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Akka/Scala example source code file (Hakker.scala)

This example Akka source code file (Hakker.scala) is included in my "Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you more easily find Akka and Scala source code examples by using tags.

All credit for the original source code belongs to; I'm just trying to make examples easier to find. (For my Scala work, see my Scala examples and tutorials.)

Akka tags/keywords

actor, actorref, akka, busy, cluster, concurrent, duration, eat, hakker, identify, put, receive, string, take, taken, time

The Hakker.scala Akka example source code

package akka.sample.osgi.internal

import language.postfixOps
import scala.concurrent.duration._
import akka.cluster.Cluster
import akka.cluster.ClusterEvent.{ CurrentClusterState, LeaderChanged }
import akka.event.Logging
import akka.sample.osgi.api._
import{ RootActorPath, Address, ActorRef, Actor }
import akka.sample.osgi.api.SubscribeToHakkerStateChanges
import akka.sample.osgi.api.HakkerStateChange

//Akka adaptation of

* A Chopstick is an actor, it can be taken, and put back
class Chopstick extends Actor {

  val log = Logging(context.system, this)

  import context._

  //When a Chopstick is taken by a hakker
  //It will refuse to be taken by other hakkers
  //But the owning hakker can put it back
  def takenBy(hakker: ActorRef): Receive = {
    case Take(otherHakker) =>
      otherHakker ! Busy(self)
    case Put(`hakker`) =>

  //When a Chopstick is available, it can be taken by a hakker
  def available: Receive = {
    case Take(hakker) => + " is taken by " + hakker)
      hakker ! Taken(self)

  //A Chopstick begins its existence as available
  def receive = available

* A hakker is an awesome dude or dudett who either thinks about hacking or has to eat ;-)
class Hakker(name: String, chair: Int) extends Actor {

  val log = Logging(context.system, this)"Created Hakker at" + self.path)

  import context._

  val cluster = Cluster(context.system)

  override def preStart() {"Hakker ($name) takes position($chair)")
    cluster.subscribe(self, classOf[LeaderChanged])

  override def postStop() {"Hakker ($name) leaves position($chair)")

  var subscribers = Set.empty[ActorRef]

  //When a hakker is thinking it can become hungry
  //and try to pick up its chopsticks and eat
  def thinking(left: ActorRef, right: ActorRef): Receive = {
    case Eat =>
      pubStateChange("thinking", "hungry")
      become(hungry(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      left ! Take(self)
      right ! Take(self)
    case Identify => identify("Thinking")

  //When a hakker is hungry it tries to pick up its chopsticks and eat
  //When it picks one up, it goes into wait for the other
  //If the hakkers first attempt at grabbing a chopstick fails,
  //it starts to wait for the response of the other grab
  def hungry(left: ActorRef, right: ActorRef): Receive = {
    case Taken(`left`) =>
      pubStateChange("hungry", "waiting")
      become(waiting_for(left, right, false) orElse (managementEvents))
    case Taken(`right`) =>
      pubStateChange("hungry", "waiting")
      become(waiting_for(left, right, true) orElse (managementEvents))
    case Busy(chopstick) =>
      pubStateChange("hungry", "denied_a_chopstick")
      become(denied_a_chopstick(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
    case Identify => identify("Hungry")

  //When a hakker is waiting for the last chopstick it can either obtain it
  //and start eating, or the other chopstick was busy, and the hakker goes
  //back to think about how he should obtain his chopsticks :-)
  def waiting_for(left: ActorRef, right: ActorRef, waitingForLeft: Boolean): Receive = {
    case Taken(`left`) if waitingForLeft =>"%s has picked up %s and %s and starts to eat".format(name,,
      pubStateChange("waiting", "eating")
      become(eating(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      system.scheduler.scheduleOnce(5 seconds, self, Think)
    case Taken(`right`) if !waitingForLeft =>"%s has picked up %s and %s and starts to eat".format(name,,
      pubStateChange("waiting", "eating")
      become(eating(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      system.scheduler.scheduleOnce(5 seconds, self, Think)
    case Busy(chopstick) =>
      pubStateChange("waiting", "thinking")
      become(thinking(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      if (waitingForLeft) {
        right ! Put(self)
      } else {
        left ! Put(self)
      self ! Eat
    case Identify => identify("Waiting for Chopstick")

  //When the results of the other grab comes back,
  //he needs to put it back if he got the other one.
  //Then go back and think and try to grab the chopsticks again
  def denied_a_chopstick(left: ActorRef, right: ActorRef): Receive = {
    case Taken(chopstick) =>
      pubStateChange("denied_a_chopstick", "thinking")
      become(thinking(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      chopstick ! Put(self)
      self ! Eat
    case Busy(chopstick) =>
      pubStateChange("denied_a_chopstick", "thinking")
      become(thinking(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      self ! Eat
    case Identify => identify("Denied a Chopstick")

  //When a hakker is eating, he can decide to start to think,
  //then he puts down his chopsticks and starts to think
  def eating(left: ActorRef, right: ActorRef): Receive = {
    case Think =>
      pubStateChange("eating", "thinking")
      become(thinking(left, right) orElse (managementEvents))
      left ! Put(self)
      right ! Put(self)"%s puts down his chopsticks and starts to think".format(name))
      system.scheduler.scheduleOnce(5 seconds, self, Eat)
    case Identify => identify("Eating")

  def waitForChopsticks: Receive = {
    case (left: ActorRef, right: ActorRef) =>
      pubStateChange("waiting", "thinking")
      become(thinking(left, right) orElse managementEvents)
      system.scheduler.scheduleOnce(5 seconds, self, Eat)
    case Identify => identify("Waiting")

  def managementEvents: Receive = {
    case state: CurrentClusterState         => state.leader foreach updateTable
    case LeaderChanged(Some(leaderAddress)) => updateTable(leaderAddress)
    case SubscribeToHakkerStateChanges =>
      subscribers += sender()
      context watch sender()
    case Terminated(subscriber) =>
      subscribers -= subscriber

  def initializing: Receive = {
    case Identify => identify("Initializing")

  def identify(busyWith: String): Unit = {
    sender() ! Identification(name, busyWith)

  def updateTable(leaderAdress: Address): Unit = {
    pubStateChange("-", "waiting")
    become(waitForChopsticks orElse managementEvents)
    context.actorSelection(RootActorPath(leaderAdress) / "user" / "table") ! chair

  //All hakkers start in a non-eating state
  def receive = initializing orElse managementEvents

  def pubStateChange(from: String, to: String): Unit = {
    val chg = HakkerStateChange(name, from, to)
    subscribers foreach { _ ! chg }


Other Akka source code examples

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