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Groovy example source code file (AstBuilderTransformation.java)

This example Groovy source code file (AstBuilderTransformation.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Groovy tags/keywords

astbuilderinvocationtrap, astnode, closureexpression, closureexpression, constantexpression, illegalargumentexception, list, list, null, sourceunit, string, string, tupleexpression, tupleexpression, util

The Groovy AstBuilderTransformation.java source code

/*
 * Copyright 2003-2011 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.codehaus.groovy.ast.builder;

import groovy.lang.MissingPropertyException;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.*;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.expr.*;
import org.codehaus.groovy.ast.stmt.Statement;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.CompilePhase;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.SourceUnit;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.io.ReaderSource;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.messages.SyntaxErrorMessage;
import org.codehaus.groovy.syntax.SyntaxException;
import org.codehaus.groovy.transform.ASTTransformation;
import org.codehaus.groovy.transform.GroovyASTTransformation;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Transformation to capture ASTBuilder from code statements.
 * <p/>
 * The AstBuilder "from code" approach is used with a single Closure
 * parameter. This transformation converts the ClosureExpression back
 * into source code and rewrites the AST so that the "from string"
 * builder is invoked on the source. In order for this to work, the
 * closure source must be given a goto label. It is the "from string"
 * approach's responsibility to remove the BlockStatement created
 * by the label.
 *
 * @author Hamlet D'Arcy
 */

@GroovyASTTransformation(phase = CompilePhase.SEMANTIC_ANALYSIS)
public class AstBuilderTransformation implements ASTTransformation {

    public void visit(ASTNode[] nodes, SourceUnit sourceUnit) {

        // todo : are there other import types that can be specified?
        AstBuilderInvocationTrap transformer = new AstBuilderInvocationTrap(
                sourceUnit.getAST().getImports(),
                sourceUnit.getAST().getStarImports(),
                sourceUnit.getSource(),
                sourceUnit
        );
        if (nodes != null) {
            for (ASTNode it : nodes) {
                if (!(it instanceof AnnotationNode) && !(it instanceof ClassNode)) {
                    it.visit(transformer);
                }
            }
        }
        if (sourceUnit.getAST() != null) {
            sourceUnit.getAST().visit(transformer);
            if (sourceUnit.getAST().getStatementBlock() != null) {
                sourceUnit.getAST().getStatementBlock().visit(transformer);
            }
            if (sourceUnit.getAST().getClasses() != null) {
                for (ClassNode classNode : sourceUnit.getAST().getClasses()) {
                    if (classNode.getMethods() != null) {
                        for (MethodNode node : classNode.getMethods()) {
                            if (node != null && node.getCode() != null) {
                                node.getCode().visit(transformer);
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    try {
                        if (classNode.getDeclaredConstructors() != null) {
                            for (MethodNode node : classNode.getDeclaredConstructors()) {
                                if (node != null && node.getCode() != null) {
                                    node.getCode().visit(transformer);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    } catch (MissingPropertyException ignored) {
                        // todo: inner class nodes don't have a constructors field available
                    }

                    // all properties are also always fields
                    if (classNode.getFields() != null) {
                        for (FieldNode node : classNode.getFields()) {
                            if (node.getInitialValueExpression() != null) {
                                node.getInitialValueExpression().visit(transformer);
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    try {
                        if (classNode.getObjectInitializerStatements() != null) {
                            for (Statement node : classNode.getObjectInitializerStatements()) {
                                if (node != null) {
                                    node.visit(transformer);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    } catch (MissingPropertyException ignored) {
                        // todo: inner class nodes don't have a objectInitializers field available
                    }

                    // todo: is there anything to do with the module ???
                }
            }
            if (sourceUnit.getAST().getMethods() != null) {
                for (MethodNode node : sourceUnit.getAST().getMethods()) {
                    if (node != null) {
                        if (node.getParameters() != null) {
                            for (Parameter parameter : node.getParameters()) {
                                if (parameter != null && parameter.getInitialExpression() != null) {
                                    parameter.getInitialExpression().visit(transformer);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        if (node.getCode() != null) {
                            node.getCode().visit(transformer);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * This class traps invocations of AstBuilder.build(CompilePhase, boolean, Closure) and converts
     * the contents of the closure into expressions by reading the source of the Closure and sending
     * that as a String to AstBuilder.build(String, CompilePhase, boolean) at runtime.
     */
    private static class AstBuilderInvocationTrap extends CodeVisitorSupport {

        private final List<String> factoryTargets = new ArrayList();
        private final ReaderSource source;
        private final SourceUnit sourceUnit;

        /**
         * Creates the trap and captures all the ways in which a class may be referenced via imports.
         *
         * @param imports        all the imports from the source
         * @param importPackages all the imported packages from the source
         * @param source         the reader source that contains source for the SourceUnit
         * @param sourceUnit     the source unit being compiled. Used for error messages.
         */
        AstBuilderInvocationTrap(List<ImportNode> imports, List importPackages, ReaderSource source, SourceUnit sourceUnit) {
            if (source == null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Null: source");
            if (sourceUnit == null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Null: sourceUnit");
            this.source = source;
            this.sourceUnit = sourceUnit;

            // factory type may be references as fully qualified, an import, or an alias
            factoryTargets.add("org.codehaus.groovy.ast.builder.AstBuilder");//default package

            if (imports != null) {
                for (ImportNode importStatement : imports) {
                    if ("org.codehaus.groovy.ast.builder.AstBuilder".equals(importStatement.getType().getName())) {
                        factoryTargets.add(importStatement.getAlias());
                    }
                }
            }

            if (importPackages != null) {
                for (ImportNode importPackage : importPackages) {
                    if ("org.codehaus.groovy.ast.builder.".equals(importPackage.getPackageName())) {
                        factoryTargets.add("AstBuilder");
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /**
         * Reports an error back to the source unit.
         *
         * @param msg  the error message
         * @param expr the expression that caused the error message.
         */
        private void addError(String msg, ASTNode expr) {
            int line = expr.getLineNumber();
            int col = expr.getColumnNumber();
            sourceUnit.getErrorCollector().addErrorAndContinue(
                    new SyntaxErrorMessage(new SyntaxException(msg + '\n', line, col), sourceUnit)
            );
        }


        /**
         * Attempts to find AstBuilder 'from code' invocations. When found, converts them into calls
         * to the 'from string' approach.
         *
         * @param call the method call expression that may or may not be an AstBuilder 'from code' invocation.
         */
        public void visitMethodCallExpression(MethodCallExpression call) {

            if (isBuildInvocation(call)) {

                ClosureExpression closureExpression = getClosureArgument(call);
                List<Expression> otherArgs = getNonClosureArguments(call);
                String source = convertClosureToSource(closureExpression);

                // parameter order is build(CompilePhase, boolean, String)
                otherArgs.add(new ConstantExpression(source));
                call.setArguments(new ArgumentListExpression(otherArgs));
                call.setMethod(new ConstantExpression("buildFromBlock"));
                call.setSpreadSafe(false);
                call.setSafe(false);
                call.setImplicitThis(false);
            } else {
                // continue normal tree walking
                call.getObjectExpression().visit(this);
                call.getMethod().visit(this);
                call.getArguments().visit(this);
            }
        }

        private List<Expression> getNonClosureArguments(MethodCallExpression call) {
            List<Expression> result = new ArrayList();
            if (call.getArguments() instanceof TupleExpression) {
                for (ASTNode node : ((TupleExpression) call.getArguments()).getExpressions()) {
                    if (!(node instanceof ClosureExpression)) {
                        result.add((Expression) node);
                    }
                }
            }
            return result;
        }

        private ClosureExpression getClosureArgument(MethodCallExpression call) {

            if (call.getArguments() instanceof TupleExpression) {
                for (ASTNode node : ((TupleExpression) call.getArguments()).getExpressions()) {
                    if (node instanceof ClosureExpression) {
                        return (ClosureExpression) node;
                    }
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        /**
         * Looks for method calls on the AstBuilder class called build that take
         * a Closure as parameter. This is all needed b/c build is overloaded.
         *
         * @param call the method call expression, may not be null
         */
        private boolean isBuildInvocation(MethodCallExpression call) {
            if (call == null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Null: call");

            // is method name correct?
            if (call.getMethod() instanceof ConstantExpression && "buildFromCode".equals(((ConstantExpression) call.getMethod()).getValue())) {

                // is method object correct type?
                if (call.getObjectExpression() != null && call.getObjectExpression().getType() != null) {
                    String name = call.getObjectExpression().getType().getName();
                    if (name != null && !"".equals(name) && factoryTargets.contains(name)) {

                        // is one of the arguments a closure?
                        if (call.getArguments() != null && call.getArguments() instanceof TupleExpression) {
                            if (((TupleExpression) call.getArguments()).getExpressions() != null) {
                                for (ASTNode node : ((TupleExpression) call.getArguments()).getExpressions()) {
                                    if (node instanceof ClosureExpression) {
                                        return true;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            return false;
        }

        /**
         * Converts a ClosureExpression into the String source.
         *
         * @param expression a closure
         * @return the source the closure was created from
         */
        private String convertClosureToSource(ClosureExpression expression) {
            if (expression == null) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Null: expression");

            StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
            for (int x = expression.getLineNumber(); x <= expression.getLastLineNumber(); x++) {
                String line = source.getLine(x, null);
                if (line == null) {
                    addError(
                            "Error calculating source code for expression. Trying to read line " + x + " from " + source.getClass(),
                            expression
                    );
                }
                if (x == expression.getLastLineNumber()) {
                    line = line.substring(0, expression.getLastColumnNumber() - 1);
                }
                if (x == expression.getLineNumber()) {
                    line = line.substring(expression.getColumnNumber() - 1);
                }
                //restoring line breaks is important b/c of lack of semicolons
                result.append(line).append('\n');
            }


            String source = result.toString().trim();
            if (!source.startsWith("{")) {
                addError(
                        "Error converting ClosureExpression into source code. Closures must start with {. Found: " + source,
                        expression
                );
            }

            return source;
        }
    }
}


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