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Commons IO example source code file (LineIterator.java)

This example Commons IO source code file (LineIterator.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons IO tags/keywords

bufferedreader, bufferedreader, illegalargumentexception, illegalstateexception, io, iterator, lineiterator, lineiterator, no, reader, reader, remove, string, string, unsupportedoperationexception, util

The Commons IO LineIterator.java source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.commons.io;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.NoSuchElementException;

/**
 * An Iterator over the lines in a <code>Reader.
 * <p>
 * <code>LineIterator holds a reference to an open Reader.
 * When you have finished with the iterator you should close the reader
 * to free internal resources. This can be done by closing the reader directly,
 * or by calling the {@link #close()} or {@link #closeQuietly(LineIterator)}
 * method on the iterator.
 * <p>
 * The recommended usage pattern is:
 * <pre>
 * LineIterator it = FileUtils.lineIterator(file, "UTF-8");
 * try {
 *   while (it.hasNext()) {
 *     String line = it.nextLine();
 *     // do something with line
 *   }
 * } finally {
 *   it.close();
 * }
 * </pre>
 *
 * @author Niall Pemberton
 * @author Stephen Colebourne
 * @author Sandy McArthur
 * @version $Id: LineIterator.java 1022322 2010-10-13 23:20:42Z ggregory $
 * @since Commons IO 1.2
 */
public class LineIterator implements Iterator<String> {

    /** The reader that is being read. */
    private final BufferedReader bufferedReader;
    /** The current line. */
    private String cachedLine;
    /** A flag indicating if the iterator has been fully read. */
    private boolean finished = false;

    /**
     * Constructs an iterator of the lines for a <code>Reader.
     *
     * @param reader the <code>Reader to read from, not null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the reader is null
     */
    public LineIterator(final Reader reader) throws IllegalArgumentException {
        if (reader == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Reader must not be null");
        }
        if (reader instanceof BufferedReader) {
            bufferedReader = (BufferedReader) reader;
        } else {
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(reader);
        }
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Indicates whether the <code>Reader has more lines.
     * If there is an <code>IOException then {@link #close()} will
     * be called on this instance.
     *
     * @return <code>true if the Reader has more lines
     * @throws IllegalStateException if an IO exception occurs
     */
    public boolean hasNext() {
        if (cachedLine != null) {
            return true;
        } else if (finished) {
            return false;
        } else {
            try {
                while (true) {
                    String line = bufferedReader.readLine();
                    if (line == null) {
                        finished = true;
                        return false;
                    } else if (isValidLine(line)) {
                        cachedLine = line;
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            } catch(IOException ioe) {
                close();
                throw new IllegalStateException(ioe);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Overridable method to validate each line that is returned.
     *
     * @param line  the line that is to be validated
     * @return true if valid, false to remove from the iterator
     */
    protected boolean isValidLine(String line) {
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the next line in the wrapped <code>Reader.
     *
     * @return the next line from the input
     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no line to return
     */
    public String next() {
        return nextLine();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the next line in the wrapped <code>Reader.
     *
     * @return the next line from the input
     * @throws NoSuchElementException if there is no line to return
     */
    public String nextLine() {
        if (!hasNext()) {
            throw new NoSuchElementException("No more lines");
        }
        String currentLine = cachedLine;
        cachedLine = null;
        return currentLine;        
    }

    /**
     * Closes the underlying <code>Reader quietly.
     * This method is useful if you only want to process the first few
     * lines of a larger file. If you do not close the iterator
     * then the <code>Reader remains open.
     * This method can safely be called multiple times.
     */
    public void close() {
        finished = true;
        IOUtils.closeQuietly(bufferedReader);
        cachedLine = null;
    }

    /**
     * Unsupported.
     *
     * @throws UnsupportedOperationException always
     */
    public void remove() {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Remove unsupported on LineIterator");
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Closes the iterator, handling null and ignoring exceptions.
     *
     * @param iterator  the iterator to close
     */
    public static void closeQuietly(LineIterator iterator) {
        if (iterator != null) {
            iterator.close();
        }
    }

}

Other Commons IO examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Commons IO LineIterator.java source code file:



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