| career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix  

Groovy example source code file (

This example Groovy source code file ( is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Groovy tags/keywords

acc_public, blockstatement, classnode, classnode, expressionstatement, io, list, list, my_type_name, objectinput_type, parameter, parameter, string, util, variableexpression, variableexpression

The Groovy source code

 * Copyright 2008-2010 the original author or authors.
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
package org.codehaus.groovy.transform;

import groovy.transform.AutoExternalize;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.ASTNode;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.AnnotatedNode;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.AnnotationNode;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.ClassHelper;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.ClassNode;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.FieldNode;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.Parameter;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.expr.BinaryExpression;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.expr.Expression;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.expr.MethodCallExpression;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.expr.VariableExpression;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.stmt.BlockStatement;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.stmt.ExpressionStatement;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.CompilePhase;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.SourceUnit;
import org.codehaus.groovy.syntax.Token;
import org.codehaus.groovy.syntax.Types;

import java.util.List;

import static org.codehaus.groovy.transform.AbstractASTTransformUtil.getInstanceNonPropertyFields;
import static org.codehaus.groovy.transform.AbstractASTTransformUtil.getInstancePropertyFields;

 * Handles generation of code for the @AutoExternalize annotation.
 * @author Paul King
@GroovyASTTransformation(phase = CompilePhase.CANONICALIZATION)
public class AutoExternalizeASTTransformation extends AbstractASTTransformation {
    static final Class MY_CLASS = AutoExternalize.class;
    static final ClassNode MY_TYPE = ClassHelper.make(MY_CLASS);
    static final String MY_TYPE_NAME = "@" + MY_TYPE.getNameWithoutPackage();
    private static final ClassNode EXTERNALIZABLE_TYPE = ClassHelper.make(Externalizable.class);
    private static final ClassNode OBJECTOUTPUT_TYPE = ClassHelper.make(ObjectOutput.class);
    private static final ClassNode OBJECTINPUT_TYPE = ClassHelper.make(ObjectInput.class);
    private static final Token ASSIGN = Token.newSymbol(Types.ASSIGN, -1, -1);

    public void visit(ASTNode[] nodes, SourceUnit source) {
        init(nodes, source);
        AnnotatedNode parent = (AnnotatedNode) nodes[1];
        AnnotationNode anno = (AnnotationNode) nodes[0];
        if (!MY_TYPE.equals(anno.getClassNode())) return;

        if (parent instanceof ClassNode) {
            ClassNode cNode = (ClassNode) parent;
            checkNotInterface(cNode, MY_TYPE_NAME);
            boolean includeFields = memberHasValue(anno, "includeFields", true);
            List<String> excludes = tokenize((String) getMemberValue(anno, "excludes"));
            List<FieldNode> list = getInstancePropertyFields(cNode);
            if (includeFields) {
            createWriteExternal(cNode, excludes, list);
            createReadExternal(cNode, excludes, list);

    private void createWriteExternal(ClassNode cNode, List<String> excludes, List list) {
        final BlockStatement body = new BlockStatement();
        VariableExpression out = new VariableExpression("out", OBJECTOUTPUT_TYPE);
        for (FieldNode fNode : list) {
            if (excludes.contains(fNode.getName())) continue;
            if ((fNode.getModifiers() & ACC_TRANSIENT) != 0) continue;
            body.addStatement(new ExpressionStatement(new MethodCallExpression(out, "write" + suffixForField(fNode), new VariableExpression(fNode))));
        ClassNode[] exceptions = {ClassHelper.make(IOException.class)};
        cNode.addMethod("writeExternal", ACC_PUBLIC, ClassHelper.VOID_TYPE, new Parameter[]{new Parameter(OBJECTOUTPUT_TYPE, "out")}, exceptions, body);

    private void createReadExternal(ClassNode cNode, List<String> excludes, List list) {
        final BlockStatement body = new BlockStatement();
        final Expression oin = new VariableExpression("oin", OBJECTINPUT_TYPE);
        for (FieldNode fNode : list) {
            if (excludes.contains(fNode.getName())) continue;
            if ((fNode.getModifiers() & ACC_TRANSIENT) != 0) continue;
            Expression readObject = new MethodCallExpression(oin, "read" + suffixForField(fNode), MethodCallExpression.NO_ARGUMENTS);
            body.addStatement(new ExpressionStatement(new BinaryExpression(new VariableExpression(fNode), ASSIGN, readObject)));
        cNode.addMethod("readExternal", ACC_PUBLIC, ClassHelper.VOID_TYPE, new Parameter[]{new Parameter(OBJECTINPUT_TYPE, "oin")}, ClassNode.EMPTY_ARRAY, body);

    private String suffixForField(FieldNode fNode) {
        // use primitives for efficiently
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.int_TYPE) return "Int";
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.boolean_TYPE) return "Boolean";
//        currently char isn't found due to a bug, so go with Object
//        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.char_TYPE) return "Char";
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.long_TYPE) return "Long";
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.short_TYPE) return "Short";
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.byte_TYPE) return "Byte";
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.float_TYPE) return "Float";
        if (fNode.getType() == ClassHelper.double_TYPE) return "Double";
        return "Object";

Other Groovy examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Groovy source code file:

... this post is sponsored by my books ...

#1 New Release!

FP Best Seller


new blog posts


Copyright 1998-2021 Alvin Alexander,
All Rights Reserved.

A percentage of advertising revenue from
pages under the /java/jwarehouse URI on this website is
paid back to open source projects.