| career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix  

What this is

This file is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Other links

The source code

 * Copyright (C) The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved.
 * This software is published under the terms of the Apache Software
 * License version 1.1, a copy of which has been included with this
 * distribution in the LICENSE.txt file.  */

// Contibutors:  Aaron Greenhouse 
//               Thomas Tuft Muller 

package org.apache.log4j;

import org.apache.log4j.spi.LoggingEvent;
import org.apache.log4j.helpers.BoundedFIFO;
import org.apache.log4j.spi.AppenderAttachable;
import org.apache.log4j.helpers.AppenderAttachableImpl;
import org.apache.log4j.helpers.LogLog;
import java.util.Enumeration;

   The AsyncAppender lets users log events asynchronously. It uses a
   bounded buffer to store logging events.


The AsyncAppender will collect the events sent to it and then dispatch them to all the appenders that are attached to it. You can attach multiple appenders to an AsyncAppender.

The AsyncAppender uses a separate thread to serve the events in its bounded buffer.

Refer to the results in {@link org.apache.log4j.performance.Logging} for the impact of using this appender.

Important note: The AsyncAppender can only be script configured using the {@link org.apache.log4j.xml.DOMConfigurator}. @author Ceki Gülcü @since 0.9.1 */ public class AsyncAppender extends AppenderSkeleton implements AppenderAttachable { /** The default buffer size is set to 128 events. */ public static final int DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE = 128; //static Category cat = Category.getInstance(AsyncAppender.class.getName()); BoundedFIFO bf = new BoundedFIFO(DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE); AppenderAttachableImpl aai; Dispatcher dispatcher; boolean locationInfo = false; boolean interruptedWarningMessage = false; public AsyncAppender() { // Note: The dispatcher code assumes that the aai is set once and // for all. aai = new AppenderAttachableImpl(); dispatcher = new Dispatcher(bf, this); dispatcher.start(); } public void addAppender(Appender newAppender) { synchronized(aai) { aai.addAppender(newAppender); } } public void append(LoggingEvent event) { // Set the NDC and thread name for the calling thread as these // LoggingEvent fields were not set at event creation time. event.getNDC(); event.getThreadName(); // Get a copy of this thread's MDC. event.getMDCCopy(); if(locationInfo) { event.getLocationInformation(); } synchronized(bf) { while(bf.isFull()) { try { //LogLog.debug("Waiting for free space in buffer, "+bf.length()); bf.wait(); } catch(InterruptedException e) { if(!interruptedWarningMessage) { interruptedWarningMessage = true; LogLog.warn("AsyncAppender interrupted.", e); } else { LogLog.warn("AsyncAppender interrupted again."); } } } //cat.debug("About to put new event in buffer."); bf.put(event); if(bf.wasEmpty()) { //cat.debug("Notifying dispatcher to process events."); bf.notify(); } } } /** Close this AsyncAppender by interrupting the dispatcher thread which will process all pending events before exiting. */ public void close() { synchronized(this) { // avoid multiple close, otherwise one gets NullPointerException if(closed) { return; } closed = true; } // The following cannot be synchronized on "this" because the // dispatcher synchronizes with "this" in its while loop. If we // did synchronize we would systematically get deadlocks when // close was called. dispatcher.close(); try { dispatcher.join(); } catch(InterruptedException e) { LogLog.error("Got an InterruptedException while waiting for the "+ "dispatcher to finish.", e); } dispatcher = null; bf = null; } public Enumeration getAllAppenders() { synchronized(aai) { return aai.getAllAppenders(); } } public Appender getAppender(String name) { synchronized(aai) { return aai.getAppender(name); } } /** Returns the current value of the LocationInfo option. */ public boolean getLocationInfo() { return locationInfo; } /** Is the appender passed as parameter attached to this category? */ public boolean isAttached(Appender appender) { return aai.isAttached(appender); } /** The AsyncAppender does not require a layout. Hence, this method always returns false. */ public boolean requiresLayout() { return false; } public void removeAllAppenders() { synchronized(aai) { aai.removeAllAppenders(); } } public void removeAppender(Appender appender) { synchronized(aai) { aai.removeAppender(appender); } } public void removeAppender(String name) { synchronized(aai) { aai.removeAppender(name); } } /** * The LocationInfo option takes a boolean value. By default, * it is set to false which means there will be no effort to extract * the location information related to the event. As a result, the * event that will be ultimately logged will likely to contain the * wrong location information (if present in the log format). * *

Location information extraction is comparatively very slow and * should be avoided unless performance is not a concern. * */ public void setLocationInfo(boolean flag) { locationInfo = flag; } /** * The BufferSize option takes a non-negative integer value. * This integer value determines the maximum size of the bounded * buffer. Increasing the size of the buffer is always * safe. However, if an existing buffer holds unwritten elements, * then decreasing the buffer size will result in event * loss. Nevertheless, while script configuring the * AsyncAppender, it is safe to set a buffer size smaller than the * {@link #DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE default buffer size} because * configurators guarantee that an appender cannot be used before * being completely configured. * */ public void setBufferSize(int size) { bf.resize(size); } /** Returns the current value of the BufferSize option. */ public int getBufferSize() { return bf.getMaxSize(); } } // ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ // ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ // ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- class Dispatcher extends Thread { BoundedFIFO bf; AppenderAttachableImpl aai; boolean interrupted = false; AsyncAppender container; Dispatcher(BoundedFIFO bf, AsyncAppender container) { = bf; this.container = container; this.aai = container.aai; // It is the user's responsibility to close appenders before // exiting. this.setDaemon(true); // set the dispatcher priority to lowest possible value this.setPriority(Thread.MIN_PRIORITY); this.setName("Dispatcher-"+getName()); // set the dispatcher priority to MIN_PRIORITY plus or minus 2 // depending on the direction of MIN to MAX_PRIORITY. //+ (Thread.MAX_PRIORITY > Thread.MIN_PRIORITY ? 1 : -1)*2); } void close() { synchronized(bf) { interrupted = true; // We have a waiting dispacther if and only if bf.length is // zero. In that case, we need to give it a death kiss. if(bf.length() == 0) { bf.notify(); } } } /** The dispatching strategy is to wait until there are events in the buffer to process. After having processed an event, we release the monitor (variable bf) so that new events can be placed in the buffer, instead of keeping the monitor and processing the remaining events in the buffer.

Other approaches might yield better results. */ public void run() { //Category cat = Category.getInstance(Dispatcher.class.getName()); LoggingEvent event; while(true) { synchronized(bf) { if(bf.length() == 0) { // Exit loop if interrupted but only if the the buffer is empty. if(interrupted) { //"Exiting."); break; } try { //LogLog.debug("Waiting for new event to dispatch."); bf.wait(); } catch(InterruptedException e) { LogLog.error("The dispathcer should not be interrupted."); break; } } event = bf.get(); if(bf.wasFull()) { //LogLog.debug("Notifying AsyncAppender about freed space."); bf.notify(); } } // synchronized // The synchronization on parent is necessary to protect against // operations on the aai object of the parent synchronized(container.aai) { if(aai != null && event != null) { aai.appendLoopOnAppenders(event); } } } // while // close and remove all appenders aai.removeAllAppenders(); } }

... this post is sponsored by my books ...

#1 New Release!

FP Best Seller


new blog posts


Copyright 1998-2021 Alvin Alexander,
All Rights Reserved.

A percentage of advertising revenue from
pages under the /java/jwarehouse URI on this website is
paid back to open source projects.