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Commons IO example source code file (XmlStreamWriter.java)

This example Commons IO source code file (XmlStreamWriter.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons IO tags/keywords

buffer_size, buffer_size, filenotfoundexception, fileoutputstream, io, ioexception, ioexception, outputstreamwriter, override, regex, string, string, stringwriter, writer, xmlstreamwriter, xmlstreamwriter

The Commons IO XmlStreamWriter.java source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.commons.io.output;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.io.StringWriter;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import org.apache.commons.io.input.XmlStreamReader;

/**
 * Character stream that handles all the necessary Voodo to figure out the
 * charset encoding of the XML document written to the stream.
 *
 * @author Herve Boutemy
 * @version $Id: XmlStreamWriter.java 1004737 2010-10-05 17:56:04Z niallp $
 * @see XmlStreamReader
 * @since Commons IO 2.0
 */
public class XmlStreamWriter extends Writer {
    private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 4096;

    private final OutputStream out;

    private final String defaultEncoding;

    private StringWriter xmlPrologWriter = new StringWriter(BUFFER_SIZE);

    private Writer writer;

    private String encoding;

    /**
     * Construct an new XML stream writer for the specified output stream
     * with a default encoding of UTF-8.
     *
     * @param out The output stream
     */
    public XmlStreamWriter(OutputStream out) {
        this(out, null);
    }

    /**
     * Construct an new XML stream writer for the specified output stream
     * with the specified default encoding.
     *
     * @param out The output stream
     * @param defaultEncoding The default encoding if not encoding could be detected
     */
    public XmlStreamWriter(OutputStream out, String defaultEncoding) {
        this.out = out;
        this.defaultEncoding = (defaultEncoding != null ? defaultEncoding : "UTF-8");
    }

    /**
     * Construct an new XML stream writer for the specified file
     * with a default encoding of UTF-8.
     * 
     * @param file The file to write to
     * @throws FileNotFoundException if there is an error creating or
     * opening the file
     */
    public XmlStreamWriter(File file) throws FileNotFoundException {
        this(file, null);
    }

    /**
     * Construct an new XML stream writer for the specified file
     * with the specified default encoding.
     * 
     * @param file The file to write to
     * @param defaultEncoding The default encoding if not encoding could be detected
     * @throws FileNotFoundException if there is an error creating or
     * opening the file
     */
    public XmlStreamWriter(File file, String defaultEncoding) throws FileNotFoundException {
        this(new FileOutputStream(file), defaultEncoding);
    }

    /**
     * Return the detected encoding.
     *
     * @return the detected encoding
     */
    public String getEncoding() {
        return encoding;
    }

    /**
     * Return the default encoding.
     *
     * @return the default encoding
     */
    public String getDefaultEncoding() {
        return defaultEncoding;
    }

    /**
     * Close the underlying writer.
     *
     * @throws IOException if an error occurs closing the underlying writer
     */
    @Override
    public void close() throws IOException {
        if (writer == null) {
            encoding = defaultEncoding;
            writer = new OutputStreamWriter(out, encoding);
            writer.write(xmlPrologWriter.toString());
        }
        writer.close();
    }

    /**
     * Flush the underlying writer.
     *
     * @throws IOException if an error occurs flushing the underlying writer
     */
    @Override
    public void flush() throws IOException {
        if (writer != null) {
            writer.flush();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Detect the encoding.
     *
     * @param cbuf the buffer to write the characters from
     * @param off The start offset
     * @param len The number of characters to write
     * @throws IOException if an error occurs detecting the encoding
     */
    private void detectEncoding(char[] cbuf, int off, int len)
            throws IOException {
        int size = len;
        StringBuffer xmlProlog = xmlPrologWriter.getBuffer();
        if (xmlProlog.length() + len > BUFFER_SIZE) {
            size = BUFFER_SIZE - xmlProlog.length();
        }
        xmlPrologWriter.write(cbuf, off, size);

        // try to determine encoding
        if (xmlProlog.length() >= 5) {
            if (xmlProlog.substring(0, 5).equals("<?xml")) {
                // try to extract encoding from XML prolog
                int xmlPrologEnd = xmlProlog.indexOf("?>");
                if (xmlPrologEnd > 0) {
                    // ok, full XML prolog written: let's extract encoding
                    Matcher m = ENCODING_PATTERN.matcher(xmlProlog.substring(0,
                            xmlPrologEnd));
                    if (m.find()) {
                        encoding = m.group(1).toUpperCase();
                        encoding = encoding.substring(1, encoding.length() - 1);
                    } else {
                        // no encoding found in XML prolog: using default
                        // encoding
                        encoding = defaultEncoding;
                    }
                } else {
                    if (xmlProlog.length() >= BUFFER_SIZE) {
                        // no encoding found in first characters: using default
                        // encoding
                        encoding = defaultEncoding;
                    }
                }
            } else {
                // no XML prolog: using default encoding
                encoding = defaultEncoding;
            }
            if (encoding != null) {
                // encoding has been chosen: let's do it
                xmlPrologWriter = null;
                writer = new OutputStreamWriter(out, encoding);
                writer.write(xmlProlog.toString());
                if (len > size) {
                    writer.write(cbuf, off + size, len - size);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Write the characters to the underlying writer, detecing encoding.
     * 
     * @param cbuf the buffer to write the characters from
     * @param off The start offset
     * @param len The number of characters to write
     * @throws IOException if an error occurs detecting the encoding
     */
    @Override
    public void write(char[] cbuf, int off, int len) throws IOException {
        if (xmlPrologWriter != null) {
            detectEncoding(cbuf, off, len);
        } else {
            writer.write(cbuf, off, len);
        }
    }

    static final Pattern ENCODING_PATTERN = XmlStreamReader.ENCODING_PATTERN;
}

Other Commons IO examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Commons IO XmlStreamWriter.java source code file:



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