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Tomcat example source code file (setup.xml)

This example Tomcat source code file (setup.xml) is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

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catalina_home/bin, commons-daemon, commons-daemon, gnu, jar, license, license, the, this, tomcat, tomcat, windows, windows, you

The Tomcat setup.xml source code

<?xml version="1.0"?>
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
<!DOCTYPE document [
  <!ENTITY project SYSTEM "project.xml">
<document url="setup.html">


    <author email="">Remy Maucherat
    <title>Tomcat Setup


  <section name="Introduction">
      This document introduces several ways to set up Tomcat for running
      on different platforms.  Please note that some advanced setup issues
      are not covered here: the full distribution (ZIP file or tarball) 
      includes a file called
      RUNNING.txt which discusses these issues.  We encourage you to refer
      to it if the information below does not answer some of your questions.

  <section name="Windows">

      Installing Tomcat on Windows can be done easily using the Windows 
      installer. Its interface and functionality is similar to other wizard
      based installers, with only a few items of interest.

        <li>Installation as a service: Tomcat will be 
            installed as a Windows
            NT/2k/XP service no matter what setting is selected. Using the
            checkbox on the component page sets the service as "auto"
            startup, so that Tomcat is automatically started when Windows
            starts. For optimal security, the service should be run as a
            separate user, with reduced permissions (see the Windows Services
            administration tool and its documentation).</li>
        <li>Java location: The installer will use the registry
            or the JAVA_HOME environment variable to determine the base path
            of a J2SE 5 JRE.
        <li>Tray icon: When Tomcat is run as a service, there
            will not be any tray icon present when Tomcat is running. Note that
            when choosing to run Tomcat at the end of installation, the tray
            icon will be used even if Tomcat was installed as a service.</li>
        <li>Refer to the
            <a href="windows-service-howto.html">Windows Service HOW-TO
            for information on how to manage Tomcat as Windows NT service.

    <p>The installer will create shortcuts allowing starting and configuring 
       Tomcat. It is important to note that the Tomcat administration web 
       application can only be used when Tomcat is running.</p>


  <section name="Unix daemon">

    <p>Tomcat can be run as a daemon using the jsvc tool from the 
       commons-daemon project. Source tarballs for jsvc are included with the
       Tomcat binaries, and need to be compiled. Building jsvc requires
       a C ANSI compiler (such as GCC), GNU Autoconf, and a JDK.</p>

    <p>Before running the script, the JAVA_HOME environment
       variable should be set to the base path of the JDK. Alternately, when
       calling the <code>./configure script, the path of the JDK may
       be specified using the <code>--with-java parameter, such as
       <code>./configure --with-java=/usr/java.

<p>Using the following commands should result in a compiled jsvc binary, located in the <code>$CATALINA_HOME/bin folder. This assumes that GNU TAR is used, and that <code>CATALINA_HOME is an environment variable pointing to the base path of the Tomcat installation.</p> <p>Please note that you should use the GNU make (gmake) instead of the native BSD make on FreeBSD systems.</p> <p>Download a commons-daemon binary from the Jakarta Commons download page, and place jsvc.tar.gz and commons-daemon.jar in the <code>$CATALINA_HOME/bin folder.

<source> cd $CATALINA_HOME/bin tar xvfz jsvc.tar.gz cd jsvc-src autoconf ./configure make cp jsvc .. cd .. </source> <p>Tomcat can then be run as a daemon using the following commands.

<source> cd $CATALINA_HOME ./bin/jsvc -cp ./bin/bootstrap.jar \ -outfile ./logs/catalina.out -errfile ./logs/catalina.err \ org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap </source> <p>jsvc has other useful parameters, such as -user which causes it to switch to another user after the daemon initialization is complete. This allows, for example, running Tomcat as a non privileged user while still being able to use privileged ports. <code>jsvc --help will return the full jsvc usage information. In particular, the <code>-debug option is useful to debug issues running jsvc.</p> <p>The file $CATALINA_HOME/bin/jsvc/native/ can be used as a template for starting Tomcat automatically at boot time from <code>/etc/init.d. The file is currently setup for running Tomcat 4.1.x, so it is necessary to edit it and change the classname from <code>BootstrapService to Bootstrap.

<p>Note that the Commons-Daemon JAR file must be on your runtime classpath to run Tomcat in this manner. The Commons-Daemon JAR file is in the Class-Path entry of the bootstrap.jar manifest, but if you get a ClassNotFoundException or a NoClassDefFoundError for a Commons-Daemon class, add the Commons-Daemon JAR to the -cp argument when launching jsvc.</p> </section> </body> </document>

Other Tomcat examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Tomcat setup.xml source code file:

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