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Tomcat example source code file (cluster-sender.xml)

This example Tomcat source code file (cluster-sender.xml) is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

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The Tomcat cluster-sender.xml source code

<?xml version="1.0"?>
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
<!DOCTYPE document [
  <!ENTITY project SYSTEM "project.xml">
<document url="cluster-sender.html">


    <author email="">Filip Hanik
    <title>The Cluster Sender object


<section name="Introduction">
  The channel sender component is responsible for delivering outgoing cluster messages over the network.
  In the default implementation, <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.ReplicationTransmitter,
  the sender is a fairly empty shell with not much logic around a fairly complex <code><Transport>
  component the implements the actual delivery mechanism.

<section name="Concurrent Parallel Delivery">
  In the default <code>transport implementation, org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.PooledParallelSender,
  Apache Tribes implements what we like to call "Concurrent Parallel Delivery". 
  This means that we can send a message to more than one destination at the same time(parallel), and
  deliver two messages to the same destination at the same time(concurrent). Combine these two and we have 
  "Concurrent Parallel Delivery".
  When is this useful? The simplest example we can think of is when part of your code is sending a 10MB message,
  like a war file being deployed, and you need to push through a small 10KB message, say a session being replicated,
  you don't have to wait for the 10MB message to finish, as a separate thread will push in the small message 
  transmission at the same time. Currently there is no interrupt, pause or priority mechanism avaiable, but check back soon.

<section name="Nested Elements">
   The nested element <code><Transport> is is not required, by encouraged, as this is where
   you would set all the socket options for the outgoing messages. Please see its attributes below.
   There are two implementations, in a similar manner to the <a href="cluster-receiver.html">receiver, one is non-blocking
   based and the other is built using blocking IO. <br/>
   <code> is the blocking implemenation and 
   Parallel delivery is not available for the blocking implementation due to the fact that it is blocking a thread on sending data.

<section name="Attributes">
  <subsection name="Common Sender Attributes">
      <attribute name="className" required="true">
        Required, only available implementation is <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.ReplicationTransmitter
  <subsection name="Common Transport Attributes">
      <attribute name="className" required="true">
        Required, an implementation of the <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.MultiPointSender.
Non-blocking implementation is <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.PooledParallelSender
Blocking implementation is <code> </attribute> <attribute name="rxBufSize" required="false"> The receive buffer size on the socket. Default value is <code>25188 bytes. </attribute> <attribute name="txBufSize" required="false"> The send buffer size on the socket. Default value is <code>43800 bytes. </attribute> <attribute name="direct" required="false"> Possible values are <code>true or false. Set to true if you want the receiver to use direct bytebuffers when reading data from the sockets. Default value is <code>false </attribute> <attribute name="keepAliveCount" required="false"> The number of requests that can go through the socket before the socket is closed, and reopened for the next request. The default value is <code>-1, which is unlimited. </attribute> <attribute name="keepAliveTime" required="false"> The number of milliseconds a connection is kept open after its been opened. The default value is <code>-1, which is unlimited. </attribute> <attribute name="timeout" required="false"> Sets the SO_TIMEOUT option on the socket. The value is in milliseconds and the default value is <code>3000 milliseconds. </attribute> <attribute name="maxRetryAttempts" required="false"> How many times do we retry a failed message, that received a IOException at the socket level. The default value is <code>1, meaning we will retry a message that has failed once. In other words, we will attempt a message send no more than twice. One is the original send, and one is the <code>maxRetryAttempts. </attribute> <attribute name="ooBInline" required="false"> Boolean value for the socket OOBINLINE option. Possible values are <code>true or false. </attribute> <attribute name="soKeepAlive" required="false"> Boolean value for the socket SO_KEEPALIVE option. Possible values are <code>true or false. </attribute> <attribute name="soLingerOn" required="false"> Boolean value to determine whether to use the SO_LINGER socket option. Possible values are <code>true or false. Default value is true. </attribute> <attribute name="soLingerTime" required="false"> Sets the SO_LINGER socket option time value. The value is in seconds. The default value is <code>3 seconds. </attribute> <attribute name="soReuseAddress" required="false"> Boolean value for the socket SO_REUSEADDR option. Possible values are <code>true or false. </attribute> <attribute name="soTrafficClass" required="false"> Sets the traffic class level for the socket, the value is between 0 and 255. Default value is <code>int soTrafficClass = 0x04 | 0x08 | 0x010; Different values are defined in <a href=""></a>. </attribute> <attribute name="tcpNoDelay" required="false"> Boolean value for the socket TCP_NODELAY option. Possible values are <code>true or false. The default value is <code>true </attribute> <attribute name="throwOnFailedAck" required="false"> Boolean value, default value is <code>true. If set to true, the sender will throw a <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.RemoteProcessException when we receive a negative ack from the remote member. Set to false, and Tribes will treat a positive ack the same way as a negative ack, that the message was received. </attribute> </attributes> </subsection> <subsection name="PooledParallelSender Attributes"> <attributes> <attribute name="poolSize" required="false"> The maximum number of concurrent connections from A to B. The value is based on a per-destination count. The default value is <code>25 </attribute> </attributes> </subsection> </section> </body> </document>

Other Tomcat examples (source code examples)

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