SEMCTL

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
NOTES
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO

NAME

semctl − semaphore control operations

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ipc.h>
#include <sys/sem.h>

#if defined(__GNU_LIBRARY__) && !defined(_SEM_SEMUN_UNDEFINED)
/* union semun is defined by including <sys/sem.h> */
#else
/* according to X/OPEN we have to define it ourselves */
union semun {
        int val;                    /* value for SETVAL */
        struct semid_ds *buf;       /* buffer for IPC_STAT, IPC_SET */
        unsigned short int *array;  /* array for GETALL, SETALL */
        struct seminfo *__buf;      /* buffer for IPC_INFO */
};
#endif

int semctl (int semid, int semnum, int cmd, union semun arg)

DESCRIPTION

The function performs the control operation specified by cmd on the semaphore set (or on the semnum-th semaphore of the set) identified by semid. The first semaphore of the set is indicated by a value 0 for semnum.

Legal values for cmd are

IPC_STAT

Copy info from the semaphore set data structure into the structure pointed to by arg.buf. The argument semnum is ignored. The calling process must have read access privileges on the semaphore set.

IPC_SET

Write the values of some members of the semid_ds structure pointed to by arg.buf to the semaphore set data structure, updating also its sem_ctime member. Considered members from the user supplied struct semid_ds pointed to by arg.buf are

sem_perm.uid

sem_perm.gid

sem_perm.mode

/* only lowest 9-bits */

The calling process effective user−ID must be one among super−user, creator or owner of the semaphore set. The argument semnum is ignored.

IPC_RMID

Remove immediately the semaphore set and its data structures awakening all waiting processes (with an error return and errno set to EIDRM). The calling process effective user−ID must be one among super−user, creator or owner of the semaphore set. The argument semnum is ignored.

GETALL

Return semval for all semaphores of the set into arg.array. The argument semnum is ignored. The calling process must have read access privileges on the semaphore set.

GETNCNT

The system call returns the value of semncnt for the semnum−th semaphore of the set (i.e. the number of processes waiting for an increase of semval for the semnum−th semaphore of the set). The calling process must have read access privileges on the semaphore set.

GETPID

The system call returns the value of sempid for the semnum−th semaphore of the set (i.e. the pid of the process that executed the last semop call for the semnum−th semaphore of the set). The calling process must have read access privileges on the semaphore set.

GETVAL

The system call returns the value of semval for the semnum−th semaphore of the set. The calling process must have read access privileges on the semaphore set.

GETZCNT

The system call returns the value of semzcnt for the semnum−th semaphore of the set (i.e. the number of processes waiting for semval of the semnum−th semaphore of the set to become 0). The calling process must have read access privileges on the semaphore set.

SETALL

Set semval for all semaphores of the set using arg.array, updating also the sem_ctime member of the semid_ds structure associated to the set. Undo entries are cleared for altered semaphores in all processes. Processes sleeping on the wait queue are awakened if some semval becomes 0 or increases. The argument semnum is ignored. The calling process must have alter access privileges on the semaphore set.

SETVAL

Set the value of semval to arg.val for the semnum−th semaphore of the set, updating also the sem_ctime member of the semid_ds structure associated to the set. Undo entry is cleared for altered semaphore in all processes. Processes sleeping on the wait queue are awakened if semval becomes 0 or increases. The calling process must have alter access privileges on the semaphore set.

RETURN VALUE

On fail the system call returns −1 with errno indicating the error. Otherwise the system call returns a nonnegative value depending on cmd as follows:

GETNCNT

the value of semncnt.

GETPID

the value of sempid.

GETVAL

the value of semval.

GETZCNT

the value of semzcnt.

ERRORS

For a failing return, errno will be set to one among the following values:

EACCES

The calling process has no access permissions needed to execute cmd.

EFAULT

The address pointed to by arg.buf or arg.array isn’t accessible.

EIDRM

The semaphore set was removed.

EINVAL

Invalid value for cmd or semid.

EPERM

The argument cmd has value IPC_SET or IPC_RMID but the calling process effective user−ID has insufficient privileges to execute the command.

ERANGE

The argument cmd has value SETALL or SETVAL and the value to which semval has to be set (for some semaphore of the set) is less than 0 or greater than the implementation value SEMVMX.

NOTES

The IPC_INFO, SEM_STAT and SEM_INFO control calls are used by the ipcs(8) program to provide information on allocated resources. In the future these can be modified as needed or moved to a proc file system interface.

The following system limit on semaphore sets affects a semctl call:

SEMVMX

Maximum value for semval: implementation dependent (32767).

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, SVID. SVr4 documents more error conditions EINVAL and EOVERFLOW.

SEE ALSO

ipc(5), shmget(2), shmat(2), shmdt(2)