home | career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix

Groovy example source code file (DomToGroovy.java)

This example Groovy source code file (DomToGroovy.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Groovy tags/keywords

document, document, dom, domtogroovy, domtogroovy, exception, file, hashmap, io, map, map, node, parser, sax, string, string, stringbuffer, text, util, xml

The Groovy DomToGroovy.java source code

/*
 * Copyright 2003-2007 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.codehaus.groovy.tools.xml;

import groovy.util.IndentPrinter;
import org.w3c.dom.*;
import org.codehaus.groovy.syntax.Types;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Collection;

/**
 * A SAX handler for turning XML into Groovy scripts
 * 
 * @author James Strachan
 * @author paulk
 */
public class DomToGroovy {

    protected IndentPrinter out;
    protected boolean inMixed = false;
    protected String qt = "'";
    protected Collection<String> keywords = Types.getKeywords();

    public DomToGroovy(PrintWriter out) {
        this(new IndentPrinter(out));
    }

    // TODO allow string quoting delimiter to be specified, e.g. ' vs "
    public DomToGroovy(IndentPrinter out) {
        this.out = out;
    }

    public void print(Document document) {
        printChildren(document, new HashMap());
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        if (args.length < 1) {
            System.out.println("Usage: DomToGroovy infilename [outfilename]");
            System.exit(1);
        }
        Document document = null;
        try {
            document = parse(args[0]);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Unable to parse input file '" + args[0] + "': " + e.getMessage());
            System.exit(1);
        }
        PrintWriter writer = null;
        if (args.length < 2) {
            writer = new PrintWriter(System.out);
        } else {
            try {
                writer = new PrintWriter(new FileWriter(new File(args[1])));
            } catch (IOException e) {
                System.out.println("Unable to create output file '" + args[1] + "': " + e.getMessage());
                System.exit(1);
            }
        }
        DomToGroovy converter = new DomToGroovy(writer);
        converter.out.incrementIndent();
        writer.println("#!/bin/groovy");
        writer.println();
        writer.println("// generated from " + args[0]);
        writer.println("System.out << new groovy.xml.StreamingMarkupBuilder().bind {");
        converter.print(document);
        writer.println("}");
        writer.close();
    }

    // Implementation methods
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------

    protected static Document parse(final String fileName) throws Exception {
        return parse(new File(fileName));
    }

    public static Document parse(final File file) throws Exception {
        return parse(new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file)));
    }

    public static Document parse(final Reader input) throws Exception {
        DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
        factory.setNamespaceAware(true);
        DocumentBuilder builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
        return builder.parse(new InputSource(input));
    }

    public static Document parse(final InputStream input) throws Exception {
        DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
        factory.setNamespaceAware(true);
        DocumentBuilder builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
        return builder.parse(new InputSource(input));
    }

    protected void print(Node node, Map namespaces, boolean endWithComma) {
        switch (node.getNodeType()) {
            case Node.ELEMENT_NODE :
                printElement((Element) node, namespaces, endWithComma);
                break;
            case Node.PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE :
                printPI((ProcessingInstruction) node, endWithComma);
                break;
            case Node.TEXT_NODE :
                printText((Text) node, endWithComma);
                break;
            case Node.COMMENT_NODE :
                printComment((Comment) node, endWithComma);
                break;
        }
    }

    protected void printElement(Element element, Map namespaces, boolean endWithComma) {
        namespaces = defineNamespaces(element, namespaces);

        element.normalize();
        printIndent();

        String prefix = element.getPrefix();
        boolean hasPrefix = prefix != null && prefix.length() > 0;
        String localName = getLocalName(element);
        boolean isKeyword = checkEscaping(localName);
        if (isKeyword || hasPrefix) print(qt);
        if (hasPrefix) {
            print(prefix);
            print(".");
        }
        print(localName);
        if (isKeyword || hasPrefix) print(qt);
        print("(");

        boolean hasAttributes = printAttributes(element);

        NodeList list = element.getChildNodes();
        int length = list.getLength();
        if (length == 0) {
            printEnd(")", endWithComma);
        } else {
            Node node = list.item(0);
            if (length == 1 && node instanceof Text) {
                Text textNode = (Text) node;
                String text = getTextNodeData(textNode);
                if (hasAttributes) print(", ");
                printQuoted(text);
                printEnd(")", endWithComma);
            } else if (mixedContent(list)) {
                println(") {");
                out.incrementIndent();
                boolean oldInMixed = inMixed;
                inMixed = true;
                for (node = element.getFirstChild(); node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
                    print(node, namespaces, false);
                }
                inMixed = oldInMixed;
                out.decrementIndent();
                printIndent();
                printEnd("}", endWithComma);
            } else {
                println(") {");
                out.incrementIndent();
                printChildren(element, namespaces);
                out.decrementIndent();
                printIndent();
                printEnd("}", endWithComma);
            }
        }
    }

    protected void printQuoted(String text) {
        if (text.indexOf("\n") != -1) {
            print("'''");
            print(text);
            print("'''");
        } else {
            print(qt);
            print(escapeQuote(text));
            print(qt);
        }
    }

    protected void printPI(ProcessingInstruction instruction, boolean endWithComma) {
        printIndent();
        print("mkp.pi(" + qt);
        print(instruction.getTarget());
        print(qt + ", " + qt);
        print(instruction.getData());
        printEnd(qt + ");", endWithComma);
    }

    protected void printComment(Comment comment, boolean endWithComma) {
        String text = comment.getData().trim();
        if (text.length() >0) {
            printIndent();
            print("/* ");
            print(text);
            printEnd(" */", endWithComma);
        }
    }

    protected void printText(Text node, boolean endWithComma) {
        String text = getTextNodeData(node);
        if (text.length() > 0) {
            printIndent();
            if (inMixed) print("mkp.yield ");
            printQuoted(text);
            printEnd("", endWithComma);
        }
    }

    protected String escapeQuote(String text) {
        return text.replaceAll("\\\\", "\\\\\\\\").replaceAll(qt, "\\\\" + qt);
    }

    protected Map defineNamespaces(Element element, Map namespaces) {
        Map answer = null;
        String prefix = element.getPrefix();
        if (prefix != null && prefix.length() > 0 && !namespaces.containsKey(prefix)) {
            answer = new HashMap(namespaces);
            defineNamespace(answer, prefix, element.getNamespaceURI());
        }
        NamedNodeMap attributes = element.getAttributes();
        int length = attributes.getLength();
        for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
            Attr attribute = (Attr) attributes.item(i);
            prefix = attribute.getPrefix();
            if (prefix != null && prefix.length() > 0 && !namespaces.containsKey(prefix)) {
                if (answer == null) {
                    answer = new HashMap(namespaces);
                }
                defineNamespace(answer, prefix, attribute.getNamespaceURI());
            }
        }
        return (answer != null) ? answer : namespaces;
    }

    protected void defineNamespace(Map namespaces, String prefix, String uri) {
        namespaces.put(prefix, uri);
        if (!prefix.equals("xmlns") && !prefix.equals("xml")) {
            printIndent();
            print("mkp.declareNamespace(");
            print(prefix);
            print(":" + qt);
            print(uri);
            println(qt + ")");
        }
    }

    protected boolean printAttributes(Element element) {
        boolean hasAttribute = false;
        NamedNodeMap attributes = element.getAttributes();
        int length = attributes.getLength();
        if (length > 0) {
            StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
            for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                printAttributeWithPrefix((Attr) attributes.item(i), buffer);
            }
            for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                hasAttribute = printAttributeWithoutPrefix((Attr) attributes.item(i), hasAttribute);
            }
            if (buffer.length() > 0) {
                if (hasAttribute) {
                    print(", ");
                }
                print(buffer.toString());
                hasAttribute = true;
            }
        }
        return hasAttribute;
    }

    protected void printAttributeWithPrefix(Attr attribute, StringBuffer buffer) {
        String prefix = attribute.getPrefix();
        if (prefix != null && prefix.length() > 0 && !prefix.equals("xmlns")) {
            if (buffer.length() > 0) {
                buffer.append(", ");
            }
            buffer.append(qt);
            buffer.append(prefix);
            buffer.append(":");
            buffer.append(getLocalName(attribute));
            buffer.append(qt + ":" + qt);
            buffer.append(escapeQuote(getAttributeValue(attribute)));
            buffer.append(qt);
        }
    }

    protected String getAttributeValue(Attr attribute) {
        return attribute.getValue();
    }

    protected boolean printAttributeWithoutPrefix(Attr attribute, boolean hasAttribute) {
        String prefix = attribute.getPrefix();
        if (prefix == null || prefix.length() == 0) {
            if (!hasAttribute) {
                hasAttribute = true;
            } else {
                print(", ");
            }
            String localName = getLocalName(attribute);
            boolean needsEscaping = checkEscaping(localName);
            if (needsEscaping) print(qt);
            print(localName);
            if (needsEscaping) print(qt);
            print(":");
            printQuoted(getAttributeValue(attribute));
        }
        return hasAttribute;
    }

    protected boolean checkEscaping(String localName) {
        return keywords.contains(localName) || localName.contains("-") || localName.contains(":") || localName.contains(".");
    }

    protected String getTextNodeData(Text node) {
        return node.getData().trim();
    }

    protected boolean mixedContent(NodeList list) {
        boolean hasText = false;
        boolean hasElement = false;
        for (int i = 0, size = list.getLength(); i < size; i++) {
            Node node = list.item(i);
            if (node instanceof Element) {
                hasElement = true;
            } else if (node instanceof Text) {
                String text = getTextNodeData((Text) node);
                if (text.length() > 0) {
                    hasText = true;
                }
            }
        }
        return hasText && hasElement;
    }

    protected void printChildren(Node parent, Map namespaces) {
        for (Node node = parent.getFirstChild(); node != null; node = node.getNextSibling()) {
            print(node, namespaces, false);
        }
    }

    protected String getLocalName(Node node) {
        String answer = node.getLocalName();
        if (answer == null) {
            answer = node.getNodeName();
        }
        return answer.trim();
    }

    protected void printEnd(String text, boolean endWithComma) {
        if (endWithComma) {
            print(text);
            println(",");
        } else {
            println(text);
        }
    }

    protected void println(String text) {
        out.println(text);
    }

    protected void print(String text) {
        out.print(text);
    }

    protected void printIndent() {
        out.printIndent();
    }
}

Other Groovy examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Groovy DomToGroovy.java source code file:

new blog posts

 

Copyright 1998-2014 Alvin Alexander, alvinalexander.com
All Rights Reserved.