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Java example source code file (RandomCirclePointGenerator.java)

This example Java source code file (RandomCirclePointGenerator.java) is included in the alvinalexander.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Learn more about this Java project at its project page.

Java - Java tags/keywords

deprecated, normaldistribution, randomcirclepointgenerator, randomgenerator, realdistribution, uniformrealdistribution, vector2d, well44497b

The RandomCirclePointGenerator.java Java example source code

 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

package org.apache.commons.math3.optimization.general;

import org.apache.commons.math3.random.RandomGenerator;
import org.apache.commons.math3.random.Well44497b;
import org.apache.commons.math3.util.MathUtils;
import org.apache.commons.math3.util.FastMath;
import org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.RealDistribution;
import org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.UniformRealDistribution;
import org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.NormalDistribution;
import org.apache.commons.math3.geometry.euclidean.twod.Vector2D;

 * Factory for generating a cloud of points that approximate a circle.
public class RandomCirclePointGenerator {
    /** RNG for the x-coordinate of the center. */
    private final RealDistribution cX;
    /** RNG for the y-coordinate of the center. */
    private final RealDistribution cY;
    /** RNG for the parametric position of the point. */
    private final RealDistribution tP;
    /** Radius of the circle. */
    private final double radius;

     * @param x Abscissa of the circle center.
     * @param y Ordinate of the circle center.
     * @param radius Radius of the circle.
     * @param xSigma Error on the x-coordinate of the circumference points.
     * @param ySigma Error on the y-coordinate of the circumference points.
     * @param seed RNG seed.
    public RandomCirclePointGenerator(double x,
                                      double y,
                                      double radius,
                                      double xSigma,
                                      double ySigma,
                                      long seed) {
        final RandomGenerator rng = new Well44497b(seed);
        this.radius = radius;
        cX = new NormalDistribution(rng, x, xSigma,
        cY = new NormalDistribution(rng, y, ySigma,
        tP = new UniformRealDistribution(rng, 0, MathUtils.TWO_PI,

     * Point generator.
     * @param n Number of points to create.
     * @return the cloud of {@code n} points.
    public Vector2D[] generate(int n) {
        final Vector2D[] cloud = new Vector2D[n];
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            cloud[i] = create();
        return cloud;

     * Create one point.
     * @return a point.
    private Vector2D create() {
        final double t = tP.sample();
        final double pX = cX.sample() + radius * FastMath.cos(t);
        final double pY = cY.sample() + radius * FastMath.sin(t);

        return new Vector2D(pX, pY);

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