EVP_SealInit, EVP_SealUpdate, EVP_SealFinal − EVP envelope encryption |
#include <openssl/evp.h> int EVP_SealInit(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, EVP_CIPHER *type, unsigned char **ek, int *ekl, unsigned char *iv,EVP_PKEY **pubk, int npubk); void EVP_SealUpdate(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl, unsigned char *in, int inl); void EVP_SealFinal(EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *out, int *outl); |
The EVP envelope routines are a high level interface to envelope encryption. They generate a random key and then "envelope" it by using public key encryption. Data can then be encrypted using this key. EVP_SealInit() initialises a cipher context ctx for encryption with cipher type using a random secret key and IV supplied in the iv parameter. type is normally supplied by a function such as EVP_des_cbc(). The secret key is encrypted using one or more public keys, this allows the same encrypted data to be decrypted using any of the corresponding private keys. ek is an array of buffers where the public key encrypted secret key will be written, each buffer must contain enough room for the corresponding encrypted key: that is ek[i] must have room for EVP_PKEY_size(pubk[i]) bytes. The actual size of each encrypted secret key is written to the array ekl. pubk is an array of npubk public keys. EVP_SealUpdate() and EVP_SealFinal() have exactly the same properties as the EVP_EncryptUpdate() and EVP_EncryptFinal() routines, as documented on the EVP_EncryptInit(3) manual page. |
EVP_SealInit() returns −1 on error or npubk if successful. EVP_SealUpdate() and EVP_SealFinal() do not return values. |
Because a random secret key is generated the random number generator must be seeded before calling EVP_SealInit(). The public key must be RSA because it is the only OpenSSL public key algorithm that supports key transport. Envelope encryption is the usual method of using public key encryption on large amounts of data, this is because public key encryption is slow but symmetric encryption is fast. So symmetric encryption is used for bulk encryption and the small random symmetric key used is transferred using public key encryption. |
evp(3),rand(3) EVP_EncryptInit(3), EVP_OpenInit(3) |