home | career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix  

Spring Framework example source code file (FrameworkPortlet.java)

This example Spring Framework source code file (FrameworkPortlet.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Spring Framework tags/keywords

actionresponse, applicationcontext, applicationcontext, beansexception, beansexception, configurableapplicationcontext, configurableportletapplicationcontext, frameworkportlet, io, ioexception, portletexception, portletexception, renderresponse, security, string, string, util

The Spring Framework FrameworkPortlet.java source code

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2008 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.web.portlet;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.Principal;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.portlet.ActionRequest;
import javax.portlet.ActionResponse;
import javax.portlet.PortletException;
import javax.portlet.PortletRequest;
import javax.portlet.PortletResponse;
import javax.portlet.RenderRequest;
import javax.portlet.RenderResponse;

import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextException;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationEvent;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.event.ContextRefreshedEvent;
import org.springframework.context.event.SourceFilteringListener;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.context.ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.context.PortletApplicationContextUtils;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.context.PortletRequestHandledEvent;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.context.XmlPortletApplicationContext;

/**
 * Base portlet for Spring's portlet framework. Provides integration with
 * a Spring application context, in a JavaBean-based overall solution.
 *
 * <p>This class offers the following functionality:
 * <ul>
 * <li>Manages a Portlet {@link org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext}
 * instance per portlet. The portlet's configuration is determined by beans
 * in the portlet's namespace.
 * <li>Publishes events on request processing, whether or not a request is
 * successfully handled.
 * </ul>
 *
 * <p>Subclasses must implement {@link #doActionService} and {@link #doRenderService}
 * to handle action and render requests. Because this extends {@link GenericPortletBean}
 * rather than Portlet directly, bean properties are mapped onto it. Subclasses can
 * override {@link #initFrameworkPortlet()} for custom initialization.
 *
 * <p>Regards a "contextClass" parameter at the portlet init-param level,
 * falling back to the default context class
 * ({@link org.springframework.web.portlet.context.XmlPortletApplicationContext})
 * if not found. Note that, with the default FrameworkPortlet,
 * a context class needs to implement the
 * {@link org.springframework.web.portlet.context.ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext} SPI.
 *
 * <p>Passes a "contextConfigLocation" portlet init-param to the context instance,
 * parsing it into potentially multiple file paths which can be separated by any
 * number of commas and spaces, like "test-portlet.xml, myPortlet.xml".
 * If not explicitly specified, the context implementation is supposed to build a
 * default location from the namespace of the portlet.
 *
 * <p>Note: In case of multiple config locations, later bean definitions will
 * override ones defined in earlier loaded files, at least when using one of
 * Spring's default ApplicationContext implementations. This can be leveraged
 * to deliberately override certain bean definitions via an extra XML file.
 *
 * <p>The default namespace is "'portlet-name'-portlet", e.g. "test-portlet" for a
 * portlet-name "test" (leading to a "/WEB-INF/test-portlet.xml" default location
 * with XmlPortletApplicationContext). The namespace can also be set explicitly via
 * the "namespace" portlet init-param.
 *
 * @author William G. Thompson, Jr.
 * @author John A. Lewis
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 2.0
 * @see #doActionService
 * @see #doRenderService
 * @see #setContextClass
 * @see #setContextConfigLocation
 * @see #setNamespace
 */
public abstract class FrameworkPortlet extends GenericPortletBean implements ApplicationListener {

	/**
	 * Default context class for FrameworkPortlet.
	 * @see org.springframework.web.portlet.context.XmlPortletApplicationContext
	 */
	public static final Class DEFAULT_CONTEXT_CLASS = XmlPortletApplicationContext.class;

	/**
	 * Suffix for Portlet ApplicationContext namespaces. If a portlet of this class is
	 * given the name "test" in a context, the namespace used by the portlet will
	 * resolve to "test-portlet".
	 */
	public static final String DEFAULT_NAMESPACE_SUFFIX = "-portlet";

	/**
	 * Prefix for the PortletContext attribute for the Portlet ApplicationContext.
	 * The completion is the portlet name.
	 */
	public static final String PORTLET_CONTEXT_PREFIX = FrameworkPortlet.class.getName() + ".CONTEXT.";

	/**
	 * Default USER_INFO attribute names to search for the current username:
	 * "user.login.id", "user.name".
	 */
	public static final String[] DEFAULT_USERINFO_ATTRIBUTE_NAMES = {"user.login.id", "user.name"};


	/** Portlet ApplicationContext implementation class to use */
	private Class contextClass = DEFAULT_CONTEXT_CLASS;

	/** Namespace for this portlet */
	private String namespace;

	/** Explicit context config location */
	private String contextConfigLocation;

	/** Should we publish the context as a PortletContext attribute? */
	private boolean publishContext = true;

	/** Should we publish a PortletRequestHandledEvent at the end of each request? */
	private boolean publishEvents = true;

	/** USER_INFO attributes that may contain the username of the current user */
	private String[] userinfoUsernameAttributes = DEFAULT_USERINFO_ATTRIBUTE_NAMES;

	/** ApplicationContext for this portlet */
	private ApplicationContext portletApplicationContext;

	/** Flag used to detect whether onRefresh has already been called */
	private boolean refreshEventReceived = false;


	/**
	 * Set a custom context class. This class must be of type ApplicationContext;
	 * when using the default FrameworkPortlet implementation, the context class
	 * must also implement ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext.
	 * @see #createPortletApplicationContext
	 */
	public void setContextClass(Class contextClass) {
		this.contextClass = contextClass;
	}

	/**
	 * Return the custom context class.
	 */
	public Class getContextClass() {
		return this.contextClass;
	}

	/**
	 * Set a custom namespace for this portlet,
	 * to be used for building a default context config location.
	 */
	public void setNamespace(String namespace) {
		this.namespace = namespace;
	}

	/**
	 * Return the namespace for this portlet, falling back to default scheme if
	 * no custom namespace was set. (e.g. "test-portlet" for a portlet named "test")
	 */
	public String getNamespace() {
		return (this.namespace != null) ? this.namespace : getPortletName() + DEFAULT_NAMESPACE_SUFFIX;
	}

	/**
	 * Set the context config location explicitly, instead of relying on the default
	 * location built from the namespace. This location string can consist of
	 * multiple locations separated by any number of commas and spaces.
	 */
	public void setContextConfigLocation(String contextConfigLocation) {
		this.contextConfigLocation = contextConfigLocation;
	}

	/**
	 * Return the explicit context config location, if any.
	 */
	public String getContextConfigLocation() {
		return this.contextConfigLocation;
	}

	/**
	 * Set whether to publish this portlet's context as a PortletContext attribute,
	 * available to all objects in the web container. Default is true.
	 * <p>This is especially handy during testing, although it is debatable whether
	 * it's good practice to let other application objects access the context this way.
	 */
	public void setPublishContext(boolean publishContext) {
		this.publishContext = publishContext;
	}

	/**
	 * Return whether to publish this portlet's context as a PortletContext attribute.
	 */
	public boolean isPublishContext() {
		return this.publishContext;
	}

	/**
	 * Set whether this portlet should publish a PortletRequestHandledEvent at the end
	 * of each request. Default is true; can be turned off for a slight performance
	 * improvement, provided that no ApplicationListeners rely on such events.
	 * @see org.springframework.web.portlet.context.PortletRequestHandledEvent
	 */
	public void setPublishEvents(boolean publishEvents) {
		this.publishEvents = publishEvents;
	}

	/**
	 * Return whether this portlet should publish a PortletRequestHandledEvent at the end
	 * of each request.
	 */
	public boolean isPublishEvents() {
		return this.publishEvents;
	}

	/**
	 * Set the list of attributes to search in the USER_INFO map when trying
	 * to find the username of the current user.
	 * @see #getUsernameForRequest
	 */
	public void setUserinfoUsernameAttributes(String[] userinfoUsernameAttributes) {
		this.userinfoUsernameAttributes = userinfoUsernameAttributes;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the list of attributes that will be searched in the USER_INFO map
	 * when trying to find the username of the current user
	 * @see #getUsernameForRequest
	 */
	public String[] getUserinfoUsernameAttributes() {
		return this.userinfoUsernameAttributes;
	}


	/**
	 * Overridden method of GenericPortletBean, invoked after any bean properties
	 * have been set. Creates this portlet's ApplicationContext.
	 */
	protected final void initPortletBean() throws PortletException, BeansException {
		getPortletContext().log("Initializing Spring FrameworkPortlet '" + getPortletName() + "'");
		if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
			logger.info("FrameworkPortlet '" + getPortletName() + "': initialization started");
		}
		long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

		try {
			this.portletApplicationContext = initPortletApplicationContext();
			initFrameworkPortlet();
		}
		catch (PortletException ex) {
			logger.error("Context initialization failed", ex);
			throw ex;
		}
		catch (BeansException ex) {
			logger.error("Context initialization failed", ex);
			throw ex;
		}

		if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
			long elapsedTime = System.currentTimeMillis() - startTime;
			logger.info("FrameworkPortlet '" + getPortletName() + "': initialization completed in " + elapsedTime + " ms");
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Initialize and publish the Portlet ApplicationContext for this portlet.
	 * <p>Delegates to {@link #createPortletApplicationContext} for actual creation.
	 * Can be overridden in subclasses.
	 * @return the ApplicationContext for this portlet
	 * @throws BeansException if the context couldn't be initialized
	 */
	protected ApplicationContext initPortletApplicationContext() throws BeansException {
		ApplicationContext parent = PortletApplicationContextUtils.getWebApplicationContext(getPortletContext());
		ApplicationContext pac = createPortletApplicationContext(parent);

		if (!this.refreshEventReceived) {
			// Apparently not a ConfigurableApplicationContext with refresh support:
			// triggering initial onRefresh manually here.
			onRefresh(pac);
		}

		if (isPublishContext()) {
			// publish the context as a portlet context attribute
			String attName = getPortletContextAttributeName();
			getPortletContext().setAttribute(attName, pac);
			if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
				logger.debug("Published ApplicationContext of portlet '" + getPortletName() +
						"' as PortletContext attribute with name [" + attName + "]");
			}
		}
		return pac;
	}

	/**
	 * Instantiate the Portlet ApplicationContext for this portlet, either a default
	 * XmlPortletApplicationContext or a custom context class if set.
	 * <p>This implementation expects custom contexts to implement
	 * ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext. Can be overridden in subclasses.
	 * @param parent the parent ApplicationContext to use, or null if none
	 * @return the Portlet ApplicationContext for this portlet
	 * @throws BeansException if the context couldn't be initialized
	 * @see #setContextClass
	 * @see org.springframework.web.portlet.context.XmlPortletApplicationContext
	 */
	protected ApplicationContext createPortletApplicationContext(ApplicationContext parent)
			throws BeansException {

		if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
			logger.debug("Portlet with name '" + getPortletName() +
					"' will try to create custom ApplicationContext context of class '" +
					getContextClass().getName() + "'" + ", using parent context [" + parent + "]");
		}
		if (!ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext.class.isAssignableFrom(getContextClass())) {
			throw new ApplicationContextException("Fatal initialization error in portlet with name '" + getPortletName() +
					"': custom ApplicationContext class [" + getContextClass().getName() +
					"] is not of type ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext");
		}

		ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext pac =
				(ConfigurablePortletApplicationContext) BeanUtils.instantiateClass(getContextClass());
		pac.setParent(parent);
		pac.setPortletContext(getPortletContext());
		pac.setPortletConfig(getPortletConfig());
		pac.setNamespace(getNamespace());
		pac.setConfigLocation(getContextConfigLocation());
		pac.addApplicationListener(new SourceFilteringListener(pac, this));

		postProcessPortletApplicationContext(pac);
		pac.refresh();

		return pac;
	}

	/**
	 * Post-process the given Portlet ApplicationContext before it is refreshed
	 * and activated as context for this portlet.
	 * <p>The default implementation is empty. refresh() will
	 * be called automatically after this method returns.
	 * @param pac the configured Portlet ApplicationContext (not refreshed yet)
	 * @see #createPortletApplicationContext
	 * @see ConfigurableApplicationContext#refresh()
	 */
	protected void postProcessPortletApplicationContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext pac) {
	}

	/**
	 * Return the PortletContext attribute name for this portlets's ApplicationContext.
	 * <p>The default implementation returns PORTLET_CONTEXT_PREFIX + portlet name.
	 * @see #PORTLET_CONTEXT_PREFIX
	 * @see #getPortletName
	 */
	public String getPortletContextAttributeName() {
		return PORTLET_CONTEXT_PREFIX + getPortletName();
	}

	/**
	 * Return this portlet's ApplicationContext.
	 */
	public final ApplicationContext getPortletApplicationContext() {
		return this.portletApplicationContext;
	}


	/**
	 * This method will be invoked after any bean properties have been set and
	 * the ApplicationContext has been loaded.
	 * <p>The default implementation is empty; subclasses may override this method
	 * to perform any initialization they require.
	 * @throws PortletException in case of an initialization exception
	 * @throws BeansException if thrown by ApplicationContext methods
	 */
	protected void initFrameworkPortlet() throws PortletException, BeansException {
	}

	/**
	 * Refresh this portlet's application context, as well as the
	 * dependent state of the portlet.
	 * @throws BeansException in case of errors
	 * @see #getPortletApplicationContext()
	 * @see org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext#refresh()
	 */
	public void refresh() throws BeansException {
		ApplicationContext pac = getPortletApplicationContext();
		if (!(pac instanceof ConfigurableApplicationContext)) {
			throw new IllegalStateException("Portlet ApplicationContext does not support refresh: " + pac);
		}
		((ConfigurableApplicationContext) pac).refresh();
	}

	/**
	 * ApplicationListener endpoint that receives events from this servlet's
	 * WebApplicationContext.
	 * <p>The default implementation calls {@link #onRefresh} in case of a
	 * {@link org.springframework.context.event.ContextRefreshedEvent},
	 * triggering a refresh of this servlet's context-dependent state.
	 * @param event the incoming ApplicationContext event
	 */
	public void onApplicationEvent(ApplicationEvent event) {
		if (event instanceof ContextRefreshedEvent) {
			this.refreshEventReceived = true;
			onRefresh(((ContextRefreshedEvent) event).getApplicationContext());
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Template method which can be overridden to add portlet-specific refresh work.
	 * Called after successful context refresh.
	 * <p>This implementation is empty.
	 * @param context the current Portlet ApplicationContext
	 * @throws BeansException in case of errors
	 * @see #refresh()
	 */
	protected void onRefresh(ApplicationContext context) throws BeansException {
		// For subclasses: do nothing by default.
	}


	/**
	 * Overridden for friendlier behavior in unit tests.
	 */
	protected String getTitle(RenderRequest renderRequest) {
		try {
			return super.getTitle(renderRequest);
		}
		catch (NullPointerException ex) {
			return getPortletName();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Delegate render requests to processRequest/doRenderService.
	 */
	protected final void doDispatch(RenderRequest request, RenderResponse response)
			throws PortletException, IOException {

		processRequest(request, response);
	}

	/**
	 * Delegate action requests to processRequest/doActionService.
	 */
	public final void processAction(ActionRequest request, ActionResponse response)
			throws PortletException, IOException {

		processRequest(request, response);
	}
	
	/**
	 * Process this request, publishing an event regardless of the outcome.
	 * The actual event handling is performed by the abstract
	 * <code>doActionService() and doRenderService() template methods.
	 * @see #doActionService
	 * @see #doRenderService
	 */
	protected final void processRequest(PortletRequest request, PortletResponse response)
			throws PortletException, IOException {

		long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
		Throwable failureCause = null;

		try {
			if (request instanceof ActionRequest) {
				doActionService((ActionRequest) request, (ActionResponse) response);
			}
			else {
				doRenderService((RenderRequest) request, (RenderResponse) response);
			}
		}
		catch (PortletException ex) {
			failureCause = ex;
			throw ex;
		}
		catch (IOException ex) {
			failureCause = ex;
			throw ex;
		}
		catch (Throwable ex) {
			failureCause = ex;
			throw new PortletException("Request processing failed", ex);
		}

		finally {
			if (failureCause != null) {
				logger.error("Could not complete request", failureCause);
			}
			else {
				logger.debug("Successfully completed request");
			}
			if (isPublishEvents()) {
				// Whether or not we succeeded, publish an event.
				long processingTime = System.currentTimeMillis() - startTime;
				this.portletApplicationContext.publishEvent(
						new PortletRequestHandledEvent(this,
								getPortletConfig().getPortletName(), request.getPortletMode().toString(),
								(request instanceof ActionRequest ? "action" : "render"),
								request.getRequestedSessionId(), getUsernameForRequest(request),
								processingTime, failureCause));
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Determine the username for the given request.
	 * <p>The default implementation first tries the UserPrincipal.
	 * If that does not exist, then it checks the USER_INFO map.
	 * Can be overridden in subclasses.
	 * @param request current portlet request
	 * @return the username, or <code>null if none found
	 * @see javax.portlet.PortletRequest#getUserPrincipal()
	 * @see javax.portlet.PortletRequest#getRemoteUser()
	 * @see javax.portlet.PortletRequest#USER_INFO
	 * @see #setUserinfoUsernameAttributes
	 */
	protected String getUsernameForRequest(PortletRequest request) {
		// Try the principal.
		Principal userPrincipal = request.getUserPrincipal();
		if (userPrincipal != null) {
			return userPrincipal.getName();
		}

		// Try the remote user name.
		String userName = request.getRemoteUser();
		if (userName != null) {
			return userName;
		}
		
		// Try the Portlet USER_INFO map.
		Map userInfo = (Map) request.getAttribute(PortletRequest.USER_INFO);
		if (userInfo != null) {
			for (int i = 0, n = this.userinfoUsernameAttributes.length; i < n; i++) {
				userName = (String) userInfo.get(this.userinfoUsernameAttributes[i]);
				if (userName != null) {
					return userName;
				}
			}
		}
		
		// Nothing worked...
		return null;
	}

	/**
	 * Subclasses must implement this method to do the work of render request handling.
	 * <p>The contract is essentially the same as that for the doDispatch
	 * method of GenericPortlet.
	 * <p>This class intercepts calls to ensure that exception handling and
	 * event publication takes place.
	 * @param request current render request
	 * @param response current render response
	 * @throws Exception in case of any kind of processing failure
	 * @see javax.portlet.GenericPortlet#doDispatch
	 */
	protected abstract void doRenderService(RenderRequest request, RenderResponse response)
			throws Exception;

	/**
	 * Subclasses must implement this method to do the work of action request handling.
	 * <p>The contract is essentially the same as that for the processAction
	 * method of GenericPortlet.
	 * <p>This class intercepts calls to ensure that exception handling and
	 * event publication takes place.
	 * @param request current action request
	 * @param response current action response
	 * @throws Exception in case of any kind of processing failure
	 * @see javax.portlet.GenericPortlet#processAction
	 */
	protected abstract void doActionService(ActionRequest request, ActionResponse response)
			throws Exception;


	/**
	 * Close the ApplicationContext of this portlet.
	 * @see org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext#close()
	 */
	public void destroy() {
		getPortletContext().log("Destroying Spring FrameworkPortlet '" + getPortletName() + "'");
		if (this.portletApplicationContext instanceof ConfigurableApplicationContext) {
			((ConfigurableApplicationContext) this.portletApplicationContext).close();
		}
	}

}

Other Spring Framework examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Spring Framework FrameworkPortlet.java source code file:



my book on functional programming

 

new blog posts

 

Copyright 1998-2019 Alvin Alexander, alvinalexander.com
All Rights Reserved.

A percentage of advertising revenue from
pages under the /java/jwarehouse URI on this website is
paid back to open source projects.