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Java example source code file (BracketedRealFieldUnivariateSolver.java)

This example Java source code file (BracketedRealFieldUnivariateSolver.java) is included in the alvinalexander.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Learn more about this Java project at its project page.

Java - Java tags/keywords

allowedsolution, bracketedrealfieldunivariatesolver, realfieldelement, realfieldunivariatefunction

The BracketedRealFieldUnivariateSolver.java Java example source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.commons.math3.analysis.solvers;

import org.apache.commons.math3.RealFieldElement;
import org.apache.commons.math3.analysis.RealFieldUnivariateFunction;

/** Interface for {@link UnivariateSolver (univariate real) root-finding
 * algorithms} that maintain a bracketed solution. There are several advantages
 * to having such root-finding algorithms:
 * <ul>
 *  <li>The bracketed solution guarantees that the root is kept within the
 *      interval. As such, these algorithms generally also guarantee
 *      convergence.</li>
 *  <li>The bracketed solution means that we have the opportunity to only
 *      return roots that are greater than or equal to the actual root, or
 *      are less than or equal to the actual root. That is, we can control
 *      whether under-approximations and over-approximations are
 *      {@link AllowedSolution allowed solutions}. Other root-finding
 *      algorithms can usually only guarantee that the solution (the root that
 *      was found) is around the actual root.</li>
 * </ul>
 *
 * <p>For backwards compatibility, all root-finding algorithms must have
 * {@link AllowedSolution#ANY_SIDE ANY_SIDE} as default for the allowed
 * solutions.</p>
 *
 * @see AllowedSolution
 * @param <T> the type of the field elements
 * @since 3.6
 */
public interface BracketedRealFieldUnivariateSolver<T extends RealFieldElement {

    /**
     * Get the maximum number of function evaluations.
     *
     * @return the maximum number of function evaluations.
     */
    int getMaxEvaluations();

    /**
     * Get the number of evaluations of the objective function.
     * The number of evaluations corresponds to the last call to the
     * {@code optimize} method. It is 0 if the method has not been
     * called yet.
     *
     * @return the number of evaluations of the objective function.
     */
    int getEvaluations();

    /**
     * Get the absolute accuracy of the solver.  Solutions returned by the
     * solver should be accurate to this tolerance, i.e., if ε is the
     * absolute accuracy of the solver and {@code v} is a value returned by
     * one of the {@code solve} methods, then a root of the function should
     * exist somewhere in the interval ({@code v} - ε, {@code v} + ε).
     *
     * @return the absolute accuracy.
     */
    T getAbsoluteAccuracy();

    /**
     * Get the relative accuracy of the solver.  The contract for relative
     * accuracy is the same as {@link #getAbsoluteAccuracy()}, but using
     * relative, rather than absolute error.  If ρ is the relative accuracy
     * configured for a solver and {@code v} is a value returned, then a root
     * of the function should exist somewhere in the interval
     * ({@code v} - ρ {@code v}, {@code v} + ρ {@code v}).
     *
     * @return the relative accuracy.
     */
    T getRelativeAccuracy();

    /**
     * Get the function value accuracy of the solver.  If {@code v} is
     * a value returned by the solver for a function {@code f},
     * then by contract, {@code |f(v)|} should be less than or equal to
     * the function value accuracy configured for the solver.
     *
     * @return the function value accuracy.
     */
    T getFunctionValueAccuracy();

    /**
     * Solve for a zero in the given interval.
     * A solver may require that the interval brackets a single zero root.
     * Solvers that do require bracketing should be able to handle the case
     * where one of the endpoints is itself a root.
     *
     * @param maxEval Maximum number of evaluations.
     * @param f Function to solve.
     * @param min Lower bound for the interval.
     * @param max Upper bound for the interval.
     * @param allowedSolution The kind of solutions that the root-finding algorithm may
     * accept as solutions.
     * @return A value where the function is zero.
     * @throws org.apache.commons.math3.exception.MathIllegalArgumentException
     * if the arguments do not satisfy the requirements specified by the solver.
     * @throws org.apache.commons.math3.exception.TooManyEvaluationsException if
     * the allowed number of evaluations is exceeded.
     */
    T solve(int maxEval, RealFieldUnivariateFunction<T> f, T min, T max,
            AllowedSolution allowedSolution);

    /**
     * Solve for a zero in the given interval, start at {@code startValue}.
     * A solver may require that the interval brackets a single zero root.
     * Solvers that do require bracketing should be able to handle the case
     * where one of the endpoints is itself a root.
     *
     * @param maxEval Maximum number of evaluations.
     * @param f Function to solve.
     * @param min Lower bound for the interval.
     * @param max Upper bound for the interval.
     * @param startValue Start value to use.
     * @param allowedSolution The kind of solutions that the root-finding algorithm may
     * accept as solutions.
     * @return A value where the function is zero.
     * @throws org.apache.commons.math3.exception.MathIllegalArgumentException
     * if the arguments do not satisfy the requirements specified by the solver.
     * @throws org.apache.commons.math3.exception.TooManyEvaluationsException if
     * the allowed number of evaluations is exceeded.
     */
    T solve(int maxEval, RealFieldUnivariateFunction<T> f, T min, T max, T startValue,
            AllowedSolution allowedSolution);

}

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