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Java example source code file (Doubles.java)

This example Java source code file (Doubles.java) is included in the alvinalexander.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Learn more about this Java project at its project page.

Java - Java tags/keywords

annotation, beta, double, doublearrayaslist, doubleconverter, gwtcompatible, gwtincompatible, instance, invalid, object, override, regex, serializable, string, stringbuilder, util, xdigit

The Doubles.java Java example source code

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2008 The Guava Authors
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except
 * in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License
 * is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express
 * or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
 * the License.
 */

package com.google.common.primitives;

import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkArgument;
import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkElementIndex;
import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkNotNull;
import static com.google.common.base.Preconditions.checkPositionIndexes;
import static java.lang.Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY;
import static java.lang.Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY;

import com.google.common.annotations.Beta;
import com.google.common.annotations.GwtCompatible;
import com.google.common.annotations.GwtIncompatible;
import com.google.common.base.Converter;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.AbstractList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.RandomAccess;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.annotation.CheckForNull;
import javax.annotation.Nullable;

/**
 * Static utility methods pertaining to {@code double} primitives, that are not already found in
 * either {@link Double} or {@link Arrays}.
 *
 * <p>See the Guava User Guide article on
 * <a href="https://github.com/google/guava/wiki/PrimitivesExplained">primitive utilities.
 *
 * @author Kevin Bourrillion
 * @since 1.0
 */
@GwtCompatible(emulated = true)
public final class Doubles {
  private Doubles() {}

  /**
   * The number of bytes required to represent a primitive {@code double} value.
   *
   * @since 10.0
   */
  public static final int BYTES = Double.SIZE / Byte.SIZE;

  /**
   * Returns a hash code for {@code value}; equal to the result of invoking
   * {@code ((Double) value).hashCode()}.
   *
   * @param value a primitive {@code double} value
   * @return a hash code for the value
   */
  public static int hashCode(double value) {
    return ((Double) value).hashCode();
    // TODO(kevinb): do it this way when we can (GWT problem):
    // long bits = Double.doubleToLongBits(value);
    // return (int) (bits ^ (bits >>> 32));
  }

  /**
   * Compares the two specified {@code double} values. The sign of the value returned is the same as
   * that of <code>((Double) a).{@linkplain Double#compareTo compareTo}(b). As with that
   * method, {@code NaN} is treated as greater than all other values, and {@code 0.0 > -0.0}.
   *
   * <p>Note: this method simply delegates to the JDK method {@link Double#compare}. It is
   * provided for consistency with the other primitive types, whose compare methods were not added
   * to the JDK until JDK 7.
   *
   * @param a the first {@code double} to compare
   * @param b the second {@code double} to compare
   * @return a negative value if {@code a} is less than {@code b}; a positive value if {@code a} is
   *     greater than {@code b}; or zero if they are equal
   */
  public static int compare(double a, double b) {
    return Double.compare(a, b);
  }

  /**
   * Returns {@code true} if {@code value} represents a real number. This is equivalent to, but not
   * necessarily implemented as, {@code !(Double.isInfinite(value) || Double.isNaN(value))}.
   *
   * @since 10.0
   */
  public static boolean isFinite(double value) {
    return NEGATIVE_INFINITY < value & value < POSITIVE_INFINITY;
  }

  /**
   * Returns {@code true} if {@code target} is present as an element anywhere in {@code array}. Note
   * that this always returns {@code false} when {@code target} is {@code NaN}.
   *
   * @param array an array of {@code double} values, possibly empty
   * @param target a primitive {@code double} value
   * @return {@code true} if {@code array[i] == target} for some value of {@code
   *     i}
   */
  public static boolean contains(double[] array, double target) {
    for (double value : array) {
      if (value == target) {
        return true;
      }
    }
    return false;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the index of the first appearance of the value {@code target} in {@code array}. Note
   * that this always returns {@code -1} when {@code target} is {@code NaN}.
   *
   * @param array an array of {@code double} values, possibly empty
   * @param target a primitive {@code double} value
   * @return the least index {@code i} for which {@code array[i] == target}, or {@code -1} if no
   *     such index exists.
   */
  public static int indexOf(double[] array, double target) {
    return indexOf(array, target, 0, array.length);
  }

  // TODO(kevinb): consider making this public
  private static int indexOf(double[] array, double target, int start, int end) {
    for (int i = start; i < end; i++) {
      if (array[i] == target) {
        return i;
      }
    }
    return -1;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the start position of the first occurrence of the specified {@code
   * target} within {@code array}, or {@code -1} if there is no such occurrence.
   *
   * <p>More formally, returns the lowest index {@code i} such that
   * {@code Arrays.copyOfRange(array, i, i + target.length)} contains exactly the same elements as
   * {@code target}.
   *
   * <p>Note that this always returns {@code -1} when {@code target} contains {@code NaN}.
   *
   * @param array the array to search for the sequence {@code target}
   * @param target the array to search for as a sub-sequence of {@code array}
   */
  public static int indexOf(double[] array, double[] target) {
    checkNotNull(array, "array");
    checkNotNull(target, "target");
    if (target.length == 0) {
      return 0;
    }

    outer:
    for (int i = 0; i < array.length - target.length + 1; i++) {
      for (int j = 0; j < target.length; j++) {
        if (array[i + j] != target[j]) {
          continue outer;
        }
      }
      return i;
    }
    return -1;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the index of the last appearance of the value {@code target} in {@code array}. Note
   * that this always returns {@code -1} when {@code target} is {@code NaN}.
   *
   * @param array an array of {@code double} values, possibly empty
   * @param target a primitive {@code double} value
   * @return the greatest index {@code i} for which {@code array[i] == target}, or {@code -1} if no
   *     such index exists.
   */
  public static int lastIndexOf(double[] array, double target) {
    return lastIndexOf(array, target, 0, array.length);
  }

  // TODO(kevinb): consider making this public
  private static int lastIndexOf(double[] array, double target, int start, int end) {
    for (int i = end - 1; i >= start; i--) {
      if (array[i] == target) {
        return i;
      }
    }
    return -1;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the least value present in {@code array}, using the same rules of comparison as
   * {@link Math#min(double, double)}.
   *
   * @param array a <i>nonempty array of {@code double} values
   * @return the value present in {@code array} that is less than or equal to every other value in
   *     the array
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if {@code array} is empty
   */
  public static double min(double... array) {
    checkArgument(array.length > 0);
    double min = array[0];
    for (int i = 1; i < array.length; i++) {
      min = Math.min(min, array[i]);
    }
    return min;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the greatest value present in {@code array}, using the same rules of comparison as
   * {@link Math#max(double, double)}.
   *
   * @param array a <i>nonempty array of {@code double} values
   * @return the value present in {@code array} that is greater than or equal to every other value
   *     in the array
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if {@code array} is empty
   */
  public static double max(double... array) {
    checkArgument(array.length > 0);
    double max = array[0];
    for (int i = 1; i < array.length; i++) {
      max = Math.max(max, array[i]);
    }
    return max;
  }

  /**
   * Returns the values from each provided array combined into a single array. For example,
   * {@code concat(new double[] {a, b}, new double[] {}, new double[] {c}} returns the array
   * {@code {a, b, c}}.
   *
   * @param arrays zero or more {@code double} arrays
   * @return a single array containing all the values from the source arrays, in order
   */
  public static double[] concat(double[]... arrays) {
    int length = 0;
    for (double[] array : arrays) {
      length += array.length;
    }
    double[] result = new double[length];
    int pos = 0;
    for (double[] array : arrays) {
      System.arraycopy(array, 0, result, pos, array.length);
      pos += array.length;
    }
    return result;
  }

  private static final class DoubleConverter extends Converter<String, Double>
      implements Serializable {
    static final DoubleConverter INSTANCE = new DoubleConverter();

    @Override
    protected Double doForward(String value) {
      return Double.valueOf(value);
    }

    @Override
    protected String doBackward(Double value) {
      return value.toString();
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
      return "Doubles.stringConverter()";
    }

    private Object readResolve() {
      return INSTANCE;
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a serializable converter object that converts between strings and doubles using
   * {@link Double#valueOf} and {@link Double#toString()}.
   *
   * @since 16.0
   */
  @Beta
  public static Converter<String, Double> stringConverter() {
    return DoubleConverter.INSTANCE;
  }

  /**
   * Returns an array containing the same values as {@code array}, but guaranteed to be of a
   * specified minimum length. If {@code array} already has a length of at least {@code minLength},
   * it is returned directly. Otherwise, a new array of size {@code minLength + padding} is
   * returned, containing the values of {@code array}, and zeroes in the remaining places.
   *
   * @param array the source array
   * @param minLength the minimum length the returned array must guarantee
   * @param padding an extra amount to "grow" the array by if growth is necessary
   * @throws IllegalArgumentException if {@code minLength} or {@code padding} is negative
   * @return an array containing the values of {@code array}, with guaranteed minimum length
   *     {@code minLength}
   */
  public static double[] ensureCapacity(double[] array, int minLength, int padding) {
    checkArgument(minLength >= 0, "Invalid minLength: %s", minLength);
    checkArgument(padding >= 0, "Invalid padding: %s", padding);
    return (array.length < minLength) ? Arrays.copyOf(array, minLength + padding) : array;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a string containing the supplied {@code double} values, converted to strings as
   * specified by {@link Double#toString(double)}, and separated by {@code separator}. For example,
   * {@code join("-", 1.0, 2.0, 3.0)} returns the string {@code "1.0-2.0-3.0"}.
   *
   * <p>Note that {@link Double#toString(double)} formats {@code double} differently in GWT
   * sometimes. In the previous example, it returns the string {@code "1-2-3"}.
   *
   * @param separator the text that should appear between consecutive values in the resulting string
   *     (but not at the start or end)
   * @param array an array of {@code double} values, possibly empty
   */
  public static String join(String separator, double... array) {
    checkNotNull(separator);
    if (array.length == 0) {
      return "";
    }

    // For pre-sizing a builder, just get the right order of magnitude
    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder(array.length * 12);
    builder.append(array[0]);
    for (int i = 1; i < array.length; i++) {
      builder.append(separator).append(array[i]);
    }
    return builder.toString();
  }

  /**
   * Returns a comparator that compares two {@code double} arrays <a
   * href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexicographical_order">lexicographically</a>. That is, it
   * compares, using {@link #compare(double, double)}), the first pair of values that follow any
   * common prefix, or when one array is a prefix of the other, treats the shorter array as the
   * lesser. For example, {@code [] < [1.0] < [1.0, 2.0] < [2.0]}.
   *
   * <p>The returned comparator is inconsistent with {@link Object#equals(Object)} (since arrays
   * support only identity equality), but it is consistent with
   * {@link Arrays#equals(double[], double[])}.
   *
   * @since 2.0
   */
  public static Comparator<double[]> lexicographicalComparator() {
    return LexicographicalComparator.INSTANCE;
  }

  private enum LexicographicalComparator implements Comparator<double[]> {
    INSTANCE;

    @Override
    public int compare(double[] left, double[] right) {
      int minLength = Math.min(left.length, right.length);
      for (int i = 0; i < minLength; i++) {
        int result = Double.compare(left[i], right[i]);
        if (result != 0) {
          return result;
        }
      }
      return left.length - right.length;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
      return "Doubles.lexicographicalComparator()";
    }
  }

  /**
   * Returns an array containing each value of {@code collection}, converted to a {@code double}
   * value in the manner of {@link Number#doubleValue}.
   *
   * <p>Elements are copied from the argument collection as if by {@code
   * collection.toArray()}. Calling this method is as thread-safe as calling that method.
   *
   * @param collection a collection of {@code Number} instances
   * @return an array containing the same values as {@code collection}, in the same order, converted
   *     to primitives
   * @throws NullPointerException if {@code collection} or any of its elements is null
   * @since 1.0 (parameter was {@code Collection<Double>} before 12.0)
   */
  public static double[] toArray(Collection<? extends Number> collection) {
    if (collection instanceof DoubleArrayAsList) {
      return ((DoubleArrayAsList) collection).toDoubleArray();
    }

    Object[] boxedArray = collection.toArray();
    int len = boxedArray.length;
    double[] array = new double[len];
    for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
      // checkNotNull for GWT (do not optimize)
      array[i] = ((Number) checkNotNull(boxedArray[i])).doubleValue();
    }
    return array;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a fixed-size list backed by the specified array, similar to
   * {@link Arrays#asList(Object[])}. The list supports {@link List#set(int, Object)}, but any
   * attempt to set a value to {@code null} will result in a {@link NullPointerException}.
   *
   * <p>The returned list maintains the values, but not the identities, of {@code Double} objects
   * written to or read from it. For example, whether {@code list.get(0) == list.get(0)} is true for
   * the returned list is unspecified.
   *
   * <p>The returned list may have unexpected behavior if it contains {@code
   * NaN}, or if {@code NaN} is used as a parameter to any of its methods.
   *
   * @param backingArray the array to back the list
   * @return a list view of the array
   */
  public static List<Double> asList(double... backingArray) {
    if (backingArray.length == 0) {
      return Collections.emptyList();
    }
    return new DoubleArrayAsList(backingArray);
  }

  @GwtCompatible
  private static class DoubleArrayAsList extends AbstractList<Double>
      implements RandomAccess, Serializable {
    final double[] array;
    final int start;
    final int end;

    DoubleArrayAsList(double[] array) {
      this(array, 0, array.length);
    }

    DoubleArrayAsList(double[] array, int start, int end) {
      this.array = array;
      this.start = start;
      this.end = end;
    }

    @Override
    public int size() {
      return end - start;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isEmpty() {
      return false;
    }

    @Override
    public Double get(int index) {
      checkElementIndex(index, size());
      return array[start + index];
    }

    @Override
    public boolean contains(Object target) {
      // Overridden to prevent a ton of boxing
      return (target instanceof Double)
          && Doubles.indexOf(array, (Double) target, start, end) != -1;
    }

    @Override
    public int indexOf(Object target) {
      // Overridden to prevent a ton of boxing
      if (target instanceof Double) {
        int i = Doubles.indexOf(array, (Double) target, start, end);
        if (i >= 0) {
          return i - start;
        }
      }
      return -1;
    }

    @Override
    public int lastIndexOf(Object target) {
      // Overridden to prevent a ton of boxing
      if (target instanceof Double) {
        int i = Doubles.lastIndexOf(array, (Double) target, start, end);
        if (i >= 0) {
          return i - start;
        }
      }
      return -1;
    }

    @Override
    public Double set(int index, Double element) {
      checkElementIndex(index, size());
      double oldValue = array[start + index];
      // checkNotNull for GWT (do not optimize)
      array[start + index] = checkNotNull(element);
      return oldValue;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Double> subList(int fromIndex, int toIndex) {
      int size = size();
      checkPositionIndexes(fromIndex, toIndex, size);
      if (fromIndex == toIndex) {
        return Collections.emptyList();
      }
      return new DoubleArrayAsList(array, start + fromIndex, start + toIndex);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean equals(@Nullable Object object) {
      if (object == this) {
        return true;
      }
      if (object instanceof DoubleArrayAsList) {
        DoubleArrayAsList that = (DoubleArrayAsList) object;
        int size = size();
        if (that.size() != size) {
          return false;
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
          if (array[start + i] != that.array[that.start + i]) {
            return false;
          }
        }
        return true;
      }
      return super.equals(object);
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
      int result = 1;
      for (int i = start; i < end; i++) {
        result = 31 * result + Doubles.hashCode(array[i]);
      }
      return result;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
      StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder(size() * 12);
      builder.append('[').append(array[start]);
      for (int i = start + 1; i < end; i++) {
        builder.append(", ").append(array[i]);
      }
      return builder.append(']').toString();
    }

    double[] toDoubleArray() {
      // Arrays.copyOfRange() is not available under GWT
      int size = size();
      double[] result = new double[size];
      System.arraycopy(array, start, result, 0, size);
      return result;
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 0;
  }

  /**
   * This is adapted from the regex suggested by {@link Double#valueOf(String)} for prevalidating
   * inputs. All valid inputs must pass this regex, but it's semantically fine if not all inputs
   * that pass this regex are valid -- only a performance hit is incurred, not a semantics bug.
   */
  @GwtIncompatible // regular expressions
  static final Pattern FLOATING_POINT_PATTERN = fpPattern();

  @GwtIncompatible // regular expressions
  private static Pattern fpPattern() {
    String decimal = "(?:\\d++(?:\\.\\d*+)?|\\.\\d++)";
    String completeDec = decimal + "(?:[eE][+-]?\\d++)?[fFdD]?";
    String hex = "(?:\\p{XDigit}++(?:\\.\\p{XDigit}*+)?|\\.\\p{XDigit}++)";
    String completeHex = "0[xX]" + hex + "[pP][+-]?\\d++[fFdD]?";
    String fpPattern = "[+-]?(?:NaN|Infinity|" + completeDec + "|" + completeHex + ")";
    return Pattern.compile(fpPattern);
  }

  /**
   * Parses the specified string as a double-precision floating point value. The ASCII character
   * {@code '-'} (<code>'\u002D') is recognized as the minus sign.
   *
   * <p>Unlike {@link Double#parseDouble(String)}, this method returns {@code null} instead of
   * throwing an exception if parsing fails. Valid inputs are exactly those accepted by
   * {@link Double#valueOf(String)}, except that leading and trailing whitespace is not permitted.
   *
   * <p>This implementation is likely to be faster than {@code
   * Double.parseDouble} if many failures are expected.
   *
   * @param string the string representation of a {@code double} value
   * @return the floating point value represented by {@code string}, or {@code null} if
   *     {@code string} has a length of zero or cannot be parsed as a {@code double} value
   * @since 14.0
   */
  @Beta
  @Nullable
  @CheckForNull
  @GwtIncompatible // regular expressions
  public static Double tryParse(String string) {
    if (FLOATING_POINT_PATTERN.matcher(string).matches()) {
      // TODO(lowasser): could be potentially optimized, but only with
      // extensive testing
      try {
        return Double.parseDouble(string);
      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
        // Double.parseDouble has changed specs several times, so fall through
        // gracefully
      }
    }
    return null;
  }
}

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