MBRTOWC

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
NOTES

NAME

mbrtowc − convert a multibyte sequence to a wide character

SYNOPSIS

#include <wchar.h>

size_t mbrtowc (wchar_t *pwc, const char *s, size_t n, mbstate_t *ps);

DESCRIPTION

The main case for this function is when s is not NULL and pwc is not NULL. In this case, the mbrtowc function inspects at most n bytes of the multibyte string starting at s, extracts the next complete multibyte character, converts it to a wide character and stores it at *pwc. It updates the shift state *ps. If the converted wide character is not L’\0’, it returns the number of bytes that were consumed from s. If the converted wide character is L’\0’, it resets the shift state *ps to the initial state and returns 0.

If the n bytes starting at s do not contain a complete multibyte character, mbrtowc returns (size_t)(-2). This can happen even if n >= MB_CUR_MAX, if the multibyte string contains redundant shift sequences.

If the multibyte string starting at s contains an invalid multibyte sequence before the next complete character, mbrtowc returns (size_t)(-1) and sets errno to EILSEQ. In this case, the effects on *ps are undefined.

A different case is when s is not NULL but pwc is NULL. In this case the mbrtowc function behaves as above, excepts that it does not store the converted wide character in memory.

A third case is when s is NULL. In this case, pwc and n are ignored. The mbrtowc function puts *ps in the initial state and returns 0.

In all of the above cases, if ps is a NULL pointer, a static anonymous state only known to the mbrtowc function is used instead.

RETURN VALUE

The mbrtowc function returns the number of bytes parsed from the multibyte sequence starting at s, if a non-L’\0’ wide character was recognized. It returns 0, if a L’\0’ wide character was recognized. It returns (size_t)(-1) and sets errno to EILSEQ, if an invalid multibyte sequence was encountered. It returns (size_t)(-2) if it couldn’t parse a complete multibyte character, meaning that n should be increased.

CONFORMING TO

ISO/ANSI C, UNIX98

SEE ALSO

mbsrtowcs(3)

NOTES

The behaviour of mbrtowc depends on the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale.