete a date format type from the database.
 *
 * @param $date_format_type
 *   The date format type name.
 */
function date_format_type_delete($date_format_type) {
  db_query("DELETE FROM {date_formats} WHERE type = '%s'", $date_format_type);
  db_query("DELETE FROM {date_format_types} WHERE type = '%s'", $date_format_type);
  db_query("DELETE FROM {date_format_locale} WHERE type = '%s'", $date_format_type);
}

/**
 * Save a date format to the database.
 *
 * @param $date_format
 *   An array of attributes for a date format.
 */
function date_format_save($date_format) {
  $format = array();
  $format['type'] = $date_format['type'];
  $format['format'] = $date_format['format'];
  $format['locked'] = $date_format['locked'];
  
  // Update date_format table.
  if (isset($date_format['is_new']) && !empty($date_format['is_new'])) {
    drupal_write_record('date_formats', $format);
  }
  else {
    drupal_write_record('date_formats', $format, array('format', 'type'));
  }

  $languages = language_list('enabled');
  $languages = $languages[1];
  // If site_country module is enabled, add country specific languages to
  // languages array.
  if (module_exists('site_country')) {
    $country_code = variable_get('site_country_default_country', '');
    if (!empty($country_code)) {
      foreach ($languages as $langcode => $details) {
        $country_language = $langcode . '-' . $country_code;
        if (drupal_strlen($langcode) == 2 && !in_array($country_language, array_keys($languages))) {
          $name = $details->name;
          $languages[$country_language] = "$name ($country_code)";
        }
      }
    }
  }

  $locale_format = array();
  $locale_format['type'] = $date_format['type'];
  $locale_format['format'] = $date_format['format'];

  // Check if the suggested language codes are configured and enabled.
  if (!empty($date_format['locales'])) {
    foreach ($date_format['locales'] as $langcode) {
      // Only proceed if language is enabled.
      if (in_array($langcode, $languages)) {
        $is_existing = db_result(db_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM {date_format_locale} WHERE type = '%s' AND language = '%s'", $date_format['type'], $langcode));
        if (!$is_existing) {
          $locale_format['language'] = $langcode;
          drupal_write_record('date_format_locale', $locale_format);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

/**
 * Delete a date format from the database.
 *
 * @param $date_format_id
 *   The date format string identifier.
 */
function date_format_delete($date_format_id) {
  db_query("DELETE FROM {date_formats} WHERE dfid = '%d'", $date_format_id);
}

/**
 * Builds and returns the list of available date format types.
 *
 * @return
 *   Array of date format types.
 */
function _date_format_types_build() {
  $types = array();

  // Prevent errors in the upgrade before the date_format_types table exists.
  if (defined('MAINTENANCE_MODE') && !db_table_exists('date_format_types')) {
    return $types;
  }

  // Get list of modules which implement hook_date_format_types().
  $modules = module_implements('date_format_types');

  foreach ($modules as $module) {
    $module_types = module_invoke($module, 'date_format_types');
    foreach ($module_types as $module_type => $type_title) {
      $type = array();
      $type['module'] = $module;
      $type['type'] = $module_type;
      $type['title'] = $type_title;
      $type['locked'] = 1;
      $type['is_new'] = TRUE; // Will be over-ridden later if in the db.
      $types[$module_type] = $type;
    }
  }

  // Get custom formats added to the database by the end user.
  $result = db_query('SELECT dft.type, dft.title, dft.locked FROM {date_format_types} dft ORDER BY dft.title');
  while ($object = db_fetch_object($result)) {
    if (!in_array($object->type, $types)) {
      $type = array();
      $type['is_new'] = FALSE;
      $type['module'] = '';
      $type['type'] = $object->type;
      $type['title'] = $object->title;
      $type['locked'] = $object->locked;
      $types[$object->type] = $type;
    }
    else {
        $type = array();
        $type['is_new'] = FALSE;  // Over-riding previous setting.
        $types[$object->type] = array_merge($types[$object->type], $type);
    }
  }

  // Allow other modules to modify these format types.
  drupal_alter('date_format_types', $types);

  return $types;
}

/**
 * Builds and returns the list of available date formats.
 *
 * @return
 *   Array of date formats.
 */
function _date_formats_build() {
  $date_formats = array();

  // Prevent errors in the upgrade before the date_format table exists.
  if (defined('MAINTENANCE_MODE') && !db_table_exists('date_format')) {
    return $date_formats;
  }

  // First handle hook_date_format_types().
  $types = _date_format_types_build();
  foreach ($types as $type => $info) {
    date_format_type_save($info);
  }

  // Get formats supplied by various contrib modules.
  $module_formats = module_invoke_all('date_formats');

  foreach ($module_formats as $module_format) {
    $module_format['locked'] = 1; // System types are locked.
    // If no format type is specified, assign 'custom'.
    if (!isset($module_format['type'])) {
      $module_format['type'] = 'custom';
    }
    if (!in_array($module_format['type'], array_keys($types))) {
      continue;
    }
    if (!isset($date_formats[$module_format['type']])) {
      $date_formats[$module_format['type']] = array();
    }

    // If another module already set this format, merge in the new settings.
    if (isset($date_formats[$module_format['type']][$module_format['format']])) {
      $date_formats[$module_format['type']][$module_format['format']] = array_merge_recursive($date_formats[$module_format['type']][$module_format['format']], $format);
    }
    else {
      // This setting will be overridden later if it already exists in the db.
      $module_format['is_new'] = TRUE;
      $date_formats[$module_format['type']][$module_format['format']] = $module_format;
    }
  }

  // Get custom formats added to the database by the end user.
  $result = db_query('SELECT df.dfid, df.format, df.type, df.locked, dfl.language FROM {date_formats} df LEFT JOIN {date_format_types} dft ON df.type = dft.type LEFT JOIN {date_format_locale} dfl ON df.format = dfl.format AND df.type = dfl.type ORDER BY df.type, df.format');
  while ($object = db_fetch_object($result)) {
    // If this format type isn't set, initialise the array.
    if (!isset($date_formats[$object->type])) {
      $date_formats[$object->type] = array();
    }
    // If this format not already present, add it to the array.
    if (!isset($date_formats[$object->type][$object->format])) {
      // We don't set 'is_new' as it is already in the db.
      $format = array();
      $format['module'] = '';
      $format['dfid'] = $object->dfid;
      $format['format'] = $object->format;
      $format['type'] = $object->type;
      $format['locked'] = $object->locked;
      $format['locales'] = array($object->language);
      $date_formats[$object->type][$object->format] = $format;
    }
    // Format already present, so merge in settings.
    else {
      $format = array();
      $format['is_new'] = FALSE; // It's in the db, so override this setting.
      $format['dfid'] = $object->dfid;
      $format['format'] = $object->format;
      $format['type'] = $object->type;
      $format['locked'] = $object->locked;
      if (!empty($object->language)) {
        $format['locales'] = array_merge($date_formats[$object->type][$object->format]['locales'], array($object->language));
      }
      $date_formats[$object->type][$object->format] = array_merge($date_formats[$object->type][$object->format], $format);
    }
  }

  // Allow other modules to modify these formats.
  drupal_alter('date_formats', $date_formats);

  return $date_formats;
}


/**
 * Get the appropriate date format for a type and locale.
 *
 * @param $langcode
 *   Language code for the current locale.  This can be a 2 character language
 *   code like 'en', 'fr', or a longer 5 character code like 'en-gb'.
 * @param $type
 *   Date format type: short, medium, long, custom.
 * @param $reset
 *   Whether or not to reset this function's internal cache (defaults to FALSE).
 * @return
 *   The format string, or NULL if no matching format found.
 */
function date_format_locale($langcode = NULL, $type = NULL, $reset = FALSE) {
  static $formats;
  
  if ($reset || empty($formats)) {
    $formats = array();
    $result = db_query("SELECT format, type, language FROM {date_format_locale}");
    while ($object = db_fetch_object($result)) {
      if (!isset($formats[$object->language])) {
        $formats[$object->language] = array();
      }
      $formats[$object->language][$object->type] = $object->format;
    }
  }

  if ($type && $langcode && !empty($formats[$langcode][$type])) {
    return $formats[$langcode][$type];
  }
  elseif ($langcode && !empty($formats[$langcode])) {
    return $formats[$langcode];
  }

  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Helper function for BYDAY options in Date Repeat
 * and for converting back and forth from '+1' to 'First'.
 */
function date_order_translated() {
  return array(
    '+1' => date_t('First', 'date_order'),
    '+2' => date_t('Second', 'date_order'),
    '+3' => date_t('Third', 'date_order'),
    '+4' => date_t('Fourth', 'date_order'),
    '+5' => date_t('Fifth', 'date_order'),
    '-1' => date_t('Last', 'date_order_reverse'),
    '-2' => date_t('Next to last', 'date_order_reverse'),
    '-3' => date_t('Third from last', 'date_order_reverse'),
    '-4' => date_t('Fourth from last', 'date_order_reverse'),
    '-5' => date_t('Fifth from last', 'date_order_reverse')
  );
}

function date_order() {
  return array(
    '+1' => 'First',
    '+2' => 'Second',
    '+3' => 'Third',
    '+4' => 'Fourth',
    '+5' => 'Fifth',
    '-1' => 'Last',
    '-2' => '-2',
    '-3' => '-3',
    '-4' => '-4',
    '-5' => '-5'
  );
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_views_api().
 *
 * This one is used as the base to reduce errors when updating.
 */
function date_api_views_api() {
  return array(
    'api' => 2,
    'path' => drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/includes',
  );
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_date_api_fields().
 * on behalf of core fields.
 * 
 * All modules that create custom fields that use the 
 * 'views_handler_field_date' handler can provide
 * additional information here about the type of
 * date they create so the date can be used by
 * the Date API views date argument and date filter.
 */
function date_api_date_api_fields($field) {
  $values = array(
    // The type of date: DATE_UNIX, DATE_ISO, DATE_DATETIME.
    'sql_type' => DATE_UNIX, 
    // Timezone handling options: 'none', 'site', 'date', 'utc'.
    'tz_handling' => 'site',
    // Needed only for dates that use 'date' tz_handling.
    'timezone_field' => '', 
    // Needed only for dates that use 'date' tz_handling.
    'offset_field' => '', 
    // Array of "table.field" values for related fields that should be 
    // loaded automatically in the Views SQL.
    'related_fields' => array(),
    // Granularity of this date field's db data. 
    'granularity' => array('year', 'month', 'day', 'hour', 'minute', 'second'),
  );
  
  switch ($field) {
    case 'users.created':
    case 'users.access':
    case 'users.login':
    case 'node.created':
    case 'node.changed':
    case 'node_revisions.timestamp':
    case 'files.timestamp':
    case 'node_counter.timestamp':
    case 'accesslog.timestamp':
    case 'comments.timestamp':
    case 'node_comment_statistics.last_comment_timestamp':  
      return $values;
  }
}

/**
 * Rebuild the theme registry and all the caches.
 * needed to pick up changes created by updated Views API
 * and other changes to Views definitions.
 */
function date_api_views_clear() {
  if (db_table_exists('cache_content')) {
    db_query('DELETE FROM {cache_content}');
  }
  if (db_table_exists('cache_views')) {
    db_query('DELETE FROM {cache_views}');
  }
  if (db_table_exists('views_object_cache')) {
    db_query('DELETE FROM {views_object_cache}');
  }    
  db_query("DELETE FROM {cache} where cid LIKE 'theme_registry%'");
}

/**
 * Embed a view using a PHP snippet.
 *
 * This function is meant to be called from PHP snippets, should one wish to
 * embed a view in a node or something. It's meant to provide the simplest
 * solution and doesn't really offer a lot of options, but breaking the function
 * apart is pretty easy, and this provides a worthwhile guide to doing so.
 *
 * Note that this function does NOT display the title of the view. If you want
 * to do that, you will need to do what this function does manually, by
 * loading the view, getting the preview and then getting $view->get_title().
 *
 * @param $name
 *   The name of the view to embed.
 * 
 * @param $display_id
 *   'calendar_1' will display the calendar page, 
 *   'calendar_block_1' will display the calendar block.
 * 
 * @param $settings
 *   an array of view settings to use to override view default values;
 * 
 *   Include a setting for 'block_identifier, the identifier to use 
 *   for this embedded view. All embedded views that use the same 
 *   identifier will move together, or provide different identifiers 
 *   to keep them independent. The identifier will be used in the url 
 *   as a querystring, like: node/27?mini=calendar/2008-10.
 * 
 * @param ...
 *   Any additional parameters will be passed as arguments.
 */
function date_embed_view($name, $display_id = 'default', $settings = array(), $args = array()) {
  $view = views_get_view($name);
  if (!$view) {
    return;
  }
  if (!empty($settings)) {
    foreach ($settings as $key => $setting) {
      $view->$key = $setting;
    }
  }
  if (!isset($view->date_info->block_identifier)) {
    $view->date_info->block_identifier = 'mini';
  }
  return $view->preview($display_id, $args);
}

/**
 * Figure out the URL of the date view we're currently looking at,
 * adapted to various date types or specific date arguments.
 * 
 * @param $date_type
 *  - if not empty, return the url of a specific date type.
 * @param $date_arg
 *  - if not empty, return the url for a view with a specific date argument.
 * @param $force_view_url
 *  - always use the view url, even if embedded.
 * @return 
 *   return the requested view url.
 */
function date_real_url($view, $date_type = NULL, $date_arg = NULL, $force_view_url = FALSE) {
  $args = $view->args;
  $pos = $view->date_info->date_arg_pos;

  // The View arguments array is indexed numerically but is not necessarily
  // in numerical order. Sort the arguments to ensure the correct order.
  ksort($args);
  
  // If there are empty arguments before the date argument, 
  // pad them with the wildcard so the date argument will be in 
  // the right position.
  if (count($args) < $pos) {
    foreach ($view->argument as $name => $argument) {
      if ($argument->position == $pos) {
        break;
      }
      $args[] = $argument->options['wildcard'];
    }
  }
  
  if (!empty($date_type)) {
    switch ($date_type) {
      case 'year':
        $args[$pos] = date_pad($view->date_info->year, 4);
        break;
      case 'week':
        $args[$pos] = date_pad($view->date_info->year, 4) .'-W'. date_pad($view->date_info->week);
        break;
      case 'day':
        $args[$pos] = date_pad($view->date_info->year, 4) .'-'. date_pad($view->date_info->month) .'-'. date_pad($view->date_info->day);
        break;
      default:
        $args[$pos] = date_pad($view->date_info->year, 4) .'-'. date_pad($view->date_info->month);
        break;
    }
  }
  elseif (!empty($date_arg)) {
    $args[$pos] = $date_arg;
  }
  else {
    $args = $view->args;
  }
  // Is this an embedded or a block view?
  if (!$force_view_url && 
  (!empty($view->preview) || !empty($view->date_info->block_identifier))) {
    $url = $view->get_url($args);
    $key = date_block_identifier($view);
    if (!empty($key)) {
      return url($_GET['q'], array(
        'query' => date_querystring($view, array($key => $url)), 
        'absolute' => TRUE));
    }
  }  
  // Normal views may need querystrings appended to them
  // if they use exposed filters.
  return url($view->get_url($args), array(
    'query' => date_querystring($view), 
    'absolute' => TRUE));
}

/**
 * Pick up filter and sort info from url.
 */
function date_querystring($view, $extra_params = array()) {
  $query_params = array_merge($_GET, $extra_params);
  // Allow NULL params to be removed from the query string.
  foreach ($extra_params AS $key => $value) {
    if (!isset($value)) {
      unset($query_params[$key]);
    }
  }
  // Filter the special "q" and "view" variables out of the query string.
  $exclude = array('q');
  $query = drupal_query_string_encode($query_params, $exclude);
  // To prevent an empty query string from adding a "?" on to the end of a URL,
  // we return NULL.
  return !empty($query) ? $query : NULL;
}

function date_block_identifier($view) {
  if (!empty($view->block_identifier)) {
    return $view->block_identifier;
  }
  return isset($view->date_info->block_identifier) ? $view->date_info->block_identifier : NULL;
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_form_alter().
 *
 * Add new submit handler for system_modules form.
 */
function date_api_form_system_modules_alter(&$form, $form_state, $form_id = 'system_modules') {
  $form['#submit'][] = 'date_api_system_modules_submit';
}

/**
 * Rebuild list of date formats when modules list is saved.
 */
function date_api_system_modules_submit($form, &$form_state) {
  date_formats_rebuild();
}

/**
 * Implementation of hook_form_alter().
 *
 * Remove the 'date_formats' section from the 'admin/settings/date-time' page.
 * This form section is now part of the form at 'admin/settings/date-time/formats'.
 * We add the formats as values to the form to avoid errors on submission
 * of the form when expected values are missing in system_date_time_settings_submit().
 *
 * Add a form element to configure whether or not week numbers are ISO-8601 (default: FALSE == US/UK/AUS norm).
 */
function date_api_form_system_date_time_settings_alter(&$form, $form_state, $form_id = 'system_date_time_settings') {
  include_once(drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/date_api.admin.inc');
  $formats_form = date_api_date_formats_form($form_state);
  $form['date_formats'] = $formats_form['date_formats'];
  foreach ($form['date_formats'] as $key => $value) {
    if (substr($key, 0, 1) != '#') {
      $form['date_formats'][$key]['#type'] = 'value';
    }
    else {
      unset($form['date_formats'][$key]);
    }
  }
  $form['locale']['date_api_use_iso8601'] = array(
    '#type'          => 'checkbox',
    '#title'         => t('Use ISO-8601 week numbers'),
    '#default_value' => variable_get('date_api_use_iso8601', FALSE),
    '#description'   => t('IMPORTANT! If checked, First day of week MUST be set to Monday'),
  );
  $form['#validate'][] = 'date_api_form_system_settings_validate';
  $form = system_settings_form($form);
}

/**
 * Validate that the option to use ISO weeks matches first day of week choice.
 */
function date_api_form_system_settings_validate(&$form, &$form_state) {
  $form_values = $form_state['values'];
  if ($form_values['date_api_use_iso8601'] && $form_values['date_first_day'] != 1) {
    form_set_error('date_first_day', t('When using ISO-8601 week numbers, the first day of the week must be set to Monday.'));
  }
}

/**
 * Helper function; add system.js and javascript settings.
 */
function date_api_add_system_javascript() {
  drupal_add_js(drupal_get_path('module', 'date_api') .'/date_api.js', 'module');
  drupal_add_js(array('dateDateTime' => array('lookup' => url('admin/settings/date-time/formats/lookup'))), 'setting');
}


/**
 * Return the date for a given format string via Ajax.
 */
function date_api_date_time_lookup() {
  $result = date_format_date(date_now(), 'custom', $_GET['format']);
  echo drupal_to_js($result);
  exit;
}

/*
 * Test validity of a date range string.
 */
function date_range_valid($string) {
  $matches = preg_match('@\-[0-9]*:[\+|\-][0-9]*@', $string);
  return $matches < 1 ? FALSE : TRUE;
}

/**
 * Split a string like -3:+3 or 2001:2010 into 
 * an array of min and max years.
 * 
 * Center the range around the current year, if any, but expand it far
 * enough so it will pick up the year value in the field in case
 * the value in the field is outside the initial range.
 */
function date_range_years($string, $date = NULL) {
  $this_year = date_format(date_now(), 'Y');
  list($min_year, $max_year) = explode(':', $string);
  
  // Valid patterns would be -5:+5, 0:+1, 2008:2010.
  $plus_pattern = '@[\+|\-][0-9]{1,4}@';
  $year_pattern = '@[0-9]{4}@';
  if (!preg_match($year_pattern, $min_year, $matches)) {
    if (preg_match($plus_pattern, $min_year, $matches)) {
      $min_year = $this_year + $matches[0];
    }
    else {
      $min_year = $this_year;
    }
  }
  if (!preg_match($year_pattern, $max_year, $matches)) {
    if (preg_match($plus_pattern, $max_year, $matches)) {
      $max_year = $this_year + $matches[0];
    }
    else {
      $max_year = $this_year;
    }
  }
  // We expect the $min year to be less than the $max year.
  // Some custom values for -99:+99 might not obey that.
  if ($min_year > $max_year) {
    $temp = $max_year;
    $max_year = $min_year;
    $min_year = $temp;
  }
  // If there is a current value, stretch the range to include it.
  $value_year = is_object($date) ? date_format($date, 'Y') : '';
  if (!empty($value_year)) {
    $min_year = min($value_year, $min_year);
    $max_year = max($value_year, $max_year);
  }
  return array($min_year, $max_year);
}

/**
 * Convert a min and max year into a string like '-3:+1'.
 *
 * @param unknown_type $years
 * @return unknown
 */
function date_range_string($years) {
  $this_year = date_format(date_now(), 'Y');
  if ($years[0] < $this_year) {
    $min = '-'. ($this_year - $years[0]);
  }
  else {
    $min = '+'. ($years[0] - $this_year);
  }
  if ($years[1] < $this_year) {
    $max = '-'. ($this_year - $years[1]);
  }
  else {
    $max = '+'. ($years[1] - $this_year);
  }
  return $min .':'. $max;
}

/**
 * Implement hook_date_api_tables().
 */
function date_api_date_api_tables() {
  return array('node', 'comments', 'users');
}

/**
 * Determine if a from/to date combination qualify as 'All day'.
 *
 * @param object $date1, a string date in datetime format for the 'from' date.
 * @param object $date2, a string date in datetime format for the 'to' date.
 * @return TRUE or FALSE.
 */
function date_is_all_day($string1, $string2, $granularity = 'second', $increment = 1) {
  if (empty($string1) || empty($string2)) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  elseif (!in_array($granularity, array('hour', 'minute', 'second'))) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  
  preg_match('/([0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2}) (([0-9]{2}):([0-9]{2}):([0-9]{2}))/', $string1, $matches);
  $count = count($matches);
  $date1 = $count > 1 ? $matches[1] : '';
  $time1 = $count > 2 ? $matches[2] : '';
  $hour1 = $count > 3 ? intval($matches[3]) : 0;
  $min1 = $count > 4 ? intval($matches[4]) : 0;
  $sec1 = $count > 5 ? intval($matches[5]) : 0;
  preg_match('/([0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2}) (([0-9]{2}):([0-9]{2}):([0-9]{2}))/', $string2, $matches);
  $count = count($matches);
  $date2 = $count > 1 ? $matches[1] : '';
  $time2 = $count > 2 ? $matches[2] : '';
  $hour2 = $count > 3 ? intval($matches[3]) : 0;
  $min2 = $count > 4 ? intval($matches[4]) : 0;
  $sec2 = $count > 5 ? intval($matches[5]) : 0;
  
  if (empty($date1) || empty($date2) || $date1 != $date2) {
    return FALSE;
  }
  if (empty($time1) || empty($time2)) {
    return FALSE;
  }
    
  $tmp = date_seconds('s', TRUE, $increment);
  $max_seconds = intval(array_pop($tmp));
  $tmp = date_minutes('i', TRUE, $increment);
  $max_minutes = intval(array_pop($tmp));
  
  switch ($granularity) {
    case 'second':
      $min_match = $time1 == '00:00:00' || ($hour1 == 0 && $min1 == 0 && $sec1 == 0);
      $max_match = $time2 == '00:00:00' || ($hour2 == 23 && $min2 == $max_minutes && $sec2 == $max_seconds) || ($hour1 == 0 && $hour2 == 0 && $min1 == 0 && $min2 == 0 && $sec1 == 0 && $sec2 == 0);
      break;
    case 'minute':
      $min_match = $time1 == '00:00:00' || ($hour1 == 0 && $min1 == 0);
      $max_match = $time2 == '00:00:00' || ($hour2 == 23 && $min2 == $max_minutes) || ($hour1 == 0 && $hour2 == 0 && $min1 == 0 && $min2 == 0);
      break;
    case 'hour':
      $min_match = $time1 == '00:00:00' || ($hour1 == 0);
      $max_match = $time2 == '00:00:00' || ($hour2 == 23) || ($hour1 == 0 && $hour2 == 0);
      break;
    default:
      $min_match = TRUE;
      $max_match = FALSE;
  }
  
  if ($min_match && $max_match) {
    return TRUE;
  }
    
  return FALSE;
}

/**
 * Return the nested form elements for a field by name.
 * This can be used either to retrieve the entire sub-element
 * for a field by name, no matter how deeply nested it is within
 * fieldgroups or multigroups, or to find the multiple value
 * sub-elements within a field element by name (i.e. 'value' or
 * 'rrule'). You can also use this function to see if an item exists 
 * in a form (the return will be an empty array if it does not exist).
 *
 * The function returns an array of results. A field will generally
 * only exist once in a form but the function can also be used to 
 * locate all the 'value' elements within a multiple value field,
 * so the result is always returned as an array of values.
 *
 * For example, for a field named field_custom,  the following will 
 * pluck out the form elements for this field from the node form, 
 * no matter how deeply it is nested within fieldgroups or fieldsets:
 *
 * $elements = content_get_nested_elements($node_form, 'field_custom');
 *
 * You can prefix the function with '&' to retrieve the element by 
 * reference to alter it directly:
 *
 * $elements = &content_get_nested_elements($form, 'field_custom');
 * foreach ($elements as $element) {
 *   $element['#after_build'][] = 'my_field_afterbuild';
 * }
 *
 * During the #after_build you could then do something like the
 * following to alter each individual part of a multiple value field:
 *
 * $sub_elements = &content_get_nested_elements($element, 'value');
 * foreach ($sub_elements as $sub_element) {
 *   $sub_element['#element_validate'][] = 'custom_validation';
 * }
 *
 * @param $form
 *   The form array to search.
 * @param $field_name
 *   The name or key of the form elements to return.
 * @return
 *   An array of all matching form elements, returned by reference.
 */
function &date_get_nested_elements(&$form, $field_name) {
  $elements = array();

  foreach (element_children($form) as $key) {
    if ($key === $field_name) {
      $elements[] = &$form[$key];
    }
    else if (is_array($form[$key])) {
      $nested_form = &$form[$key];
      if ($sub_elements = &date_get_nested_elements($nested_form, $field_name)) {
        $elements = array_merge($elements, $sub_elements);
      }
    }
  }

  return $elements;
}

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