home | career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix  

Commons Collections example source code file (MultiKey.java)

This example Commons Collections source code file (MultiKey.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons Collections tags/keywords

illegalargumentexception, io, multikey, multikey, object, object, serializable, serializable, string, the, the, util

The Commons Collections MultiKey.java source code

/*
 *  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 *  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 *  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 *  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 *  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.commons.collections.keyvalue;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Arrays;

/** 
 * A <code>MultiKey allows multiple map keys to be merged together.
 * <p>
 * The purpose of this class is to avoid the need to write code to handle
 * maps of maps. An example might be the need to lookup a filename by 
 * key and locale. The typical solution might be nested maps. This class
 * can be used instead by creating an instance passing in the key and locale.
 * <p>
 * Example usage:
 * <pre>
 * // populate map with data mapping key+locale to localizedText
 * Map map = new HashMap();
 * MultiKey multiKey = new MultiKey(key, locale);
 * map.put(multiKey, localizedText);
 *
 * // later retireve the localized text
 * MultiKey multiKey = new MultiKey(key, locale);
 * String localizedText = (String) map.get(multiKey);
 * </pre>
 * 
 * @since Commons Collections 3.0
 * @version $Revision: 646777 $ $Date: 2008-04-10 13:33:15 +0100 (Thu, 10 Apr 2008) $
 * 
 * @author Howard Lewis Ship
 * @author Stephen Colebourne
 */
public class MultiKey implements Serializable {
    // This class could implement List, but that would confuse it's purpose

    /** Serialisation version */
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 4465448607415788805L;

    /** The individual keys */
    private final Object[] keys;
    /** The cached hashCode */
    private final int hashCode;
    
    /**
     * Constructor taking two keys.
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed after adding to the MultiKey.
     * 
     * @param key1  the first key
     * @param key2  the second key
     */
    public MultiKey(Object key1, Object key2) {
        this(new Object[] {key1, key2}, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * Constructor taking three keys.
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed after adding to the MultiKey.
     * 
     * @param key1  the first key
     * @param key2  the second key
     * @param key3  the third key
     */
    public MultiKey(Object key1, Object key2, Object key3) {
        this(new Object[] {key1, key2, key3}, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * Constructor taking four keys.
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed after adding to the MultiKey.
     * 
     * @param key1  the first key
     * @param key2  the second key
     * @param key3  the third key
     * @param key4  the fourth key
     */
    public MultiKey(Object key1, Object key2, Object key3, Object key4) {
        this(new Object[] {key1, key2, key3, key4}, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * Constructor taking five keys.
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed after adding to the MultiKey.
     * 
     * @param key1  the first key
     * @param key2  the second key
     * @param key3  the third key
     * @param key4  the fourth key
     * @param key5  the fifth key
     */
    public MultiKey(Object key1, Object key2, Object key3, Object key4, Object key5) {
        this(new Object[] {key1, key2, key3, key4, key5}, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * Constructor taking an array of keys which is cloned.
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed after adding to the MultiKey.
     * <p>
     * This is equivalent to <code>new MultiKey(keys, true).
     *
     * @param keys  the array of keys, not null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key array is null
     */
    public MultiKey(Object[] keys) {
        this(keys, true);
    }
    
    /**
     * Constructor taking an array of keys, optionally choosing whether to clone.
     * <p>
     * <b>If the array is not cloned, then it must not be modified.
     * <p>
     * This method is public for performance reasons only, to avoid a clone.
     * The hashcode is calculated once here in this method.
     * Therefore, changing the array passed in would not change the hashcode but
     * would change the equals method, which is a bug.
     * <p>
     * This is the only fully safe usage of this constructor, as the object array
     * is never made available in a variable:
     * <pre>
     * new MultiKey(new Object[] {...}, false);
     * </pre>
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed after adding to the MultiKey.
     *
     * @param keys  the array of keys, not null
     * @param makeClone  true to clone the array, false to assign it
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the key array is null
     * @since Commons Collections 3.1
     */
    public MultiKey(Object[] keys, boolean makeClone) {
        super();
        if (keys == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("The array of keys must not be null");
        }
        if (makeClone) {
            this.keys = (Object[]) keys.clone();
        } else {
            this.keys = keys;
        }
        
        int total = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
            if (keys[i] != null) {
                total ^= keys[i].hashCode();
            }
        }
        hashCode = total;
    }
    
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Gets a clone of the array of keys.
     * <p>
     * The keys should be immutable
     * If they are not then they must not be changed.
     * 
     * @return the individual keys
     */
    public Object[] getKeys() {
        return (Object[]) keys.clone();
    }
    
    /**
     * Gets the key at the specified index.
     * <p>
     * The key should be immutable.
     * If it is not then it must not be changed.
     * 
     * @param index  the index to retrieve
     * @return the key at the index
     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index is invalid
     * @since Commons Collections 3.1
     */
    public Object getKey(int index) {
        return keys[index];
    }
    
    /**
     * Gets the size of the list of keys.
     * 
     * @return the size of the list of keys
     * @since Commons Collections 3.1
     */
    public int size() {
        return keys.length;
    }
    
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Compares this object to another.
     * <p>
     * To be equal, the other object must be a <code>MultiKey with the
     * same number of keys which are also equal.
     * 
     * @param other  the other object to compare to
     * @return true if equal
     */
    public boolean equals(Object other) {
        if (other == this) {
            return true;
        }
        if (other instanceof MultiKey) {
            MultiKey otherMulti = (MultiKey) other;
            return Arrays.equals(keys, otherMulti.keys);
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the combined hash code that is computed from all the keys.
     * <p>
     * This value is computed once and then cached, so elements should not
     * change their hash codes once created (note that this is the same 
     * constraint that would be used if the individual keys elements were
     * themselves {@link java.util.Map Map} keys.
     * 
     * @return the hash code
     */
    public int hashCode() {
        return hashCode;
    }

    /**
     * Gets a debugging string version of the key.
     * 
     * @return a debugging string
     */
    public String toString() {
        return "MultiKey" + Arrays.asList(keys).toString();
    }

}

Other Commons Collections examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Commons Collections MultiKey.java source code file:

new blog posts

 

Copyright 1998-2016 Alvin Alexander, alvinalexander.com
All Rights Reserved.

A percentage of advertising revenue from
pages under the /java/jwarehouse URI on this website is
paid back to open source projects.