home | career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix  

Java example source code file (TestStatefulConnManagement.java)

This example source code file (TestStatefulConnManagement.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java tags/keywords

basichttpcontext, defaulthttpclient, exception, httpcontext, httpentity, httpget, httphost, httpresponse, httpworker, integer, io, simpleservice, stringentity, threadsafeclientconnmanager, usertokenhandler

The TestStatefulConnManagement.java example source code

 * ====================================================================
 *  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 *  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 *  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 *  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 *  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 * ====================================================================
 * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
 * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
 * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
 * <http://www.apache.org/>.

package org.apache.http.impl.client;

import java.io.IOException;

import junit.framework.Test;
import junit.framework.TestSuite;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpException;
import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.HttpStatus;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.UserTokenHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.conn.ManagedClientConnection;
import org.apache.http.conn.params.ConnPerRouteBean;
import org.apache.http.conn.params.ConnManagerParams;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.tsccm.ThreadSafeClientConnManager;
import org.apache.http.localserver.ServerTestBase;
import org.apache.http.params.HttpParams;
import org.apache.http.protocol.BasicHttpContext;
import org.apache.http.protocol.ExecutionContext;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpRequestHandler;

 * Unit tests for {@link DefaultRequestDirector}
public class TestStatefulConnManagement extends ServerTestBase {

    public TestStatefulConnManagement(final String testName) {

    public static void main(String args[]) {
        String[] testCaseName = { TestStatefulConnManagement.class.getName() };

    public static Test suite() {
        return new TestSuite(TestStatefulConnManagement.class);
    private class SimpleService implements HttpRequestHandler {
        public SimpleService() {

        public void handle(
                final HttpRequest request, 
                final HttpResponse response, 
                final HttpContext context) throws HttpException, IOException {
            StringEntity entity = new StringEntity("Whatever");

    public void testStatefulConnections() throws Exception {

        int workerCount = 5;
        int requestCount = 5;
        int port = this.localServer.getServicePort();
        this.localServer.register("*", new SimpleService());

        HttpHost target = new HttpHost("localhost", port);
        HttpParams params = defaultParams.copy();
        ConnManagerParams.setMaxTotalConnections(params, workerCount);
                new ConnPerRouteBean(workerCount));
        ConnManagerParams.setTimeout(params, 10L);
        ThreadSafeClientConnManager mgr = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(
                params, supportedSchemes);        
        DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient(mgr, params); 
        HttpContext[] contexts = new HttpContext[workerCount];
        HttpWorker[] workers = new HttpWorker[workerCount];
        for (int i = 0; i < contexts.length; i++) {
            HttpContext context = new BasicHttpContext();
            context.setAttribute("user", Integer.valueOf(i));
            contexts[i] = context;
            workers[i] = new HttpWorker(context, requestCount, target, client);
        client.setUserTokenHandler(new UserTokenHandler() {

            public Object getUserToken(final HttpContext context) {
                Integer id = (Integer) context.getAttribute("user");
                return id;
        for (int i = 0; i < workers.length; i++) {
        for (int i = 0; i < workers.length; i++) {
        for (int i = 0; i < workers.length; i++) {
            Exception ex = workers[i].getException();
            if (ex != null) {
                throw ex;
            assertEquals(requestCount, workers[i].getCount());
        for (int i = 0; i < contexts.length; i++) {
            HttpContext context = contexts[i];
            Integer id = (Integer) context.getAttribute("user");
            for (int r = 0; r < requestCount; r++) {
                Integer state = (Integer) context.getAttribute("r" + r);
                assertEquals(id, state);
    static class HttpWorker extends Thread {

        private final HttpContext context;
        private final int requestCount;
        private final HttpHost target;
        private final HttpClient httpclient;
        private volatile Exception exception;
        private volatile int count;
        public HttpWorker(
                final HttpContext context, 
                int requestCount,
                final HttpHost target,
                final HttpClient httpclient) {
            this.context = context;
            this.requestCount = requestCount;
            this.target = target;
            this.httpclient = httpclient;
            this.count = 0;
        public int getCount() {
            return this.count;

        public Exception getException() {
            return this.exception;

        public void run() {
            try {
                for (int r = 0; r < this.requestCount; r++) {
                    HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("/");
                    HttpResponse response = this.httpclient.execute(

                    ManagedClientConnection conn = (ManagedClientConnection) this.context.getAttribute(
                    this.context.setAttribute("r" + r, conn.getState());
                    HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
                    if (entity != null) {
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                this.exception = ex;

    public void testRouteSpecificPoolRecylcing() throws Exception {
        // This tests what happens when a maxed connection pool needs
        // to kill the last idle connection to a route to build a new
        // one to the same route.

        int maxConn = 2;

        int port = this.localServer.getServicePort();
        this.localServer.register("*", new SimpleService());

        // We build a client with 2 max active // connections, and 2 max per route.
        HttpParams params = defaultParams.copy();
        ConnManagerParams.setMaxTotalConnections(params, maxConn);
                new ConnPerRouteBean(maxConn));
        ThreadSafeClientConnManager connMngr = new ThreadSafeClientConnManager(
                params, supportedSchemes);        

        DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient(connMngr, params);

        client.setUserTokenHandler(new UserTokenHandler() {

            public Object getUserToken(final HttpContext context) {
                return context.getAttribute("user");


        // Bottom of the pool : a *keep alive* connection to Route 1.
        HttpContext context1 = new BasicHttpContext();
        context1.setAttribute("user", "stuff");
        HttpResponse response1 = client.execute(
                new HttpHost("localhost", port), new HttpGet("/"), context1);
        HttpEntity entity1 = response1.getEntity();
        if (entity1 != null) {

        // The ConnPoolByRoute now has 1 free connection, out of 2 max
        // The ConnPoolByRoute has one RouteSpcfcPool, that has one free connection
        // for [localhost][stuff]


        // Send a very simple HTTP get (it MUST be simple, no auth, no proxy, no 302, no 401, ...)
        // Send it to another route. Must be a keepalive.
        HttpContext context2 = new BasicHttpContext();
        HttpResponse response2 = client.execute(
                new HttpHost("", port), new HttpGet("/"), context2);
        HttpEntity entity2 = response2.getEntity();
        if (entity2 != null) {
        // ConnPoolByRoute now has 2 free connexions, out of its 2 max.
        // The [localhost][stuff] RouteSpcfcPool is the same as earlier
        // And there is a [][null] pool with 1 free connection


        // This will put the ConnPoolByRoute to the targeted state :
        // [localhost][stuff] will not get reused because this call is [localhost][null]
        // So the ConnPoolByRoute will need to kill one connection (it is maxed out globally).
        // The killed conn is the oldest, which means the first HTTPGet ([localhost][stuff]).
        // When this happens, the RouteSpecificPool becomes empty.
        HttpContext context3 = new BasicHttpContext();
        HttpResponse response3 = client.execute(
                new HttpHost("localhost", port), new HttpGet("/"), context3);

        // If the ConnPoolByRoute did not behave coherently with the RouteSpecificPool
        // this may fail. Ex : if the ConnPool discared the route pool because it was empty,
        // but still used it to build the request3 connection.
        HttpEntity entity3 = response3.getEntity();
        if (entity3 != null) {



Other Java examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Java TestStatefulConnManagement.java source code file:

my book on functional programming


new blog posts


Copyright 1998-2021 Alvin Alexander, alvinalexander.com
All Rights Reserved.

A percentage of advertising revenue from
pages under the /java/jwarehouse URI on this website is
paid back to open source projects.