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Lucene example source code file (CHANGES.txt)

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The Lucene CHANGES.txt source code

Lucene Change Log

For more information on past and future Lucene versions, please see:

======================= Lucene 3.3.0 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

* LUCENE-3140: IndexOutput.copyBytes now takes a DataInput (superclass
  of IndexInput) as its first argument.  (Robert Muir, Dawid Weiss,
  Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3191: FieldComparator.value now returns an Object not
  Comparable; FieldDoc.fields also changed from Comparable[] to
  Object[] (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3208: Made deprecated methods Query.weight(Searcher) and
  Searcher.createWeight() final to prevent override. If you have
  overridden one of these methods, cut over to the non-deprecated
  implementation. (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Yonik Seeley)

* LUCENE-3238: Made MultiTermQuery.rewrite() final, to prevent
  problems (such as not properly setting rewrite methods, or 
  not working correctly with things like SpanMultiTermQueryWrapper).
  To rewrite to a simpler form, instead return a simpler enum
  from getEnum(IndexReader). For example, to rewrite to a single term, 
  return a SingleTermEnum.  (ludovic Boutros, Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

Changes in runtime behavior

* LUCENE-2834: the hash used to compute the lock file name when the
  lock file is not stored in the index has changed.  This means you
  will see a different lucene-XXX-write.lock in your lock directory.
  (Robert Muir, Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)
* LUCENE-3146: IndexReader.setNorm throws IllegalStateException if the field
  does not store norms. (Shai Erera, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3198: On Linux, if the JRE is 64 bit and supports unmapping,
  FSDirectory.open now defaults to MMapDirectory instead of
  NIOFSDirectory since MMapDirectory gives better performance.  (Mike
* LUCENE-3200: MMapDirectory now uses chunk sizes that are powers of 2.
  When setting the chunk size, it is rounded down to the next possible
  value. The new default value for 64 bit platforms is 2^30 (1 GiB),
  for 32 bit platforms it stays unchanged at 2^28 (256 MiB).
  Internally, MMapDirectory now only uses one dedicated final IndexInput
  implementation supporting multiple chunks, which makes Hotspot's life
  easier.  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)
Bug fixes

* LUCENE-3147,LUCENE-3152: Fixed open file handles leaks in many places in the 
  code. Now MockDirectoryWrapper (in test-framework) tracks all open files, 
  including locks, and fails if the test fails to release all of them.
  (Mike McCandless, Robert Muir, Shai Erera, Simon Willnauer)

* LUCENE-3102: CachingCollector.replay was failing to call setScorer
  per-segment (Martijn van Groningen via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3183: Fix rare corner case where seeking to empty term
  (field="", term="") with terms index interval 1 could hit
  ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException (selckin, Robert Muir, Mike

* LUCENE-3208: IndexSearcher had its own private similarity field
  and corresponding get/setter overriding Searcher's implementation. If you
  setted a different Similarity instance on IndexSearcher, methods implemented
  in the superclass Searcher were not using it, leading to strange bugs.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-3197: Fix core merge policies to not over-merge during
  background optimize when documents are still being deleted
  concurrently with the optimize (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3222: The RAM accounting for buffered delete terms was
  failing to measure the space required to hold the term's field and
  text character data.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3238: Fixed bug where using WildcardQuery("prefix*") inside
  of a SpanMultiTermQueryWrapper rewrote incorrectly and returned
  an error instead.  (ludovic Boutros, Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

API Changes

* LUCENE-3208: Renamed protected IndexSearcher.createWeight() to expert
  public method IndexSearcher.createNormalizedWeight() as this better describes
  what this method does. The old method is still there for backwards
  compatibility. Query.weight() was deprecated and simply delegates to
  IndexSearcher. Both deprecated methods will be removed in Lucene 4.0.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Yonik Seeley)

* LUCENE-3197: MergePolicy.findMergesForOptimize now takes
  Map<SegmentInfo,Boolean> instead of Set as the second
  argument, so the merge policy knows which segments were originally
  present vs produced by an optimizing merge (Mike McCandless)


* LUCENE-1736: DateTools.java general improvements. 
  (David Smiley via Steve Rowe)

New Features

* LUCENE-3140: Added experimental FST implementation to Lucene.
  (Robert Muir, Dawid Weiss, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3193: A new TwoPhaseCommitTool allows running a 2-phase commit 
  algorithm over objects that implement the new TwoPhaseCommit interface (such
  as IndexWriter). (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-3191: Added TopDocs.merge, to facilitate merging results from
  different shards (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3179: Added OpenBitSet.prevSetBit (Paul Elschot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3210: Made TieredMergePolicy more aggressive in reclaiming
  segments with deletions; added new methods
  set/getReclaimDeletesWeight to control this.  (Mike McCandless)


* LUCENE-1344: Create OSGi bundle using dev-tools/maven.
  (Nicolas Lalevée, Luca Stancapiano via ryan)
* LUCENE-3204: The maven-ant-tasks jar is now included in the source tree;
  users of the generate-maven-artifacts target no longer have to manually
  place this jar in the Ant classpath.  NOTE: when Ant looks for the 
  maven-ant-tasks jar, it looks first in its pre-existing classpath, so
  any copies it finds will be used instead of the copy included in the 
  Lucene/Solr source tree.  For this reason, it is recommeded to remove
  any copies of the maven-ant-tasks jar in the Ant classpath, e.g. under
  ~/.ant/lib/ or under the Ant installation's lib/ directory. (Steve Rowe) 

======================= Lucene 3.2.0 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

* LUCENE-2953: PriorityQueue's internal heap was made private, as subclassing
  with generics can lead to ClassCastException. For advanced use (e.g. in Solr)
  a method getHeapArray() was added to retrieve the internal heap array as a
  non-generic Object[].  (Uwe Schindler, Yonik Seeley)

* LUCENE-1076: IndexWriter.setInfoStream now throws IOException
  (Mike McCandless, Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-3084: MergePolicy.OneMerge.segments was changed from
  SegmentInfos to a List<SegmentInfo>. SegmentInfos itsself was changed
  to no longer extend Vector<SegmentInfo> (to update code that is using
  Vector-API, use the new asList() and asSet() methods returning unmodifiable
  collections; modifying SegmentInfos is now only possible through
  the explicitely declared methods). IndexWriter.segString() now takes
  Iterable<SegmentInfo> instead of List. A simple recompile
  should fix this. MergePolicy and SegmentInfos are internal/experimental
  APIs not covered by the strict backwards compatibility policy.
  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

Changes in runtime behavior

* LUCENE-3065: When a NumericField is retrieved from a Document loaded
  from IndexReader (or IndexSearcher), it will now come back as
  NumericField not as a Field with a string-ified version of the
  numeric value you had indexed.  Note that this only applies for
  newly-indexed Documents; older indices will still return Field
  with the string-ified numeric value. If you call Document.get(),
  the value comes still back as String, but Document.getFieldable()
  returns NumericField instances. (Uwe Schindler, Ryan McKinley,
  Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1076: Changed the default merge policy from
  LogByteSizeMergePolicy to TieredMergePolicy, as of Version.LUCENE_32
  (passed to IndexWriterConfig), which is able to merge non-contiguous
  segments. This means docIDs no longer necessarily stay "in order"
  during indexing.  If this is a problem then you can use either of
  the LogMergePolicy impls.  (Mike McCandless)
New features

* LUCENE-3082: Added index upgrade tool oal.index.IndexUpgrader
  that allows to upgrade all segments to last recent supported index
  format without fully optimizing.  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1076: Added TieredMergePolicy which is able to merge non-contiguous 
  segments, which means docIDs no longer necessarily stay "in order".
  (Mike McCandless, Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-3071: Adding ReversePathHierarchyTokenizer, added skip parameter to 
  PathHierarchyTokenizer (Olivier Favre via ryan)

* LUCENE-1421, LUCENE-3102: added CachingCollector which allow you to cache 
  document IDs and scores encountered during the search, and "replay" them to 
  another Collector. (Mike McCandless, Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-3112: Added experimental IndexWriter.add/updateDocuments,
  enabling a block of documents to be indexed, atomically, with
  guaranteed sequential docIDs.  (Mike McCandless)

API Changes

* LUCENE-3061: IndexWriter's getNextMerge() and merge(OneMerge) are now public
  (though @lucene.experimental), allowing for custom MergeScheduler 
  implementations. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-3065: Document.getField() was deprecated, as it throws
  ClassCastException when loading lazy fields or NumericFields.
  (Uwe Schindler, Ryan McKinley, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2027: Directory.touchFile is deprecated and will be removed
  in 4.0.  (Mike McCandless)


* LUCENE-2990: ArrayUtil/CollectionUtil.*Sort() methods now exit early
  on empty or one-element lists/arrays.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2897: Apply deleted terms while flushing a segment.  We still
  buffer deleted terms to later apply to past segments.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3126: IndexWriter.addIndexes copies incoming segments into CFS if they
  aren't already and MergePolicy allows that. (Shai Erera)

Bug fixes

* LUCENE-2996: addIndexes(IndexReader) did not flush before adding the new 
  indexes, causing existing deletions to be applied on the incoming indexes as 
  well. (Shai Erera, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3024: Index with more than 2.1B terms was hitting AIOOBE when
  seeking TermEnum (eg used by Solr's faceting) (Tom Burton-West, Mike

* LUCENE-3042: When a filter or consumer added Attributes to a TokenStream
  chain after it was already (partly) consumed [or clearAttributes(),
  captureState(), cloneAttributes(),... was called by the Tokenizer],
  the Tokenizer calling clearAttributes() or capturing state after addition 
  may not do this on the newly added Attribute. This bug affected only
  very special use cases of the TokenStream-API, most users would not
  have recognized it.  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-3054: PhraseQuery can in some cases stack overflow in
  SorterTemplate.quickSort(). This fix also adds an optimization to
  PhraseQuery as term with lower doc freq will also have less positions.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Otis Gospodnetic)

* LUCENE-3068: sloppy phrase query failed to match valid documents when multiple 
  query terms had same position in the query. (Doron Cohen)

* LUCENE-3012: Lucene writes the header now for separate norm files (*.sNNN)
  (Robert Muir)


* LUCENE-3006: Building javadocs will fail on warnings by default. 
  Override with -Dfailonjavadocwarning=false (sarowe, gsingers)

* LUCENE-3128: "ant eclipse" creates a .project file for easier Eclipse
  integration (unless one already exists). (Daniel Serodio via Shai Erera)

Test Cases

* LUCENE-3002: added 'tests.iter.min' to control 'tests.iter' by allowing to 
  stop iterating if at least 'tests.iter.min' ran and a failure occured. 
  (Shai Erera, Chris Hostetter)

======================= Lucene 3.1.0 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

* LUCENE-2719: Changed API of internal utility class
  org.apache.lucene.util.SorterTemplate to support faster quickSort using
  pivot values and also merge sort and insertion sort. If you have used
  this class, you have to implement two more methods for handling pivots.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1923: Renamed SegmentInfo & SegmentInfos segString method to
  toString.  These are advanced APIs and subject to change suddenly.
  (Tim Smith via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2190: Removed deprecated customScore() and customExplain()
  methods from experimental CustomScoreQuery.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2286: Enabled DefaultSimilarity.setDiscountOverlaps by default.
  This means that terms with a position increment gap of zero do not
  affect the norms calculation by default.  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2320: MergePolicy.writer is now of type SetOnce, which allows setting
  the IndexWriter for a MergePolicy exactly once. You can change references to
  'writer' from <code>writer.doXYZ() to writer.get().doXYZ()
  (it is also advisable to add an <code>assert writer != null; before you
  access the wrapped IndexWriter.)

  In addition, MergePolicy only exposes a default constructor, and the one that
  took IndexWriter as argument has been removed from all MergePolicy extensions.
  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2328: SimpleFSDirectory.SimpleFSIndexInput is moved to
  FSDirectory.FSIndexInput. Anyone extending this class will have to
  fix their code on upgrading. (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2302: The new interface for term attributes, CharTermAttribute,
  now implements CharSequence. This requires the toString() methods of
  CharTermAttribute, deprecated TermAttribute, and Token to return only
  the term text and no other attribute contents. LUCENE-2374 implements
  an attribute reflection API to no longer rely on toString() for attribute
  inspection. (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2372, LUCENE-2389: StandardAnalyzer, KeywordAnalyzer,
  PerFieldAnalyzerWrapper, WhitespaceTokenizer are now final.  Also removed
  the now obsolete and deprecated Analyzer.setOverridesTokenStreamMethod().
  Analyzer and TokenStream base classes now have an assertion in their ctor,
  that check subclasses to be final or at least have final implementations
  of incrementToken(), tokenStream(), and reusableTokenStream().
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2316: Directory.fileLength contract was clarified - it returns the
  actual file's length if the file exists, and throws FileNotFoundException
  otherwise. Returning length=0 for a non-existent file is no longer allowed. If
  you relied on that, make sure to catch the exception. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2386: IndexWriter no longer performs an empty commit upon new index
  creation. Previously, if you passed an empty Directory and set OpenMode to
  CREATE*, IndexWriter would make a first empty commit. If you need that
  behavior you can call writer.commit()/close() immediately after you create it.
  (Shai Erera, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2733: Removed public constructors of utility classes with only static
  methods to prevent instantiation.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2602: The default (LogByteSizeMergePolicy) merge policy now
  takes deletions into account by default.  You can disable this by
  calling setCalibrateSizeByDeletes(false) on the merge policy.  (Mike

* LUCENE-2529, LUCENE-2668: Position increment gap and offset gap of empty
  values in multi-valued field has been changed for some cases in index.
  If you index empty fields and uses positions/offsets information on that
  fields, reindex is recommended. (David Smiley, Koji Sekiguchi)

* LUCENE-2804: Directory.setLockFactory new declares throwing an IOException.
  (Shai Erera, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2837: Added deprecations noting that in 4.0, Searcher and
  Searchable are collapsed into IndexSearcher; contrib/remote and
  MultiSearcher have been removed.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2854: Deprecated SimilarityDelegator and
  Similarity.lengthNorm; the latter is now final, forcing any custom
  Similarity impls to cutover to the more general computeNorm (Robert
  Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2869: Deprecated Query.getSimilarity: instead of using
  "runtime" subclassing/delegation, subclass the Weight instead.
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2674: A new idfExplain method was added to Similarity, that
  accepts an incoming docFreq.  If you subclass Similarity, make sure
  you also override this method on upgrade.  (Robert Muir, Mike

Changes in runtime behavior

* LUCENE-1923: Made IndexReader.toString() produce something
  meaningful (Tim Smith via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2179: CharArraySet.clear() is now functional.
  (Robert Muir, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2455: IndexWriter.addIndexes no longer optimizes the target index
  before it adds the new ones. Also, the existing segments are not merged and so
  the index will not end up with a single segment (unless it was empty before).
  In addition, addIndexesNoOptimize was renamed to addIndexes and no longer
  invokes a merge on the incoming and target segments, but instead copies the
  segments to the target index. You can call maybeMerge or optimize after this
  method completes, if you need to.

  In addition, Directory.copyTo* were removed in favor of copy which takes the
  target Directory, source and target files as arguments, and copies the source
  file to the target Directory under the target file name. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2663: IndexWriter no longer forcefully clears any existing
  locks when create=true.  This was a holdover from when
  SimpleFSLockFactory was the default locking implementation, and,
  even then it was dangerous since it could mask bugs in IndexWriter's
  usage, allowing applications to accidentally open two writers on the
  same directory.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2701: maxMergeMBForOptimize and maxMergeDocs constraints set on
  LogMergePolicy now affect optimize() as well (as opposed to only regular
  merges). This means that you can run optimize() and too large segments won't
  be merged. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2753: IndexReader and DirectoryReader .listCommits() now return a List,
  guaranteeing the commits are sorted from oldest to latest. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2785: TopScoreDocCollector, TopFieldCollector and
  the IndexSearcher search methods that take an int nDocs will now
  throw IllegalArgumentException if nDocs is 0.  Instead, you should
  use the newly added TotalHitCountCollector.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2790: LogMergePolicy.useCompoundFile's logic now factors in noCFSRatio
  to determine whether the passed in segment should be compound.
  (Shai Erera, Earwin Burrfoot)

* LUCENE-2805: IndexWriter now increments the index version on every change to
  the index instead of for every commit. Committing or closing the IndexWriter
  without any changes to the index will not cause any index version increment.
  (Simon Willnauer, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2650, LUCENE-2825: The behavior of FSDirectory.open has changed. On 64-bit
  Windows and Solaris systems that support unmapping, FSDirectory.open returns
  MMapDirectory. Additionally the behavior of MMapDirectory has been
  changed to enable unmapping by default if supported by the JRE.
  (Mike McCandless, Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2829: Improve the performance of "primary key" lookup use
  case (running a TermQuery that matches one document) on a
  multi-segment index.  (Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2010: Segments with 100% deleted documents are now removed on
  IndexReader or IndexWriter commit.   (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2960: Allow some changes to IndexWriterConfig to take effect
  "live" (after an IW is instantiated), via
  IndexWriter.getConfig().setXXX(...) (Shay Banon, Mike McCandless)

API Changes

* LUCENE-2076: Rename FSDirectory.getFile -> getDirectory.  (George
  Aroush via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1260: Change norm encode (float->byte) and decode
  (byte->float) to be instance methods not static methods.  This way a
  custom Similarity can alter how norms are encoded, though they must
  still be encoded as a single byte (Johan Kindgren via Mike

* LUCENE-2103: NoLockFactory should have a private constructor;
  until Lucene 4.0 the default one will be deprecated.
  (Shai Erera via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2177: Deprecate the Field ctors that take byte[] and Store.
  Since the removal of compressed fields, Store can only be YES, so
  it's not necessary to specify.  (Erik Hatcher via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2200: Several final classes had non-overriding protected
  members. These were converted to private and unused protected
  constructors removed.  (Steven Rowe via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2240: SimpleAnalyzer and WhitespaceAnalyzer now have
  Version ctors.  (Simon Willnauer via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2259: Add IndexWriter.deleteUnusedFiles, to attempt removing
  unused files.  This is only useful on Windows, which prevents
  deletion of open files. IndexWriter will eventually remove these
  files itself; this method just lets you do so when you know the
  files are no longer open by IndexReaders. (luocanrao via Mike

* LUCENE-2282: IndexFileNames is exposed as a public class allowing for easier
  use by external code. In addition it offers a matchExtension method which
  callers can use to query whether a certain file matches a certain extension.
  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-124: Add a TopTermsBoostOnlyBooleanQueryRewrite to MultiTermQuery.
  This rewrite method is similar to TopTermsScoringBooleanQueryRewrite, but
  only scores terms by their boost values. For example, this can be used
  with FuzzyQuery to ensure that exact matches are always scored higher,
  because only the boost will be used in scoring.  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2015: Add a static method foldToASCII to ASCIIFoldingFilter to
  expose its folding logic.  (Cédrik Lime via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2294: IndexWriter constructors have been deprecated in favor of a
  single ctor which accepts IndexWriterConfig and a Directory. You can set all
  the parameters related to IndexWriter on IndexWriterConfig. The different
  setter/getter methods were deprecated as well. One should call
  writer.getConfig().getXYZ() to query for a parameter XYZ.
  Additionally, the setter/getter related to MergePolicy were deprecated as
  well. One should interact with the MergePolicy directly.
  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2320: IndexWriter's MergePolicy configuration was moved to
  IndexWriterConfig and the respective methods on IndexWriter were deprecated.
  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2328: Directory now keeps track itself of the files that are written
  but not yet fsynced. The old Directory.sync(String file) method is deprecated
  and replaced with Directory.sync(Collection<String> files). Take a look at
  FSDirectory to see a sample of how such tracking might look like, if needed
  in your custom Directories.  (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2302: Deprecated TermAttribute and replaced by a new
  CharTermAttribute. The change is backwards compatible, so
  mixed new/old TokenStreams all work on the same char[] buffer
  independent of which interface they use. CharTermAttribute
  has shorter method names and implements CharSequence and
  Appendable. This allows usage like Java's StringBuilder in
  addition to direct char[] access. Also terms can directly be
  used in places where CharSequence is allowed (e.g. regular
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2402: IndexWriter.deleteUnusedFiles now deletes unreferenced commit
  points too. If you use an IndexDeletionPolicy which holds onto index commits
  (such as SnapshotDeletionPolicy), you can call this method to remove those
  commit points when they are not needed anymore (instead of waiting for the
  next commit). (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2481: SnapshotDeletionPolicy.snapshot() and release() were replaced
  with equivalent ones that take a String (id) as argument. You can pass
  whatever ID you want, as long as you use the same one when calling both.
  (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2356: Add IndexWriterConfig.set/getReaderTermIndexDivisor, to
  set what IndexWriter passes for termsIndexDivisor to the readers it
  opens internally when apply deletions or creating a near-real-time
  reader.  (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2167,LUCENE-2699,LUCENE-2763,LUCENE-2847: StandardTokenizer/Analyzer
  in common/standard/ now implement the Word Break rules from the Unicode 6.0.0
  Text Segmentation algorithm (UAX#29), covering the full range of Unicode code
  points, including values from U+FFFF to U+10FFFF

  ClassicTokenizer/Analyzer retains the old (pre-Lucene 3.1) StandardTokenizer/
  Analyzer implementation and behavior.  Only the Unicode Basic Multilingual
  Plane (code points from U+0000 to U+FFFF) is covered.

  UAX29URLEmailTokenizer tokenizes URLs and E-mail addresses according to the
  relevant RFCs, in addition to implementing the UAX#29 Word Break rules.
  (Steven Rowe, Robert Muir, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2778: RAMDirectory now exposes newRAMFile() which allows to override
  and return a different RAMFile implementation. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2785: Added TotalHitCountCollector whose sole purpose is to
  count the number of hits matching the query.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2846: Deprecated IndexReader.setNorm(int, String, float). This method
  is only syntactic sugar for setNorm(int, String, byte), but  using the global
  Similarity.getDefault().encodeNormValue().  Use the byte-based method instead
  to ensure that the norm is encoded with your Similarity.
  (Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2374: Added Attribute reflection API: It's now possible to inspect the
  contents of AttributeImpl and AttributeSource using a well-defined API.
  This is e.g. used by Solr's AnalysisRequestHandlers to display all attributes
  in a structured way.
  There are also some backwards incompatible changes in toString() output,
  as LUCENE-2302 introduced the CharSequence interface to CharTermAttribute
  leading to changed toString() return values. The new API allows to get a
  string representation in a well-defined way using a new method
  reflectAsString(). For backwards compatibility reasons, when toString()
  was implemented by implementation subclasses, the default implementation of
  AttributeImpl.reflectWith() uses toString()s output instead to report the
  Attribute's properties. Otherwise, reflectWith() uses Java's reflection
  (like toString() did before) to get the attribute properties.
  In addition, the mandatory equals() and hashCode() are no longer required
  for AttributeImpls, but can still be provided (if needed).
  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2691: Deprecate IndexWriter.getReader in favor of
  IndexReader.open(IndexWriter) (Grant Ingersoll, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2876: Deprecated Scorer.getSimilarity(). If your Scorer uses a Similarity,
  it should keep it itself. Fixed Scorers to pass their parent Weight, so that
  Scorer.visitSubScorers (LUCENE-2590) will work correctly.
  (Robert Muir, Doron Cohen)

* LUCENE-2900: When opening a near-real-time (NRT) reader
  (IndexReader.re/open(IndexWriter)) you can now specify whether
  deletes should be applied.  Applying deletes can be costly, and some
  expert use cases can handle seeing deleted documents returned.  The
  deletes remain buffered so that the next time you open an NRT reader
  and pass true, all deletes will be a applied.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1253: LengthFilter (and Solr's KeepWordTokenFilter) now
  require up front specification of enablePositionIncrement. Together with
  StopFilter they have a common base class (FilteringTokenFilter) that handles
  the position increments automatically. Implementors only need to override an
  accept() method that filters tokens.  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

Bug fixes

* LUCENE-2249: ParallelMultiSearcher should shut down thread pool on
  close.  (Martin Traverso via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2273: FieldCacheImpl.getCacheEntries() used WeakHashMap
  incorrectly and lead to ConcurrentModificationException.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2328: Index files fsync tracking moved from
  IndexWriter/IndexReader to Directory, and it no longer leaks memory.
  (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2074: Reduce buffer size of lexer back to default on reset.
  (Ruben Laguna, Shai Erera via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2496: Don't throw NPE if IndexWriter is opened with CREATE on
  a prior (corrupt) index missing its segments_N file.  (Mike

* LUCENE-2458: QueryParser no longer automatically forms phrase queries,
  assuming whitespace tokenization. Previously all CJK queries, for example,
  would be turned into phrase queries. The old behavior is preserved with
  the matchVersion parameter for previous versions. Additionally, you can
  explicitly enable the old behavior with setAutoGeneratePhraseQueries(true)
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2537: FSDirectory.copy() implementation was unsafe and could result in
  OOM if a large file was copied. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2580: MultiPhraseQuery throws AIOOBE if number of positions
  exceeds number of terms at one position (Jayendra Patil via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2617: Optional clauses of a BooleanQuery were not factored
  into coord if the scorer for that segment returned null.  This
  can cause the same document to score to differently depending on
  what segment it resides in. (yonik)

* LUCENE-2272: Fix explain in PayloadNearQuery and also fix scoring issue (Peter Keegan via Grant Ingersoll)

* LUCENE-2732: Fix charset problems in XML loading in
  HyphenationCompoundWordTokenFilter.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2802: NRT DirectoryReader returned incorrect values from
  getVersion, isOptimized, getCommitUserData, getIndexCommit and isCurrent due
  to a mutable reference to the IndexWriters SegmentInfos.
  (Simon Willnauer, Earwin Burrfoot)

* LUCENE-2852: Fixed corner case in RAMInputStream that would hit a
  false EOF after seeking to EOF then seeking back to same block you
  were just in and then calling readBytes (Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2860: Fixed SegmentInfo.sizeInBytes to factor includeDocStores when it
  decides whether to return the cached computed size or not. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2584: SegmentInfo.files() could hit ConcurrentModificationException if
  called by multiple threads. (Alexander Kanarsky via Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2809: Fixed IndexWriter.numDocs to take into account
  applied but not yet flushed deletes.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2879: MultiPhraseQuery previously calculated its phrase IDF by summing
  internally, it now calls Similarity.idfExplain(Collection, IndexSearcher).
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2693: RAM used by IndexWriter was slightly incorrectly computed.
  (Jason Rutherglen via Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-1846: DateTools now uses the US locale everywhere, so DateTools.round()
  is safe also in strange locales.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2891: IndexWriterConfig did not accept -1 in setReaderTermIndexDivisor,
  which can be used to prevent loading the terms index into memory. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2937: Encoding a float into a byte (e.g. encoding field norms during
  indexing) had an underflow detection bug that caused floatToByte(f)==0 where
  f was greater than 0, but slightly less than byteToFloat(1).  This meant that
  certain very small field norms (index_boost * length_norm) could have
  been rounded down to 0 instead of being rounded up to the smallest
  positive number.  (yonik)

* LUCENE-2936: PhraseQuery score explanations were not correctly
  identifying matches vs non-matches.  (hossman)

* LUCENE-2975: A hotspot bug corrupts IndexInput#readVInt()/readVLong() if
  the underlying readByte() is inlined (which happens e.g. in MMapDirectory).
  The loop was unwinded which makes the hotspot bug disappear.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

New features

* LUCENE-2128: Parallelized fetching document frequencies during weight
  creation. (Israel Tsadok, Simon Willnauer via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2069: Added Unicode 4 support to CharArraySet. Due to the switch
  to Java 5, supplementary characters are now lowercased correctly if the
  set is created as case insensitive.
  CharArraySet now requires a Version argument to preserve
  backwards compatibility. If Version < 3.1 is passed to the constructor,
  CharArraySet yields the old behavior. (Simon Willnauer)

* LUCENE-2069: Added Unicode 4 support to LowerCaseFilter. Due to the switch
  to Java 5, supplementary characters are now lowercased correctly.
  LowerCaseFilter now requires a Version argument to preserve
  backwards compatibility. If Version < 3.1 is passed to the constructor,
  LowerCaseFilter yields the old behavior. (Simon Willnauer, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2034: Added ReusableAnalyzerBase, an abstract subclass of Analyzer
  that makes it easier to reuse TokenStreams correctly. This issue also added
  StopwordAnalyzerBase, which improves consistency of all Analyzers that use
  stopwords, and implement many analyzers in contrib with it.
  (Simon Willnauer via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2198, LUCENE-2901: Support protected words in stemming TokenFilters using a
  new KeywordAttribute.  (Simon Willnauer, Drew Farris via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2183, LUCENE-2240, LUCENE-2241: Added Unicode 4 support
  to CharTokenizer and its subclasses. CharTokenizer now has new
  int-API which is conditionally preferred to the old char-API depending
  on the provided Version. Version < 3.1 will use the char-API.
  (Simon Willnauer via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2247: Added a CharArrayMap<V> for performance improvements
  in some stemmers and synonym filters. (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2320: Added SetOnce which wraps an object and allows it to be set
  exactly once. (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2314: Added AttributeSource.copyTo(AttributeSource) that
  allows to use cloneAttributes() and this method as a replacement
  for captureState()/restoreState(), if the state itself
  needs to be inspected/modified.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2293: Expose control over max number of threads that
  IndexWriter will allow to run concurrently while indexing
  documents (previously this was hardwired to 5), using
  IndexWriterConfig.setMaxThreadStates.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2297: Enable turning on reader pooling inside IndexWriter
  even when getReader (near-real-timer reader) is not in use, through
  IndexWriterConfig.enable/disableReaderPooling.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2331: Add NoMergePolicy which never returns any merges to execute. In
  addition, add NoMergeScheduler which never executes any merges. These two are
  convenient classes in case you want to disable segment merges by IndexWriter
  without tweaking a particular MergePolicy parameters, such as mergeFactor.
  MergeScheduler's methods are now public. (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2339: Deprecate static method Directory.copy in favor of
  Directory.copyTo, and use nio's FileChannel.transferTo when copying
  files between FSDirectory instances.  (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike

* LUCENE-2074: Make StandardTokenizer fit for Unicode 4.0, if the
  matchVersion parameter is Version.LUCENE_31. (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2385: Moved NoDeletionPolicy from benchmark to core. NoDeletionPolicy
  can be used to prevent commits from ever getting deleted from the index.
  (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-1585: IndexWriter now accepts a PayloadProcessorProvider which can
  return a DirPayloadProcessor for a given Directory, which returns a
  PayloadProcessor for a given Term. The PayloadProcessor will be used to
  process the payloads of the segments as they are merged (e.g. if one wants to
  rewrite payloads of external indexes as they are added, or of local ones).
  (Shai Erera, Michael Busch, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2440: Add support for custom ExecutorService in
  ParallelMultiSearcher (Edward Drapkin via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2295: Added a LimitTokenCountAnalyzer / LimitTokenCountFilter
  to wrap any other Analyzer and provide the same functionality as
  MaxFieldLength provided on IndexWriter.  This patch also fixes a bug
  in the offset calculation in CharTokenizer. (Uwe Schindler, Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2526: Don't throw NPE from MultiPhraseQuery.toString when
  it's empty.  (Ross Woolf via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2559: Added SegmentReader.reopen methods (John Wang via Mike

* LUCENE-2590: Added Scorer.visitSubScorers, and Scorer.freq.  Along
  with a custom Collector these experimental methods make it possible
  to gather the hit-count per sub-clause and per document while a
  search is running.  (Simon Willnauer, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2636: Added MultiCollector which allows running the search with several
  Collectors. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2754, LUCENE-2757: Added a wrapper around MultiTermQueries
  to add span support: SpanMultiTermQueryWrapper<Q extends MultiTermQuery>.
  Using this wrapper its easy to add fuzzy/wildcard to e.g. a SpanNearQuery.
  (Robert Muir, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2838: ConstantScoreQuery now directly supports wrapping a Query
  instance for stripping off scores. The use of a QueryWrapperFilter
  is no longer needed and discouraged for that use case. Directly wrapping
  Query improves performance, as out-of-order collection is now supported.
  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2864: Add getMaxTermFrequency (maximum within-document TF) to
  FieldInvertState so that it can be used in Similarity.computeNorm.
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2720: Segments now record the code version which created them.
  (Shai Erera, Mike McCandless, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2474: Added expert ReaderFinishedListener API to
  IndexReader, to allow apps that maintain external per-segment caches
  to evict entries when a segment is finished.  (Shay Banon, Yonik
  Seeley, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2911: The new StandardTokenizer, UAX29URLEmailTokenizer, and
  the ICUTokenizer in contrib now all tag types with a consistent set
  of token types (defined in StandardTokenizer). Tokens in the major
  CJK types are explicitly marked to allow for custom downstream handling:
  <IDEOGRAPHIC>, , , and .
  (Robert Muir, Steven Rowe)

* LUCENE-2913: Add missing getters to Numeric* classes. (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-1810: Added FieldSelectorResult.LATENT to not cache lazy loaded fields
  (Tim Smith, Grant Ingersoll)

* LUCENE-2692: Added several new SpanQuery classes for positional checking
  (match is in a range, payload is a specific value) (Grant Ingersoll)  


* LUCENE-2494: Use CompletionService in ParallelMultiSearcher instead of
  simple polling for results. (Edward Drapkin, Simon Willnauer)

* LUCENE-2075: Terms dict cache is now shared across threads instead
  of being stored separately in thread local storage.  Also fixed
  terms dict so that the cache is used when seeking the thread local
  term enum, which will be important for MultiTermQuery impls that do
  lots of seeking (Mike McCandless, Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Yonik

* LUCENE-2136: If the multi reader (DirectoryReader or MultiReader)
  only has a single sub-reader, delegate all enum requests to it.
  This avoid the overhead of using a PQ unnecessarily.  (Mike

* LUCENE-2137: Switch to AtomicInteger for some ref counting (Earwin
  Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2123, LUCENE-2261: Move FuzzyQuery rewrite to separate RewriteMode
  into MultiTermQuery. The number of fuzzy expansions can be specified with
  the maxExpansions parameter to FuzzyQuery.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2164: ConcurrentMergeScheduler has more control over merge
  threads.  First, it gives smaller merges higher thread priority than
  larges ones.  Second, a new set/getMaxMergeCount setting will pause
  the larger merges to allow smaller ones to finish.  The defaults for
  these settings are now dynamic, depending the number CPU cores as
  reported by Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() (Mike

* LUCENE-2169: Improved CharArraySet.copy(), if source set is
  also a CharArraySet.  (Simon Willnauer via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2084: Change IndexableBinaryStringTools to work on byte[] and char[]
  directly, instead of Byte/CharBuffers, and modify CollationKeyFilter to
  take advantage of this for faster performance.
  (Steven Rowe, Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2188: Add a utility class for tracking deprecated overridden
  methods in non-final subclasses.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2195: Speedup CharArraySet if set is empty.
  (Simon Willnauer via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2285: Code cleanup. (Shai Erera via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2303: Remove code duplication in Token class by subclassing
  TermAttributeImpl, move DEFAULT_TYPE constant to TypeInterface, improve
  null-handling for TypeAttribute.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2329: Switch TermsHash* from using a PostingList object per unique
  term to parallel arrays, indexed by termID. This reduces garbage collection
  overhead significantly, which results in great indexing performance wins
  when the available JVM heap space is low. This will become even more
  important when the DocumentsWriter RAM buffer is searchable in the future,
  because then it will make sense to make the RAM buffers as large as
  possible. (Mike McCandless, Michael Busch)

* LUCENE-2380: The terms field cache methods (getTerms,
  getTermsIndex), which replace the older String equivalents
  (getStrings, getStringIndex), consume quite a bit less RAM in most
  cases.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2410: ~20% speedup on exact (slop=0) PhraseQuery matching.
  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2531: Fix issue when sorting by a String field that was
  causing too many fallbacks to compare-by-value (instead of by-ord).
  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2574: IndexInput exposes copyBytes(IndexOutput, long) to allow for
  efficient copying by sub-classes. Optimized copy is implemented for RAM and FS
  streams. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2719: Improved TermsHashPerField's sorting to use a better
  quick sort algorithm that dereferences the pivot element not on
  every compare call. Also replaced lots of sorting code in Lucene
  by the improved SorterTemplate class.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2760: Optimize SpanFirstQuery and SpanPositionRangeQuery.
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2770: Make SegmentMerger always work on atomic subreaders,
  even when IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader...) is used with
  DirectoryReaders or other MultiReaders. This saves lots of memory
  during merge of norms.  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2824: Optimize BufferedIndexInput to do less bounds checks.
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2010: Segments with 100% deleted documents are now removed on
  IndexReader or IndexWriter commit.  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1472: Removed synchronization from static DateTools methods
  by using a ThreadLocal. Also converted DateTools.Resolution to a
  Java 5 enum (this should not break backwards).  (Uwe Schindler)


* LUCENE-2124: Moved the JDK-based collation support from contrib/collation
  into core, and moved the ICU-based collation support into contrib/icu.
  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2326: Removed SVN checkouts for backwards tests. The backwards
  branch is now included in the svn repository using "svn copy"
  after release. (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2074: Regenerating StandardTokenizerImpl files now needs
  JFlex 1.5 (currently only available on SVN). (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-1709: Tests are now parallelized by default (except for benchmark). You
  can force them to run sequentially by passing -Drunsequential=1 on the command
  line. The number of threads that are spawned per CPU defaults to '1'. If you
  wish to change that, you can run the tests with -DthreadsPerProcessor=[num].
  (Robert Muir, Shai Erera, Peter Kofler)

* LUCENE-2516: Backwards tests are now compiled against released lucene-core.jar
  from tarball of previous version. Backwards tests are now packaged together
  with src distribution.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2611: Added Ant target to install IntelliJ IDEA configuration:
  "ant idea".  See http://wiki.apache.org/lucene-java/HowtoConfigureIntelliJ
  (Steven Rowe)

* LUCENE-2657: Switch from using Maven POM templates to full POMs when
  generating Maven artifacts (Steven Rowe)

* LUCENE-2609: Added jar-test-framework Ant target which packages Lucene's
  tests' framework classes. (Drew Farris, Grant Ingersoll, Shai Erera,
  Steven Rowe)

Test Cases

* LUCENE-2037 Allow Junit4 tests in our environment (Erick Erickson
  via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1844: Speed up the unit tests (Mark Miller, Erick Erickson,
  Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2065: Use Java 5 generics throughout our unit tests.  (Kay
  Kay via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2155: Fix time and zone dependent localization test failures
  in queryparser tests. (Uwe Schindler, Chris Male, Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2170: Fix thread starvation problems.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2248, LUCENE-2251, LUCENE-2285: Refactor tests to not use
  Version.LUCENE_CURRENT, but instead use a global static value
  from LuceneTestCase(J4), that contains the release version.
  (Uwe Schindler, Simon Willnauer, Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2313, LUCENE-2322: Add VERBOSE to LuceneTestCase(J4) to control
  verbosity of tests. If VERBOSE==false (default) tests should not print
  anything other than errors to System.(out|err). The setting can be
  changed with -Dtests.verbose=true on test invocation.
  (Shai Erera, Paul Elschot, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2318: Remove inconsistent system property code for retrieving
  temp and data directories inside test cases. It is now centralized in
  LuceneTestCase(J4). Also changed lots of tests to use
  getClass().getResourceAsStream() to retrieve test data. Tests needing
  access to "real" files from the test folder itself, can use
  LuceneTestCase(J4).getDataFile().  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2398, LUCENE-2611: Improve tests to work better from IDEs such
  as Eclipse and IntelliJ.
  (Paolo Castagna, Steven Rowe via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2804: add newFSDirectory to LuceneTestCase to create a FSDirectory at
  random. (Shai Erera, Robert Muir)


* LUCENE-2579: Fix oal.search's package.html description of abstract
  methods.  (Santiago M. Mola via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2625: Add a note to IndexReader.termDocs() with additional verbiage
  that the TermEnum must be seeked since it is unpositioned.
  (Adriano Crestani via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2894: Use google-code-prettify for syntax highlighting in javadoc.
  (Shinichiro Abe, Koji Sekiguchi)
================== Release 2.9.4 / 3.0.3 ====================

Changes in runtime behavior

* LUCENE-2689: NativeFSLockFactory no longer attempts to acquire a
  test lock just before the real lock is acquired.  (Surinder Pal
  Singh Bindra via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2762: Fixed bug in IndexWriter causing it to hold open file
  handles against deleted files when compound-file was enabled (the
  default) and readers are pooled.  As a result of this the peak
  worst-case free disk space required during optimize is now 3X the
  index size, when compound file is enabled (else 2X).  (Mike

* LUCENE-2773: LogMergePolicy accepts a double noCFSRatio (default =
  0.1), which means any time a merged segment is greater than 10% of
  the index size, it will be left in non-compound format even if
  compound format is on.  This change was made to reduce peak
  transient disk usage during optimize which increased due to
  LUCENE-2762.  (Mike McCandless)
Bug fixes

* LUCENE-2142 (correct fix): FieldCacheImpl.getStringIndex no longer
  throws an exception when term count exceeds doc count.
  (Mike McCandless, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2513: when opening writable IndexReader on a not-current
  commit, do not overwrite "future" commits.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2536: IndexWriter.rollback was failing to properly rollback
  buffered deletions against segments that were flushed (Mark Harwood
  via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2541: Fixed NumericRangeQuery that returned incorrect results
  with endpoints near Long.MIN_VALUE and Long.MAX_VALUE:
  NumericUtils.splitRange() overflowed, if
  - the range contained a LOWER bound
    that was greater than (Long.MAX_VALUE - (1L << precisionStep))
  - the range contained an UPPER bound
    that was less than (Long.MIN_VALUE + (1L << precisionStep))
  With standard precision steps around 4, this had no effect on
  most queries, only those that met the above conditions.
  Queries with large precision steps failed more easy. Queries with
  precision step >=64 were not affected. Also 32 bit data types int
  and float were not affected.
  (Yonik Seeley, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2593: Fixed certain rare cases where a disk full could lead
  to a corrupted index (Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)
* LUCENE-2620: Fixed a bug in WildcardQuery where too many asterisks
  would result in unbearably slow performance.  (Nick Barkas via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2627: Fixed bug in MMapDirectory chunking when a file is an
  exact multiple of the chunk size.  (Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2634: isCurrent on an NRT reader was failing to return false
  if the writer had just committed (Nikolay Zamosenchuk via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2650: Added extra safety to MMapIndexInput clones to prevent accessing
  an unmapped buffer if the input is closed (Mike McCandless, Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)
* LUCENE-2384: Reset zzBuffer in StandardTokenizerImpl when lexer is reset.
  (Ruben Laguna via Uwe Schindler, sub-issue of LUCENE-2074) 
* LUCENE-2658: Exceptions while processing term vectors enabled for multiple
  fields could lead to invalid ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsExceptions.
  (Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2235: Implement missing PerFieldAnalyzerWrapper.getOffsetGap().
  (Javier Godoy via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2328: Fixed memory leak in how IndexWriter/Reader tracked
  already sync'd files. (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2549: Fix TimeLimitingCollector#TimeExceededException to record
  the absolute docid.  (Uwe Schindler)
* LUCENE-2533: fix FileSwitchDirectory.listAll to not return dups when
  primary & secondary dirs share the same underlying directory.
  (Michael McCandless)

* LUCENE-2365: IndexWriter.newestSegment (used normally for testing)
  is fixed to return null if there are no segments.  (Karthick
  Sankarachary via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2730: Fix two rare deadlock cases in IndexWriter (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2744: CheckIndex was stating total number of fields,
  not the number that have norms enabled, on the "test: field
  norms..." output.  (Mark Kristensson via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2759: Fixed two near-real-time cases where doc store files
  may be opened for read even though they are still open for write.
  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2618: Fix rare thread safety issue whereby
  IndexWriter.optimize could sometimes return even though the index
  wasn't fully optimized (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2767: Fix thread safety issue in addIndexes(IndexReader[])
  that could potentially result in index corruption.  (Mike

* LUCENE-2762: Fixed bug in IndexWriter causing it to hold open file
  handles against deleted files when compound-file was enabled (the
  default) and readers are pooled.  As a result of this the peak
  worst-case free disk space required during optimize is now 3X the
  index size, when compound file is enabled (else 2X).  (Mike

* LUCENE-2216: OpenBitSet.hashCode returned different hash codes for
  sets that only differed by trailing zeros. (Dawid Weiss, yonik)

* LUCENE-2782: Fix rare potential thread hazard with
  IndexWriter.commit (Mike McCandless)

API Changes

* LUCENE-2773: LogMergePolicy accepts a double noCFSRatio (default =
  0.1), which means any time a merged segment is greater than 10% of
  the index size, it will be left in non-compound format even if
  compound format is on.  This change was made to reduce peak
  transient disk usage during optimize which increased due to
  LUCENE-2762.  (Mike McCandless)


* LUCENE-2556: Improve memory usage after cloning TermAttribute.
  (Adriano Crestani via Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2098: Improve the performance of BaseCharFilter, especially for
  large documents.  (Robin Wojciki, Koji Sekiguchi, Robert Muir)

New features

* LUCENE-2675 (2.9.4 only): Add support for Lucene 3.0 stored field files
  also in 2.9. The file format did not change, only the version number was
  upgraded to mark segments that have no compression. FieldsWriter still only
  writes 2.9 segments as they could contain compressed fields. This cross-version
  index format compatibility is provided here solely because Lucene 2.9 and 3.0
  have the same bugfix level, features, and the same index format with this slight
  compression difference. In general, Lucene does not support reading newer
  indexes with older library versions. (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2239: Documented limitations in NIOFSDirectory and MMapDirectory due to
  Java NIO behavior when a Thread is interrupted while blocking on IO.
  (Simon Willnauer, Robert Muir)

================== Release 2.9.3 / 3.0.2 ====================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

* LUCENE-2135: Added FieldCache.purge(IndexReader) method to the
  interface.  Anyone implementing FieldCache externally will need to
  fix their code to implement this, on upgrading.  (Mike McCandless)

Changes in runtime behavior

* LUCENE-2421: NativeFSLockFactory does not throw LockReleaseFailedException if 
  it cannot delete the lock file, since obtaining the lock does not fail if the 
  file is there. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2060 (2.9.3 only): Changed ConcurrentMergeScheduler's default for
  maxNumThreads from 3 to 1, because in practice we get the most gains
  from running a single merge in the backround.  More than one
  concurrent merge causes alot of thrashing (though it's possible on
  SSD storage that there would be net gains).  (Jason Rutherglen, Mike

Bug fixes

* LUCENE-2046 (2.9.3 only): IndexReader should not see the index as changed, after
  IndexWriter.prepareCommit has been called but before
  IndexWriter.commit is called. (Peter Keegan via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2119: Don't throw NegativeArraySizeException if you pass
  Integer.MAX_VALUE as nDocs to IndexSearcher search methods.  (Paul
  Taylor via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2142: FieldCacheImpl.getStringIndex no longer throws an
  exception when term count exceeds doc count.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2104: NativeFSLock.release() would silently fail if the lock is held by 
  another thread/process.  (Shai Erera via Uwe Schindler)
* LUCENE-2283: Use shared memory pool for term vector and stored
  fields buffers. This memory will be reclaimed if needed according to
  the configured RAM Buffer Size for the IndexWriter.  This also fixes
  potentially excessive memory usage when many threads are indexing a
  mix of small and large documents.  (Tim Smith via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2300: If IndexWriter is pooling reader (because NRT reader
  has been obtained), and addIndexes* is run, do not pool the
  readers from the external directory.  This is harmless (NRT reader is
  correct), but a waste of resources.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2422: Don't reuse byte[] in IndexInput/Output -- it gains
  little performance, and ties up possibly large amounts of memory
  for apps that index large docs.  (Ross Woolf via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2387: Don't hang onto Fieldables from the last doc indexed,
  in IndexWriter, nor the Reader in Tokenizer after close is
  called.  (Ruben Laguna, Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2417: IndexCommit did not implement hashCode() and equals() 
  consistently. Now they both take Directory and version into consideration. In
  addition, all of IndexComnmit methods which threw 
  UnsupportedOperationException are now abstract. (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2467: Fixed memory leaks in IndexWriter when large documents
  are indexed.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2473: Clicking on the "More Results" link in the luceneweb.war
  demo resulted in ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException.
  (Sami Siren via Robert Muir)

* LUCENE-2476: If any exception is hit init'ing IW, release the write
  lock (previously we only released on IOException).  (Tamas Cservenak
  via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2478: Fix CachingWrapperFilter to not throw NPE when
  Filter.getDocIdSet() returns null.  (Uwe Schindler, Daniel Noll)

* LUCENE-2468: Allow specifying how new deletions should be handled in
  CachingWrapperFilter and CachingSpanFilter.  By default, new
  deletions are ignored in CachingWrapperFilter, since typically this
  filter is AND'd with a query that correctly takes new deletions into
  account.  This should be a performance gain (higher cache hit rate)
  in apps that reopen readers, or use near-real-time reader
  (IndexWriter.getReader()), but may introduce invalid search results
  (allowing deleted docs to be returned) for certain cases, so a new
  expert ctor was added to CachingWrapperFilter to enforce deletions
  at a performance cost.  CachingSpanFilter by default recaches if
  there are new deletions (Shay Banon via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2299: If you open an NRT reader while addIndexes* is running,
  it may miss some segments (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2397: Don't throw NPE from SnapshotDeletionPolicy.snapshot if
  there are no commits yet (Shai Erera)

* LUCENE-2424: Fix FieldDoc.toString to actually return its fields
  (Stephen Green via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2311: Always pass a "fully loaded" (terms index & doc stores)
  SegmentsReader to IndexWriter's mergedSegmentWarmer (if set), so
  that warming is free to do whatever it needs to.  (Earwin Burrfoot
  via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-3029: Fix corner case when MultiPhraseQuery is used with zero
  position-increment tokens that would sometimes assign different
  scores to identical docs.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2486: Fixed intermittent FileNotFoundException on doc store
  files when a mergedSegmentWarmer is set on IndexWriter.  (Mike

* LUCENE-2130: Fix performance issue when FuzzyQuery runs on a
  multi-segment index (Michael McCandless)

API Changes

* LUCENE-2281: added doBeforeFlush to IndexWriter to allow extensions to perform
  operations before flush starts. Also exposed doAfterFlush as protected instead
  of package-private. (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2356: Add IndexWriter.set/getReaderTermsIndexDivisor, to set
  what IndexWriter passes for termsIndexDivisor to the readers it
  opens internally when applying deletions or creating a
  near-real-time reader.  (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike McCandless)


* LUCENE-2494 (3.0.2 only): Use CompletionService in ParallelMultiSearcher
  instead of simple polling for results. (Edward Drapkin, Simon Willnauer) 

* LUCENE-2135: On IndexReader.close, forcefully evict any entries from
  the FieldCache rather than waiting for the WeakHashMap to release
  the reference (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2161: Improve concurrency of IndexReader, especially in the
  context of near real-time readers.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2360: Small speedup to recycling of reused per-doc RAM in
  IndexWriter (Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)


* LUCENE-2488 (2.9.3 only): Support build with JDK 1.4 and exclude Java 1.5
  contrib modules on request (pass '-Dforce.jdk14.build=true') when
  compiling/testing/packaging. This marks the benchmark contrib also
  as Java 1.5, as it depends on fast-vector-highlighter. (Uwe Schindler)

================== Release 2.9.2 / 3.0.1 ====================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

* LUCENE-2123 (3.0.1 only): Removed the protected inner class ScoreTerm
  from FuzzyQuery. The change was needed because the comparator of this
  class had to be changed in an incompatible way. The class was never
  intended to be public.  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)
Bug fixes

 * LUCENE-2092: BooleanQuery was ignoring disableCoord in its hashCode
   and equals methods, cause bad things to happen when caching
   BooleanQueries.  (Chris Hostetter, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2095: Fixes: when two threads call IndexWriter.commit() at
   the same time, it's possible for commit to return control back to
   one of the threads before all changes are actually committed.
   (Sanne Grinovero via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2132 (3.0.1 only): Fix the demo result.jsp to use QueryParser
   with a Version argument.  (Brian Li via Robert Muir)

 * LUCENE-2166: Don't incorrectly keep warning about the same immense
   term, when IndexWriter.infoStream is on.  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2158: At high indexing rates, NRT reader could temporarily
   lose deletions.  (Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-2182: DEFAULT_ATTRIBUTE_FACTORY was failing to load
   implementation class when interface was loaded by a different
   class loader.  (Uwe Schindler, reported on java-user by Ahmed El-dawy)

 * LUCENE-2257: Increase max number of unique terms in one segment to
   termIndexInterval (default 128) * ~2.1 billion = ~274 billion.
   (Tom Burton-West via Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-2260: Fixed AttributeSource to not hold a strong
   reference to the Attribute/AttributeImpl classes which prevents
   unloading of custom attributes loaded by other classloaders
   (e.g. in Solr plugins).  (Uwe Schindler)
 * LUCENE-1941: Fix Min/MaxPayloadFunction returns 0 when
   only one payload is present.  (Erik Hatcher, Mike McCandless
   via Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-2270: Queries consisting of all zero-boost clauses
   (for example, text:foo^0) sorted incorrectly and produced
   invalid docids. (yonik)

API Changes

 * LUCENE-1609 (3.0.1 only): Restore IndexReader.getTermInfosIndexDivisor
   (it was accidentally removed in 3.0.0)  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1972 (3.0.1 only): Restore SortField.getComparatorSource
   (it was accidentally removed in 3.0.0)  (John Wang via Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-2190: Added a new class CustomScoreProvider to function package
   that can be subclassed to provide custom scoring to CustomScoreQuery.
   The methods in CustomScoreQuery that did this before were deprecated
   and replaced by a method getCustomScoreProvider(IndexReader) that
   returns a custom score implementation using the above class. The change
   is necessary with per-segment searching, as CustomScoreQuery is
   a stateless class (like all other Queries) and does not know about
   the currently searched segment. This API works similar to Filter's
   getDocIdSet(IndexReader).  (Paul chez Jamespot via Mike McCandless,
   Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-2080: Deprecate Version.LUCENE_CURRENT, as using this constant
   will cause backwards compatibility problems when upgrading Lucene. See
   the Version javadocs for additional information.
   (Robert Muir)


 * LUCENE-2086: When resolving deleted terms, do so in term sort order
   for better performance (Bogdan Ghidireac via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2123 (partly, 3.0.1 only): Fixes a slowdown / memory issue
   added by LUCENE-504.  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2258: Remove unneeded synchronization in FuzzyTermEnum.
   (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

Test Cases

 * LUCENE-2114: Change TestFilteredSearch to test on multi-segment
   index as well. (Simon Willnauer via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2211: Improves BaseTokenStreamTestCase to use a fake attribute
   that checks if clearAttributes() was called correctly.
   (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)

 * LUCENE-2207, LUCENE-2219: Improve BaseTokenStreamTestCase to check if 
   end() is implemented correctly.  (Koji Sekiguchi, Robert Muir)


 * LUCENE-2114: Improve javadocs of Filter to call out that the
   provided reader is per-segment (Simon Willnauer via Mike
======================= Release 3.0.0 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

* LUCENE-1979: Change return type of SnapshotDeletionPolicy#snapshot()
  from IndexCommitPoint to IndexCommit. Code that uses this method
  needs to be recompiled against Lucene 3.0 in order to work. The
  previously deprecated IndexCommitPoint is also removed.
  (Michael Busch)

* o.a.l.Lock.isLocked() is now allowed to throw an IOException.
  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2030: CachingWrapperFilter and CachingSpanFilter now hide
  the internal cache implementation for thread safety, before it was
  declared protected.  (Peter Lenahan, Uwe Schindler, Simon Willnauer)

* LUCENE-2053: If you call Thread.interrupt() on a thread inside
  Lucene, Lucene will do its best to interrupt the thread.  However,
  instead of throwing InterruptedException (which is a checked
  exception), you'll get an oal.util.ThreadInterruptedException (an
  unchecked exception, subclassing RuntimeException).  The interrupt
  status on the thread is cleared when this exception is thrown.
  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2052: Some methods in Lucene core were changed to accept
  Java 5 varargs. This is not a backwards compatibility problem as
  long as you not try to override such a method. We left common
  overridden methods unchanged and added varargs to constructors,
  static, or final methods (MultiSearcher,...).  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-1558: IndexReader.open(Directory) now opens a readOnly=true
  reader, and new IndexSearcher(Directory) does the same.  Note that
  this is a change in the default from 2.9, when these methods were
  previously deprecated.  (Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1753: Make not yet final TokenStreams final to enforce 
  decorator pattern. (Uwe Schindler)

Changes in runtime behavior

* LUCENE-1677: Remove the system property to set SegmentReader class
  implementation.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-1960: As a consequence of the removal of Field.Store.COMPRESS,
  support for this type of fields was removed. Lucene 3.0 is still able
  to read indexes with compressed fields, but as soon as merges occur
  or the index is optimized, all compressed fields are decompressed
  and converted to Field.Store.YES. Because of this, indexes with
  compressed fields can suddenly get larger. Also the first merge with
  decompression cannot be done in raw mode, it is therefore slower.
  This change has no effect for code that uses such old indexes,
  they behave as before (fields are automatically decompressed
  during read). Indexes converted to Lucene 3.0 format cannot be read
  anymore with previous versions.
  It is recommended to optimize your indexes after upgrading to convert
  to the new format and decompress all fields.
  If you want compressed fields, you can use CompressionTools, that
  creates compressed byte[] to be added as binary stored field. This
  cannot be done automatically, as you also have to decompress such
  fields when reading. You have to reindex to do that.
  (Michael Busch, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2060: Changed ConcurrentMergeScheduler's default for
  maxNumThreads from 3 to 1, because in practice we get the most
  gains from running a single merge in the background.  More than one
  concurrent merge causes a lot of thrashing (though it's possible on
  SSD storage that there would be net gains).  (Jason Rutherglen,
  Mike McCandless)

API Changes

* LUCENE-1257, LUCENE-1984, LUCENE-1985, LUCENE-2057, LUCENE-1833, LUCENE-2012,
  LUCENE-1998: Port to Java 1.5:

  - Add generics to public and internal APIs (see below).
  - Replace new Integer(int), new Double(double),... by static valueOf() calls.
  - Replace for-loops with Iterator by foreach loops.
  - Replace StringBuffer with StringBuilder.
  - Replace o.a.l.util.Parameter by Java 5 enums (see below).
  - Add @Override annotations.
  (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir, Karl Wettin, Paul Elschot, Kay Kay, Shai Erera,
  DM Smith)

* Generify Lucene API:

  - TokenStream/AttributeSource: Now addAttribute()/getAttribute() return an
    instance of the requested attribute interface and no cast needed anymore
  - NumericRangeQuery, NumericRangeFilter, and FieldCacheRangeFilter
    now have Integer, Long, Float, Double as type param (LUCENE-1857).
  - Document.getFields() returns List<Fieldable>.
  - Query.extractTerms(Set<Term>)
  - CharArraySet and stop word sets in core/contrib
  - PriorityQueue (LUCENE-1935)
  - TopDocCollector
  - DisjunctionMaxQuery (LUCENE-1984)
  - MultiTermQueryWrapperFilter
  - CloseableThreadLocal
  - MapOfSets
  - o.a.l.util.cache package
  - lot's of internal APIs of IndexWriter
 (Uwe Schindler, Michael Busch, Kay Kay, Robert Muir, Adriano Crestani)
* LUCENE-1944, LUCENE-1856, LUCENE-1957, LUCENE-1960, LUCENE-1961,
  LUCENE-1968, LUCENE-1970, LUCENE-1946, LUCENE-1971, LUCENE-1975,
  LUCENE-1972, LUCENE-1978, LUCENE-944, LUCENE-1979, LUCENE-1973, LUCENE-2011:
  Remove deprecated methods/constructors/classes:

  - Remove all String/File directory paths in IndexReader /
    IndexSearcher / IndexWriter.
  - Remove FSDirectory.getDirectory()
  - Make FSDirectory abstract.
  - Remove Field.Store.COMPRESS (see above).
  - Remove Filter.bits(IndexReader) method and make
    Filter.getDocIdSet(IndexReader) abstract.
  - Remove old DocIdSetIterator methods and make the new ones abstract.
  - Remove some methods in PriorityQueue.
  - Remove old TokenStream API and backwards compatibility layer.
  - Remove RangeQuery, RangeFilter and ConstantScoreRangeQuery.
  - Remove SpanQuery.getTerms().
  - Remove ExtendedFieldCache, custom and auto caches, SortField.AUTO.
  - Remove old-style custom sort.
  - Remove legacy search setting in SortField.
  - Remove Hits and all references from core and contrib.
  - Remove HitCollector and its TopDocs support implementations.
  - Remove term field and accessors in MultiTermQuery
    (and fix Highlighter).
  - Remove deprecated methods in BooleanQuery.
  - Remove deprecated methods in Similarity.
  - Remove BoostingTermQuery.
  - Remove MultiValueSource.
  - Remove Scorer.explain(int).
  ...and some other minor ones (Uwe Schindler, Michael Busch, Mark Miller)
* LUCENE-1925: Make IndexSearcher's subReaders and docStarts members
  protected; add expert ctor to directly specify reader, subReaders
  and docStarts.  (John Wang, Tim Smith via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-1945: All public classes that have a close() method now
  also implement java.io.Closeable (IndexReader, IndexWriter, Directory,...).
  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-1998: Change all Parameter instances to Java 5 enums. This
  is no backwards-break, only a change of the super class. Parameter
  was deprecated and will be removed in a later version.
  (DM Smith, Uwe Schindler)
Bug fixes

* LUCENE-1951: When the text provided to WildcardQuery has no wildcard
  characters (ie matches a single term), don't lose the boost and
  rewrite method settings.  Also, rewrite to PrefixQuery if the
  wildcard is form "foo*", for slightly faster performance. (Robert
  Muir via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2013: SpanRegexQuery does not work with QueryScorer.
  (Benjamin Keil via Mark Miller)

* LUCENE-2088: addAttribute() should only accept interfaces that
  extend Attribute. (Shai Erera, Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2045: Fix silly FileNotFoundException hit if you enable
  infoStream on IndexWriter and then add an empty document and commit
  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2046: IndexReader should not see the index as changed, after
  IndexWriter.prepareCommit has been called but before
  IndexWriter.commit is called. (Peter Keegan via Mike McCandless)

New features

* LUCENE-1933: Provide a convenience AttributeFactory that creates a
  Token instance for all basic attributes.  (Uwe Schindler)

* LUCENE-2041: Parallelize the rest of ParallelMultiSearcher. Lots of
  code refactoring and Java 5 concurrent support in MultiSearcher.
  (Joey Surls, Simon Willnauer via Uwe Schindler)
* LUCENE-2051: Add CharArraySet.copy() as a simple method to copy
  any Set<?> to a CharArraySet that is optimized, if Set is already
  an CharArraySet.  (Simon Willnauer)


* LUCENE-1183: Optimize Levenshtein Distance computation in
  FuzzyQuery.  (Cédrik Lime via Mike McCandless)

* LUCENE-2006: Optimization of FieldDocSortedHitQueue to always
  use Comparable<?> interface.  (Uwe Schindler, Mark Miller)

* LUCENE-2087: Remove recursion in NumericRangeTermEnum.
  (Uwe Schindler)


* LUCENE-486: Remove test->demo dependencies. (Michael Busch)

* LUCENE-2024: Raise build requirements to Java 1.5 and ANT 1.7.0
  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

======================= Release 2.9.1 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

 * LUCENE-2002: Add required Version matchVersion argument when
   constructing QueryParser or MultiFieldQueryParser and, default (as
   of 2.9) enablePositionIncrements to true to match
   StandardAnalyzer's 2.9 default (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

Bug fixes

 * LUCENE-1974: Fixed nasty bug in BooleanQuery (when it used
   BooleanScorer for scoring), whereby some matching documents fail to
   be collected.  (Fulin Tang via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1124: Make sure FuzzyQuery always matches the precise term.
   (stefatwork@gmail.com via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1976: Fix IndexReader.isCurrent() to return the right thing
   when the reader is a near real-time reader.  (Jake Mannix via Mike

 * LUCENE-1986: Fix NPE when scoring PayloadNearQuery (Peter Keegan,
   Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1992: Fix thread hazard if a merge is committing just as an
   exception occurs during sync (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1995: Note in javadocs that IndexWriter.setRAMBufferSizeMB
   cannot exceed 2048 MB, and throw IllegalArgumentException if it
   does.  (Aaron McKee, Yonik Seeley, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2004: Fix Constants.LUCENE_MAIN_VERSION to not be inlined
   by client code.  (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-2016: Replace illegal U+FFFF character with the replacement
   char (U+FFFD) during indexing, to prevent silent index corruption.
   (Peter Keegan, Mike McCandless)

API Changes

 * Un-deprecate search(Weight weight, Filter filter, int n) from
   Searchable interface (deprecated by accident).  (Uwe Schindler)

 * Un-deprecate o.a.l.util.Version constants.  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1987: Un-deprecate some ctors of Token, as they will not
   be removed in 3.0 and are still useful. Also add some missing
   o.a.l.util.Version constants for enabling invalid acronym
   settings in StandardAnalyzer to be compatible with the coming
   Lucene 3.0.  (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1973: Un-deprecate IndexSearcher.setDefaultFieldSortScoring,
   to allow controlling per-IndexSearcher whether scores are computed
   when sorting by field.  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2043: Make IndexReader.commit(Map<String,String>) public.
   (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1955: Fix Hits deprecation notice to point users in right
   direction. (Mike McCandless, Mark Miller)
 * Fix javadoc about score tracking done by search methods in Searcher 
   and IndexSearcher.  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-2008: Javadoc improvements for TokenStream/Tokenizer/Token
   (Luke Nezda via Mike McCandless)

======================= Release 2.9.0 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

 * LUCENE-1575: Searchable.search(Weight, Filter, int, Sort) no
    longer computes a document score for each hit by default.  If
    document score tracking is still needed, you can call
    IndexSearcher.setDefaultFieldSortScoring(true, true) to enable
    both per-hit and maxScore tracking; however, this is deprecated
    and will be removed in 3.0.

    Alternatively, use Searchable.search(Weight, Filter, Collector)
    and pass in a TopFieldCollector instance, using the following code
      TopFieldCollector tfc = TopFieldCollector.create(sort, numHits, fillFields, 
                                                       true /* trackDocScores */,
                                                       true /* trackMaxScore */,
                                                       false /* docsInOrder */);
      searcher.search(query, tfc);
      TopDocs results = tfc.topDocs();

    Note that your Sort object cannot use SortField.AUTO when you
    directly instantiate TopFieldCollector.

    Also, the method search(Weight, Filter, Collector) was added to
    the Searchable interface and the Searcher abstract class to
    replace the deprecated HitCollector versions.  If you either
    implement Searchable or extend Searcher, you should change your
    code to implement this method.  If you already extend
    IndexSearcher, no further changes are needed to use Collector.
    Finally, the values Float.NaN and Float.NEGATIVE_INFINITY are not
    valid scores.  Lucene uses these values internally in certain
    places, so if you have hits with such scores, it will cause
    problems. (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1687: All methods and parsers from the interface ExtendedFieldCache
    have been moved into FieldCache. ExtendedFieldCache is now deprecated and
    contains only a few declarations for binary backwards compatibility. 
    ExtendedFieldCache will be removed in version 3.0. Users of FieldCache and 
    ExtendedFieldCache will be able to plug in Lucene 2.9 without recompilation.
    The auto cache (FieldCache.getAuto) is now deprecated. Due to the merge of
    ExtendedFieldCache and FieldCache, FieldCache can now additionally return
    long[] and double[] arrays in addition to int[] and float[] and StringIndex.
    The interface changes are only notable for users implementing the interfaces,
    which was unlikely done, because there is no possibility to change
    Lucene's FieldCache implementation.  (Grant Ingersoll, Uwe Schindler)
 * LUCENE-1630, LUCENE-1771: Weight, previously an interface, is now an abstract 
    class. Some of the method signatures have changed, but it should be fairly
    easy to see what adjustments must be made to existing code to sync up
    with the new API. You can find more detail in the API Changes section.
    Going forward Searchable will be kept for convenience only and may
    be changed between minor releases without any deprecation
    process. It is not recommended that you implement it, but rather extend
    (Shai Erera, Chris Hostetter, Martin Ruckli, Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1422, LUCENE-1693: The new Attribute based TokenStream API (see below)
    has some backwards breaks in rare cases. We did our best to make the 
    transition as easy as possible and you are not likely to run into any problems. 
    If your tokenizers still implement next(Token) or next(), the calls are 
    automatically wrapped. The indexer and query parser use the new API 
    (eg use incrementToken() calls). All core TokenStreams are implemented using 
    the new API. You can mix old and new API style TokenFilters/TokenStream. 
    Problems only occur when you have done the following:
    You have overridden next(Token) or next() in one of the non-abstract core
    TokenStreams/-Filters. These classes should normally be final, but some
    of them are not. In this case, next(Token)/next() would never be called.
    To fail early with a hard compile/runtime error, the next(Token)/next()
    methods in these TokenStreams/-Filters were made final in this release.
    (Michael Busch, Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1763: MergePolicy now requires an IndexWriter instance to
    be passed upon instantiation. As a result, IndexWriter was removed
    as a method argument from all MergePolicy methods. (Shai Erera via
    Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1748: LUCENE-1001 introduced PayloadSpans, but this was a back
    compat break and caused custom SpanQuery implementations to fail at runtime
    in a variety of ways. This issue attempts to remedy things by causing
    a compile time break on custom SpanQuery implementations and removing 
    the PayloadSpans class, with its functionality now moved to Spans. To
    help in alleviating future back compat pain, Spans has been changed from
    an interface to an abstract class.
    (Hugh Cayless, Mark Miller)
 * LUCENE-1808: Query.createWeight has been changed from protected to
    public. This will be a back compat break if you have overridden this
    method - but you are likely already affected by the LUCENE-1693 (make Weight 
    abstract rather than an interface) back compat break if you have overridden 
    Query.creatWeight, so we have taken the opportunity to make this change.
    (Tim Smith, Shai Erera via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1708 - IndexReader.document() no longer checks if the document is
    deleted. You can call IndexReader.isDeleted(n) prior to calling document(n).
    (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)
Changes in runtime behavior

 * LUCENE-1424: QueryParser now by default uses constant score auto
    rewriting when it generates a WildcardQuery and PrefixQuery (it
    already does so for TermRangeQuery, as well).  Call
    to revert to slower BooleanQuery rewriting method.  (Mark Miller via Mike
 * LUCENE-1575: As of 2.9, the core collectors as well as
    IndexSearcher's search methods that return top N results, no
    longer filter documents with scores <= 0.0. If you rely on this
    functionality you can use PositiveScoresOnlyCollector like this:

      TopDocsCollector tdc = new TopScoreDocCollector(10);
      Collector c = new PositiveScoresOnlyCollector(tdc);
      searcher.search(query, c);
      TopDocs hits = tdc.topDocs();

 * LUCENE-1604: IndexReader.norms(String field) is now allowed to
    return null if the field has no norms, as long as you've
    previously called IndexReader.setDisableFakeNorms(true).  This
    setting now defaults to false (to preserve the fake norms back
    compatible behavior) but in 3.0 will be hardwired to true.  (Shon
    Vella via Mike McCandless).

 * LUCENE-1624: If you open IndexWriter with create=true and
    autoCommit=false on an existing index, IndexWriter no longer
    writes an empty commit when it's created.  (Paul Taylor via Mike

 * LUCENE-1593: When you call Sort() or Sort.setSort(String field,
    boolean reverse), the resulting SortField array no longer ends
    with SortField.FIELD_DOC (it was unnecessary as Lucene breaks ties
    internally by docID). (Shai Erera via Michael McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1542: When the first token(s) have 0 position increment,
    IndexWriter used to incorrectly record the position as -1, if no
    payload is present, or Integer.MAX_VALUE if a payload is present.
    This causes positional queries to fail to match.  The bug is now
    fixed, but if your app relies on the buggy behavior then you must
    call IndexWriter.setAllowMinus1Position().  That API is deprecated
    so you must fix your application, and rebuild your index, to not
    rely on this behavior by the 3.0 release of Lucene. (Jonathan
    Mamou, Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1715: Finalizers have been removed from the 4 core classes
    that still had them, since they will cause GC to take longer, thus
    tying up memory for longer, and at best they mask buggy app code.
    DirectoryReader (returned from IndexReader.open) & IndexWriter
    previously released the write lock during finalize.
    SimpleFSDirectory.FSIndexInput closed the descriptor in its
    finalizer, and NativeFSLock released the lock.  It's possible
    applications will be affected by this, but only if the application
    is failing to close reader/writers.  (Brian Groose via Mike

 * LUCENE-1717: Fixed IndexWriter to account for RAM usage of
    buffered deletions.  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1727: Ensure that fields are stored & retrieved in the
    exact order in which they were added to the document.  This was
    true in all Lucene releases before 2.3, but was broken in 2.3 and
    2.4, and is now fixed in 2.9.  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1678: The addition of Analyzer.reusableTokenStream
    accidentally broke back compatibility of external analyzers that
    subclassed core analyzers that implemented tokenStream but not
    reusableTokenStream.  This is now fixed, such that if
    reusableTokenStream is invoked on such a subclass, that method
    will forcefully fallback to tokenStream.  (Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1801: Token.clear() and Token.clearNoTermBuffer() now also clear
    startOffset, endOffset and type. This is not likely to affect any
    Tokenizer chains, as Tokenizers normally always set these three values.
    This change was made to be conform to the new AttributeImpl.clear() and
    AttributeSource.clearAttributes() to work identical for Token as one for all
    AttributeImpl and the 6 separate AttributeImpls. (Uwe Schindler, Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1483: When searching over multiple segments, a new Scorer is now created 
    for each segment. Searching has been telescoped out a level and IndexSearcher now
    operates much like MultiSearcher does. The Weight is created only once for the top 
    level Searcher, but each Scorer is passed a per-segment IndexReader. This will 
    result in doc ids in the Scorer being internal to the per-segment IndexReader. It 
    has always been outside of the API to count on a given IndexReader to contain every 
    doc id in the index - and if you have been ignoring MultiSearcher in your custom code 
    and counting on this fact, you will find your code no longer works correctly. If a 
    custom Scorer implementation uses any caches/filters that rely on being based on the 
    top level IndexReader, it will need to be updated to correctly use contextless 
    caches/filters eg you can't count on the IndexReader to contain any given doc id or 
    all of the doc ids. (Mark Miller, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1846: DateTools now uses the US locale to format the numbers in its
    date/time strings instead of the default locale. For most locales there will
    be no change in the index format, as DateFormatSymbols is using ASCII digits.
    The usage of the US locale is important to guarantee correct ordering of
    generated terms.  (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1860: MultiTermQuery now defaults to
    CONSTANT_SCORE_AUTO_REWRITE_DEFAULT rewrite method (previously it
    was SCORING_BOOLEAN_QUERY_REWRITE).  This means that PrefixQuery
    and WildcardQuery will now produce constant score for all matching
    docs, equal to the boost of the query.  (Mike McCandless)

API Changes

 * LUCENE-1419: Add expert API to set custom indexing chain. This API is 
   package-protected for now, so we don't have to officially support it.
   Yet, it will give us the possibility to try out different consumers
   in the chain. (Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1427: DocIdSet.iterator() is now allowed to throw
   IOException.  (Paul Elschot, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1422, LUCENE-1693: New TokenStream API that uses a new class called 
   AttributeSource instead of the Token class, which is now a utility class that
   holds common Token attributes. All attributes that the Token class had have 
   been moved into separate classes: TermAttribute, OffsetAttribute, 
   PositionIncrementAttribute, PayloadAttribute, TypeAttribute and FlagsAttribute. 
   The new API is much more flexible; it allows to combine the Attributes 
   arbitrarily and also to define custom Attributes. The new API has the same 
   performance as the old next(Token) approach. For conformance with this new 
   API Tee-/SinkTokenizer was deprecated and replaced by a new TeeSinkTokenFilter. 
   (Michael Busch, Uwe Schindler; additional contributions and bug fixes by 
   Daniel Shane, Doron Cohen)

 * LUCENE-1467: Add nextDoc() and next(int) methods to OpenBitSetIterator.
   These methods can be used to avoid additional calls to doc(). 
   (Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1468: Deprecate Directory.list(), which sometimes (in
   FSDirectory) filters out files that don't look like index files, in
   favor of new Directory.listAll(), which does no filtering.  Also,
   listAll() will never return null; instead, it throws an IOException
   (or subclass).  Specifically, FSDirectory.listAll() will throw the
   newly added NoSuchDirectoryException if the directory does not
   exist.  (Marcel Reutegger, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1546: Add IndexReader.flush(Map commitUserData), allowing
   you to record an opaque commitUserData (maps String -> String) into
   the commit written by IndexReader.  This matches IndexWriter's
   commit methods.  (Jason Rutherglen via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-652: Added org.apache.lucene.document.CompressionTools, to
   enable compressing & decompressing binary content, external to
   Lucene's indexing.  Deprecated Field.Store.COMPRESS.

 * LUCENE-1561: Renamed Field.omitTf to Field.omitTermFreqAndPositions
    (Otis Gospodnetic via Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1500: Added new InvalidTokenOffsetsException to Highlighter methods
    to denote issues when offsets in TokenStream tokens exceed the length of the
    provided text.  (Mark Harwood)
 * LUCENE-1575, LUCENE-1483: HitCollector is now deprecated in favor of 
    a new Collector abstract class. For easy migration, people can use
    HitCollectorWrapper which translates (wraps) HitCollector into
    Collector. Note that this class is also deprecated and will be
    removed when HitCollector is removed.  Also TimeLimitedCollector
    is deprecated in favor of the new TimeLimitingCollector which
    extends Collector.  (Shai Erera, Mark Miller, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1592: The method TermsEnum.skipTo() was deprecated, because
    it is used nowhere in core/contrib and there is only a very ineffective
    default implementation available. If you want to position a TermEnum
    to another Term, create a new one using IndexReader.terms(Term).
    (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1621: MultiTermQuery.getTerm() has been deprecated as it does
    not make sense for all subclasses of MultiTermQuery. Check individual
    subclasses to see if they support getTerm().  (Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1636: Make TokenFilter.input final so it's set only
    once. (Wouter Heijke, Uwe Schindler via Mike McCandless).

 * LUCENE-1658, LUCENE-1451: Renamed FSDirectory to SimpleFSDirectory
    (but left an FSDirectory base class).  Added an FSDirectory.open
    static method to pick a good default FSDirectory implementation
    given the OS. FSDirectories should now be instantiated using
    FSDirectory.open or with public constructors rather than
    FSDirectory.getDirectory(), which has been deprecated.
    (Michael McCandless, Uwe Schindler, yonik)

 * LUCENE-1665: Deprecate SortField.AUTO, to be removed in 3.0.
    Instead, when sorting by field, the application should explicitly
    state the type of the field.  (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1660: StopFilter, StandardAnalyzer, StopAnalyzer now
    require up front specification of enablePositionIncrement (Mike

 * LUCENE-1614: DocIdSetIterator's next() and skipTo() were deprecated in favor
    of the new nextDoc() and advance(). The new methods return the doc Id they 
    landed on, saving an extra call to doc() in most cases.
    For easy migration of the code, you can change the calls to next() to 
    nextDoc() != DocIdSetIterator.NO_MORE_DOCS and similarly for skipTo(). 
    However it is advised that you take advantage of the returned doc ID and not 
    call doc() following those two.
    Also, doc() was deprecated in favor of docID(). docID() should return -1 or 
    NO_MORE_DOCS if nextDoc/advance were not called yet, or NO_MORE_DOCS if the 
    iterator has exhausted. Otherwise it should return the current doc ID.
    (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1672: All ctors/opens and other methods using String/File to
    specify the directory in IndexReader, IndexWriter, and IndexSearcher
    were deprecated. You should instantiate the Directory manually before
    and pass it to these classes (LUCENE-1451, LUCENE-1658).
    (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1407: Move RemoteSearchable, RemoteCachingWrapperFilter out
    of Lucene's core into new contrib/remote package.  Searchable no
    longer extends java.rmi.Remote (Simon Willnauer via Mike

 * LUCENE-1677: The global property
    org.apache.lucene.SegmentReader.class, and
    ReadOnlySegmentReader.class are now deprecated, to be removed in
    3.0.  src/gcj/* has been removed. (Earwin Burrfoot via Mike

 * LUCENE-1673: Deprecated NumberTools in favour of the new
    NumericRangeQuery and its new indexing format for numeric or
    date values.  (Uwe Schindler)
 * LUCENE-1630, LUCENE-1771: Weight is now an abstract class, and adds
    a scorer(IndexReader, boolean /* scoreDocsInOrder */, boolean /*
    topScorer */) method instead of scorer(IndexReader). IndexSearcher uses 
    this method to obtain a scorer matching the capabilities of the Collector 
    wrt orderedness of docIDs. Some Scorers (like BooleanScorer) are much more
    efficient if out-of-order documents scoring is allowed by a Collector.  
    Collector must now implement acceptsDocsOutOfOrder. If you write a 
    Collector which does not care about doc ID orderness, it is recommended 
    that you return true.  Weight has a scoresDocsOutOfOrder method, which by 
    default returns false.  If you create a Weight which will score documents 
    out of order if requested, you should override that method to return true. 
    BooleanQuery's setAllowDocsOutOfOrder and getAllowDocsOutOfOrder have been 
    deprecated as they are not needed anymore. BooleanQuery will now score docs 
    out of order when used with a Collector that can accept docs out of order.
    Finally, Weight#explain now takes a sub-reader and sub-docID, rather than
    a top level reader and docID.
    (Shai Erera, Chris Hostetter, Martin Ruckli, Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1466, LUCENE-1906: Added CharFilter and MappingCharFilter, which allows
    chaining & mapping of characters before tokenizers run. CharStream (subclass of
    Reader) is the base class for custom java.io.Reader's, that support offset
    correction. Tokenizers got an additional method correctOffset() that is passed
    down to the underlying CharStream if input is a subclass of CharStream/-Filter.
    (Koji Sekiguchi via Mike McCandless, Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1703: Add IndexWriter.waitForMerges.  (Tim Smith via Mike

 * LUCENE-1625: CheckIndex's programmatic API now returns separate
    classes detailing the status of each component in the index, and
    includes more detailed status than previously.  (Tim Smith via
    Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1713: Deprecated RangeQuery and RangeFilter and renamed to
    TermRangeQuery and TermRangeFilter. TermRangeQuery is in constant
    score auto rewrite mode by default. The new classes also have new
    ctors taking field and term ranges as Strings (see also
    LUCENE-1424).  (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1609: The termInfosIndexDivisor must now be specified
    up-front when opening the IndexReader.  Attempts to call
    IndexReader.setTermInfosIndexDivisor will hit an
    UnsupportedOperationException.  This was done to enable removal of
    all synchronization in TermInfosReader, which previously could
    cause threads to pile up in certain cases. (Dan Rosher via Mike
 * LUCENE-1688: Deprecate static final String stop word array in and 
    StopAnalzyer and replace it with an immutable implementation of 
    CharArraySet.  (Simon Willnauer via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1742: SegmentInfos, SegmentInfo and SegmentReader have been
    made public as expert, experimental APIs.  These APIs may suddenly
    change from release to release (Jason Rutherglen via Mike
 * LUCENE-1754: QueryWeight.scorer() can return null if no documents
    are going to be matched by the query. Similarly,
    Filter.getDocIdSet() can return null if no documents are going to
    be accepted by the Filter. Note that these 'can' return null,
    however they don't have to and can return a Scorer/DocIdSet which
    does not match / reject all documents.  This is already the
    behavior of some QueryWeight/Filter implementations, and is
    documented here just for emphasis. (Shai Erera via Mike

 * LUCENE-1705: Added IndexWriter.deleteAllDocuments.  (Tim Smith via
    Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1460: Changed TokenStreams/TokenFilters in contrib to
    use the new TokenStream API. (Robert Muir, Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1748: LUCENE-1001 introduced PayloadSpans, but this was a back
    compat break and caused custom SpanQuery implementations to fail at runtime
    in a variety of ways. This issue attempts to remedy things by causing
    a compile time break on custom SpanQuery implementations and removing 
    the PayloadSpans class, with its functionality now moved to Spans. To
    help in alleviating future back compat pain, Spans has been changed from
    an interface to an abstract class.
    (Hugh Cayless, Mark Miller)
 * LUCENE-1808: Query.createWeight has been changed from protected to
    public. (Tim Smith, Shai Erera via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1826: Add constructors that take AttributeSource and
    AttributeFactory to all Tokenizer implementations.
    (Michael Busch)
 * LUCENE-1847: Similarity#idf for both a Term and Term Collection have
    been deprecated. New versions that return an IDFExplanation have been
    added.  (Yasoja Seneviratne, Mike McCandless, Mark Miller)
 * LUCENE-1877: Made NativeFSLockFactory the default for
    the new FSDirectory API (open(), FSDirectory subclass ctors).
    All FSDirectory system properties were deprecated and all lock
    implementations use no lock prefix if the locks are stored inside
    the index directory. Because the deprecated String/File ctors of
    IndexWriter and IndexReader (LUCENE-1672) and FSDirectory.getDirectory()
    still use the old SimpleFSLockFactory and the new API
    NativeFSLockFactory, we strongly recommend not to mix deprecated
    and new API. (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1911: Added a new method isCacheable() to DocIdSet. This method
    should return true, if the underlying implementation does not use disk
    I/O and is fast enough to be directly cached by CachingWrapperFilter.
    OpenBitSet, SortedVIntList, and DocIdBitSet are such candidates.
    The default implementation of the abstract DocIdSet class returns false.
    In this case, CachingWrapperFilter copies the DocIdSetIterator into an
    OpenBitSet for caching.  (Uwe Schindler, Thomas Becker)

Bug fixes

 * LUCENE-1415: MultiPhraseQuery has incorrect hashCode() and equals()
   implementation - Leads to Solr Cache misses. 
   (Todd Feak, Mark Miller via yonik)

 * LUCENE-1327: Fix TermSpans#skipTo() to behave as specified in javadocs
   of Terms#skipTo(). (Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1573: Do not ignore InterruptedException (caused by
   Thread.interrupt()) nor enter deadlock/spin loop. Now, an interrupt
   will cause a RuntimeException to be thrown.  In 3.0 we will change
   public APIs to throw InterruptedException.  (Jeremy Volkman via
   Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1590: Fixed stored-only Field instances do not change the
   value of omitNorms, omitTermFreqAndPositions in FieldInfo; when you
   retrieve such fields they will now have omitNorms=true and
   omitTermFreqAndPositions=false (though these values are unused).
   (Uwe Schindler via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1587: RangeQuery#equals() could consider a RangeQuery
   without a collator equal to one with a collator.
   (Mark Platvoet via Mark Miller) 

 * LUCENE-1600: Don't call String.intern unnecessarily in some cases
   when loading documents from the index.  (P Eger via Mike

 * LUCENE-1611: Fix case where OutOfMemoryException in IndexWriter
   could cause "infinite merging" to happen.  (Christiaan Fluit via
   Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1623: Properly handle back-compatibility of 2.3.x indexes that
   contain field names with non-ascii characters.  (Mike Streeton via
   Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1593: MultiSearcher and ParallelMultiSearcher did not break ties (in 
   sort) by doc Id in a consistent manner (i.e., if Sort.FIELD_DOC was used vs. 
   when it wasn't). (Shai Erera via Michael McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1647: Fix case where IndexReader.undeleteAll would cause
    the segment's deletion count to be incorrect. (Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1542: When the first token(s) have 0 position increment,
    IndexWriter used to incorrectly record the position as -1, if no
    payload is present, or Integer.MAX_VALUE if a payload is present.
    This causes positional queries to fail to match.  The bug is now
    fixed, but if your app relies on the buggy behavior then you must
    call IndexWriter.setAllowMinus1Position().  That API is deprecated
    so you must fix your application, and rebuild your index, to not
    rely on this behavior by the 3.0 release of Lucene. (Jonathan
    Mamou, Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1658: Fixed MMapDirectory to correctly throw IOExceptions
    on EOF, removed numeric overflow possibilities and added support
    for a hack to unmap the buffers on closing IndexInput.
    (Uwe Schindler)
 * LUCENE-1681: Fix infinite loop caused by a call to DocValues methods 
    getMinValue, getMaxValue, getAverageValue. (Simon Willnauer via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1599: Add clone support for SpanQuerys. SpanRegexQuery counts
    on this functionality and does not work correctly without it.
    (Billow Gao, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1718: Fix termInfosIndexDivisor to carry over to reopened
    readers (Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1583: SpanOrQuery skipTo() doesn't always move forwards as Spans
	documentation indicates it should.  (Moti Nisenson via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1566: Sun JVM Bug
    http://bugs.sun.com/bugdatabase/view_bug.do?bug_id=6478546 causes
    invalid OutOfMemoryError when reading too many bytes at once from
    a file on 32bit JVMs that have a large maximum heap size.  This
    fix adds set/getReadChunkSize to FSDirectory so that large reads
    are broken into chunks, to work around this JVM bug.  On 32bit
    JVMs the default chunk size is 100 MB; on 64bit JVMs, which don't
    show the bug, the default is Integer.MAX_VALUE. (Simon Willnauer
    via Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1448: Added TokenStream.end() to perform end-of-stream
    operations (ie to return the end offset of the tokenization).  
    This is important when multiple fields with the same name are added
    to a document, to ensure offsets recorded in term vectors for all 
    of the instances are correct.  
    (Mike McCandless, Mark Miller, Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1805: CloseableThreadLocal did not allow a null Object in get(), 
    although it does allow it in set(Object). Fix get() to not assert the object
    is not null. (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1801: Changed all Tokenizers or TokenStreams in core/contrib)
    that are the source of Tokens to always call
    AttributeSource.clearAttributes() first. (Uwe Schindler)
 * LUCENE-1819: MatchAllDocsQuery.toString(field) should produce output
    that is parsable by the QueryParser.  (John Wang, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1836: Fix localization bug in the new query parser and add 
    new LocalizedTestCase as base class for localization junit tests.
    (Robert Muir, Uwe Schindler via Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1847: PhraseQuery/TermQuery/SpanQuery use IndexReader specific stats 
    in their Weight#explain methods - these stats should be corpus wide.
    (Yasoja Seneviratne, Mike McCandless, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1885: Fix the bug that NativeFSLock.isLocked() did not work,
    if the lock was obtained by another NativeFSLock(Factory) instance.
    Because of this IndexReader.isLocked() and IndexWriter.isLocked() did
    not work correctly.  (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1899: Fix O(N^2) CPU cost when setting docIDs in order in an
    OpenBitSet, due to an inefficiency in how the underlying storage is
    reallocated.  (Nadav Har'El via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1918: Fixed cases where a ParallelReader would
   generate exceptions on being passed to
   IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]).  First case was when the
   ParallelReader was empty.  Second case was when the ParallelReader
   used to contain documents with TermVectors, but all such documents
   have been deleted. (Christian Kohlschütter via Mike McCandless)

New features

 * LUCENE-1411: Added expert API to open an IndexWriter on a prior
    commit, obtained from IndexReader.listCommits.  This makes it
    possible to rollback changes to an index even after you've closed
    the IndexWriter that made the changes, assuming you are using an
    IndexDeletionPolicy that keeps past commits around.  This is useful
    when building transactional support on top of Lucene.  (Mike

 * LUCENE-1382: Add an optional arbitrary Map (String -> String)
    "commitUserData" to IndexWriter.commit(), which is stored in the
    segments file and is then retrievable via
    IndexReader.getCommitUserData instance and static methods.
    (Shalin Shekhar Mangar via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1420: Similarity now has a computeNorm method that allows
    custom Similarity classes to override how norm is computed.  It's
    provided a FieldInvertState instance that contains details from
    inverting the field.  The default impl is boost *
    lengthNorm(numTerms), to be backwards compatible.  Also added
    {set/get}DiscountOverlaps to DefaultSimilarity, to control whether
    overlapping tokens (tokens with 0 position increment) should be
    counted in lengthNorm.  (Andrzej Bialecki via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1424: Moved constant score query rewrite capability into
    MultiTermQuery, allowing TermRangeQuery, PrefixQuery and WildcardQuery
    to switch between constant-score rewriting or BooleanQuery
    expansion rewriting via a new setRewriteMethod method.
    Deprecated ConstantScoreRangeQuery (Mark Miller via Mike

 * LUCENE-1461: Added FieldCacheRangeFilter, a RangeFilter for
    single-term fields that uses FieldCache to compute the filter.  If
    your documents all have a single term for a given field, and you
    need to create many RangeFilters with varying lower/upper bounds,
    then this is likely a much faster way to create the filters than
    RangeFilter.  FieldCacheRangeFilter allows ranges on all data types,
    FieldCache supports (term ranges, byte, short, int, long, float, double).
    However, it comes at the expense of added RAM consumption and slower
    first-time usage due to populating the FieldCache.  It also does not
    support collation  (Tim Sturge, Matt Ericson via Mike McCandless and
    Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1296: add protected method CachingWrapperFilter.docIdSetToCache 
    to allow subclasses to choose which DocIdSet implementation to use
    (Paul Elschot via Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1390: Added ASCIIFoldingFilter, a Filter that converts 
    alphabetic, numeric, and symbolic Unicode characters which are not in 
    the first 127 ASCII characters (the "Basic Latin" Unicode block) into 
    their ASCII equivalents, if one exists. ISOLatin1AccentFilter, which
    handles a subset of this filter, has been deprecated.
    (Andi Vajda, Steven Rowe via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1478: Added new SortField constructor allowing you to
    specify a custom FieldCache parser to generate numeric values from
    terms for a field.  (Uwe Schindler via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1528: Add support for Ideographic Space to the queryparser.
    (Luis Alves via Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1487: Added FieldCacheTermsFilter, to filter by multiple
    terms on single-valued fields.  The filter loads the FieldCache
    for the field the first time it's called, and subsequent usage of
    that field, even with different Terms in the filter, are fast.
    (Tim Sturge, Shalin Shekhar Mangar via Mike McCandless).

 * LUCENE-1314: Add clone(), clone(boolean readOnly) and
    reopen(boolean readOnly) to IndexReader.  Cloning an IndexReader
    gives you a new reader which you can make changes to (deletions,
    norms) without affecting the original reader.  Now, with clone or
    reopen you can change the readOnly of the original reader.  (Jason
    Rutherglen, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1506: Added FilteredDocIdSet, an abstract class which you
    subclass to implement the "match" method to accept or reject each
    docID.  Unlike ChainedFilter (under contrib/misc),
    FilteredDocIdSet never requires you to materialize the full
    bitset.  Instead, match() is called on demand per docID.  (John
    Wang via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1398: Add ReverseStringFilter to contrib/analyzers, a filter
    to reverse the characters in each token.  (Koji Sekiguchi via yonik)

 * LUCENE-1551: Add expert IndexReader.reopen(IndexCommit) to allow
    efficiently opening a new reader on a specific commit, sharing
    resources with the original reader.  (Torin Danil via Mike

 * LUCENE-1434: Added org.apache.lucene.util.IndexableBinaryStringTools,
    to encode byte[] as String values that are valid terms, and
    maintain sort order of the original byte[] when the bytes are
    interpreted as unsigned.  (Steven Rowe via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1543: Allow MatchAllDocsQuery to optionally use norms from
    a specific fields to set the score for a document.  (Karl Wettin
    via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1586: Add IndexReader.getUniqueTermCount().  (Mike
    McCandless via Derek)

 * LUCENE-1516: Added "near real-time search" to IndexWriter, via a
    new expert getReader() method.  This method returns a reader that
    searches the full index, including any uncommitted changes in the
    current IndexWriter session.  This should result in a faster
    turnaround than the normal approach of commiting the changes and
    then reopening a reader.  (Jason Rutherglen via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1603: Added new MultiTermQueryWrapperFilter, to wrap any
    MultiTermQuery as a Filter.  Also made some improvements to
    MultiTermQuery: return DocIdSet.EMPTY_DOCIDSET if there are no
    terms in the enum; track the total number of terms it visited
    during rewrite (getTotalNumberOfTerms).  FilteredTermEnum is also
    more friendly to subclassing.  (Uwe Schindler via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1605: Added BitVector.subset().  (Jeremy Volkman via Mike
 * LUCENE-1618: Added FileSwitchDirectory that enables files with
    specified extensions to be stored in a primary directory and the
    rest of the files to be stored in the secondary directory.  For
    example, this can be useful for the large doc-store (stored
    fields, term vectors) files in FSDirectory and the rest of the
    index files in a RAMDirectory. (Jason Rutherglen via Mike

 * LUCENE-1494: Added FieldMaskingSpanQuery which can be used to
    cross-correlate Spans from different fields.
    (Paul Cowan and Chris Hostetter)

 * LUCENE-1634: Add calibrateSizeByDeletes to LogMergePolicy, to take
    deletions into account when considering merges.  (Yasuhiro Matsuda
    via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1550: Added new n-gram based String distance measure for spell checking.
    See the Javadocs for NGramDistance.java for a reference paper on why
    this is helpful (Tom Morton via Grant Ingersoll)

 * LUCENE-1470, LUCENE-1582, LUCENE-1602, LUCENE-1673, LUCENE-1701, LUCENE-1712:
    Added NumericRangeQuery and NumericRangeFilter, a fast alternative to
    RangeQuery/RangeFilter for numeric searches. They depend on a specific
    structure of terms in the index that can be created by indexing
    using the new NumericField or NumericTokenStream classes. NumericField
    can only be used for indexing and optionally stores the values as
    string representation in the doc store. Documents returned from
    IndexReader/IndexSearcher will return only the String value using
    the standard Fieldable interface. NumericFields can be sorted on
    and loaded into the FieldCache.  (Uwe Schindler, Yonik Seeley,
    Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1405: Added support for Ant resource collections in contrib/ant
    <index> task.  (Przemyslaw Sztoch via Erik Hatcher)

 * LUCENE-1699: Allow setting a TokenStream on Field/Fieldable for indexing
    in conjunction with any other ways to specify stored field values,
    currently binary or string values.  (yonik)
 * LUCENE-1701: Made the standard FieldCache.Parsers public and added
    parsers for fields generated using NumericField/NumericTokenStream.
    All standard parsers now also implement Serializable and enforce
    their singleton status.  (Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1741: User configurable maximum chunk size in MMapDirectory.
    On 32 bit platforms, the address space can be very fragmented, so
    one big ByteBuffer for the whole file may not fit into address space.
    (Eks Dev via Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1644: Enable 4 rewrite modes for queries deriving from
    MultiTermQuery (WildcardQuery, PrefixQuery, TermRangeQuery,
    NumericRangeQuery): CONSTANT_SCORE_FILTER_REWRITE first creates a
    filter and then assigns constant score (boost) to docs;
    uses a constant score (boost); SCORING_BOOLEAN_QUERY_REWRITE also
    creates a BooleanQuery but keeps the BooleanQuery's scores;
    CONSTANT_SCORE_AUTO_REWRITE tries to pick the most performant
    constant-score rewrite method.  (Mike McCandless)
 * LUCENE-1448: Added TokenStream.end(), to perform end-of-stream
    operations.  This is currently used to fix offset problems when 
    multiple fields with the same name are added to a document.
    (Mike McCandless, Mark Miller, Michael Busch)
 * LUCENE-1776: Add an option to not collect payloads for an ordered
    SpanNearQuery. Payloads were not lazily loaded in this case as
    the javadocs implied. If you have payloads and want to use an ordered
    SpanNearQuery that does not need to use the payloads, you can
    disable loading them with a new constructor switch.  (Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1341: Added PayloadNearQuery to enable SpanNearQuery functionality
    with payloads (Peter Keegan, Grant Ingersoll, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1790: Added PayloadTermQuery to enable scoring of payloads
    based on the maximum payload seen for a document.
    Slight refactoring of Similarity and other payload queries (Grant Ingersoll, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1749: Addition of FieldCacheSanityChecker utility, and
    hooks to use it in all existing Lucene Tests.  This class can
    be used by any application to inspect the FieldCache and provide
    diagnostic information about the possibility of inconsistent
    FieldCache usage.  Namely: FieldCache entries for the same field
    with different datatypes or parsers; and FieldCache entries for
    the same field in both a reader, and one of it's (descendant) sub
    (Chris Hostetter, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1789: Added utility class
    oal.search.function.MultiValueSource to ease the transition to
    segment based searching for any apps that directly call
    oal.search.function.* APIs.  This class wraps any other
    ValueSource, but takes care when composite (multi-segment) are
    passed to not double RAM usage in the FieldCache.  (Chris
    Hostetter, Mark Miller, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1427: Fixed QueryWrapperFilter to not waste time computing
    scores of the query, since they are just discarded.  Also, made it
    more efficient (single pass) by not creating & populating an
    intermediate OpenBitSet (Paul Elschot, Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1443: Performance improvement for OpenBitSetDISI.inPlaceAnd()
    (Paul Elschot via yonik)

 * LUCENE-1484: Remove synchronization of IndexReader.document() by
    using CloseableThreadLocal internally.  (Jason Rutherglen via Mike
 * LUCENE-1124: Short circuit FuzzyQuery.rewrite when input token length 
    is small compared to minSimilarity. (Timo Nentwig, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1316: MatchAllDocsQuery now avoids the synchronized
    IndexReader.isDeleted() call per document, by directly accessing
    the underlying deleteDocs BitVector.  This improves performance
    with non-readOnly readers, especially in a multi-threaded
    environment.  (Todd Feak, Yonik Seeley, Jason Rutherglen via Mike

 * LUCENE-1483: When searching over multiple segments we now visit
    each sub-reader one at a time.  This speeds up warming, since
    FieldCache entries (if required) can be shared across reopens for
    those segments that did not change, and also speeds up searches
    that sort by relevance or by field values.  (Mark Miller, Mike
 * LUCENE-1575: The new Collector class decouples collect() from
    score computation.  Collector.setScorer is called to establish the
    current Scorer in-use per segment.  Collectors that require the
    score should then call Scorer.score() per hit inside
    collect(). (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1596: MultiTermDocs speedup when set with
    MultiTermDocs.seek(MultiTermEnum) (yonik)
 * LUCENE-1653: Avoid creating a Calendar in every call to 
    DateTools#dateToString, DateTools#timeToString and
    DateTools#round.  (Shai Erera via Mark Miller)
 * LUCENE-1688: Deprecate static final String stop word array and 
    replace it with an immutable implementation of CharArraySet.
    Removes conversions between Set and array.
    (Simon Willnauer via Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1754: BooleanQuery.queryWeight.scorer() will return null if
    it won't match any documents (e.g. if there are no required and
    optional scorers, or not enough optional scorers to satisfy
    minShouldMatch).  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)

 * LUCENE-1607: To speed up string interning for commonly used
    strings, the StringHelper.intern() interface was added with a
    default implementation that uses a lockless cache.
    (Earwin Burrfoot, yonik)

 * LUCENE-1800: QueryParser should use reusable TokenStreams. (yonik)


 * LUCENE-1908: Scoring documentation imrovements in Similarity javadocs. 
   (Mark Miller, Shai Erera, Ted Dunning, Jiri Kuhn, Marvin Humphrey, Doron Cohen)
 * LUCENE-1872: NumericField javadoc improvements
    (Michael McCandless, Uwe Schindler)
 * LUCENE-1875: Make TokenStream.end javadoc less confusing.
    (Uwe Schindler)

 * LUCENE-1862: Rectified duplicate package level javadocs for
    o.a.l.queryParser and o.a.l.analysis.cn.
    (Chris Hostetter)

 * LUCENE-1886: Improved hyperlinking in key Analysis javadocs
    (Bernd Fondermann via Chris Hostetter)

 * LUCENE-1884: massive javadoc and comment cleanup, primarily dealing with
    (Robert Muir via Chris Hostetter)
 * LUCENE-1898: Switch changes to use bullets rather than numbers and 
    update changes-to-html script to handle the new format. 
    (Steven Rowe, Mark Miller)
 * LUCENE-1900: Improve Searchable Javadoc.
    (Nadav Har'El, Doron Cohen, Marvin Humphrey, Mark Miller)
 * LUCENE-1896: Improve Similarity#queryNorm javadocs.
    (Jiri Kuhn, Mark Miller)


 * LUCENE-1440: Add new targets to build.xml that allow downloading
    and executing the junit testcases from an older release for
    backwards-compatibility testing. (Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1446: Add compatibility tag to common-build.xml and run 
    backwards-compatibility tests in the nightly build. (Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1529: Properly test "drop-in" replacement of jar with 
    backwards-compatibility tests. (Mike McCandless, Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1851: Change 'javacc' and 'clean-javacc' targets to build
    and clean contrib/surround files. (Luis Alves via Michael Busch)

 * LUCENE-1854: tar task should use longfile="gnu" to avoid false file
    name length warnings.  (Mark Miller)

Test Cases

 * LUCENE-1791: Enhancements to the QueryUtils and CheckHits utility 
    classes to wrap IndexReaders and Searchers in MultiReaders or 
    MultiSearcher when possible to help exercise more edge cases.
    (Chris Hostetter, Mark Miller)

 * LUCENE-1852: Fix localization test failures. 
    (Robert Muir via Michael Busch)
 * LUCENE-1843: Refactored all tests that use assertAnalyzesTo() & others
    in core and contrib to use a new BaseTokenStreamTestCase
    base class. Also rewrote some tests to use this general analysis assert
    functions instead of own ones (e.g. TestMappingCharFilter).
    The new base class also tests tokenization with the TokenStream.next()
    backwards layer enabled (using Token/TokenWrapper as attribute
    implementation) and disabled (default for Lucene 3.0)
    (Uwe Schindler, Robert Muir)
 * LUCENE-1836: Added a new LocalizedTestCase as base class for localization
    junit tests.  (Robert Muir, Uwe Schindler via Michael Busch)

======================= Release 2.4.1 =======================

API Changes

1. LUCENE-1186: Add Analyzer.close() to free internal ThreadLocal
   resources.  (Christian Kohlschütter via Mike McCandless)

Bug fixes

1. LUCENE-1452: Fixed silent data-loss case whereby binary fields are
   truncated to 0 bytes during merging if the segments being merged
   are non-congruent (same field name maps to different field
   numbers).  This bug was introduced with LUCENE-1219.  (Andrzej
   Bialecki via Mike McCandless).

2. LUCENE-1429: Don't throw incorrect IllegalStateException from
   IndexWriter.close() if you've hit an OOM when autoCommit is true.
   (Mike McCandless)

3. LUCENE-1474: If IndexReader.flush() is called twice when there were
   pending deletions, it could lead to later false AssertionError
   during IndexReader.open.  (Mike McCandless)

4. LUCENE-1430: Fix false AlreadyClosedException from IndexReader.open
   (masking an actual IOException) that takes String or File path.
   (Mike McCandless)

5. LUCENE-1442: Multiple-valued NOT_ANALYZED fields can double-count
   token offsets.  (Mike McCandless)

6. LUCENE-1453: Ensure IndexReader.reopen()/clone() does not result in
   incorrectly closing the shared FSDirectory. This bug would only
   happen if you use IndexReader.open() with a File or String argument.
   The returned readers are wrapped by a FilterIndexReader that
   correctly handles closing of directory after reopen()/clone(). 
   (Mark Miller, Uwe Schindler, Mike McCandless)

7. LUCENE-1457: Fix possible overflow bugs during binary
   searches. (Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)

8. LUCENE-1459: Fix CachingWrapperFilter to not throw exception if
   both bits() and getDocIdSet() methods are called. (Matt Jones via
   Mike McCandless)

9. LUCENE-1519: Fix int overflow bug during segment merging.  (Deepak
   via Mike McCandless)

10. LUCENE-1521: Fix int overflow bug when flushing segment.
    (Shon Vella via Mike McCandless).

11. LUCENE-1544: Fix deadlock in IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]).
    (Mike McCandless via Doug Sale)

12. LUCENE-1547: Fix rare thread safety issue if two threads call
    IndexWriter commit() at the same time.  (Mike McCandless)

13. LUCENE-1465: NearSpansOrdered returns payloads from first possible match 
    rather than the correct, shortest match; Payloads could be returned even
    if the max slop was exceeded; The wrong payload could be returned in 
    certain situations. (Jonathan Mamou, Greg Shackles, Mark Miller)

14. LUCENE-1186: Add Analyzer.close() to free internal ThreadLocal
    resources.  (Christian Kohlschütter via Mike McCandless)

15. LUCENE-1552: Fix IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]) to properly
    rollback IndexWriter's internal state on hitting an
    exception. (Scott Garland via Mike McCandless)

======================= Release 2.4.0 =======================

Changes in backwards compatibility policy

1. LUCENE-1340: In a minor change to Lucene's backward compatibility
   policy, we are now allowing the Fieldable interface to have
   changes, within reason, and made on a case-by-case basis.  If an
   application implements it's own Fieldable, please be aware of
   this.  Otherwise, no need to be concerned.  This is in effect for
   all 2.X releases, starting with 2.4.  Also note, that in all
   likelihood, Fieldable will be changed in 3.0.

Changes in runtime behavior

 1. LUCENE-1151: Fix StandardAnalyzer to not mis-identify host names
    (eg lucene.apache.org) as an ACRONYM.  To get back to the pre-2.4
    backwards compatible, but buggy, behavior, you can either call
    StandardAnalyzer.setDefaultReplaceInvalidAcronym(false) (static
    method), or, set system property
    to "false" on JVM startup.  All StandardAnalyzer instances created
    after that will then show the pre-2.4 behavior.  Alternatively,
    you can call setReplaceInvalidAcronym(false) to change the
    behavior per instance of StandardAnalyzer.  This backwards
    compatibility will be removed in 3.0 (hardwiring the value to
    true).  (Mike McCandless)

 2. LUCENE-1044: IndexWriter with autoCommit=true now commits (such
    that a reader can see the changes) far less often than it used to.
    Previously, every flush was also a commit.  You can always force a
    commit by calling IndexWriter.commit().  Furthermore, in 3.0,
    autoCommit will be hardwired to false (IndexWriter constructors
    that take an autoCommit argument have been deprecated) (Mike

 3. LUCENE-1335: IndexWriter.addIndexes(Directory[]) and
    addIndexesNoOptimize no longer allow the same Directory instance
    to be passed in more than once.  Internally, IndexWriter uses
    Directory and segment name to uniquely identify segments, so
    adding the same Directory more than once was causing duplicates
    which led to problems (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-1396: Improve PhraseQuery.toString() so that gaps in the
    positions are indicated with a ? and multiple terms at the same
    position are joined with a |.  (Andrzej Bialecki via Mike

API Changes

 1. LUCENE-1084: Changed all IndexWriter constructors to take an
    explicit parameter for maximum field size.  Deprecated all the
    pre-existing constructors; these will be removed in release 3.0.
    NOTE: these new constructors set autoCommit to false.  (Steven
    Rowe via Mike McCandless)

 2. LUCENE-584: Changed Filter API to return a DocIdSet instead of a
    java.util.BitSet. This allows using more efficient data structures
    for Filters and makes them more flexible. This deprecates
    Filter.bits(), so all filters that implement this outside
    the Lucene code base will need to be adapted. See also the javadocs
    of the Filter class. (Paul Elschot, Michael Busch)

 3. LUCENE-1044: Added IndexWriter.commit() which flushes any buffered
    adds/deletes and then commits a new segments file so readers will
    see the changes.  Deprecate IndexWriter.flush() in favor of
    IndexWriter.commit().  (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-325: Added IndexWriter.expungeDeletes methods, which
    consult the MergePolicy to find merges necessary to merge away all
    deletes from the index.  This should be a somewhat lower cost
    operation than optimize.  (John Wang via Mike McCandless)

 5. LUCENE-1233: Return empty array instead of null when no fields
    match the specified name in these methods in Document:
    getFieldables, getFields, getValues, getBinaryValues.  (Stefan
    Trcek vai Mike McCandless)

 6. LUCENE-1234: Make BoostingSpanScorer protected.  (Andi Vajda via Grant Ingersoll)

 7. LUCENE-510: The index now stores strings as true UTF-8 bytes
    (previously it was Java's modified UTF-8).  If any text, either
    stored fields or a token, has illegal UTF-16 surrogate characters,
    these characters are now silently replaced with the Unicode
    replacement character U+FFFD.  This is a change to the index file
    format.  (Marvin Humphrey via Mike McCandless)

 8. LUCENE-852: Let the SpellChecker caller specify IndexWriter mergeFactor
    and RAM buffer size.  (Otis Gospodnetic)
 9. LUCENE-1290: Deprecate org.apache.lucene.search.Hits, Hit and HitIterator
    and remove all references to these classes from the core. Also update demos
    and tutorials. (Michael Busch)

10. LUCENE-1288: Add getVersion() and getGeneration() to IndexCommit.
    getVersion() returns the same value that IndexReader.getVersion()
    returns when the reader is opened on the same commit.  (Jason
    Rutherglen via Mike McCandless)

11. LUCENE-1311: Added IndexReader.listCommits(Directory) static
    method to list all commits in a Directory, plus IndexReader.open
    methods that accept an IndexCommit and open the index as of that
    commit.  These methods are only useful if you implement a custom
    DeletionPolicy that keeps more than the last commit around.
    (Jason Rutherglen via Mike McCandless)

12. LUCENE-1325: Added IndexCommit.isOptimized().  (Shalin Shekhar
    Mangar via Mike McCandless)

13. LUCENE-1324: Added TokenFilter.reset(). (Shai Erera via Mike

14. LUCENE-1340: Added Fieldable.omitTf() method to skip indexing term
    frequency, positions and payloads.  This saves index space, and
    indexing/searching time.  (Eks Dev via Mike McCandless)

15. LUCENE-1219: Add basic reuse API to Fieldable for binary fields:
    getBinaryValue/Offset/Length(); currently only lazy fields reuse
    the provided byte[] result to getBinaryValue.  (Eks Dev via Mike

16. LUCENE-1334: Add new constructor for Term: Term(String fieldName)
    which defaults term text to "".  (DM Smith via Mike McCandless)

17. LUCENE-1333: Added Token.reinit(*) APIs to re-initialize (reuse) a
    Token.  Also added term() method to return a String, with a
    performance penalty clearly documented.  Also implemented
    hashCode() and equals() in Token, and fixed all core and contrib
    analyzers to use the re-use APIs.  (DM Smith via Mike McCandless)

18. LUCENE-1329: Add optional readOnly boolean when opening an
    IndexReader.  A readOnly reader is not allowed to make changes
    (deletions, norms) to the index; in exchanged, the isDeleted
    method, often a bottleneck when searching with many threads, is
    not synchronized.  The default for readOnly is still false, but in
    3.0 the default will become true.  (Jason Rutherglen via Mike

19. LUCENE-1367: Add IndexCommit.isDeleted().  (Shalin Shekhar Mangar
    via Mike McCandless)

20. LUCENE-1061: Factored out all "new XXXQuery(...)" in
    QueryParser.java into protected methods newXXXQuery(...) so that
    subclasses can create their own subclasses of each Query type.
    (John Wang via Mike McCandless)

21. LUCENE-753: Added new Directory implementation
    org.apache.lucene.store.NIOFSDirectory, which uses java.nio's
    FileChannel to do file reads.  On most non-Windows platforms, with
    many threads sharing a single searcher, this may yield sizable
    improvement to query throughput when compared to FSDirectory,
    which only allows a single thread to read from an open file at a
    time.  (Jason Rutherglen via Mike McCandless)

22. LUCENE-1371: Added convenience method TopDocs Searcher.search(Query query, int n).
    (Mike McCandless)
23. LUCENE-1356: Allow easy extensions of TopDocCollector by turning
    constructor and fields from package to protected. (Shai Erera
    via Doron Cohen) 

24. LUCENE-1375: Added convenience method IndexCommit.getTimestamp,
    which is equivalent to
    getDirectory().fileModified(getSegmentsFileName()).  (Mike McCandless)

23. LUCENE-1366: Rename Field.Index options to be more accurate:
    is added.  (Mike McCandless)

24. LUCENE-1131: Added numDeletedDocs method to IndexReader (Otis Gospodnetic)

Bug fixes
 1. LUCENE-1134: Fixed BooleanQuery.rewrite to only optimize a single 
    clause query if minNumShouldMatch<=0. (Shai Erera via Michael Busch)

 2. LUCENE-1169: Fixed bug in IndexSearcher.search(): searching with
    a filter might miss some hits because scorer.skipTo() is called
    without checking if the scorer is already at the right position.
    scorer.skipTo(scorer.doc()) is not a NOOP, it behaves as 
    scorer.next(). (Eks Dev, Michael Busch)

 3. LUCENE-1182: Added scorePayload to SimilarityDelegator (Andi Vajda via Grant Ingersoll)
 4. LUCENE-1213: MultiFieldQueryParser was ignoring slop in case
    of a single field phrase. (Trejkaz via Doron Cohen)

 5. LUCENE-1228: IndexWriter.commit() was not updating the index version and as
    result IndexReader.reopen() failed to sense index changes. (Doron Cohen)

 6. LUCENE-1267: Added numDocs() and maxDoc() to IndexWriter;
    deprecated docCount().  (Mike McCandless)

 7. LUCENE-1274: Added new prepareCommit() method to IndexWriter,
    which does phase 1 of a 2-phase commit (commit() does phase 2).
    This is needed when you want to update an index as part of a
    transaction involving external resources (eg a database).  Also
    deprecated abort(), renaming it to rollback().  (Mike McCandless)

 8. LUCENE-1003: Stop RussianAnalyzer from removing numbers.
    (TUSUR OpenTeam, Dmitry Lihachev via Otis Gospodnetic)

 9. LUCENE-1152: SpellChecker fix around clearIndex and indexDictionary
    methods, plus removal of IndexReader reference.
    (Naveen Belkale via Otis Gospodnetic)

10. LUCENE-1046: Removed dead code in SpellChecker
    (Daniel Naber via Otis Gospodnetic)
11. LUCENE-1189: Fixed the QueryParser to handle escaped characters within 
    quoted terms correctly. (Tomer Gabel via Michael Busch)

12. LUCENE-1299: Fixed NPE in SpellChecker when IndexReader is not null and field is (Grant Ingersoll)

13. LUCENE-1303: Fixed BoostingTermQuery's explanation to be marked as a Match 
    depending only upon the non-payload score part, regardless of the effect of 
    the payload on the score. Prior to this, score of a query containing a BTQ 
    differed from its explanation. (Doron Cohen)
14. LUCENE-1310: Fixed SloppyPhraseScorer to work also for terms repeating more 
    than twice in the query. (Doron Cohen)

15. LUCENE-1351: ISOLatin1AccentFilter now cleans additional ligatures (Cedrik Lime via Grant Ingersoll)

16. LUCENE-1383: Workaround a nasty "leak" in Java's builtin
    ThreadLocal, to prevent Lucene from causing unexpected
    OutOfMemoryError in certain situations (notably J2EE
    applications).  (Chris Lu via Mike McCandless)

New features

 1. LUCENE-1137: Added Token.set/getFlags() accessors for passing more information about a Token through the analysis
    process.  The flag is not indexed/stored and is thus only used by analysis.

 2. LUCENE-1147: Add -segment option to CheckIndex tool so you can
    check only a specific segment or segments in your index.  (Mike

 3. LUCENE-1045: Reopened this issue to add support for short and bytes. 
 4. LUCENE-584: Added new data structures to o.a.l.util, such as 
    OpenBitSet and SortedVIntList. These extend DocIdSet and can 
    directly be used for Filters with the new Filter API. Also changed
    the core Filters to use OpenBitSet instead of java.util.BitSet.
    (Paul Elschot, Michael Busch)

 5. LUCENE-494: Added QueryAutoStopWordAnalyzer to allow for the automatic removal, from a query of frequently occurring terms.
    This Analyzer is not intended for use during indexing. (Mark Harwood via Grant Ingersoll)

 6. LUCENE-1044: Change Lucene to properly "sync" files after
    committing, to ensure on a machine or OS crash or power cut, even
    with cached writes, the index remains consistent.  Also added
    explicit commit() method to IndexWriter to force a commit without
    having to close.  (Mike McCandless)
 7. LUCENE-997: Add search timeout (partial) support.
    A TimeLimitedCollector was added to allow limiting search time.
    It is a partial solution since timeout is checked only when 
    collecting a hit, and therefore a search for rare words in a 
    huge index might not stop within the specified time.
    (Sean Timm via Doron Cohen) 

 8. LUCENE-1184: Allow SnapshotDeletionPolicy to be re-used across
    close/re-open of IndexWriter while still protecting an open
    snapshot (Tim Brennan via Mike McCandless)

 9. LUCENE-1194: Added IndexWriter.deleteDocuments(Query) to delete
    documents matching the specified query.  Also added static unlock
    and isLocked methods (deprecating the ones in IndexReader).  (Mike

10. LUCENE-1201: Add IndexReader.getIndexCommit() method. (Tim Brennan
    via Mike McCandless)

11. LUCENE-550:  Added InstantiatedIndex implementation.  Experimental 
    Index store similar to MemoryIndex but allows for multiple documents 
    in memory.  (Karl Wettin via Grant Ingersoll)

12. LUCENE-400: Added word based n-gram filter (in contrib/analyzers) called ShingleFilter and an Analyzer wrapper
    that wraps another Analyzer's token stream with a ShingleFilter (Sebastian Kirsch, Steve Rowe via Grant Ingersoll) 

13. LUCENE-1166: Decomposition tokenfilter for languages like German and Swedish (Thomas Peuss via Grant Ingersoll)

14. LUCENE-1187: ChainedFilter and BooleanFilter now work with new Filter API
    and DocIdSetIterator-based filters. Backwards-compatibility with old 
    BitSet-based filters is ensured. (Paul Elschot via Michael Busch)

15. LUCENE-1295: Added new method to MoreLikeThis for retrieving interesting terms and made retrieveTerms(int) public. (Grant Ingersoll)

16. LUCENE-1298: MoreLikeThis can now accept a custom Similarity (Grant Ingersoll)

17. LUCENE-1297: Allow other string distance measures for the SpellChecker
    (Thomas Morton via Otis Gospodnetic)

18. LUCENE-1001: Provide access to Payloads via Spans.  All existing Span Query implementations in Lucene implement. (Mark Miller, Grant Ingersoll)

19. LUCENE-1354: Provide programmatic access to CheckIndex (Grant Ingersoll, Mike McCandless)

20. LUCENE-1279: Add support for Collators to RangeFilter/Query and Query Parser.  (Steve Rowe via Grant Ingersoll) 


 1. LUCENE-705: When building a compound file, use
    RandomAccessFile.setLength() to tell the OS/filesystem to
    pre-allocate space for the file.  This may improve fragmentation
    in how the CFS file is stored, and allows us to detect an upcoming
    disk full situation before actually filling up the disk.  (Mike

 2. LUCENE-1120: Speed up merging of term vectors by bulk-copying the
    raw bytes for each contiguous range of non-deleted documents.
    (Mike McCandless)
 3. LUCENE-1185: Avoid checking if the TermBuffer 'scratch' in 
    SegmentTermEnum is null for every call of scanTo().
    (Christian Kohlschuetter via Michael Busch)

 4. LUCENE-1217: Internal to Field.java, use isBinary instead of
    runtime type checking for possible speedup of binaryValue().
    (Eks Dev via Mike McCandless)

 5. LUCENE-1183: Optimized TRStringDistance class (in contrib/spell) that uses
    less memory than the previous version.  (Cédrik LIME via Otis Gospodnetic)

 6. LUCENE-1195: Improve term lookup performance by adding a LRU cache to the
    TermInfosReader. In performance experiments the speedup was about 25% on 
    average on mid-size indexes with ~500,000 documents for queries with 3 
    terms and about 7% on larger indexes with ~4.3M documents. (Michael Busch)


  1. LUCENE-1236:  Added some clarifying remarks to EdgeNGram*.java (Hiroaki Kawai via Grant Ingersoll)
  2. LUCENE-1157 and LUCENE-1256: HTML changes log, created automatically 
     from CHANGES.txt. This HTML file is currently visible only via developers page.     
     (Steven Rowe via Doron Cohen)

  3. LUCENE-1349: Fieldable can now be changed without breaking backward compatibility rules (within reason.  See the note at
  the top of this file and also on Fieldable.java).  (Grant Ingersoll)
  4. LUCENE-1873: Update documentation to reflect current Contrib area status.
     (Steven Rowe, Mark Miller)


  1. LUCENE-1153: Added JUnit JAR to new lib directory.  Updated build to rely on local JUnit instead of ANT/lib.
  2. LUCENE-1202: Small fixes to the way Clover is used to work better
     with contribs.  Of particular note: a single clover db is used
     regardless of whether tests are run globally or in the specific
     contrib directories. 
  3. LUCENE-1353: Javacc target in contrib/miscellaneous for 
     generating the precedence query parser. 

Test Cases

 1. LUCENE-1238: Fixed intermittent failures of TestTimeLimitedCollector.testTimeoutMultiThreaded.
    Within this fix, "greedy" flag was added to TimeLimitedCollector, to allow the wrapped 
    collector to collect also the last doc, after allowed-tTime passed. (Doron Cohen)   
 2. LUCENE-1348: relax TestTimeLimitedCollector to not fail due to 
    timeout exceeded (just because test machine is very busy).
======================= Release 2.3.2 =======================

Bug fixes

 1. LUCENE-1191: On hitting OutOfMemoryError in any index-modifying
    methods in IndexWriter, do not commit any further changes to the
    index to prevent risk of possible corruption.  (Mike McCandless)

 2. LUCENE-1197: Fixed issue whereby IndexWriter would flush by RAM
    too early when TermVectors were in use.  (Mike McCandless)

 3. LUCENE-1198: Don't corrupt index if an exception happens inside
    DocumentsWriter.init (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-1199: Added defensive check for null indexReader before
    calling close in IndexModifier.close() (Mike McCandless)

 5. LUCENE-1200: Fix rare deadlock case in addIndexes* when
    ConcurrentMergeScheduler is in use (Mike McCandless)

 6. LUCENE-1208: Fix deadlock case on hitting an exception while
    processing a document that had triggered a flush (Mike McCandless)

 7. LUCENE-1210: Fix deadlock case on hitting an exception while
    starting a merge when using ConcurrentMergeScheduler (Mike McCandless)

 8. LUCENE-1222: Fix IndexWriter.doAfterFlush to always be called on
    flush (Mark Ferguson via Mike McCandless)
 9. LUCENE-1226: Fixed IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]) to commit
    successfully created compound files. (Michael Busch)

10. LUCENE-1150: Re-expose StandardTokenizer's constants publicly;
    this was accidentally lost with LUCENE-966.  (Nicolas Lalevée via
    Mike McCandless)

11. LUCENE-1262: Fixed bug in BufferedIndexReader.refill whereby on
    hitting an exception in readInternal, the buffer is incorrectly
    filled with stale bytes such that subsequent calls to readByte()
    return incorrect results.  (Trejkaz via Mike McCandless)

12. LUCENE-1270: Fixed intermittent case where IndexWriter.close()
    would hang after IndexWriter.addIndexesNoOptimize had been
    called.  (Stu Hood via Mike McCandless)

 1. LUCENE-1230: Include *pom.xml* in source release files. (Michael Busch)

======================= Release 2.3.1 =======================

Bug fixes
 1. LUCENE-1168: Fixed corruption cases when autoCommit=false and
    documents have mixed term vectors (Suresh Guvvala via Mike

 2. LUCENE-1171: Fixed some cases where OOM errors could cause
    deadlock in IndexWriter (Mike McCandless).

 3. LUCENE-1173: Fixed corruption case when autoCommit=false and bulk
    merging of stored fields is used (Yonik via Mike McCandless).

 4. LUCENE-1163: Fixed bug in CharArraySet.contains(char[] buffer, int
    offset, int len) that was ignoring offset and thus giving the
    wrong answer.  (Thomas Peuss via Mike McCandless)
 5. LUCENE-1177: Fix rare case where IndexWriter.optimize might do too
    many merges at the end.  (Mike McCandless)
 6. LUCENE-1176: Fix corruption case when documents with no term
    vector fields are added before documents with term vector fields.
    (Mike McCandless)
 7. LUCENE-1179: Fixed assert statement that was incorrectly
    preventing Fields with empty-string field name from working.
    (Sergey Kabashnyuk via Mike McCandless)

======================= Release 2.3.0 =======================

Changes in runtime behavior

 1. LUCENE-994: Defaults for IndexWriter have been changed to maximize
    out-of-the-box indexing speed.  First, IndexWriter now flushes by
    RAM usage (16 MB by default) instead of a fixed doc count (call
    IndexWriter.setMaxBufferedDocs to get backwards compatible
    behavior).  Second, ConcurrentMergeScheduler is used to run merges
    using background threads (call IndexWriter.setMergeScheduler(new
    SerialMergeScheduler()) to get backwards compatible behavior).
    Third, merges are chosen based on size in bytes of each segment
    rather than document count of each segment (call
    IndexWriter.setMergePolicy(new LogDocMergePolicy()) to get
    backwards compatible behavior).

    NOTE: users of ParallelReader must change back all of these
    defaults in order to ensure the docIDs "align" across all parallel

    (Mike McCandless)

 2. LUCENE-1045: SortField.AUTO didn't work with long. When detecting
    the field type for sorting automatically, numbers used to be
    interpreted as int, then as float, if parsing the number as an int
    failed. Now the detection checks for int, then for long,
    then for float. (Daniel Naber)

API Changes

 1. LUCENE-843: Added IndexWriter.setRAMBufferSizeMB(...) to have
    IndexWriter flush whenever the buffered documents are using more
    than the specified amount of RAM.  Also added new APIs to Token
    that allow one to set a char[] plus offset and length to specify a
    token (to avoid creating a new String() for each Token).  (Mike

 2. LUCENE-963: Add setters to Field to allow for re-using a single
    Field instance during indexing.  This is a sizable performance
    gain, especially for small documents.  (Mike McCandless)

 3. LUCENE-969: Add new APIs to Token, TokenStream and Analyzer to
    permit re-using of Token and TokenStream instances during
    indexing.  Changed Token to use a char[] as the store for the
    termText instead of String.  This gives faster tokenization
    performance (~10-15%).  (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-847: Factored MergePolicy, which determines which merges
    should take place and when, as well as MergeScheduler, which
    determines when the selected merges should actually run, out of
    IndexWriter.  The default merge policy is now
    LogByteSizeMergePolicy (see LUCENE-845) and the default merge
    scheduler is now ConcurrentMergeScheduler (see
    LUCENE-870). (Steven Parkes via Mike McCandless)

 5. LUCENE-1052: Add IndexReader.setTermInfosIndexDivisor(int) method
    that allows you to reduce memory usage of the termInfos by further
    sub-sampling (over the termIndexInterval that was used during
    indexing) which terms are loaded into memory.  (Chuck Williams,
    Doug Cutting via Mike McCandless)
 6. LUCENE-743: Add IndexReader.reopen() method that re-opens an
    existing IndexReader (see New features -> 8.) (Michael Busch)

 7. LUCENE-1062: Add setData(byte[] data), 
    setData(byte[] data, int offset, int length), getData(), getOffset()
    and clone() methods to o.a.l.index.Payload. Also add the field name 
    as arg to Similarity.scorePayload(). (Michael Busch)

 8. LUCENE-982: Add IndexWriter.optimize(int maxNumSegments) method to
    "partially optimize" an index down to maxNumSegments segments.
    (Mike McCandless)

 9. LUCENE-1080: Changed Token.DEFAULT_TYPE to be public.

10. LUCENE-1064: Changed TopDocs constructor to be public. 
     (Shai Erera via Michael Busch)

11. LUCENE-1079: DocValues cleanup: constructor now has no params,
    and getInnerArray() now throws UnsupportedOperationException (Doron Cohen)

12. LUCENE-1089: Added PriorityQueue.insertWithOverflow, which returns
    the Object (if any) that was bumped from the queue to allow
    re-use.  (Shai Erera via Mike McCandless)
13. LUCENE-1101: Token reuse 'contract' (defined LUCENE-969)
    modified so it is token producer's responsibility
    to call Token.clear(). (Doron Cohen)   

14. LUCENE-1118: Changed StandardAnalyzer to skip too-long (default >
    255 characters) tokens.  You can increase this limit by calling
    StandardAnalyzer.setMaxTokenLength(...).  (Michael McCandless)

Bug fixes

 1. LUCENE-933: QueryParser fixed to not produce empty sub 
    BooleanQueries "()" even if the Analyzer produced no 
    tokens for input. (Doron Cohen)

 2. LUCENE-955: Fixed SegmentTermPositions to work correctly with the
    first term in the dictionary. (Michael Busch)

 3. LUCENE-951: Fixed NullPointerException in MultiLevelSkipListReader
    that was thrown after a call of TermPositions.seek(). 
    (Rich Johnson via Michael Busch)
 4. LUCENE-938: Fixed cases where an unhandled exception in
    IndexWriter's methods could cause deletes to be lost.
    (Steven Parkes via Mike McCandless)
 5. LUCENE-962: Fixed case where an unhandled exception in
    IndexWriter.addDocument or IndexWriter.updateDocument could cause
    unreferenced files in the index to not be deleted
    (Steven Parkes via Mike McCandless)
 6. LUCENE-957: RAMDirectory fixed to properly handle directories
    larger than Integer.MAX_VALUE. (Doron Cohen)

 7. LUCENE-781: MultiReader fixed to not throw NPE if isCurrent(),
    isOptimized() or getVersion() is called. Separated MultiReader
    into two classes: MultiSegmentReader extends IndexReader, is
    package-protected and is created automatically by IndexReader.open()
    in case the index has multiple segments. The public MultiReader 
    now extends MultiSegmentReader and is intended to be used by users
    who want to add their own subreaders. (Daniel Naber, Michael Busch)

 8. LUCENE-970: FilterIndexReader now implements isOptimized(). Before
    a call of isOptimized() would throw a NPE. (Michael Busch)

 9. LUCENE-832: ParallelReader fixed to not throw NPE if isCurrent(),
    isOptimized() or getVersion() is called. (Michael Busch)
10. LUCENE-948: Fix FNFE exception caused by stale NFS client
    directory listing caches when writers on different machines are
    sharing an index over NFS and using a custom deletion policy (Mike

11. LUCENE-978: Ensure TermInfosReader, FieldsReader, and FieldsReader
    close any streams they had opened if an exception is hit in the
    constructor.  (Ning Li via Mike McCandless)

12. LUCENE-985: If an extremely long term is in a doc (> 16383 chars),
    we now throw an IllegalArgumentException saying the term is too
    long, instead of cryptic ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException.  (Karl
    Wettin via Mike McCandless)

13. LUCENE-991: The explain() method of BoostingTermQuery had errors
    when no payloads were present on a document.  (Peter Keegan via
    Grant Ingersoll)

14. LUCENE-992: Fixed IndexWriter.updateDocument to be atomic again
    (this was broken by LUCENE-843).  (Ning Li via Mike McCandless)

15. LUCENE-1008: Fixed corruption case when document with no term
    vector fields is added after documents with term vector fields.
    This bug was introduced with LUCENE-843.  (Grant Ingersoll via
    Mike McCandless)

16. LUCENE-1006: Fixed QueryParser to accept a "" field value (zero
    length quoted string.)  (yonik)

17. LUCENE-1010: Fixed corruption case when document with no term
    vector fields is added after documents with term vector fields.
    This case is hit during merge and would cause an EOFException.
    This bug was introduced with LUCENE-984.  (Andi Vajda via Mike

19. LUCENE-1009: Fix merge slowdown with LogByteSizeMergePolicy when
    autoCommit=false and documents are using stored fields and/or term
    vectors.  (Mark Miller via Mike McCandless)

20. LUCENE-1011: Fixed corruption case when two or more machines,
    sharing an index over NFS, can be writers in quick succession.
    (Patrick Kimber via Mike McCandless)

21. LUCENE-1028: Fixed Weight serialization for few queries:
    DisjunctionMaxQuery, ValueSourceQuery, CustomScoreQuery.
    Serialization check added for all queries.
    (Kyle Maxwell via Doron Cohen)

22. LUCENE-1048: Fixed incorrect behavior in Lock.obtain(...) when the
    timeout argument is very large (eg Long.MAX_VALUE).  Also added
    Lock.LOCK_OBTAIN_WAIT_FOREVER constant to never timeout.  (Nikolay
    Diakov via Mike McCandless)

23. LUCENE-1050: Throw LockReleaseFailedException in
    Simple/NativeFSLockFactory if we fail to delete the lock file when
    releasing the lock.  (Nikolay Diakov via Mike McCandless)

24. LUCENE-1071: Fixed SegmentMerger to correctly set payload bit in 
    the merged segment. (Michael Busch)

25. LUCENE-1042: Remove throwing of IOException in getTermFreqVector(int, String, TermVectorMapper) to be consistent
    with other getTermFreqVector calls.  Also removed the throwing of the other IOException in that method to be consistent.  (Karl Wettin via Grant Ingersoll)
26. LUCENE-1096: Fixed Hits behavior when hits' docs are deleted 
    along with iterating the hits. Deleting docs already retrieved 
    now works seamlessly. If docs not yet retrieved are deleted 
    (e.g. from another thread), and then, relying on the initial 
    Hits.length(), an application attempts to retrieve more hits 
    than actually exist , a ConcurrentMidificationException 
    is thrown.  (Doron Cohen)

27. LUCENE-1068: Changed StandardTokenizer to fix an issue with it marking
  the type of some tokens incorrectly.  This is done by adding a new flag named
  replaceInvalidAcronym which defaults to false, the current, incorrect behavior.  Setting
  this flag to true fixes the problem.  This flag is a temporary fix and is already
  marked as being deprecated.  3.x will implement the correct approach.  (Shai Erera via Grant Ingersoll)
  LUCENE-1140: Fixed NPE caused by 1068 (Alexei Dets via Grant Ingersoll)
28. LUCENE-749: ChainedFilter behavior fixed when logic of 
    first filter is ANDNOT.  (Antonio Bruno via Doron Cohen)

29. LUCENE-508: Make sure SegmentTermEnum.prev() is accurate (= last
    term) after next() returns false.  (Steven Tamm via Mike

New features

 1. LUCENE-906: Elision filter for French.
    (Mathieu Lecarme via Otis Gospodnetic)

 2. LUCENE-960: Added a SpanQueryFilter and related classes to allow for
    not only filtering, but knowing where in a Document a Filter matches
    (Grant Ingersoll)

 3. LUCENE-868: Added new Term Vector access features.  New callback
    mechanism allows application to define how and where to read Term
    Vectors from disk. This implementation contains several extensions
    of the new abstract TermVectorMapper class.  The new API should be
    back-compatible.  No changes in the actual storage of Term Vectors
    has taken place.
 3.1 LUCENE-1038: Added setDocumentNumber() method to TermVectorMapper
     to provide information about what document is being accessed.
     (Karl Wettin via Grant Ingersoll)

 4. LUCENE-975: Added PositionBasedTermVectorMapper that allows for
    position based lookup of term vector information.
    See item #3 above (LUCENE-868).

 5. LUCENE-1011: Added simple tools (all in org.apache.lucene.store)
    to verify that locking is working properly.  LockVerifyServer runs
    a separate server to verify locks.  LockStressTest runs a simple
    tool that rapidly obtains and releases locks.
    VerifyingLockFactory is a LockFactory that wraps any other
    LockFactory and consults the LockVerifyServer whenever a lock is
    obtained or released, throwing an exception if an illegal lock
    obtain occurred.  (Patrick Kimber via Mike McCandless)

 6. LUCENE-1015: Added FieldCache extension (ExtendedFieldCache) to
    support doubles and longs.  Added support into SortField for sorting
    on doubles and longs as well.  (Grant Ingersoll)

 7. LUCENE-1020: Created basic index checking & repair tool
    (o.a.l.index.CheckIndex).  When run without -fix it does a
    detailed test of all segments in the index and reports summary
    information and any errors it hit.  With -fix it will remove
    segments that had errors.  (Mike McCandless)

 8. LUCENE-743: Add IndexReader.reopen() method that re-opens an
    existing IndexReader by only loading those portions of an index
    that have changed since the reader was (re)opened. reopen() can
    be significantly faster than open(), depending on the amount of
    index changes. SegmentReader, MultiSegmentReader, MultiReader,
    and ParallelReader implement reopen(). (Michael Busch) 

 9. LUCENE-1040: CharArraySet useful for efficiently checking
    set membership of text specified by char[]. (yonik)

10. LUCENE-1073: Created SnapshotDeletionPolicy to facilitate taking a
    live backup of an index without pausing indexing.  (Mike
11. LUCENE-1019: CustomScoreQuery enhanced to support multiple 
    ValueSource queries. (Kyle Maxwell via Doron Cohen)
12. LUCENE-1095: Added an option to StopFilter to increase 
    positionIncrement of the token succeeding a stopped token.
    Disabled by default. Similar option added to QueryParser 
    to consider token positions when creating PhraseQuery 
    and MultiPhraseQuery. Disabled by default (so by default
    the query parser ignores position increments).
    (Doron Cohen)

13. LUCENE-1380: Added TokenFilter for setting position increment in special cases related to the ShingleFilter (Mck SembWever, Steve Rowe, Karl Wettin via Grant Ingersoll)


 1. LUCENE-937: CachingTokenFilter now uses an iterator to access the 
    Tokens that are cached in the LinkedList. This increases performance 
    significantly, especially when the number of Tokens is large. 
    (Mark Miller via Michael Busch)

 2. LUCENE-843: Substantial optimizations to improve how IndexWriter
    uses RAM for buffering documents and to speed up indexing (2X-8X
    faster).  A single shared hash table now records the in-memory
    postings per unique term and is directly flushed into a single
    segment.  (Mike McCandless)
 3. LUCENE-892: Fixed extra "buffer to buffer copy" that sometimes
    takes place when using compound files.  (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-959: Remove synchronization in Document (yonik)

 5. LUCENE-963: Add setters to Field to allow for re-using a single
    Field instance during indexing.  This is a sizable performance
    gain, especially for small documents.  (Mike McCandless)

 6. LUCENE-939: Check explicitly for boundary conditions in FieldInfos
    and don't rely on exceptions. (Michael Busch)

 7. LUCENE-966: Very substantial speedups (~6X faster) for
    StandardTokenizer (StandardAnalyzer) by using JFlex instead of
    JavaCC to generate the tokenizer.
    (Stanislaw Osinski via Mike McCandless)

 8. LUCENE-969: Changed core tokenizers & filters to re-use Token and
    TokenStream instances when possible to improve tokenization
    performance (~10-15%). (Mike McCandless)

 9. LUCENE-871: Speedup ISOLatin1AccentFilter (Ian Boston via Mike

10. LUCENE-986: Refactored SegmentInfos from IndexReader into the new
    subclass DirectoryIndexReader. SegmentReader and MultiSegmentReader
    now extend DirectoryIndexReader and are the only IndexReader 
    implementations that use SegmentInfos to access an index and 
    acquire a write lock for index modifications. (Michael Busch)

11. LUCENE-1007: Allow flushing in IndexWriter to be triggered by
    either RAM usage or document count or both (whichever comes
    first), by adding symbolic constant DISABLE_AUTO_FLUSH to disable
    one of the flush triggers.  (Ning Li via Mike McCandless)

12. LUCENE-1043: Speed up merging of stored fields by bulk-copying the
    raw bytes for each contiguous range of non-deleted documents.
    (Robert Engels via Mike McCandless)

13. LUCENE-693: Speed up nested conjunctions (~2x) that match many
    documents, and a slight performance increase for top level
    conjunctions.  (yonik)

14. LUCENE-1098: Make inner class StandardAnalyzer.SavedStreams static 
    and final. (Nathan Beyer via Michael Busch)


 1. LUCENE-1051: Generate separate javadocs for core, demo and contrib
    classes, as well as an unified view. Also add an appropriate menu 
    structure to the website. (Michael Busch)

 2. LUCENE-746: Fix error message in AnalyzingQueryParser.getPrefixQuery.
    (Ronnie Kolehmainen via Michael Busch)


 1. LUCENE-908: Improvements and simplifications for how the MANIFEST
    file and the META-INF dir are created. (Michael Busch)

 2. LUCENE-935: Various improvements for the maven artifacts. Now the
    artifacts also include the sources as .jar files. (Michael Busch)

 3. Added apply-patch target to top-level build.  Defaults to looking for
    a patch in ${basedir}/../patches with name specified by -Dpatch.name.
    Can also specify any location by -Dpatch.file property on the command
    line.  This should be helpful for easy application of patches, but it
    is also a step towards integrating automatic patch application with
    JIRA and Hudson, and is thus subject to change.  (Grant Ingersoll)
 4. LUCENE-935: Defined property "m2.repository.url" to allow setting
    the url to a maven remote repository to deploy to. (Michael Busch)

 5. LUCENE-1051: Include javadocs in the maven artifacts. (Michael Busch)

 6. LUCENE-1055: Remove gdata-server from build files and its sources 
    from trunk. (Michael Busch)

 7. LUCENE-935: Allow to deploy maven artifacts to a remote m2 repository
    via scp and ssh authentication. (Michael Busch)
 8. LUCENE-1123: Allow overriding the specification version for 
    MANIFEST.MF (Michael Busch)

Test Cases

 1. LUCENE-766: Test adding two fields with the same name but different 
    term vector setting.  (Nicolas Lalevée via Doron Cohen)  
======================= Release 2.2.0 =======================

Changes in runtime behavior

API Changes

 1. LUCENE-793: created new exceptions and added them to throws clause
    for many methods (all subclasses of IOException for backwards
    compatibility): index.StaleReaderException,
    index.CorruptIndexException, store.LockObtainFailedException.
    This was done to better call out the possible root causes of an
    IOException from these methods.  (Mike McCandless)

 2. LUCENE-811: make SegmentInfos class, plus a few methods from related
    classes, package-private again (they were unnecessarily made public
    as part of LUCENE-701).  (Mike McCandless)

 3. LUCENE-710: added optional autoCommit boolean to IndexWriter
    constructors.  When this is false, index changes are not committed
    until the writer is closed.  This gives explicit control over when
    a reader will see the changes.  Also added optional custom
    deletion policy to explicitly control when prior commits are
    removed from the index.  This is intended to allow applications to
    share an index over NFS by customizing when prior commits are
    deleted. (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-818: changed most public methods of IndexWriter,
    IndexReader (and its subclasses), FieldsReader and RAMDirectory to
    throw AlreadyClosedException if they are accessed after being
    closed.  (Mike McCandless)

 5. LUCENE-834: Changed some access levels for certain Span classes to allow them
    to be overridden.  They have been marked expert only and not for public
    consumption. (Grant Ingersoll) 

 6. LUCENE-796: Removed calls to super.* from various get*Query methods in
    MultiFieldQueryParser, in order to allow sub-classes to override them.
    (Steven Parkes via Otis Gospodnetic)

 7. LUCENE-857: Removed caching from QueryFilter and deprecated QueryFilter
    in favour of QueryWrapperFilter or QueryWrapperFilter + CachingWrapperFilter
    combination when caching is desired.
    (Chris Hostetter, Otis Gospodnetic)

 8. LUCENE-869: Changed FSIndexInput and FSIndexOutput to inner classes of FSDirectory
    to enable extensibility of these classes. (Michael Busch)

 9. LUCENE-580: Added the public method reset() to TokenStream. This method does
    nothing by default, but may be overwritten by subclasses to support consuming
    the TokenStream more than once. (Michael Busch)

10. LUCENE-580: Added a new constructor to Field that takes a TokenStream as
    argument, available as tokenStreamValue(). This is useful to avoid the need of 
    "dummy analyzers" for pre-analyzed fields. (Karl Wettin, Michael Busch)

11. LUCENE-730: Added the new methods to BooleanQuery setAllowDocsOutOfOrder() and
    getAllowDocsOutOfOrder(). Deprecated the methods setUseScorer14() and 
    getUseScorer14(). The optimization patch LUCENE-730 (see Optimizations->3.) 
    improves performance for certain queries but results in scoring out of docid 
    order. This patch reverse this change, so now by default hit docs are scored
    in docid order if not setAllowDocsOutOfOrder(true) is explicitly called.
    This patch also enables the tests in QueryUtils again that check for docid
    order. (Paul Elschot, Doron Cohen, Michael Busch)

12. LUCENE-888: Added Directory.openInput(File path, int bufferSize)
    to optionally specify the size of the read buffer.  Also added
    BufferedIndexInput.setBufferSize(int) to change the buffer size.
    (Mike McCandless)

13. LUCENE-923: Make SegmentTermPositionVector package-private. It does not need
    to be public because it implements the public interface TermPositionVector.
    (Michael Busch)

Bug fixes

 1. LUCENE-804: Fixed build.xml to pack a fully compilable src dist.  (Doron Cohen)

 2. LUCENE-813: Leading wildcard fixed to work with trailing wildcard.
    Query parser modified to create a prefix query only for the case 
    that there is a single trailing wildcard (and no additional wildcard 
    or '?' in the query text).  (Doron Cohen)

 3. LUCENE-812: Add no-argument constructors to NativeFSLockFactory
    and SimpleFSLockFactory.  This enables all 4 builtin LockFactory
    implementations to be specified via the System property
    org.apache.lucene.store.FSDirectoryLockFactoryClass.  (Mike McCandless)

 4. LUCENE-821: The new single-norm-file introduced by LUCENE-756
    failed to reduce the number of open descriptors since it was still
    opened once per field with norms. (yonik)

 5. LUCENE-823: Make sure internal file handles are closed when
    hitting an exception (eg disk full) while flushing deletes in
    IndexWriter's mergeSegments, and also during
    IndexWriter.addIndexes.  (Mike McCandless)

 6. LUCENE-825: If directory is removed after
    FSDirectory.getDirectory() but before IndexReader.open you now get
    a FileNotFoundException like Lucene pre-2.1 (before this fix you
    got an NPE).  (Mike McCandless)

 7. LUCENE-800: Removed backslash from the TERM_CHAR list in the queryparser, 
    because the backslash is the escape character. Also changed the ESCAPED_CHAR
    list to contain all possible characters, because every character that 
    follows a backslash should be considered as escaped. (Michael Busch)

 8. LUCENE-372: QueryParser.parse() now ensures that the entire input string 
    is consumed. Now a ParseException is thrown if a query contains too many
    closing parentheses. (Andreas Neumann via Michael Busch)

 9. LUCENE-814: javacc build targets now fix line-end-style of generated files.
    Now also deleting all javacc generated files before calling javacc.
    (Steven Parkes, Doron Cohen)
10. LUCENE-829: close readers in contrib/benchmark. (Karl Wettin, Doron Cohen)

11. LUCENE-828: Minor fix for Term's equal().
    (Paul Cowan via Otis Gospodnetic)

12. LUCENE-846: Fixed: if IndexWriter is opened with autoCommit=false,
    and you call addIndexes, and hit an exception (eg disk full) then
    when IndexWriter rolls back its internal state this could corrupt
    the instance of IndexWriter (but, not the index itself) by
    referencing already deleted segments.  This bug was only present
    in 2.2 (trunk), ie was never released.  (Mike McCandless)
13. LUCENE-736: Sloppy phrase query with repeating terms matches wrong docs.
    For example query "B C B"~2 matches the doc "A B C D E". (Doron Cohen)
14. LUCENE-789: Fixed: custom similarity is ignored when using MultiSearcher (problem reported 
    by Alexey Lef). Now the similarity applied by MultiSearcer.setSimilarity(sim) is being used. 
    Note that as before this fix, creating a multiSearcher from Searchers for whom custom similarity 
    was set has no effect - it is masked by the similarity of the MultiSearcher. This is as 
    designed, because MultiSearcher operates on Searchables (not Searchers). (Doron Cohen)

15. LUCENE-880: Fixed DocumentWriter to close the TokenStreams after it
    has written the postings. Then the resources associated with the 
    TokenStreams can safely be released. (Michael Busch)

16. LUCENE-883: consecutive calls to Spellchecker.indexDictionary()
    won't insert terms twice anymore. (Daniel Naber)

17. LUCENE-881: QueryParser.escape() now also escapes the characters
    '|' and '&' which are part of the queryparser syntax. (Michael Busch)

18. LUCENE-886: Spellchecker clean up: exceptions aren't printed to STDERR
    anymore and ignored, but re-thrown. Some javadoc improvements.
    (Daniel Naber)

19. LUCENE-698: FilteredQuery now takes the query boost into account for 
    scoring. (Michael Busch)

20. LUCENE-763: Spellchecker: LuceneDictionary used to skip first word in 
    enumeration. (Christian Mallwitz via Daniel Naber)
21. LUCENE-903: FilteredQuery explanation inaccuracy with boost.
    Explanation tests now "deep" check the explanation details.
    (Chris Hostetter, Doron Cohen)
22. LUCENE-912: DisjunctionMaxScorer first skipTo(target) call ignores the 
    skip target param and ends up at the first match.
    (Sudaakeran B. via Chris Hostetter & Doron Cohen)
23. LUCENE-913: Two consecutive score() calls return different 
    scores for Boolean Queries. (Michael Busch, Doron Cohen)

24. LUCENE-1013: Fix IndexWriter.setMaxMergeDocs to work "out of the
    box", again, by moving set/getMaxMergeDocs up from
    LogDocMergePolicy into LogMergePolicy.  This fixes the API
    breakage (non backwards compatible change) caused by LUCENE-994.
    (Yonik Seeley via Mike McCandless)

New features

 1. LUCENE-759: Added two n-gram-producing TokenFilters.
    (Otis Gospodnetic)

 2. LUCENE-822: Added FieldSelector capabilities to Searchable for use with
    RemoteSearcher, and other Searchable implementations. (Mark Miller, Grant Ingersoll)

 3. LUCENE-755: Added the ability to store arbitrary binary metadata in the posting list.
    These metadata are called Payloads. For every position of a Token one Payload in the form
    of a variable length byte array can be stored in the prox file.
    Remark: The APIs introduced with this feature are in experimental state and thus
            contain appropriate warnings in the javadocs.
    (Michael Busch)

 4. LUCENE-834: Added BoostingTermQuery which can boost scores based on the
    values of a payload (see #3 above.) (Grant Ingersoll)

 5. LUCENE-834: Similarity has a new method for scoring payloads called
    scorePayloads that can be overridden to take advantage of payload
    storage (see #3 above)

 6. LUCENE-834: Added isPayloadAvailable() onto TermPositions interface and
    implemented it in the appropriate places (Grant Ingersoll)

 7. LUCENE-853: Added RemoteCachingWrapperFilter to enable caching of Filters
    on the remote side of the RMI connection.
    (Matt Ericson via Otis Gospodnetic)

 8. LUCENE-446: Added Solr's search.function for scores based on field 
    values, plus CustomScoreQuery for simple score (post) customization.
    (Yonik Seeley, Doron Cohen)

 9. LUCENE-1058: Added new TeeTokenFilter (like the UNIX 'tee' command) and SinkTokenizer which can be used to share tokens between two or more
    Fields such that the other Fields do not have to go through the whole Analysis process over again.  For instance, if you have two
    Fields that share all the same analysis steps except one lowercases tokens and the other does not, you can coordinate the operations
    between the two using the TeeTokenFilter and the SinkTokenizer.  See TeeSinkTokenTest.java for examples.
    (Grant Ingersoll, Michael Busch, Yonik Seeley)

 1. LUCENE-761: The proxStream is now cloned lazily in SegmentTermPositions
    when nextPosition() is called for the first time. This allows using instances
    of SegmentTermPositions instead of SegmentTermDocs without additional costs.
    (Michael Busch)

 2. LUCENE-431: RAMInputStream and RAMOutputStream extend IndexInput and
    IndexOutput directly now. This avoids further buffering and thus avoids 
    unnecessary array copies. (Michael Busch)

 3. LUCENE-730: Updated BooleanScorer2 to make use of BooleanScorer in some
    cases and possibly improve scoring performance.  Documents can now be
    delivered out-of-order as they are scored (e.g. to HitCollector).
    N.B. A bit of code had to be disabled in QueryUtils in order for
    TestBoolean2 test to keep passing.
    (Paul Elschot via Otis Gospodnetic)

 4. LUCENE-882: Spellchecker doesn't store the ngrams anymore but only indexes
    them to keep the spell index small. (Daniel Naber)

 5. LUCENE-430: Delay allocation of the buffer after a clone of BufferedIndexInput.
    Together with LUCENE-888 this will allow to adjust the buffer size
    dynamically. (Paul Elschot, Michael Busch)
 6. LUCENE-888: Increase buffer sizes inside CompoundFileWriter and
    BufferedIndexOutput.  Also increase buffer size in
    BufferedIndexInput, but only when used during merging.  Together,
    these increases yield 10-18% overall performance gain vs the
    previous 1K defaults.  (Mike McCandless)

 7. LUCENE-866: Adds multi-level skip lists to the posting lists. This speeds 
    up most queries that use skipTo(), especially on big indexes with large posting 
    lists. For average AND queries the speedup is about 20%, for queries that 
    contain very frequent and very unique terms the speedup can be over 80%.
    (Michael Busch)


 1. LUCENE 791 && INFRA-1173: Infrastructure moved the Wiki to
    http://wiki.apache.org/lucene-java/   Updated the links in the docs and
    wherever else I found references.  (Grant Ingersoll, Joe Schaefer)

 2. LUCENE-807: Fixed the javadoc for ScoreDocComparator.compare() to be 
    consistent with java.util.Comparator.compare(): Any integer is allowed to 
    be returned instead of only -1/0/1.
    (Paul Cowan via Michael Busch)
 3. LUCENE-875: Solved javadoc warnings & errors under jdk1.4. 
    Solved javadoc errors under jdk5 (jars in path for gdata).
    Made "javadocs" target depend on "build-contrib" for first downloading
    contrib jars configured for dynamic downloaded. (Note: when running
    behind firewall, a firewall prompt might pop up) (Doron Cohen)

 4. LUCENE-740: Added SNOWBALL-LICENSE.txt to the snowball package and a
    remark about the license to NOTICE.TXT. (Steven Parkes via Michael Busch)

 5. LUCENE-925: Added analysis package javadocs. (Grant Ingersoll and Doron Cohen)

 6. LUCENE-926: Added document package javadocs. (Grant Ingersoll)


 1. LUCENE-802: Added LICENSE.TXT and NOTICE.TXT to Lucene jars.
    (Steven Parkes via Michael Busch)

 2. LUCENE-885: "ant test" now includes all contrib tests.  The new
    "ant test-core" target can be used to run only the Core (non
    contrib) tests. 
    (Chris Hostetter)
 3. LUCENE-900: "ant test" now enables Java assertions (in Lucene packages).
    (Doron Cohen)

 4. LUCENE-894: Add custom build file for binary distributions that includes
    targets to build the demos. (Chris Hostetter, Michael Busch)

 5. LUCENE-904: The "package" targets in build.xml now also generate .md5
    checksum files. (Chris Hostetter, Michael Busch)

 6. LUCENE-907: Include LICENSE.TXT and NOTICE.TXT in the META-INF dirs of
    demo war, demo jar, and the contrib jars. (Michael Busch)
 7. LUCENE-909: Demo targets for running the demo. (Doron Cohen)

 8. LUCENE-908: Improves content of MANIFEST file and makes it customizable
    for the contribs. Adds SNOWBALL-LICENSE.txt to META-INF of the snowball
    jar and makes sure that the lucli jar contains LICENSE.txt and NOTICE.txt.
    (Chris Hostetter, Michael Busch)

 9. LUCENE-930: Various contrib building improvements to ensure contrib
    dependencies are met, and test compilation errors fail the build.
    (Steven Parkes, Chris Hostetter)

10. LUCENE-622: Add ant target and pom.xml files for building maven artifacts 
    of the Lucene core and the contrib modules. 
    (Sami Siren, Karl Wettin, Michael Busch)

======================= Release 2.1.0 =======================

Changes in runtime behavior

 1. 's' and 't' have been removed from the list of default stopwords
    in StopAnalyzer (also used in by StandardAnalyzer). Having e.g. 's'
    as a stopword meant that 's-class' led to the same results as 'class'.
    Note that this problem still exists for 'a', e.g. in 'a-class' as
    'a' continues to be a stopword.
    (Daniel Naber)

 2. LUCENE-478: Updated the list of Unicode code point ranges for CJK
    (now split into CJ and K) in StandardAnalyzer.  (John Wang and
    Steven Rowe via Otis Gospodnetic)

 3. Modified some CJK Unicode code point ranges in StandardTokenizer.jj,
    and added a few more of them to increase CJK character coverage.
    Also documented some of the ranges.
    (Otis Gospodnetic)

 4. LUCENE-489: Add support for leading wildcard characters (*, ?) to
    QueryParser.  Default is to disallow them, as before.
    (Steven Parkes via Otis Gospodnetic)

 5. LUCENE-703: QueryParser changed to default to use of ConstantScoreRangeQuery
    for range queries. Added useOldRangeQuery property to QueryParser to allow
    selection of old RangeQuery class if required.
    (Mark Harwood)

 6. LUCENE-543: WildcardQuery now performs a TermQuery if the provided term
    does not contain a wildcard character (? or *), when previously a
    StringIndexOutOfBoundsException was thrown.
    (Michael Busch via Erik Hatcher)

 7. LUCENE-726: Removed the use of deprecated doc.fields() method and
    (Michael Busch via Otis Gospodnetic)

 8. LUCENE-436: Removed finalize() in TermInfosReader and SegmentReader,
    and added a call to enumerators.remove() in TermInfosReader.close().
    The finalize() overrides were added to help with a pre-1.4.2 JVM bug
    that has since been fixed, plus we no longer support pre-1.4.2 JVMs.
    (Otis Gospodnetic)

 9. LUCENE-771: The default location of the write lock is now the
    index directory, and is named simply "write.lock" (without a big
    digest prefix).  The system properties "org.apache.lucene.lockDir"
    nor "java.io.tmpdir" are no longer used as the global directory
    for storing lock files, and the LOCK_DIR field of FSDirectory is
    now deprecated.  (Mike McCandless)

New features

 1. LUCENE-503: New ThaiAnalyzer and ThaiWordFilter in contrib/analyzers
    (Samphan Raruenrom via Chris Hostetter)

 2. LUCENE-545: New FieldSelector API and associated changes to
    IndexReader and implementations.  New Fieldable interface for use
    with the lazy field loading mechanism.  (Grant Ingersoll and Chuck
    Williams via Grant Ingersoll)

 3. LUCENE-676: Move Solr's PrefixFilter to Lucene core. (Yura
    Smolsky, Yonik Seeley)

 4. LUCENE-678: Added NativeFSLockFactory, which implements locking
    using OS native locking (via java.nio.*).  (Michael McCandless via
    Yonik Seeley)

 5. LUCENE-544: Added the ability to specify different boosts for
    different fields when using MultiFieldQueryParser (Matt Ericson
    via Otis Gospodnetic)

 6. LUCENE-528: New IndexWriter.addIndexesNoOptimize() that doesn't
    optimize the index when adding new segments, only performing
    merges as needed.  (Ning Li via Yonik Seeley)

 7. LUCENE-573: QueryParser now allows backslash escaping in
    quoted terms and phrases. (Michael Busch via Yonik Seeley)

 8. LUCENE-716: QueryParser now allows specification of Unicode
    characters in terms via a unicode escape of the form \uXXXX
    (Michael Busch via Yonik Seeley)

 9. LUCENE-709: Added RAMDirectory.sizeInBytes(), IndexWriter.ramSizeInBytes()
    and IndexWriter.flushRamSegments(), allowing applications to
    control the amount of memory used to buffer documents.
    (Chuck Williams via Yonik Seeley)

10. LUCENE-723: QueryParser now parses *:* as MatchAllDocsQuery
    (Yonik Seeley)

11. LUCENE-741: Command-line utility for modifying or removing norms
    on fields in an existing index.  This is mostly based on LUCENE-496
    and lives in contrib/miscellaneous.
    (Chris Hostetter, Otis Gospodnetic)

12. LUCENE-759: Added NGramTokenizer and EdgeNGramTokenizer classes and
    their passing unit tests.
    (Otis Gospodnetic)

13. LUCENE-565: Added methods to IndexWriter to more efficiently
    handle updating documents (the "delete then add" use case).  This
    is intended to be an eventual replacement for the existing
    IndexModifier.  Added IndexWriter.flush() (renamed from
    flushRamSegments()) to flush all pending updates (held in RAM), to
    the Directory.  (Ning Li via Mike McCandless)

14. LUCENE-762: Added in SIZE and SIZE_AND_BREAK FieldSelectorResult options
    which allow one to retrieve the size of a field without retrieving the
    actual field. (Chuck Williams via Grant Ingersoll)

15. LUCENE-799: Properly handle lazy, compressed fields.
    (Mike Klaas via Grant Ingersoll)

API Changes

 1. LUCENE-438: Remove "final" from Token, implement Cloneable, allow
    changing of termText via setTermText().  (Yonik Seeley)

 2. org.apache.lucene.analysis.nl.WordlistLoader has been deprecated
    and is supposed to be replaced with the WordlistLoader class in
    package org.apache.lucene.analysis (Daniel Naber)

 3. LUCENE-609: Revert return type of Document.getField(s) to Field
    for backward compatibility, added new Document.getFieldable(s)
    for access to new lazy loaded fields. (Yonik Seeley)

 4. LUCENE-608: Document.fields() has been deprecated and a new method
    Document.getFields() has been added that returns a List instead of
    an Enumeration (Daniel Naber)

 5. LUCENE-605: New Explanation.isMatch() method and new ComplexExplanation
    subclass allows explain methods to produce Explanations which model
    "matching" independent of having a positive value.
    (Chris Hostetter)

 6. LUCENE-621: New static methods IndexWriter.setDefaultWriteLockTimeout
    and IndexWriter.setDefaultCommitLockTimeout for overriding default
    timeout values for all future instances of IndexWriter (as well
    as for any other classes that may reference the static values,
    ie: IndexReader).
    (Michael McCandless via Chris Hostetter)

 7. LUCENE-638: FSDirectory.list() now only returns the directory's
    Lucene-related files. Thanks to this change one can now construct
    a RAMDirectory from a file system directory that contains files
    not related to Lucene.
    (Simon Willnauer via Daniel Naber)

 8. LUCENE-635: Decoupling locking implementation from Directory
    implementation.  Added set/getLockFactory to Directory and moved
    all locking code into subclasses of abstract class LockFactory.
    FSDirectory and RAMDirectory still default to their prior locking
    implementations, but now you can mix & match, for example using
    SingleInstanceLockFactory (ie, in memory locking) locking with an
    FSDirectory.  Note that now you must call setDisableLocks before
    the instantiation a FSDirectory if you wish to disable locking
    for that Directory.
    (Michael McCandless, Jeff Patterson via Yonik Seeley)

 9. LUCENE-657: Made FuzzyQuery non-final and inner ScoreTerm protected.
    (Steven Parkes via Otis Gospodnetic)

10. LUCENE-701: Lockless commits: a commit lock is no longer required
    when a writer commits and a reader opens the index.  This includes
    a change to the index file format (see docs/fileformats.html for
    details).  It also removes all APIs associated with the commit
    lock & its timeout.  Readers are now truly read-only and do not
    block one another on startup.  This is the first step to getting
    Lucene to work correctly over NFS (second step is
    LUCENE-710). (Mike McCandless)

    in Similarity's MoreLikeThis class. The misspelling has been
    replaced by the correct spelling.
    (Andi Vajda via Daniel Naber)

12. LUCENE-738: Reduce the size of the file that keeps track of which
    documents are deleted when the number of deleted documents is
    small.  This changes the index file format and cannot be
    read by previous versions of Lucene.  (Doron Cohen via Yonik Seeley)

13. LUCENE-756: Maintain all norms in a single .nrm file to reduce the
    number of open files and file descriptors for the non-compound index
    format.  This changes the index file format, but maintains the
    ability to read and update older indices. The first segment merge
    on an older format index will create a single .nrm file for the new
    segment.  (Doron Cohen via Yonik Seeley)

14. LUCENE-732: DateTools support has been added to QueryParser, with
    setters for both the default Resolution, and per-field Resolution.
    For backwards compatibility, DateField is still used if no Resolutions
    are specified. (Michael Busch via Chris Hostetter)

15. Added isOptimized() method to IndexReader.
    (Otis Gospodnetic)

16. LUCENE-773: Deprecate the FSDirectory.getDirectory(*) methods that
    take a boolean "create" argument.  Instead you should use
    IndexWriter's "create" argument to create a new index.
    (Mike McCandless)

17. LUCENE-780: Add a static Directory.copy() method to copy files
    from one Directory to another.  (Jiri Kuhn via Mike McCandless)

18. LUCENE-773: Added Directory.clearLock(String name) to forcefully
    remove an old lock.  The default implementation is to ask the
    lockFactory (if non null) to clear the lock.  (Mike McCandless)

19. LUCENE-795: Directory.renameFile() has been deprecated as it is
    not used anymore inside Lucene.  (Daniel Naber)

Bug fixes

 1. Fixed the web application demo (built with "ant war-demo") which
    didn't work because it used a QueryParser method that had
    been removed (Daniel Naber)

 2. LUCENE-583: ISOLatin1AccentFilter fails to preserve positionIncrement
    (Yonik Seeley)

 3. LUCENE-575: SpellChecker min score is incorrectly changed by suggestSimilar
    (Karl Wettin via Yonik Seeley)

 4. LUCENE-587: Explanation.toHtml was producing malformed HTML
    (Chris Hostetter)

 5. Fix to allow MatchAllDocsQuery to be used with RemoteSearcher (Yonik Seeley)

 6. LUCENE-601: RAMDirectory and RAMFile made Serializable
    (Karl Wettin via Otis Gospodnetic)

 7. LUCENE-557: Fixes to BooleanQuery and FilteredQuery so that the score
    Explanations match up with the real scores.
    (Chris Hostetter)

 8. LUCENE-607: ParallelReader's TermEnum fails to advance properly to
    new fields (Chuck Williams, Christian Kohlschuetter via Yonik Seeley)

 9. LUCENE-610,LUCENE-611: Simple syntax changes to allow compilation with ecj:
    disambiguate inner class scorer's use of doc() in BooleanScorer2,
    other test code changes.  (DM Smith via Yonik Seeley)

10. LUCENE-451: All core query types now use ComplexExplanations so that
    boosts of zero don't confuse the BooleanWeight explain method.
    (Chris Hostetter)

11. LUCENE-593: Fixed LuceneDictionary's inner Iterator
    (Kåre Fiedler Christiansen via Otis Gospodnetic)

12. LUCENE-641: fixed an off-by-one bug with IndexWriter.setMaxFieldLength()
    (Daniel Naber)

13. LUCENE-659: Make PerFieldAnalyzerWrapper delegate getPositionIncrementGap()
    to the correct analyzer for the field. (Chuck Williams via Yonik Seeley)

14. LUCENE-650: Fixed NPE in Locale specific String Sort when Document
    has no value.
    (Oliver Hutchison via Chris Hostetter)

15. LUCENE-683: Fixed data corruption when reading lazy loaded fields.
    (Yonik Seeley)

16. LUCENE-678: Fixed bug in NativeFSLockFactory which caused the same
    lock to be shared between different directories.
    (Michael McCandless via Yonik Seeley)

17. LUCENE-690: Fixed thread unsafe use of IndexInput by lazy loaded fields.
    (Yonik Seeley)

18. LUCENE-696: Fix bug when scorer for DisjunctionMaxQuery has skipTo()
    called on it before next().  (Yonik Seeley)

19. LUCENE-569: Fixed SpanNearQuery bug, for 'inOrder' queries it would fail
    to recognize ordered spans if they overlapped with unordered spans.
    (Paul Elschot via Chris Hostetter)

20. LUCENE-706: Updated fileformats.xml|html concerning the docdelta value
    in the frequency file. (Johan Stuyts, Doron Cohen via Grant Ingersoll)

21. LUCENE-715: Fixed private constructor in IndexWriter.java to
    properly release the acquired write lock if there is an
    IOException after acquiring the write lock but before finishing
    instantiation. (Matthew Bogosian via Mike McCandless)

22. LUCENE-651: Multiple different threads requesting the same
    FieldCache entry (often for Sorting by a field) at the same
    time caused multiple generations of that entry, which was
    detrimental to performance and memory use.
    (Oliver Hutchison via Otis Gospodnetic)

23. LUCENE-717: Fixed build.xml not to fail when there is no lib dir.
    (Doron Cohen via Otis Gospodnetic)

24. LUCENE-728: Removed duplicate/old MoreLikeThis and SimilarityQueries
    classes from contrib/similarity, as their new home is under
    (Otis Gospodnetic)

25. LUCENE-669: Do not double-close the RandomAccessFile in
    FSIndexInput/Output during finalize().  Besides sending an
    IOException up to the GC, this may also be the cause intermittent
    "The handle is invalid" IOExceptions on Windows when trying to
    close readers or writers. (Michael Busch via Mike McCandless)

26. LUCENE-702: Fix IndexWriter.addIndexes(*) to not corrupt the index
    on any exceptions (eg disk full).  The semantics of these methods
    is now transactional: either all indices are merged or none are.
    Also fixed IndexWriter.mergeSegments (called outside of
    addIndexes(*) by addDocument, optimize, flushRamSegments) and
    IndexReader.commit() (called by close) to clean up and keep the
    instance state consistent to what's actually in the index (Mike

27. LUCENE-129: Change finalizers to do "try {...} finally
    {super.finalize();}" to make sure we don't miss finalizers in
    classes above us. (Esmond Pitt via Mike McCandless)

28. LUCENE-754: Fix a problem introduced by LUCENE-651, causing
    IndexReaders to hang around forever, in addition to not
    fixing the original FieldCache performance problem.
    (Chris Hostetter, Yonik Seeley)

29. LUCENE-140: Fix IndexReader.deleteDocument(int docNum) to
    correctly raise ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException when docNum is too
    large.  Previously, if docNum was only slightly too large (within
    the same multiple of 8, ie, up to 7 ints beyond maxDoc), no
    exception would be raised and instead the index would become
    silently corrupted.  The corruption then only appears much later,
    in mergeSegments, when the corrupted segment is merged with
    segment(s) after it. (Mike McCandless)

30. LUCENE-768: Fix case where an Exception during deleteDocument,
    undeleteAll or setNorm in IndexReader could leave the reader in a
    state where close() fails to release the write lock.
    (Mike McCandless)

31. Remove "tvp" from known index file extensions because it is
    never used. (Nicolas Lalevée via Bernhard Messer)
32. LUCENE-767: Change how SegmentReader.maxDoc() is computed to not
    rely on file length check and instead use the SegmentInfo's
    docCount that's already stored explicitly in the index.  This is a
    defensive bug fix (ie, there is no known problem seen "in real
    life" due to this, just a possible future problem).  (Chuck
    Williams via Mike McCandless)


  1. LUCENE-586: TermDocs.skipTo() is now more efficient for
     multi-segment indexes.  This will improve the performance of many
     types of queries against a non-optimized index. (Andrew Hudson
     via Yonik Seeley)

  2. LUCENE-623: RAMDirectory.close now nulls out its reference to all
     internal "files", allowing them to be GCed even if references to the
     RAMDirectory itself still exist. (Nadav Har'El via Chris Hostetter)

  3. LUCENE-629: Compressed fields are no longer uncompressed and
     recompressed during segment merges (e.g. during indexing or
     optimizing), thus improving performance . (Michael Busch via Otis

  4. LUCENE-388: Improve indexing performance when maxBufferedDocs is
     large by keeping a count of buffered documents rather than
     counting after each document addition.  (Doron Cohen, Paul Smith,
     Yonik Seeley)

  5. Modified TermScorer.explain to use TermDocs.skipTo() instead of
     looping through docs. (Grant Ingersoll)

  6. LUCENE-672: New indexing segment merge policy flushes all
     buffered docs to their own segment and delays a merge until
     mergeFactor segments of a certain level have been accumulated.
     This increases indexing performance in the presence of deleted
     docs or partially full segments as well as enabling future

     NOTE: this also fixes an "under-merging" bug whereby it is
     possible to get far too many segments in your index (which will
     drastically slow down search, risks exhausting file descriptor
     limit, etc.).  This can happen when the number of buffered docs
     at close, plus the number of docs in the last non-ram segment is
     greater than mergeFactor. (Ning Li, Yonik Seeley)

  7. Lazy loaded fields unnecessarily retained an extra copy of loaded
     String data.  (Yonik Seeley)

  8. LUCENE-443: ConjunctionScorer performance increase.  Speed up
     any BooleanQuery with more than one mandatory clause.
     (Abdul Chaudhry, Paul Elschot via Yonik Seeley)

  9. LUCENE-365: DisjunctionSumScorer performance increase of
     ~30%. Speeds up queries with optional clauses. (Paul Elschot via
     Yonik Seeley)

 10. LUCENE-695: Optimized BufferedIndexInput.readBytes() for medium
     size buffers, which will speed up merging and retrieving binary
     and compressed fields.  (Nadav Har'El via Yonik Seeley)

 11. LUCENE-687: Lazy skipping on proximity file speeds up most
     queries involving term positions, including phrase queries.
     (Michael Busch via Yonik Seeley)

 12. LUCENE-714: Replaced 2 cases of manual for-loop array copying
     with calls to System.arraycopy instead, in DocumentWriter.java.
     (Nicolas Lalevee via Mike McCandless)

 13. LUCENE-729: Non-recursive skipTo and next implementation of
     TermDocs for a MultiReader.  The old implementation could
     recurse up to the number of segments in the index. (Yonik Seeley)

 14. LUCENE-739: Improve segment merging performance by reusing
     the norm array across different fields and doing bulk writes
     of norms of segments with no deleted docs.
    (Michael Busch via Yonik Seeley)

 15. LUCENE-745: Add BooleanQuery.clauses(), allowing direct access
     to the List of clauses and replaced the internal synchronized Vector
     with an unsynchronized List. (Yonik Seeley)

 16. LUCENE-750: Remove finalizers from FSIndexOutput and move the
     FSIndexInput finalizer to the actual file so all clones don't
     register a new finalizer. (Yonik Seeley)

Test Cases

  1. Added TestTermScorer.java (Grant Ingersoll)

  2. Added TestWindowsMMap.java (Benson Margulies via Mike McCandless)

  3. LUCENE-744 Append the user.name property onto the temporary directory 
     that is created so it doesn't interfere with other users. (Grant Ingersoll)


  1. Added style sheet to xdocs named lucene.css and included in the
     Anakia VSL descriptor.  (Grant Ingersoll)

  2. Added scoring.xml document into xdocs.  Updated Similarity.java
     scoring formula.(Grant Ingersoll and Steve Rowe.  Updates from:
     Michael McCandless, Doron Cohen, Chris Hostetter, Doug Cutting).
     Issue 664.

  3. Added javadocs for FieldSelectorResult.java. (Grant Ingersoll)

  4. Moved xdocs directory to src/site/src/documentation/content/xdocs per
     Issue 707.  Site now builds using Forrest, just like the other Lucene
     siblings.  See http://wiki.apache.org/jakarta-lucene/HowToUpdateTheWebsite
     for info on updating the website. (Grant Ingersoll with help from Steve Rowe,
     Chris Hostetter, Doug Cutting, Otis Gospodnetic, Yonik Seeley)

  5. Added in Developer and System Requirements sections under Resources (Grant Ingersoll)

  6. LUCENE-713 Updated the Term Vector section of File Formats to include
     documentation on how Offset and Position info are stored in the TVF file.
     (Grant Ingersoll, Samir Abdou)

  7. Added in link to Clover Test Code Coverage Reports under the Develop
     section in Resources (Grant Ingersoll)

  8. LUCENE-748: Added details for semantics of IndexWriter.close on
     hitting an Exception.  (Jed Wesley-Smith via Mike McCandless)

  9. Added some text about what is contained in releases.
     (Eric Haszlakiewicz via Grant Ingersoll)

  10. LUCENE-758: Fix javadoc to clarify that RAMDirectory(Directory)
      makes a full copy of the starting Directory.  (Mike McCandless)

  11. LUCENE-764: Fix javadocs to detail temporary space requirements
      for IndexWriter's optimize(), addIndexes(*) and addDocument(...)
      methods.  (Mike McCandless)


  1. Added in clover test code coverage per http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE-721
     To enable clover code coverage, you must have clover.jar in the ANT
     classpath and specify -Drun.clover=true on the command line.
     (Michael Busch and Grant Ingersoll)

  2. Added a sysproperty in common-build.xml per Lucene 752 to map java.io.tmpdir to
     ${build.dir}/test just like the tempDir sysproperty.

  3. LUCENE-757 Added new target named init-dist that does setup for
     distribution of both binary and source distributions.  Called by package 
     and package-*-src

======================= Release 2.0.0 =======================

API Changes

 1. All deprecated methods and fields have been removed, except
    DateField, which will still be supported for some time
    so Lucene can read its date fields from old indexes
    (Yonik Seeley & Grant Ingersoll)

 2. DisjunctionSumScorer is no longer public.
    (Paul Elschot via Otis Gospodnetic)

 3. Creating a Field with both an empty name and an empty value
    now throws an IllegalArgumentException
    (Daniel Naber)

 4. LUCENE-301: Added new IndexWriter({String,File,Directory},
    Analyzer) constructors that do not take a boolean "create"
    argument.  These new constructors will create a new index if
    necessary, else append to the existing one.  (Dan Armbrust via
    Mike McCandless)

New features

 1. LUCENE-496: Command line tool for modifying the field norms of an
    existing index; added to contrib/miscellaneous.  (Chris Hostetter)

 2. LUCENE-577: SweetSpotSimilarity added to contrib/miscellaneous.
    (Chris Hostetter)
Bug fixes

 1. LUCENE-330: Fix issue of FilteredQuery not working properly within
    BooleanQuery.  (Paul Elschot via Erik Hatcher)

 2. LUCENE-515: Make ConstantScoreRangeQuery and ConstantScoreQuery work
    with RemoteSearchable.  (Philippe Laflamme via Yonik Seeley)

 3. Added methods to get/set writeLockTimeout and commitLockTimeout in
    IndexWriter. These could be set in Lucene 1.4 using a system property.
    This feature had been removed without adding the corresponding
    getter/setter methods.  (Daniel Naber)

 4. LUCENE-413: Fixed ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException exceptions
    when using SpanQueries. (Paul Elschot via Yonik Seeley)

 5. Implemented FilterIndexReader.getVersion() and isCurrent()
    (Yonik Seeley)

 6. LUCENE-540: Fixed a bug with IndexWriter.addIndexes(Directory[])
    that sometimes caused the index order of documents to change.
    (Yonik Seeley)

 7. LUCENE-526: Fixed a bug in FieldSortedHitQueue that caused
    subsequent String sorts with different locales to sort identically.
    (Paul Cowan via Yonik Seeley)

 8. LUCENE-541: Add missing extractTerms() to DisjunctionMaxQuery
    (Stefan Will via Yonik Seeley)

 9. LUCENE-514: Added getTermArrays() and extractTerms() to
    MultiPhraseQuery (Eric Jain & Yonik Seeley)

10. LUCENE-512: Fixed ClassCastException in ParallelReader.getTermFreqVectors
    (frederic via Yonik)

11. LUCENE-352: Fixed bug in SpanNotQuery that manifested as
    NullPointerException when "exclude" query was not a SpanTermQuery.
    (Chris Hostetter)

12. LUCENE-572: Fixed bug in SpanNotQuery hashCode, was ignoring exclude clause
    (Chris Hostetter)

13. LUCENE-561: Fixed some ParallelReader bugs. NullPointerException if the reader
    didn't know about the field yet, reader didn't keep track if it had deletions,
    and deleteDocument calls could circumvent synchronization on the subreaders.
    (Chuck Williams via Yonik Seeley)

14. LUCENE-556: Added empty extractTerms() implementation to MatchAllDocsQuery and
    ConstantScoreQuery in order to allow their use with a MultiSearcher.
    (Yonik Seeley)

15. LUCENE-546: Removed 2GB file size limitations for RAMDirectory.
    (Peter Royal, Michael Chan, Yonik Seeley)

16. LUCENE-485: Don't hold commit lock while removing obsolete index
    files.  (Luc Vanlerberghe via cutting)


Bug fixes

 1. LUCENE-511: Fix a bug in the BufferedIndexOutput optimization
    introduced in 1.9-final.  (Shay Banon & Steven Tamm via cutting)

1.9 final

Note that this release is mostly but not 100% source compatible with
the previous release of Lucene (1.4.3). In other words, you should
make sure your application compiles with this version of Lucene before
you replace the old Lucene JAR with the new one.  Many methods have
been deprecated in anticipation of release 2.0, so deprecation
warnings are to be expected when upgrading from 1.4.3 to 1.9.

Bug fixes
 1. The fix that made IndexWriter.setMaxBufferedDocs(1) work had negative 
    effects on indexing performance and has thus been reverted. The 
    argument for setMaxBufferedDocs(int) must now at least be 2, otherwise
    an exception is thrown. (Daniel Naber)
 1. Optimized BufferedIndexOutput.writeBytes() to use
    System.arraycopy() in more cases, rather than copying byte-by-byte.
    (Lukas Zapletal via Cutting)

1.9 RC1


 1. To compile and use Lucene you now need Java 1.4 or later.

Changes in runtime behavior

 1. FuzzyQuery can no longer throw a TooManyClauses exception. If a
    FuzzyQuery expands to more than BooleanQuery.maxClauseCount
    terms only the BooleanQuery.maxClauseCount most similar terms
    go into the rewritten query and thus the exception is avoided.

 2. Changed system property from "org.apache.lucene.lockdir" to
    "org.apache.lucene.lockDir", so that its casing follows the existing
    pattern used in other Lucene system properties. (Bernhard)

 3. The terms of RangeQueries and FuzzyQueries are now converted to
    lowercase by default (as it has been the case for PrefixQueries
    and WildcardQueries before). Use setLowercaseExpandedTerms(false)
    to disable that behavior but note that this also affects
    PrefixQueries and WildcardQueries. (Daniel Naber)

 4. Document frequency that is computed when MultiSearcher is used is now
    computed correctly and "globally" across subsearchers and indices, while
    before it used to be computed locally to each index, which caused
    ranking across multiple indices not to be equivalent.
    (Chuck Williams, Wolf Siberski via Otis, bug #31841)

 5. When opening an IndexWriter with create=true, Lucene now only deletes
    its own files from the index directory (looking at the file name suffixes
    to decide if a file belongs to Lucene). The old behavior was to delete
    all files. (Daniel Naber and Bernhard Messer, bug #34695)

 6. The version of an IndexReader, as returned by getCurrentVersion()
    and getVersion() doesn't start at 0 anymore for new indexes. Instead, it
    is now initialized by the system time in milliseconds.
    (Bernhard Messer via Daniel Naber)

 7. Several default values cannot be set via system properties anymore, as
    this has been considered inappropriate for a library like Lucene. For
    most properties there are set/get methods available in IndexWriter which
    you should use instead. This affects the following properties:
    See IndexWriter for getter/setter methods:
      org.apache.lucene.writeLockTimeout, org.apache.lucene.commitLockTimeout,
      org.apache.lucene.minMergeDocs, org.apache.lucene.maxMergeDocs,
      org.apache.lucene.maxFieldLength, org.apache.lucene.termIndexInterval,
    See BooleanQuery for getter/setter methods:
    See FSDirectory for getter/setter methods:
    (Daniel Naber)

 8. Fixed FieldCacheImpl to use user-provided IntParser and FloatParser,
    instead of using Integer and Float classes for parsing.
    (Yonik Seeley via Otis Gospodnetic)

 9. Expert level search routines returning TopDocs and TopFieldDocs
    no longer normalize scores.  This also fixes bugs related to
    MultiSearchers and score sorting/normalization.
    (Luc Vanlerberghe via Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-469)

New features

 1. Added support for stored compressed fields (patch #31149)
    (Bernhard Messer via Christoph)

 2. Added support for binary stored fields (patch #29370)
    (Drew Farris and Bernhard Messer via Christoph)

 3. Added support for position and offset information in term vectors
    (patch #18927). (Grant Ingersoll & Christoph)

 4. A new class DateTools has been added. It allows you to format dates
    in a readable format adequate for indexing. Unlike the existing
    DateField class DateTools can cope with dates before 1970 and it
    forces you to specify the desired date resolution (e.g. month, day,
    second, ...) which can make RangeQuerys on those fields more efficient.
    (Daniel Naber)

 5. QueryParser now correctly works with Analyzers that can return more
    than one token per position. For example, a query "+fast +car"
    would be parsed as "+fast +(car automobile)" if the Analyzer
    returns "car" and "automobile" at the same position whenever it
    finds "car" (Patch #23307).
    (Pierrick Brihaye, Daniel Naber)

 6. Permit unbuffered Directory implementations (e.g., using mmap).
    InputStream is replaced by the new classes IndexInput and
    BufferedIndexInput.  OutputStream is replaced by the new classes
    IndexOutput and BufferedIndexOutput.  InputStream and OutputStream
    are now deprecated and FSDirectory is now subclassable. (cutting)

 7. Add native Directory and TermDocs implementations that work under
    GCJ.  These require GCC 3.4.0 or later and have only been tested
    on Linux.  Use 'ant gcj' to build demo applications. (cutting)

 8. Add MMapDirectory, which uses nio to mmap input files.  This is
    still somewhat slower than FSDirectory.  However it uses less
    memory per query term, since a new buffer is not allocated per
    term, which may help applications which use, e.g., wildcard
    queries.  It may also someday be faster. (cutting & Paul Elschot)

 9. Added javadocs-internal to build.xml - bug #30360
    (Paul Elschot via Otis)

10. Added RangeFilter, a more generically useful filter than DateFilter.
    (Chris M Hostetter via Erik)

11. Added NumberTools, a utility class indexing numeric fields.
    (adapted from code contributed by Matt Quail; committed by Erik)

12. Added public static IndexReader.main(String[] args) method.
    IndexReader can now be used directly at command line level
    to list and optionally extract the individual files from an existing
    compound index file.
    (adapted from code contributed by Garrett Rooney; committed by Bernhard)

13. Add IndexWriter.setTermIndexInterval() method.  See javadocs.
    (Doug Cutting)

14. Added LucenePackage, whose static get() method returns java.util.Package,
    which lets the caller get the Lucene version information specified in
    the Lucene Jar.
    (Doug Cutting via Otis)

15. Added Hits.iterator() method and corresponding HitIterator and Hit objects.
    This provides standard java.util.Iterator iteration over Hits.
    Each call to the iterator's next() method returns a Hit object.
    (Jeremy Rayner via Erik)

16. Add ParallelReader, an IndexReader that combines separate indexes
    over different fields into a single virtual index.  (Doug Cutting)

17. Add IntParser and FloatParser interfaces to FieldCache, so that
    fields in arbitrarily formats can be cached as ints and floats.
    (Doug Cutting)

18. Added class org.apache.lucene.index.IndexModifier which combines
    IndexWriter and IndexReader, so you can add and delete documents without
    worrying about synchronization/locking issues.
    (Daniel Naber)

19. Lucene can now be used inside an unsigned applet, as Lucene's access
    to system properties will not cause a SecurityException anymore.
    (Jon Schuster via Daniel Naber, bug #34359)

20. Added a new class MatchAllDocsQuery that matches all documents.
    (John Wang via Daniel Naber, bug #34946)

21. Added ability to omit norms on a per field basis to decrease
    index size and memory consumption when there are many indexed fields.
    See Field.setOmitNorms()
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-448)

22. Added NullFragmenter to contrib/highlighter, which is useful for
    highlighting entire documents or fields.
    (Erik Hatcher)

23. Added regular expression queries, RegexQuery and SpanRegexQuery.
    Note the same term enumeration caveats apply with these queries as
    apply to WildcardQuery and other term expanding queries.
    These two new queries are not currently supported via QueryParser.
    (Erik Hatcher)

24. Added ConstantScoreQuery which wraps a filter and produces a score
    equal to the query boost for every matching document.
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-383)

25. Added ConstantScoreRangeQuery which produces a constant score for
    every document in the range.  One advantage over a normal RangeQuery
    is that it doesn't expand to a BooleanQuery and thus doesn't have a maximum
    number of terms the range can cover.  Both endpoints may also be open.
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-383)

26. Added ability to specify a minimum number of optional clauses that
    must match in a BooleanQuery.  See BooleanQuery.setMinimumNumberShouldMatch().
    (Paul Elschot, Chris Hostetter via Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-395)

27. Added DisjunctionMaxQuery which provides the maximum score across its clauses.
    It's very useful for searching across multiple fields.
    (Chuck Williams via Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-323)

28. New class ISOLatin1AccentFilter that replaces accented characters in the ISO
    Latin 1 character set by their unaccented equivalent.
    (Sven Duzont via Erik Hatcher)

29. New class KeywordAnalyzer. "Tokenizes" the entire stream as a single token.
    This is useful for data like zip codes, ids, and some product names.
    (Erik Hatcher)

30. Copied LengthFilter from contrib area to core. Removes words that are too
    long and too short from the stream.
    (David Spencer via Otis and Daniel)

31. Added getPositionIncrementGap(String fieldName) to Analyzer.  This allows
    custom analyzers to put gaps between Field instances with the same field
    name, preventing phrase or span queries crossing these boundaries.  The
    default implementation issues a gap of 0, allowing the default token
    position increment of 1 to put the next field's first token into a
    successive position.
    (Erik Hatcher, with advice from Yonik)

32. StopFilter can now ignore case when checking for stop words.
    (Grant Ingersoll via Yonik, LUCENE-248)

33. Add TopDocCollector and TopFieldDocCollector.  These simplify the
    implementation of hit collectors that collect only the
    top-scoring or top-sorting hits.

API Changes

 1. Several methods and fields have been deprecated. The API documentation
    contains information about the recommended replacements. It is planned
    that most of the deprecated methods and fields will be removed in
    Lucene 2.0. (Daniel Naber)

 2. The Russian and the German analyzers have been moved to contrib/analyzers.
    Also, the WordlistLoader class has been moved one level up in the
    hierarchy and is now org.apache.lucene.analysis.WordlistLoader
    (Daniel Naber)

 3. The API contained methods that declared to throw an IOException
    but that never did this. These declarations have been removed. If
    your code tries to catch these exceptions you might need to remove
    those catch clauses to avoid compile errors. (Daniel Naber)

 4. Add a serializable Parameter Class to standardize parameter enum
    classes in BooleanClause and Field. (Christoph)

 5. Added rewrite methods to all SpanQuery subclasses that nest other SpanQuerys.
    This allows custom SpanQuery subclasses that rewrite (for term expansion, for
    example) to nest within the built-in SpanQuery classes successfully.

Bug fixes

 1. The JSP demo page (src/jsp/results.jsp) now properly closes the
    IndexSearcher it opens. (Daniel Naber)

 2. Fixed a bug in IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[] readers) that
    prevented deletion of obsolete segments. (Christoph Goller)

 3. Fix in FieldInfos to avoid the return of an extra blank field in
    IndexReader.getFieldNames() (Patch #19058). (Mark Harwood via Bernhard)

 4. Some combinations of BooleanQuery and MultiPhraseQuery (formerly
    PhrasePrefixQuery) could provoke UnsupportedOperationException
    (bug #33161). (Rhett Sutphin via Daniel Naber)

 5. Small bug in skipTo of ConjunctionScorer that caused NullPointerException
    if skipTo() was called without prior call to next() fixed. (Christoph)

 6. Disable Similiarty.coord() in the scoring of most automatically
    generated boolean queries.  The coord() score factor is
    appropriate when clauses are independently specified by a user,
    but is usually not appropriate when clauses are generated
    automatically, e.g., by a fuzzy, wildcard or range query.  Matches
    on such automatically generated queries are no longer penalized
    for not matching all terms.  (Doug Cutting, Patch #33472)

 7. Getting a lock file with Lock.obtain(long) was supposed to wait for
    a given amount of milliseconds, but this didn't work.
    (John Wang via Daniel Naber, Bug #33799)

 8. Fix FSDirectory.createOutput() to always create new files.
    Previously, existing files were overwritten, and an index could be
    corrupted when the old version of a file was longer than the new.
    Now any existing file is first removed.  (Doug Cutting)

 9. Fix BooleanQuery containing nested SpanTermQuery's, which previously
    could return an incorrect number of hits.
    (Reece Wilton via Erik Hatcher, Bug #35157)

10. Fix NullPointerException that could occur with a MultiPhraseQuery
    inside a BooleanQuery.
    (Hans Hjelm and Scotty Allen via Daniel Naber, Bug #35626)

11. Fixed SnowballFilter to pass through the position increment from
    the original token.
    (Yonik Seeley via Erik Hatcher, LUCENE-437)

12. Added Unicode range of Korean characters to StandardTokenizer,
    grouping contiguous characters into a token rather than one token
    per character.  This change also changes the token type to "<CJ>"
    for Chinese and Japanese character tokens (previously it was "<CJK>").
    (Cheolgoo Kang via Otis and Erik, LUCENE-444 and LUCENE-461)

13. FieldsReader now looks at FieldInfo.storeOffsetWithTermVector and
    FieldInfo.storePositionWithTermVector and creates the Field with
    correct TermVector parameter.
    (Frank Steinmann via Bernhard, LUCENE-455)

14. Fixed WildcardQuery to prevent "cat" matching "ca??".
    (Xiaozheng Ma via Bernhard, LUCENE-306)

15. Fixed a bug where MultiSearcher and ParallelMultiSearcher could
    change the sort order when sorting by string for documents without
    a value for the sort field.
    (Luc Vanlerberghe via Yonik, LUCENE-453)

16. Fixed a sorting problem with MultiSearchers that can lead to
    missing or duplicate docs due to equal docs sorting in an arbitrary order.
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-456)

17. A single hit using the expert level sorted search methods
    resulted in the score not being normalized.
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-462)

18. Fixed inefficient memory usage when loading an index into RAMDirectory.
    (Volodymyr Bychkoviak via Bernhard, LUCENE-475)

19. Corrected term offsets returned by ChineseTokenizer.
    (Ray Tsang via Erik Hatcher, LUCENE-324)

20. Fixed MultiReader.undeleteAll() to correctly update numDocs.
    (Robert Kirchgessner via Doug Cutting, LUCENE-479)

21. Race condition in IndexReader.getCurrentVersion() and isCurrent()
    fixed by acquiring the commit lock.
    (Luc Vanlerberghe via Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-481)

22. IndexWriter.setMaxBufferedDocs(1) didn't have the expected effect,
    this has now been fixed. (Daniel Naber)

23. Fixed QueryParser when called with a date in local form like 
    "[1/16/2000 TO 1/18/2000]". This query did not include the documents
    of 1/18/2000, i.e. the last day was not included. (Daniel Naber)

24. Removed sorting constraint that threw an exception if there were
    not yet any values for the sort field (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-374)

 1. Disk usage (peak requirements during indexing and optimization)
    in case of compound file format has been improved. 
    (Bernhard, Dmitry, and Christoph)

 2. Optimize the performance of certain uses of BooleanScorer,
    TermScorer and IndexSearcher.  In particular, a BooleanQuery
    composed of TermQuery, with not all terms required, that returns a
    TopDocs (e.g., through a Hits with no Sort specified) runs much
    faster.  (cutting)
 3. Removed synchronization from reading of term vectors with an
    IndexReader (Patch #30736). (Bernhard Messer via Christoph)

 4. Optimize term-dictionary lookup to allocate far fewer terms when
    scanning for the matching term.  This speeds searches involving
    low-frequency terms, where the cost of dictionary lookup can be
    significant. (cutting)

 5. Optimize fuzzy queries so the standard fuzzy queries with a prefix 
    of 0 now run 20-50% faster (Patch #31882).
    (Jonathan Hager via Daniel Naber)
 6. A Version of BooleanScorer (BooleanScorer2) added that delivers
    documents in increasing order and implements skipTo. For queries
    with required or forbidden clauses it may be faster than the old
    BooleanScorer, for BooleanQueries consisting only of optional
    clauses it is probably slower. The new BooleanScorer is now the
    default. (Patch 31785 by Paul Elschot via Christoph)

 7. Use uncached access to norms when merging to reduce RAM usage.
    (Bug #32847).  (Doug Cutting)

 8. Don't read term index when random-access is not required.  This
    reduces time to open IndexReaders and they use less memory when
    random access is not required, e.g., when merging segments.  The
    term index is now read into memory lazily at the first
    random-access.  (Doug Cutting)

 9. Optimize IndexWriter.addIndexes(Directory[]) when the number of
    added indexes is larger than mergeFactor.  Previously this could
    result in quadratic performance.  Now performance is n log(n).
    (Doug Cutting)

10. Speed up the creation of TermEnum for indices with multiple
    segments and deleted documents, and thus speed up PrefixQuery,
    RangeQuery, WildcardQuery, FuzzyQuery, RangeFilter, DateFilter,
    and sorting the first time on a field.
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-454)

11. Optimized and generalized 32 bit floating point to byte
    (custom 8 bit floating point) conversions.  Increased the speed of
    Similarity.encodeNorm() anywhere from 10% to 250%, depending on the JVM.
    (Yonik Seeley, LUCENE-467)


 1. Lucene's source code repository has converted from CVS to
    Subversion.  The new repository is at

 2. Lucene's issue tracker has migrated from Bugzilla to JIRA.
    Lucene's JIRA is at http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/LUCENE
    The old issues are still available at
    (use the bug number instead of xxxx)


 1. The JSP demo page (src/jsp/results.jsp) now properly escapes error
    messages which might contain user input (e.g. error messages about 
    query parsing). If you used that page as a starting point for your
    own code please make sure your code also properly escapes HTML
    characters from user input in order to avoid so-called cross site
    scripting attacks. (Daniel Naber)
  2. QueryParser changes in 1.4.2 broke the QueryParser API. Now the old 
     API is supported again. (Christoph)


 1. Fixed bug #31241: Sorting could lead to incorrect results (documents
    missing, others duplicated) if the sort keys were not unique and there
    were more than 100 matches. (Daniel Naber)

 2. Memory leak in Sort code (bug #31240) eliminated.
    (Rafal Krzewski via Christoph and Daniel)
 3. FuzzyQuery now takes an additional parameter that specifies the
    minimum similarity that is required for a term to match the query.
    The QueryParser syntax for this is term~x, where x is a floating 
    point number >= 0 and < 1 (a bigger number means that a higher
    similarity is required). Furthermore, a prefix can be specified
    for FuzzyQuerys so that only those terms are considered similar that 
    start with this prefix. This can speed up FuzzyQuery greatly.
    (Daniel Naber, Christoph Goller)
 4. PhraseQuery and PhrasePrefixQuery now allow the explicit specification
    of relative positions. (Christoph Goller)
 5. QueryParser changes: Fix for ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsExceptions 
    (patch #9110); some unused method parameters removed; The ability
    to specify a minimum similarity for FuzzyQuery has been added.
    (Christoph Goller)

 6. IndexSearcher optimization: a new ScoreDoc is no longer allocated
    for every non-zero-scoring hit.  This makes 'OR' queries that
    contain common terms substantially faster.  (cutting)


 1. Fixed a performance bug in hit sorting code, where values were not
    correctly cached.  (Aviran via cutting)

 2. Fixed errors in file format documentation. (Daniel Naber)

1.4 final

 1. Added "an" to the list of stop words in StopAnalyzer, to complement
    the existing "a" there.  Fix for bug 28960
     (http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=28960). (Otis)

 2. Added new class FieldCache to manage in-memory caches of field term
    values.  (Tim Jones)

 3. Added overloaded getFieldQuery method to QueryParser which
    accepts the slop factor specified for the phrase (or the default
    phrase slop for the QueryParser instance).  This allows overriding
    methods to replace a PhraseQuery with a SpanNearQuery instead,
    keeping the proper slop factor. (Erik Hatcher)

 4. Changed the encoding of GermanAnalyzer.java and GermanStemmer.java to
    UTF-8 and changed the build encoding to UTF-8, to make changed files
    compile. (Otis Gospodnetic)

 5. Removed synchronization from term lookup under IndexReader methods
    termFreq(), termDocs() or termPositions() to improve
    multi-threaded performance.  (cutting)

 6. Fix a bug where obsolete segment files were not deleted on Win32.

1.4 RC3

 1. Fixed several search bugs introduced by the skipTo() changes in
    release 1.4RC1.  The index file format was changed a bit, so
    collections must be re-indexed to take advantage of the skipTo()
    optimizations.  (Christoph Goller)

 2. Added new Document methods, removeField() and removeFields().
    (Christoph Goller)

 3. Fixed inconsistencies with index closing.  Indexes and directories
    are now only closed automatically by Lucene when Lucene opened
    them automatically.  (Christoph Goller)

 4. Added new class: FilteredQuery.  (Tim Jones)

 5. Added a new SortField type for custom comparators.  (Tim Jones)

 6. Lock obtain timed out message now displays the full path to the lock
    file. (Daniel Naber via Erik)

 7. Fixed a bug in SpanNearQuery when ordered. (Paul Elschot via cutting)

 8. Fixed so that FSDirectory's locks still work when the
    java.io.tmpdir system property is null.  (cutting)

 9. Changed FilteredTermEnum's constructor to take no parameters,
    as the parameters were ignored anyway (bug #28858)

1.4 RC2

 1. GermanAnalyzer now throws an exception if the stopword file
    cannot be found (bug #27987). It now uses LowerCaseFilter
    (bug #18410) (Daniel Naber via Otis, Erik)

 2. Fixed a few bugs in the file format documentation. (cutting)

1.4 RC1

 1. Changed the format of the .tis file, so that:

    - it has a format version number, which makes it easier to
      back-compatibly change file formats in the future.

    - the term count is now stored as a long.  This was the one aspect
      of the Lucene's file formats which limited index size.

    - a few internal index parameters are now stored in the index, so
      that they can (in theory) now be changed from index to index,
      although there is not yet an API to do so.

    These changes are back compatible.  The new code can read old
    indexes.  But old code will not be able read new indexes. (cutting)

 2. Added an optimized implementation of TermDocs.skipTo().  A skip
    table is now stored for each term in the .frq file.  This only
    adds a percent or two to overall index size, but can substantially
    speedup many searches.  (cutting)

 3. Restructured the Scorer API and all Scorer implementations to take
    advantage of an optimized TermDocs.skipTo() implementation.  In
    particular, PhraseQuerys and conjunctive BooleanQuerys are
    faster when one clause has substantially fewer matches than the
    others.  (A conjunctive BooleanQuery is a BooleanQuery where all
    clauses are required.)  (cutting)

 4. Added new class ParallelMultiSearcher.  Combined with
    RemoteSearchable this makes it easy to implement distributed
    search systems.  (Jean-Francois Halleux via cutting)

 5. Added support for hit sorting.  Results may now be sorted by any
    indexed field.  For details see the javadoc for
    Searcher#search(Query, Sort).  (Tim Jones via Cutting)

 6. Changed FSDirectory to auto-create a full directory tree that it
    needs by using mkdirs() instead of mkdir().  (Mladen Turk via Otis)

 7. Added a new span-based query API.  This implements, among other
    things, nested phrases.  See javadocs for details.  (Doug Cutting)

 8. Added new method Query.getSimilarity(Searcher), and changed
    scorers to use it.  This permits one to subclass a Query class so
    that it can specify its own Similarity implementation, perhaps
    one that delegates through that of the Searcher.  (Julien Nioche
    via Cutting)

 9. Added MultiReader, an IndexReader that combines multiple other
    IndexReaders.  (Cutting)

10. Added support for term vectors.  See Field#isTermVectorStored().
    (Grant Ingersoll, Cutting & Dmitry)

11. Fixed the old bug with escaping of special characters in query
    strings: http://issues.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=24665
    (Jean-Francois Halleux via Otis)

12. Added support for overriding default values for the following,
    using system properties:
      - default commit lock timeout
      - default maxFieldLength
      - default maxMergeDocs
      - default mergeFactor
      - default minMergeDocs
      - default write lock timeout

13. Changed QueryParser.jj to allow '-' and '+' within tokens:
    (Morus Walter via Otis)

14. Changed so that the compound index format is used by default.
    This makes indexing a bit slower, but vastly reduces the chances
    of file handle problems.  (Cutting)

1.3 final

 1. Added catch of BooleanQuery$TooManyClauses in QueryParser to
    throw ParseException instead. (Erik Hatcher)

 2. Fixed a NullPointerException in Query.explain(). (Doug Cutting)

 3. Added a new method IndexReader.setNorm(), that permits one to
    alter the boosting of fields after an index is created.

 4. Distinguish between the final position and length when indexing a
    field.  The length is now defined as the total number of tokens,
    instead of the final position, as it was previously.  Length is
    used for score normalization (Similarity.lengthNorm()) and for
    controlling memory usage (IndexWriter.maxFieldLength).  In both of
    these cases, the total number of tokens is a better value to use
    than the final token position.  Position is used in phrase
    searching (see PhraseQuery and Token.setPositionIncrement()).

 5. Fix StandardTokenizer's handling of CJK characters (Chinese,
    Japanese and Korean ideograms).  Previously contiguous sequences
    were combined in a single token, which is not very useful.  Now
    each ideogram generates a separate token, which is more useful.

1.3 RC3

 1. Added minMergeDocs in IndexWriter.  This can be raised to speed
    indexing without altering the number of files, but only using more
    memory.  (Julien Nioche via Otis)

 2. Fix bug #24786, in query rewriting. (bschneeman via Cutting)

 3. Fix bug #16952, in demo HTML parser, skip comments in
    javascript. (Christoph Goller)

 4. Fix bug #19253, in demo HTML parser, add whitespace as needed to
    output (Daniel Naber via Christoph Goller)

 5. Fix bug #24301, in demo HTML parser, long titles no longer
    hang things. (Christoph Goller)

 6. Fix bug #23534, Replace use of file timestamp of segments file
    with an index version number stored in the segments file.  This
    resolves problems when running on file systems with low-resolution
    timestamps, e.g., HFS under MacOS X.  (Christoph Goller)

 7. Fix QueryParser so that TokenMgrError is not thrown, only
    ParseException.  (Erik Hatcher)

 8. Fix some bugs introduced by change 11 of RC2.  (Christoph Goller)

 9. Fixed a problem compiling TestRussianStem.  (Christoph Goller)

10. Cleaned up some build stuff.  (Erik Hatcher)

1.3 RC2

 1. Added getFieldNames(boolean) to IndexReader, SegmentReader, and
    SegmentsReader. (Julien Nioche via otis)

 2. Changed file locking to place lock files in
    System.getProperty("java.io.tmpdir"), where all users are
    permitted to write files.  This way folks can open and correctly
    lock indexes which are read-only to them.

 3. IndexWriter: added a new method, addDocument(Document, Analyzer),
    permitting one to easily use different analyzers for different
    documents in the same index.

 4. Minor enhancements to FuzzyTermEnum.
    (Christoph Goller via Otis)

 5. PriorityQueue: added insert(Object) method and adjusted IndexSearcher
    and MultiIndexSearcher to use it.
    (Christoph Goller via Otis)

 6. Fixed a bug in IndexWriter that returned incorrect docCount().
    (Christoph Goller via Otis)

 7. Fixed SegmentsReader to eliminate the confusing and slightly different
    behaviour of TermEnum when dealing with an enumeration of all terms,
    versus an enumeration starting from a specific term.
    This patch also fixes incorrect term document frequencies when the same term
    is present in multiple segments.
    (Christoph Goller via Otis)

 8. Added CachingWrapperFilter and PerFieldAnalyzerWrapper. (Erik Hatcher)

 9. Added support for the new "compound file" index format (Dmitry

10. Added Locale setting to QueryParser, for use by date range parsing.

11. Changed IndexReader so that it can be subclassed by classes
    outside of its package.  Previously it had package-private
    abstract methods.  Also modified the index merging code so that it
    can work on an arbitrary IndexReader implementation, and added a
    new method, IndexWriter.addIndexes(IndexReader[]), to take
    advantage of this. (cutting)

12. Added a limit to the number of clauses which may be added to a
    BooleanQuery.  The default limit is 1024 clauses.  This should
    stop most OutOfMemoryExceptions by prefix, wildcard and fuzzy
    queries which run amok. (cutting)

13. Add new method: IndexReader.undeleteAll().  This undeletes all
    deleted documents which still remain in the index. (cutting)

1.3 RC1

 1. Fixed PriorityQueue's clear() method.
    Fix for bug 9454, http://nagoya.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=9454
    (Matthijs Bomhoff via otis)

 2. Changed StandardTokenizer.jj grammar for EMAIL tokens.
    Fix for bug 9015, http://nagoya.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=9015
    (Dale Anson via otis)

 3. Added the ability to disable lock creation by using disableLuceneLocks
    system property.  This is useful for read-only media, such as CD-ROMs.

 4. Added id method to Hits to be able to access the index global id.
    Required for sorting options.

 5. Added support for new range query syntax to QueryParser.jj.

 6. Added the ability to retrieve HTML documents' META tag values to
    (Mark Harwood via otis)

 7. Modified QueryParser to make it possible to programmatically specify the
    default Boolean operator (OR or AND).
    (Péter Halácsy via otis)

 8. Made many search methods and classes non-final, per requests.
    This includes IndexWriter and IndexSearcher, among others.

 9. Added class RemoteSearchable, providing support for remote
    searching via RMI.  The test class RemoteSearchableTest.java
    provides an example of how this can be used.  (cutting)

 10. Added PhrasePrefixQuery (and supporting MultipleTermPositions).  The
     test class TestPhrasePrefixQuery provides the usage example.
     (Anders Nielsen via otis)

 11. Changed the German stemming algorithm to ignore case while
     stripping. The new algorithm is faster and produces more equal
     stems from nouns and verbs derived from the same word.

 12. Added support for boosting the score of documents and fields via
     the new methods Document.setBoost(float) and Field.setBoost(float).

     Note: This changes the encoding of an indexed value.  Indexes
     should be re-created from scratch in order for search scores to
     be correct.  With the new code and an old index, searches will
     yield very large scores for shorter fields, and very small scores
     for longer fields.  Once the index is re-created, scores will be
     as before. (cutting)

 13. Added new method Token.setPositionIncrement().

     This permits, for the purpose of phrase searching, placing
     multiple terms in a single position.  This is useful with
     stemmers that produce multiple possible stems for a word.

     This also permits the introduction of gaps between terms, so that
     terms which are adjacent in a token stream will not be matched by
     and exact phrase query.  This makes it possible, e.g., to build
     an analyzer where phrases are not matched over stop words which
     have been removed.

     Finally, repeating a token with an increment of zero can also be
     used to boost scores of matches on that token.  (cutting)

 14. Added new Filter class, QueryFilter.  This constrains search
     results to only match those which also match a provided query.
     Results are cached, so that searches after the first on the same
     index using this filter are very fast.

     This could be used, for example, with a RangeQuery on a formatted
     date field to implement date filtering.  One could re-use a
     single QueryFilter that matches, e.g., only documents modified
     within the last week.  The QueryFilter and RangeQuery would only
     need to be reconstructed once per day. (cutting)

 15. Added a new IndexWriter method, getAnalyzer().  This returns the
     analyzer used when adding documents to this index. (cutting)

 16. Fixed a bug with IndexReader.lastModified().  Before, document
     deletion did not update this.  Now it does.  (cutting)

 17. Added Russian Analyzer.
     (Boris Okner via otis)

 18. Added a public, extensible scoring API.  For details, see the
     javadoc for org.apache.lucene.search.Similarity.

 19. Fixed return of Hits.id() from float to int. (Terry Steichen via Peter).

 20. Added getFieldNames() to IndexReader and Segment(s)Reader classes.
     (Peter Mularien via otis)

 21. Added getFields(String) and getValues(String) methods.
     Contributed by Rasik Pandey on 2002-10-09
     (Rasik Pandey via otis)

 22. Revised internal search APIs.  Changes include:

       a. Queries are no longer modified during a search.  This makes
       it possible, e.g., to reuse the same query instance with
       multiple indexes from multiple threads.

       b. Term-expanding queries (e.g. PrefixQuery, WildcardQuery,
       etc.)  now work correctly with MultiSearcher, fixing bugs 12619
       and 12667.

       c. Boosting BooleanQuery's now works, and is supported by the
       query parser (problem reported by Lee Mallabone).  Thus a query
       like "(+foo +bar)^2 +baz" is now supported and equivalent to
       "(+foo^2 +bar^2) +baz".

       d. New method: Query.rewrite(IndexReader).  This permits a
       query to re-write itself as an alternate, more primitive query.
       Most of the term-expanding query classes (PrefixQuery,
       WildcardQuery, etc.) are now implemented using this method.

       e. New method: Searchable.explain(Query q, int doc).  This
       returns an Explanation instance that describes how a particular
       document is scored against a query.  An explanation can be
       displayed as either plain text, with the toString() method, or
       as HTML, with the toHtml() method.  Note that computing an
       explanation is as expensive as executing the query over the
       entire index.  This is intended to be used in developing
       Similarity implementations, and, for good performance, should
       not be displayed with every hit.

       f. Scorer and Weight are public, not package protected.  It now
       possible for someone to write a Scorer implementation that is
       not in the org.apache.lucene.search package.  This is still
       fairly advanced programming, and I don't expect anyone to do
       this anytime soon, but at least now it is possible.

       g. Added public accessors to the primitive query classes
       (TermQuery, PhraseQuery and BooleanQuery), permitting access to
       their terms and clauses.

     Caution: These are extensive changes and they have not yet been
     tested extensively.  Bug reports are appreciated.

 23. Added convenience RAMDirectory constructors taking File and String
     arguments, for easy FSDirectory to RAMDirectory conversion.

 24. Added code for manual renaming of files in FSDirectory, since it
     has been reported that java.io.File's renameTo(File) method sometimes
     fails on Windows JVMs.
     (Matt Tucker via otis)

 25. Refactored QueryParser to make it easier for people to extend it.
     Added the ability to automatically lower-case Wildcard terms in
     the QueryParser.
     (Tatu Saloranta via otis)

1.2 RC6

 1. Changed QueryParser.jj to have "?" be a special character which
    allowed it to be used as a wildcard term. Updated TestWildcard
    unit test also. (Ralf Hettesheimer via carlson)

1.2 RC5

 1. Renamed build.properties to default.properties and updated
    the BUILD.txt document to describe how to override the
    default.property settings without having to edit the file. This
    brings the build process closer to Scarab's build process.

 2. Added MultiFieldQueryParser class. (Kelvin Tan, via otis)

 3. Updated "powered by" links. (otis)

 4. Fixed instruction for setting up JavaCC - Bug #7017 (otis)

 5. Added throwing exception if FSDirectory could not create directory
    - Bug #6914 (Eugene Gluzberg via otis)

 6. Update MultiSearcher, MultiFieldParse, Constants, DateFilter,
    LowerCaseTokenizer javadoc (otis)

 7. Added fix to avoid NullPointerException in results.jsp
    (Mark Hayes via otis)

 8. Changed Wildcard search to find 0 or more char instead of 1 or more
    (Lee Mallobone, via otis)

 9. Fixed error in offset issue in GermanStemFilter - Bug #7412
    (Rodrigo Reyes, via otis)

 10. Added unit tests for wildcard search and DateFilter (otis)

 11. Allow co-existence of indexed and non-indexed fields with the same name
     (cutting/casper, via otis)

 12. Add escape character to query parser.

 13. Applied a patch that ensures that searches that use DateFilter
     don't throw an exception when no matches are found. (David Smiley, via

 14. Fixed bugs in DateFilter and wildcardquery unit tests. (cutting, otis, carlson)

1.2 RC4

 1. Updated contributions section of website.
    Add XML Document #3 implementation to Document Section.
    Also added Term Highlighting to Misc Section. (carlson)

 2. Fixed NullPointerException for phrase searches containing
    unindexed terms, introduced in 1.2RC3.  (cutting)

 3. Changed document deletion code to obtain the index write lock,
    enforcing the fact that document addition and deletion cannot be
    performed concurrently.  (cutting)

 4. Various documentation cleanups.  (otis, acoliver)

 5. Updated "powered by" links.  (cutting, jon)

 6. Fixed a bug in the GermanStemmer.  (Bernhard Messer, via otis)

 7. Changed Term and Query to implement Serializable.  (scottganyo)

 8. Fixed to never delete indexes added with IndexWriter.addIndexes().

 9. Upgraded to JUnit 3.7. (otis)

1.2 RC3

 1. IndexWriter: fixed a bug where adding an optimized index to an
    empty index failed.  This was encountered using addIndexes to copy
    a RAMDirectory index to an FSDirectory.

 2. RAMDirectory: fixed a bug where RAMInputStream could not read
    across more than across a single buffer boundary.

 3. Fix query parser so it accepts queries with unicode characters.

 4. Fix query parser so that PrefixQuery is used in preference to
    WildcardQuery when there's only an asterisk at the end of the
    term.  Previously PrefixQuery would never be used.

 5. Fix tests so they compile; fix ant file so it compiles tests
    properly.  Added test cases for Analyzers and PriorityQueue.

 6. Updated demos, added Getting Started documentation. (acoliver)

 7. Added 'contributions' section to website & docs. (carlson)

 8. Removed JavaCC from source distribution for copyright reasons.
    Folks must now download this separately from metamata in order to
    compile Lucene.  (cutting)

 9. Substantially improved the performance of DateFilter by adding the
    ability to reuse TermDocs objects.  (cutting)

10. Added IndexReader methods:
      public static boolean indexExists(String directory);
      public static boolean indexExists(File directory);
      public static boolean indexExists(Directory directory);
      public static boolean isLocked(Directory directory);
      public static void unlock(Directory directory);
    (cutting, otis)

11. Fixed bugs in GermanAnalyzer (gschwarz)

1.2 RC2:
 - added sources to distribution
 - removed broken build scripts and libraries from distribution
 - SegmentsReader: fixed potential race condition
 - FSDirectory: fixed so that getDirectory(xxx,true) correctly
   erases the directory contents, even when the directory
   has already been accessed in this JVM.
 - RangeQuery: Fix issue where an inclusive range query would
   include the nearest term in the index above a non-existant
   specified upper term.
 - SegmentTermEnum: Fix NullPointerException in clone() method
   when the Term is null.
 - JDK 1.1 compatibility fix: disabled lock files for JDK 1.1,
   since they rely on a feature added in JDK 1.2.

1.2 RC1 (first Apache release):
  - packages renamed from com.lucene to org.apache.lucene
  - license switched from LGPL to Apache
  - ant-only build -- no more makefiles
  - addition of lock files--now fully thread & process safe
  - addition of German stemmer
  - MultiSearcher now supports low-level search API
  - added RangeQuery, for term-range searching
  - Analyzers can choose tokenizer based on field name
  - misc bug fixes.

1.01b (last Sourceforge release)
 . a few bug fixes
 . new Query Parser
 . new prefix query (search for "foo*" matches "food")


This release fixes a few serious bugs and also includes some
performance optimizations, a stemmer, and a few other minor


Lucene now includes a grammar-based tokenizer, StandardTokenizer.

The only tokenizer included in the previous release (LetterTokenizer)
identified terms consisting entirely of alphabetic characters.  The
new tokenizer uses a regular-expression grammar to identify more
complex classes of terms, including numbers, acronyms, email
addresses, etc.

StandardTokenizer serves two purposes:

 1. It is a much better, general purpose tokenizer for use by
    applications as is.

    The easiest way for applications to start using
    StandardTokenizer is to use StandardAnalyzer.

 2. It provides a good example of grammar-based tokenization.

    If an application has special tokenization requirements, it can
    implement a custom tokenizer by copying the directory containing
    the new tokenizer into the application and modifying it


First open source release.

The code has been re-organized into a new package and directory
structure for this release.  It builds OK, but has not been tested
beyond that since the re-organization.

Other Lucene examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Lucene CHANGES.txt source code file:

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