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Drupal example source code file (googleanalytics.module)

This example Drupal source code file (googleanalytics.module) is included in the DevDaily.com "Drupal Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Drupal by Example".

PHP - Drupal tags/keywords

array, custom_var_value, empty, file, function, if, page_match, path, php, return, script, tracking, true

The googleanalytics.module Drupal example source code

<?php
// $Id: googleanalytics.module,v 1.70.2.13 2011/02/07 17:30:49 hass Exp $

/*
 * @file
 * Drupal Module: GoogleAnalytics
 * Adds the required Javascript to the bottom of all your Drupal pages
 * to allow tracking by the Google Analytics statistics package.
 *
 * @author: Alexander Hass <http://drupal.org/user/85918>
 */

define('GA_TRACKFILES_EXTENSIONS', '7z|aac|arc|arj|asf|asx|avi|bin|csv|doc|exe|flv|gif|gz|gzip|hqx|jar|jpe?g|js|mp(2|3|4|e?g)|mov(ie)?|msi|msp|pdf|phps|png|ppt|qtm?|ra(m|r)?|sea|sit|tar|tgz|torrent|txt|wav|wma|wmv|wpd|xls|xml|z|zip');

/**
 * Implements hook_help().
 */
function googleanalytics_help($path, $arg) {
  switch ($path) {
    case 'admin/config/system/googleanalytics':
      return t('<a href="@ga_url">Google Analytics</a> is a free (registration required) website traffic and marketing effectiveness service.', array('@ga_url' => 'http://www.google.com/analytics/'));
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_theme().
 */
function googleanalytics_theme() {
  return array(
    'googleanalytics_admin_custom_var_table' => array(
      'render element' => 'form',
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_permission().
 */
function googleanalytics_permission() {
  return array(
    'administer google analytics' => array(
      'title' => t('Administer Google Analytics'),
      'description' => t('Perform maintenance tasks for Google Analytics.'),
    ),
    'opt-in or out of tracking' => array(
      'title' => t('Opt-in or out of tracking'),
      'description' => t('Allow users to decide if tracking code will be added to pages or not.'),
    ),
    'use PHP for tracking visibility' => array(
      'title' => t('Use PHP for tracking visibility'),
      'description' => t('Enter PHP code in the field for tracking visibility settings. %warning', array('%warning' => t('Warning: Give to trusted roles only; this permission has security implications.'))),
    ),
  );
}

/**
 * Implements hook_menu().
 */
function googleanalytics_menu() {
  $items['admin/config/system/googleanalytics'] = array(
    'title' => 'Google Analytics',
    'description' => 'Configure tracking behavior to get insights into your website traffic and marketing effectiveness.',
    'page callback' => 'drupal_get_form',
    'page arguments' => array('googleanalytics_admin_settings_form'),
    'access arguments' => array('administer google analytics'),
    'type' => MENU_NORMAL_ITEM,
    'file' => 'googleanalytics.admin.inc',
  );

  return $items;
}

/**
 * Implements hook_page_alter() to insert JavaScript to the appropriate scope/region of the page.
 */
function googleanalytics_page_alter(&$page) {
  global $user;

  $id = variable_get('googleanalytics_account', '');

  // Get page status code for visibility filtering.
  $status = drupal_get_http_header('Status');
  $trackable_status_codes = array(
    '403 Forbidden',
    '404 Not Found',
  );

  // 1. Check if the GA account number has a value.
  // 2. Track page views based on visibility value.
  // 3. Check if we should track the currently active user's role.
  // 4. Ignore pages visibility filter for 404 or 403 status codes.
  if (!empty($id) && (_googleanalytics_visibility_pages() || in_array($status, $trackable_status_codes)) && _googleanalytics_visibility_user($user)) {

    // We allow different scopes. Default to 'header' but allow user to override if they really need to.
    $scope = variable_get('googleanalytics_js_scope', 'header');

    if (variable_get('googleanalytics_trackadsense', FALSE)) {
      // Custom tracking. Prepend before all other JavaScript.
      drupal_add_js('window.google_analytics_uacct = ' . drupal_json_encode($id) . ';', array('type' => 'inline', 'group' => JS_LIBRARY-1));
    }

    // Add link tracking.
    $link_settings = array();
    if ($track_outbound = variable_get('googleanalytics_trackoutbound', 1)) {
      $link_settings['trackOutbound'] = $track_outbound;
    }
    if ($track_mailto = variable_get('googleanalytics_trackmailto', 1)) {
      $link_settings['trackMailto'] = $track_mailto;
    }
    if (($track_download = variable_get('googleanalytics_trackfiles', 1)) && ($trackfiles_extensions = variable_get('googleanalytics_trackfiles_extensions', GA_TRACKFILES_EXTENSIONS))) {
      $link_settings['trackDownload'] = $track_download;
      $link_settings['trackDownloadExtensions'] = $trackfiles_extensions;
    }
    if ($track_outbound_as_pageview = variable_get('googleanalytics_trackoutboundaspageview', 0)) {
      $link_settings['trackOutboundAsPageview'] = $track_outbound_as_pageview;
    }
    if ($track_domain_mode = variable_get('googleanalytics_domain_mode', 0)) {
      $link_settings['trackDomainMode'] = $track_domain_mode;
    }
    if ($track_cross_domains = variable_get('googleanalytics_cross_domains', '')) {
      $domains = preg_split('/(\r\n?|\n)/', $track_cross_domains);
      $link_settings['trackCrossDomains'] = implode('|', $domains);
    }

    if (!empty($link_settings)) {
      drupal_add_js(array('googleanalytics' => $link_settings), 'setting');
      drupal_add_js(drupal_get_path('module', 'googleanalytics') . '/googleanalytics.js');
    }

    // Add User profile segmentation values.
    $profile_fields = variable_get('googleanalytics_segmentation', array());
    if (!empty($profile_fields)) {
      // Invoke all modules having a hook_user_load() implemented.
      // If the invoked modules extend the $user object, the additional
      // data can be tracked.
      module_invoke_all('user_load', array($user->uid => $user));

      $fields = array();
      foreach ($profile_fields as $field => $title) {
        $fields[$field] = is_array($user->$field) ? implode(',', $user->$field) : $user->$field;
      }

      // Only show segmentation variable if there are specified fields.
      $segmentation = '';
      if (count($fields) > 0) {
        $segmentation = '_gaq.push(["_setVar", ' . drupal_json_encode(implode(':', $fields)) . ']);';
      }
    }

    // Site search tracking support.
    $url_custom = '';
    if (module_exists('search') && variable_get('googleanalytics_site_search', FALSE) && arg(0) == 'search' && $keys = googleanalytics_search_get_keys()) {
      $url_custom = drupal_json_encode(rawurldecode(url('search/' . arg(1), array('query' => array('search' => $keys)))));
    }

    // If this node is a translation of another node, pass the original
    // node instead.
    if (module_exists('translation') && variable_get('googleanalytics_translation_set', 0)) {
      // Check we have a node object, it supports translation, and its
      // translated node ID (tnid) doesn't match its own node ID.
      $node = menu_get_object();
      if ($node && translation_supported_type($node->type) && isset($node->tnid) && ($node->tnid != $node->nid)) {
        $source_node = node_load($node->tnid);
        $languages = language_list();
        $url_custom = drupal_json_encode(url('node/' . $source_node->nid, array('language' => $languages[$source_node->language])));
      }
    }

    // Track access denied (403) and file not found (404) pages.
    if ($status == '403 Forbidden') {
      // See http://www.google.com/support/analytics/bin/answer.py?answer=86927
      $url_custom = '"/403.html?page=" + document.location.pathname + document.location.search + "&from=" + document.referrer';
    }
    elseif ($status == '404 Not Found') {
      $url_custom = '"/404.html?page=" + document.location.pathname + document.location.search + "&from=" + document.referrer';
    }

    // Add any custom code snippets if specified.
    $codesnippet_before = variable_get('googleanalytics_codesnippet_before', '');
    $codesnippet_after = variable_get('googleanalytics_codesnippet_after', '');

    // Add custom variables.
    $googleanalytics_custom_vars = variable_get('googleanalytics_custom_var', array());
    $custom_var = '';
    for ($i = 1; $i < 6; $i++) {
      $custom_var_name = !empty($googleanalytics_custom_vars['slots'][$i]['name']) ? $googleanalytics_custom_vars['slots'][$i]['name'] : '';
      if (!empty($custom_var_name)) {
        $custom_var_value = !empty($googleanalytics_custom_vars['slots'][$i]['value']) ? $googleanalytics_custom_vars['slots'][$i]['value'] : '';
        $custom_var_scope = !empty($googleanalytics_custom_vars['slots'][$i]['scope']) ? $googleanalytics_custom_vars['slots'][$i]['scope'] : 3;

        $node = menu_get_object();
        $custom_var_value = token_replace($custom_var_value, array('node' => $node), array('clear' => TRUE));

        // Suppress empty custom variables.
        if (!is_numeric($custom_var_value) && empty($custom_var_value)) {
          continue;
        }

        // The length of the string used for the 'name' and the length of the
        // string used for the 'value' must not exceed 64 bytes after url encoding.
        $name_length = drupal_strlen(rawurlencode($custom_var_name));
        $tmp_value = rawurlencode($custom_var_value);
        $value_length = drupal_strlen($tmp_value);
        if ($name_length + $value_length > 64) {
          // Trim value and remove fragments of url encoding.
          $tmp_value = rtrim(substr($tmp_value, 0, 63 - $name_length), '%0..9A..F');
          $custom_var_value = urldecode($tmp_value);
        }

        $custom_var_name = drupal_json_encode($custom_var_name);
        $custom_var_value = drupal_json_encode($custom_var_value);
        $custom_var .= "_gaq.push(['_setCustomVar', $i, $custom_var_name, $custom_var_value, $custom_var_scope]);";
      }
    }

    // Build tracker code.
    $script = 'var _gaq = _gaq || [];';
    $script .= '_gaq.push(["_setAccount", ' . drupal_json_encode($id) . ']);';
    if (variable_get('googleanalytics_tracker_anonymizeip', 0)) {
      // FIXME: The Google API is currently broken and "_gat._anonymizeIp" is only
      // a workaround until "_anonymizeIp" has been implemented/fixed.
      $script .= '_gaq.push(["_gat._anonymizeIp"]);';
    }

    // Domain tracking type.
    global $cookie_domain;
    $domain_mode = variable_get('googleanalytics_domain_mode', 0);

    // Per RFC 2109, cookie domains must contain at least one dot other than the
    // first. For hosts such as 'localhost' or IP Addresses we don't set a cookie domain.
    if ($domain_mode == 1 && count(explode('.', $cookie_domain)) > 2 && !is_numeric(str_replace('.', '', $cookie_domain))) {
      $script .= '_gaq.push(["_setDomainName", ' . drupal_json_encode($cookie_domain) . ']);';
    }
    elseif ($domain_mode == 2) {
      $script .= '_gaq.push(["_setDomainName", "none"]);';
      $script .= '_gaq.push(["_setAllowLinker", true]);';
    }

    if (!empty($segmentation)) {
      $script .= $segmentation;
    }
    if (!empty($codesnippet_before)) {
      $script .= $codesnippet_before;
    }
    if (!empty($custom_var)) {
      $script .= $custom_var;
    }
    if (empty($url_custom)) {
      $script .= '_gaq.push(["_trackPageview"]);';
    }
    else {
      $script .= '_gaq.push(["_trackPageview", ' . $url_custom . ']);';
    }
    if (!empty($codesnippet_after)) {
      $script .= $codesnippet_after;
    }

    $script .= '(function() {';
    $script .= 'var ga = document.createElement("script");';
    $script .= 'ga.type = "text/javascript";';
    $script .= 'ga.async = true;';

    // Should a local cached copy of ga.js be used?
    if (variable_get('googleanalytics_cache', 0) && $url = _googleanalytics_cache('http://www.google-analytics.com/ga.js')) {
      // A dummy query-string is added to filenames, to gain control over
      // browser-caching. The string changes on every update or full cache
      // flush, forcing browsers to load a new copy of the files, as the
      // URL changed.
      $query_string = '?' . variable_get('css_js_query_string', '0');

      $script .= 'ga.src = "' . $url . $query_string . '";';
    }
    else {
      $script .= 'ga.src = ("https:" == document.location.protocol ? "https://ssl" : "http://www") + ".google-analytics.com/ga.js";';
    }
    $script .= 'var s = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];';
    $script .= 's.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s);';
    $script .= '})();';

    drupal_add_js($script, array('scope' => $scope, 'type' => 'inline'));
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_form_FORM_ID_alter().
 *
 * Allow users to decide if tracking code will be added to pages or not.
 */
function googleanalytics_form_user_profile_form_alter(&$form, &$form_state) {
  $account = $form['#user'];
  $category = $form['#user_category'];

  if ($category == 'account' && user_access('opt-in or out of tracking') && ($custom = variable_get('googleanalytics_custom', 0)) != 0 && _googleanalytics_visibility_roles($account)) {
    $form['googleanalytics'] = array(
      '#type' => 'fieldset',
      '#title' => t('Google Analytics configuration'),
      '#weight' => 3,
      '#collapsible' => TRUE,
      '#tree' => TRUE
    );

    switch ($custom) {
      case 1:
        $description = t('Users are tracked by default, but you are able to opt out.');
        break;

      case 2:
        $description = t('Users are <em>not</em> tracked by default, but you are able to opt in.');
        break;
    }

    $form['googleanalytics']['custom'] = array(
      '#type' => 'checkbox',
      '#title' => t('Enable user tracking'),
      '#description' => $description,
      '#default_value' => isset($account->data['googleanalytics']['custom']) ? $account->data['googleanalytics']['custom'] : ($custom == 1)
    );

    return $form;
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_user_presave().
 */
function googleanalytics_user_presave(&$edit, $account, $category) {
  if (isset($edit['googleanalytics']['custom'])) {
    $edit['data']['googleanalytics']['custom'] = $edit['googleanalytics']['custom'];
  }
}

/**
 * Implements hook_cron().
 */
function googleanalytics_cron() {
  // Regenerate the tracking code file every day.
  if (REQUEST_TIME - variable_get('googleanalytics_last_cache', 0) >= 86400 && variable_get('googleanalytics_cache', 0)) {
    _googleanalytics_cache('http://www.google-analytics.com/ga.js', TRUE);
    variable_set('googleanalytics_last_cache', REQUEST_TIME);
  }
}

/**
 * Download/Synchronize/Cache tracking code file locally.
 *
 * @param $location
 *   The full URL to the external javascript file.
 * @param $sync_cached_file
 *   Synchronize tracking code and update if remote file have changed.
 * @return mixed
 *   The path to the local javascript file on success, boolean FALSE on failure.
 */
function _googleanalytics_cache($location, $sync_cached_file = FALSE) {
  $path = 'public://googleanalytics';
  $file_destination = $path . '/' . basename($location);

  if (!file_exists($file_destination) || $sync_cached_file) {
    // Download the latest tracking code.
    $result = drupal_http_request($location);

    if ($result->code == 200) {
      if (file_exists($file_destination)) {
        // Synchronize tracking code and and replace local file if outdated.
        $data_hash_local = drupal_hash_base64(file_get_contents($file_destination));
        $data_hash_remote = drupal_hash_base64($result->data);
        // Check that the files directory is writable.
        if ($data_hash_local != $data_hash_remote && file_prepare_directory($path)) {
          // Save updated tracking code file to disk.
          file_unmanaged_save_data($result->data, $file_destination, FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE);
          watchdog('googleanalytics', 'Locally cached tracking code file has been updated.', array(), WATCHDOG_INFO);

          // Change query-strings on css/js files to enforce reload for all users.
          _drupal_flush_css_js();
        }
      }
      else {
        // Check that the files directory is writable.
        if (file_prepare_directory($path, FILE_CREATE_DIRECTORY)) {
          // There is no need to flush JS here as core refreshes JS caches
          // automatically, if new files are added.
          file_unmanaged_save_data($result->data, $file_destination, FILE_EXISTS_REPLACE);
          watchdog('googleanalytics', 'Locally cached tracking code file has been saved.', array(), WATCHDOG_INFO);

          // Return the local JS file path.
          return file_create_url($file_destination);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  else {
    // Return the local JS file path.
    return file_create_url($file_destination);
  }
}

/**
 * Delete cached files and directory.
 */
function googleanalytics_clear_js_cache() {
  $path = 'public://googleanalytics';
  if (file_prepare_directory($path)) {
    file_scan_directory($path, '/.*/', array('callback' => 'file_unmanaged_delete'));
    drupal_rmdir($path);

    // Change query-strings on css/js files to enforce reload for all users.
    _drupal_flush_css_js();

    watchdog('googleanalytics', 'Local cache has been purged.', array(), WATCHDOG_INFO);
  }
}

/**
 * Helper function for grabbing search keys. Function is missing in D7.
 *
 * http://api.drupal.org/api/function/search_get_keys/6
 */
function googleanalytics_search_get_keys() {
  static $return;
  if (!isset($return)) {
    // Extract keys as remainder of path
    // Note: support old GET format of searches for existing links.
    $path = explode('/', $_GET['q'], 3);
    $keys = empty($_REQUEST['keys']) ? '' : $_REQUEST['keys'];
    $return = count($path) == 3 ? $path[2] : $keys;
  }
  return $return;
}

/**
 * Tracking visibility check for an user object.
 *
 * @param $account
 *   A user object containing an array of roles to check.
 * @return boolean
 *   A decision on if the current user is being tracked by Google Analytics.
 */
function _googleanalytics_visibility_user($account) {

  $enabled = FALSE;

  // Is current user a member of a role that should be tracked?
  if (_googleanalytics_visibility_roles($account)) {

    // Use the user's block visibility setting, if necessary.
    if (($custom = variable_get('googleanalytics_custom', 0)) != 0) {
      if ($account->uid && isset($account->data['googleanalytics']['custom'])) {
        $enabled = $account->data['googleanalytics']['custom'];
      }
      else {
        $enabled = ($custom == 1);
      }
    }
    else {
      $enabled = TRUE;
    }

  }

  return $enabled;
}

/**
 * Based on visibility setting this function returns TRUE if GA code should
 * be added for the current role and otherwise FALSE.
 */
function _googleanalytics_visibility_roles($account) {

  $visibility = variable_get('googleanalytics_visibility_roles', 0);
  $enabled = $visibility;
  $roles = variable_get('googleanalytics_roles', array());

  if (array_sum($roles) > 0) {
    // One or more roles are selected.
    foreach (array_keys($account->roles) as $rid) {
      // Is the current user a member of one of these roles?
      if (isset($roles[$rid]) && $rid == $roles[$rid]) {
        // Current user is a member of a role that should be tracked/excluded from tracking.
        $enabled = !$visibility;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  else {
    // No role is selected for tracking, therefore all roles should be tracked.
    $enabled = TRUE;
  }

  return $enabled;
}

/**
 * Based on visibility setting this function returns TRUE if GA code should
 * be added to the current page and otherwise FALSE.
 */
function _googleanalytics_visibility_pages() {
  static $page_match;

  // Cache visibility result if function is called more than once.
  if (!isset($page_match)) {

    $visibility = variable_get('googleanalytics_visibility_pages', 0);
    $setting_pages = variable_get('googleanalytics_pages', '');

    // Match path if necessary.
    if (!empty($setting_pages)) {
      // Convert path to lowercase. This allows comparison of the same path
      // with different case. Ex: /Page, /page, /PAGE.
      $pages = drupal_strtolower($setting_pages);
      if ($visibility < 2) {
        // Convert the Drupal path to lowercase
        $path = drupal_strtolower(drupal_get_path_alias($_GET['q']));
        // Compare the lowercase internal and lowercase path alias (if any).
        $page_match = drupal_match_path($path, $pages);
        if ($path != $_GET['q']) {
          $page_match = $page_match || drupal_match_path($_GET['q'], $pages);
        }
        // When $visibility has a value of 0, the tracking code is displayed on
        // all pages except those listed in $pages. When set to 1, it
        // is displayed only on those pages listed in $pages.
        $page_match = !($visibility xor $page_match);
      }
      elseif (module_exists('php')) {
        $page_match = php_eval($setting_pages);
      }
      else {
        $page_match = FALSE;
      }
    }
    else {
      $page_match = TRUE;
    }

  }
  return $page_match;
}

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