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Java example source code file (TypeConversionTest.java)

This example Java source code file (TypeConversionTest.java) is included in the alvinalexander.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Learn more about this Java project at its project page.

Java - Java tags/keywords

abstractmodule, annotation, bindingannotation, configurationexception, creationexception, customconverter, date, error, inject, injector, numericvalue, outermodule, override, retention, typeconverter, util

The TypeConversionTest.java Java example source code

/**
 * Copyright (C) 2006 Google Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.google.inject;

import static com.google.inject.Asserts.asModuleChain;
import static com.google.inject.Asserts.assertContains;
import static com.google.inject.Asserts.getDeclaringSourcePart;
import static java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME;

import com.google.common.collect.Iterables;
import com.google.inject.matcher.Matchers;
import com.google.inject.spi.ConvertedConstantBinding;
import com.google.inject.spi.TypeConverter;
import com.google.inject.spi.TypeConverterBinding;

import junit.framework.AssertionFailedError;
import junit.framework.TestCase;

import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * @author crazybob@google.com (Bob Lee)
 */
public class TypeConversionTest extends TestCase {

  @Retention(RUNTIME)
  @BindingAnnotation @interface NumericValue {}

  @Retention(RUNTIME)
  @BindingAnnotation @interface BooleanValue {}

  @Retention(RUNTIME)
  @BindingAnnotation @interface EnumValue {}

  @Retention(RUNTIME)
  @BindingAnnotation @interface ClassName {}

  public static class Foo {
    @Inject @BooleanValue Boolean booleanField;
    @Inject @BooleanValue boolean primitiveBooleanField;
    @Inject @NumericValue Byte byteField;
    @Inject @NumericValue byte primitiveByteField;
    @Inject @NumericValue Short shortField;
    @Inject @NumericValue short primitiveShortField;
    @Inject @NumericValue Integer integerField;
    @Inject @NumericValue int primitiveIntField;
    @Inject @NumericValue Long longField;
    @Inject @NumericValue long primitiveLongField;
    @Inject @NumericValue Float floatField;
    @Inject @NumericValue float primitiveFloatField;
    @Inject @NumericValue Double doubleField;
    @Inject @NumericValue double primitiveDoubleField;
    @Inject @EnumValue Bar enumField;
    @Inject @ClassName Class<?> classField;
  }

  public enum Bar {
    TEE, BAZ, BOB
  }

  public void testOneConstantInjection() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("5");
        bind(Simple.class);
      }
    });

    Simple simple = injector.getInstance(Simple.class);
    assertEquals(5, simple.i);
  }

  static class Simple {
    @Inject @NumericValue int i;
  }

  public void testConstantInjection() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("5");
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(BooleanValue.class).to("true");
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(EnumValue.class).to("TEE");
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(ClassName.class).to(Foo.class.getName());
      }
    });

    Foo foo = injector.getInstance(Foo.class);

    checkNumbers(
      foo.integerField,
      foo.primitiveIntField,
      foo.longField,
      foo.primitiveLongField,
      foo.byteField,
      foo.primitiveByteField,
      foo.shortField,
      foo.primitiveShortField,
      foo.floatField,
      foo.primitiveFloatField,
      foo.doubleField,
      foo.primitiveDoubleField
    );

    assertEquals(Bar.TEE, foo.enumField);
    assertEquals(Foo.class, foo.classField);
  }

  public void testConstantInjectionWithExplicitBindingsRequired() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        binder().requireExplicitBindings();
        bind(Foo.class);
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("5");
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(BooleanValue.class).to("true");
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(EnumValue.class).to("TEE");
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(ClassName.class).to(Foo.class.getName());
      }
    });

    Foo foo = injector.getInstance(Foo.class);

    checkNumbers(
      foo.integerField,
      foo.primitiveIntField,
      foo.longField,
      foo.primitiveLongField,
      foo.byteField,
      foo.primitiveByteField,
      foo.shortField,
      foo.primitiveShortField,
      foo.floatField,
      foo.primitiveFloatField,
      foo.doubleField,
      foo.primitiveDoubleField
    );

    assertEquals(Bar.TEE, foo.enumField);
    assertEquals(Foo.class, foo.classField);
  }

  void checkNumbers(Number... ns) {
    for (Number n : ns) {
      assertEquals(5, n.intValue());
    }
  }

  static class OuterErrorModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      install(new InnerErrorModule());
    }
  }

  static class InnerErrorModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("invalid");
    }
  }

  public void testInvalidInteger() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new OuterErrorModule());
    try {
      injector.getInstance(InvalidInteger.class);
      fail();
    } catch (ConfigurationException expected) {
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(),
          "Error converting 'invalid' (bound at " + InnerErrorModule.class.getName()
              + getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(OuterErrorModule.class, InnerErrorModule.class),
          "using TypeConverter<Integer> which matches identicalTo(class java.lang.Integer)"
              + " (bound at [unknown source]).",
          "Reason: java.lang.RuntimeException: For input string: \"invalid\"");
    }
  }

  public static class InvalidInteger {
    @Inject @NumericValue Integer integerField;
  }

  public void testInvalidCharacter() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("invalid");
      }
    });

    try {
      injector.getInstance(InvalidCharacter.class);
      fail();
    } catch (ConfigurationException expected) {
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(), "Error converting 'invalid'");
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(), "bound at " + getClass().getName());
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(), "to java.lang.Character");
    }
  }

  public static class InvalidCharacter {
    @Inject @NumericValue char foo;
  }

  public void testInvalidEnum() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("invalid");
      }
    });

    try {
      injector.getInstance(InvalidEnum.class);
      fail();
    } catch (ConfigurationException expected) {
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(), "Error converting 'invalid'");
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(), "bound at " + getClass().getName());
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(), "to " + Bar.class.getName());
    }
  }

  public static class InvalidEnum {
    @Inject @NumericValue Bar foo;
  }

  public void testToInstanceIsTreatedLikeConstant() throws CreationException {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        bind(String.class).toInstance("5");
        bind(LongHolder.class);
      }
    });

    assertEquals(5L, (long) injector.getInstance(LongHolder.class).foo);
  }

  static class LongHolder {
    @Inject Long foo;
  }

  public void testCustomTypeConversion() throws CreationException {
    final Date result = new Date();

    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)) , mockTypeConverter(result));
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("Today");
        bind(DateHolder.class);
      }
    });

    assertSame(result, injector.getInstance(DateHolder.class).date);

    Binding<Date> binding = injector.getBinding(Key.get(Date.class, NumericValue.class));
    assertTrue(binding instanceof ConvertedConstantBinding<?>);

    TypeConverterBinding converterBinding = ((ConvertedConstantBinding<?>)binding).getTypeConverterBinding();
    assertEquals("CustomConverter", converterBinding.getTypeConverter().toString());

    assertTrue(injector.getTypeConverterBindings().contains(converterBinding));
  }

  static class InvalidCustomValueModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)), failingTypeConverter());
      bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("invalid");
      bind(DateHolder.class);
    }
  }

  public void testInvalidCustomValue() throws CreationException {
    Module module = new InvalidCustomValueModule();
    try {
      Guice.createInjector(module);
      fail();
    } catch (CreationException expected) {
      Throwable cause = Iterables.getOnlyElement(expected.getErrorMessages()).getCause();
      assertTrue(cause instanceof UnsupportedOperationException);
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(),
          "1) Error converting 'invalid' (bound at ", getClass().getName(),
          getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()), "to java.util.Date",
          "using BrokenConverter which matches only(java.util.Date) ",
          "(bound at " + getClass().getName(), getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          "Reason: java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException: Cannot convert",
          "at " + DateHolder.class.getName() + ".date(TypeConversionTest.java:");
    }
  }

  static class OuterModule extends AbstractModule {
    private final Module converterModule;
    OuterModule(Module converterModule) {
      this.converterModule = converterModule;
    }

    @Override protected void configure() {
      install(new InnerModule(converterModule));
    }
  }

  static class InnerModule extends AbstractModule {
    private final Module converterModule;
    InnerModule(Module converterModule) {
      this.converterModule = converterModule;
    }

    @Override protected void configure() {
      install(converterModule);
      bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("foo");
      bind(DateHolder.class);
    }
  }

  class ConverterNullModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)), mockTypeConverter(null));
    }
  }

  public void testNullCustomValue() {
    try {
      Guice.createInjector(new OuterModule(new ConverterNullModule()));
      fail();
    } catch (CreationException expected) {
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(),
          "1) Received null converting 'foo' (bound at ",
          getClass().getName(),
          getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(OuterModule.class, InnerModule.class),
          "to java.util.Date",
          "using CustomConverter which matches only(java.util.Date) ",
          "(bound at " + getClass().getName(),
          getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(OuterModule.class, InnerModule.class, ConverterNullModule.class),
          "at " + DateHolder.class.getName() + ".date(TypeConversionTest.java:",
          asModuleChain(OuterModule.class, InnerModule.class));
    }
  }

  class ConverterCustomModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)), mockTypeConverter(-1));
    }
  }

  public void testCustomValueTypeMismatch() {
    try {
      Guice.createInjector(new OuterModule(new ConverterCustomModule()));
      fail();
    } catch (CreationException expected) {
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(),
          "1) Type mismatch converting 'foo' (bound at ",
          getClass().getName(),
          getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(OuterModule.class, InnerModule.class),
          "to java.util.Date",
          "using CustomConverter which matches only(java.util.Date) ",
          "(bound at " + getClass().getName(),
          getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(OuterModule.class, InnerModule.class, ConverterCustomModule.class),
          "Converter returned -1.",
          "at " + DateHolder.class.getName() + ".date(TypeConversionTest.java:",
          asModuleChain(OuterModule.class, InnerModule.class));
    }
  }

  public void testStringIsConvertedOnlyOnce() {
    final TypeConverter converter = new TypeConverter() {
      boolean converted = false;
      public Object convert(String value, TypeLiteral<?> toType) {
        if (converted) {
          throw new AssertionFailedError("converted multiple times!");
        }
        converted = true;
        return new Date();
      }
    };

    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)), converter);
        bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("unused");
      }
    });

    Date first = injector.getInstance(Key.get(Date.class, NumericValue.class));
    Date second = injector.getInstance(Key.get(Date.class, NumericValue.class));
    assertSame(first, second);
  }

  class OuterAmbiguousModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      install(new InnerAmbiguousModule());
    }
  }

  class InnerAmbiguousModule extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      install(new Ambiguous1Module());
      install(new Ambiguous2Module());
      bindConstant().annotatedWith(NumericValue.class).to("foo");
      bind(DateHolder.class);
    }
  }

  class Ambiguous1Module extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)), mockTypeConverter(new Date()));
    }
  }

  class Ambiguous2Module extends AbstractModule {
    @Override protected void configure() {
      convertToTypes(Matchers.only(TypeLiteral.get(Date.class)), mockTypeConverter(new Date()));
    }
  }

  public void testAmbiguousTypeConversion() {
    try {
      Guice.createInjector(new OuterAmbiguousModule());
      fail();
    } catch (CreationException expected) {
      assertContains(expected.getMessage(),
          "1) Multiple converters can convert 'foo' (bound at ", getClass().getName(),
          getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(OuterAmbiguousModule.class, InnerAmbiguousModule.class),
          "to java.util.Date:",
          "CustomConverter which matches only(java.util.Date) (bound at "
              + Ambiguous1Module.class.getName()
              + getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(
              OuterAmbiguousModule.class, InnerAmbiguousModule.class, Ambiguous1Module.class),
          "and",
          "CustomConverter which matches only(java.util.Date) (bound at "
              + Ambiguous2Module.class.getName()
              + getDeclaringSourcePart(getClass()),
          asModuleChain(
              OuterAmbiguousModule.class, InnerAmbiguousModule.class, Ambiguous2Module.class),
          "Please adjust your type converter configuration to avoid overlapping matches.",
          "at " + DateHolder.class.getName() + ".date(TypeConversionTest.java:");
    }
  }

  TypeConverter mockTypeConverter(final Object result) {
    return new TypeConverter() {
      public Object convert(String value, TypeLiteral<?> toType) {
        return result;
      }

      @Override public String toString() {
        return "CustomConverter";
      }
    };
  }

  private static TypeConverter failingTypeConverter() {
    return new TypeConverter() {
      public Object convert(String value, TypeLiteral<?> toType) {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Cannot convert");
      }
      @Override public String toString() {
        return "BrokenConverter";
      }
    };
  }

  static class DateHolder {
    @Inject @NumericValue Date date;
  }

  public void testCannotConvertUnannotatedBindings() {
    Injector injector = Guice.createInjector(new AbstractModule() {
      @Override protected void configure() {
        bind(String.class).toInstance("55");
      }
    });

    try {
      injector.getInstance(Integer.class);
      fail("Converted an unannotated String to an Integer");
    } catch (ConfigurationException expected) {
      Asserts.assertContains(expected.getMessage(),
          "Could not find a suitable constructor in java.lang.Integer.");
    }
  }
}

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