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Commons Net example source code file (

This example Commons Net source code file ( is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons Net tags/keywords

datagrampacket, datagrampacket, datagramsocketclient, date, date, default_port, default_port, io, ioexception, ioexception, net, network, seconds_1900_to_1970, timeudpclient, util

The Commons Net source code

 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.


import java.util.Date;


 * The TimeUDPClient class is a UDP implementation of a client for the
 * Time protocol described in RFC 868.  To use the class, merely
 * open a local datagram socket with
 * {@link  open }
 * and call {@link #getTime  getTime } or
 * {@link #getTime  getDate } to retrieve the time. Then call
 * {@link  close }
 * to close the connection properly.  Unlike
 * {@link},
 * successive calls to {@link #getTime  getTime } or
 * {@link #getDate  getDate } are permitted
 * without re-establishing a connection.  That is because UDP is a
 * connectionless protocol and the Time protocol is stateless.
 * <p>
 * <p>
 * @see TimeTCPClient

public final class TimeUDPClient extends DatagramSocketClient
    /*** The default time port.  It is set to 37 according to RFC 868. ***/
    public static final int DEFAULT_PORT = 37;

     * The number of seconds between 00:00 1 January 1900 and
     * 00:00 1 January 1970.  This value can be useful for converting
     * time values to other formats.
    public static final long SECONDS_1900_TO_1970 = 2208988800L;

    private final byte[] __dummyData = new byte[1];
    private final byte[] __timeData = new byte[4];

     * Retrieves the time from the specified server and port and
     * returns it. The time is the number of seconds since
     * 00:00 (midnight) 1 January 1900 GMT, as specified by RFC 868.
     * This method reads the raw 32-bit big-endian
     * unsigned integer from the server, converts it to a Java long, and
     * returns the value.
     * <p>
     * @param host The address of the server.
     * @param port The port of the service.
     * @return The time value retrieved from the server.
     * @exception IOException If an error occurs while retrieving the time.
    public long getTime(InetAddress host, int port) throws IOException
        long time;
        DatagramPacket sendPacket, receivePacket;

        sendPacket =
            new DatagramPacket(__dummyData, __dummyData.length, host, port);
        receivePacket = new DatagramPacket(__timeData, __timeData.length);


        time = 0L;
        time |= (((__timeData[0] & 0xff) << 24) & 0xffffffffL);
        time |= (((__timeData[1] & 0xff) << 16) & 0xffffffffL);
        time |= (((__timeData[2] & 0xff) << 8) & 0xffffffffL);
        time |= ((__timeData[3] & 0xff) & 0xffffffffL);

        return time;

    /*** Same as <code> getTime(host, DEFAULT_PORT);  ***/
    public long getTime(InetAddress host) throws IOException
        return getTime(host, DEFAULT_PORT);

     * Retrieves the time from the server and returns a Java Date
     * containing the time converted to the local timezone.
     * <p>
     * @param host The address of the server.
     * @param port The port of the service.
     * @return A Date value containing the time retrieved from the server
     *     converted to the local timezone.
     * @exception IOException  If an error occurs while fetching the time.
    public Date getDate(InetAddress host, int port) throws IOException
        return new Date((getTime(host, port) - SECONDS_1900_TO_1970)*1000L);

    /*** Same as <code> getTime(host, DEFAULT_PORT);  ***/
    public Date getDate(InetAddress host) throws IOException
        return new Date((getTime(host, DEFAULT_PORT) -


Other Commons Net examples (source code examples)

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