GETPRIORITY

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUES
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO

NAME

getpriority, setpriority − get/set program scheduling priority

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

int getpriority(int which, int who);
int setpriority(int
which, int who, int prio);

DESCRIPTION

The scheduling priority of the process, process group, or user, as indicated by which and who is obtained with the getpriority call and set with the setpriority call. Which is one of PRIO_PROCESS, PRIO_PGRP, or PRIO_USER, and who is interpreted relative to which (a process identifier for PRIO_PROCESS, process group identifier for PRIO_PGRP, and a user ID for PRIO_USER). A zero value of who denotes the current process, process group, or user. Prio is a value in the range −20 to 20. The default priority is 0; lower priorities cause more favorable scheduling.

The getpriority call returns the highest priority (lowest numerical value) enjoyed by any of the specified processes. The setpriority call sets the priorities of all of the specified processes to the specified value. Only the super-user may lower priorities.

RETURN VALUES

Since getpriority can legitimately return the value −1, it is necessary to clear the external variable errno prior to the call, then check it afterwards to determine if a −1 is an error or a legitimate value. The setpriority call returns 0 if there is no error, or −1 if there is.

ERRORS

ESRCH

No process was located using the which and who values specified.

EINVAL

Which was not one of PRIO_PROCESS, PRIO_PGRP, or PRIO_USER.

In addition to the errors indicated above, setpriority will fail if:

EPERM

A process was located, but neither its effective nor real user ID matched the effective user ID of the caller.

EACCES

A non super-user attempted to lower a process priority.

CONFORMING TO

SVr4, 4.4BSD (these function calls first appeared in 4.2BSD).

SEE ALSO

nice(1), fork(2), renice(8)