KILLALL

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS
FILES
KNOWN BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

NAME

killall − kill processes by name

SYNOPSIS

killall [−egiqvw] [signal] name ...
killall
−l
killall
−V

DESCRIPTION

killall sends a signal to all processes running any of the specified commands. If no signal name is specified, SIGTERM is sent.

Signals can be specified either by name (e.g. −HUP) or by number (e.g. −1). Signal 0 (check if a process exists) can only be specified by number.

If the command name contains a slash (/), processes executing that particular file will be selected for killing, independent of their name.

killall returns a non-zero return code if no process has been killed for any of the listed commands. If at least one process has been killed for each command, killall returns zero.

A killall process never kills itself (but may kill other killall processes).

OPTIONS

−e

Require an exact match for very long names. If a command name is longer than 15 characters, the full name may be unavailable (i.e. it is swapped out). In this case, killall will kill everything that matches within the first 15 characters. With −e, such entries are skipped. killall prints a message for each skipped entry if −v is specified in addition to −e,

−g

Kill the process group to which the process belongs. The kill signal is only sent once per group, even if multiple processes belonging to the same process group were found.

−i

Interactively ask for confirmation before killing.

−l

List all known signal names.

−q

Do not complain if no processes were killed.

−v

Report if the signal was successfully sent.

−V

Display version information.

−w

Wait for all killed processes to die. killall checks once per second if any of the killed processes still exist and only returns if none are left. Note that killall may wait forever if the signal was ignored, had no effect, or if the process stays in zombie state.

FILES

/proc

location of the proc file system

KNOWN BUGS

Killing by file only works for executables that are kept open during execution, i.e. impure executables can’t be killed this way.

Be warned that typing killall name may not have the desired effect on non-Linux systems, especially when done by a privileged user.

killall −w doesn’t detect if a process disappears and is replaced by a new process with the same PID between scans.

AUTHOR

Werner Almesberger <Werner.Almesberger@epfl.ch>

SEE ALSO

kill(1), fuser(1), pidof(1), ps(1), kill(2)