| career | drupal | java | mac | mysql | perl | scala | uml | unix  

Scala example source code file (Positions.scala)

This example Scala source code file (Positions.scala) is included in my "Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you more easily find Scala source code examples by using tags.

All credit for the original source code belongs to; I'm just trying to make examples easier to find. (For my Scala work, see my Scala examples and tutorials.)

Scala tags/keywords

boolean, collection, enclosing, int, list, mutable, noposition, position, range, string, tree, unit

The Positions.scala Scala example source code

package scala
package reflect
package internal

import util._
import scala.collection.mutable.ListBuffer

/** Handling range positions
 *  atPos, the main method in this trait, will add positions to a tree,
 *  and will ensure the following properties:
 *    1. All nodes between the root of the tree and nodes that already have positions
 *       will be assigned positions.
 *    2. No node which already has a position will be assigned a different range; however
 *       a RangePosition might become a TransparentPosition.
 *    3. The position of each assigned node includes the positions of each of its children.
 *    4. The positions of all solid descendants of children of an assigned node
 *       are mutually non-overlapping.
 * Here, the solid descendant of a node are:
 *   If the node has a TransparentPosition, the solid descendants of all its children
 *   Otherwise, the singleton consisting of the node itself.
trait Positions extends api.Positions { self: SymbolTable =>

  type Position = scala.reflect.internal.util.Position
  val NoPosition = scala.reflect.internal.util.NoPosition
  implicit val PositionTag = ClassTag[Position](classOf[Position])

  def inform(msg: String): Unit

  def useOffsetPositions: Boolean = true

  /** A position that wraps a set of trees.
   *  The point of the wrapping position is the point of the default position.
   *  If some of the trees are ranges, returns a range position enclosing all ranges
   *  Otherwise returns default position that is either focused or not.
  def wrappingPos(default: Position, trees: List[Tree]): Position = wrappingPos(default, trees, focus = true)
  def wrappingPos(default: Position, trees: List[Tree], focus: Boolean): Position = {
    if (useOffsetPositions) default else {
      val ranged = trees filter (_.pos.isRange)
      if (ranged.isEmpty) if (focus) default.focus else default
      else Position.range(default.source, (ranged map (_.pos.start)).min, default.point, (ranged map (_.pos.end)).max)

  /** A position that wraps the non-empty set of trees.
   *  The point of the wrapping position is the point of the first trees' position.
   *  If some of the trees are non-synthetic, returns a range position enclosing the non-synthetic trees
   *  Otherwise returns a synthetic offset position to point.
  def wrappingPos(trees: List[Tree]): Position = {
    val headpos = trees.head.pos
    if (useOffsetPositions || !headpos.isDefined) headpos
    else wrappingPos(headpos, trees)

  /** Ensure that given tree has no positions that overlap with
   *  any of the positions of `others`. This is done by
   *  shortening the range, assigning TransparentPositions
   *  to some of the nodes in `tree` or focusing on the position.
  def ensureNonOverlapping(tree: Tree, others: List[Tree]){ ensureNonOverlapping(tree, others, focus = true) }
  def ensureNonOverlapping(tree: Tree, others: List[Tree], focus: Boolean) {
    if (useOffsetPositions) return

    def isOverlapping(pos: Position) =
      pos.isRange && (others exists (pos overlaps _.pos))

    if (isOverlapping(tree.pos)) {
      val children = tree.children
      children foreach (ensureNonOverlapping(_, others, focus))
      if (tree.pos.isOpaqueRange) {
        val wpos = wrappingPos(tree.pos, children, focus)
        tree setPos (if (isOverlapping(wpos)) tree.pos.makeTransparent else wpos)

  def rangePos(source: SourceFile, start: Int, point: Int, end: Int): Position =
    if (useOffsetPositions) Position.offset(source, point)
    else Position.range(source, start, point, end)

  def validatePositions(tree: Tree) {
    if (useOffsetPositions) return

    def reportTree(prefix : String, tree : Tree) {
      val source = if (tree.pos.isDefined) tree.pos.source else ""
      inform("== "+prefix+" tree [""] of type "+tree.productPrefix+" at "

    def positionError(msg: String)(body : => Unit) {
      inform("======= Position error\n" + msg)
      inform("\nWhile validating #" +
      tree.children map (t => "  " + treeStatus(t, tree)) foreach inform
      throw new ValidateException(msg)

    def validate(tree: Tree, encltree: Tree): Unit = {

      if (!tree.isEmpty && tree.canHaveAttrs) {
        if (settings.Yposdebug && (settings.verbose || settings.Yrangepos))
          println("[%10s] %s".format("validate", treeStatus(tree, encltree)))

        if (!tree.pos.isDefined)
          positionError("Unpositioned tree #" {
            inform("%15s %s".format("unpositioned", treeStatus(tree, encltree)))
            inform("%15s %s".format("enclosing", treeStatus(encltree)))
            encltree.children foreach (t => inform("%15s %s".format("sibling", treeStatus(t, encltree))))
        if (tree.pos.isRange) {
          if (!encltree.pos.isRange)
            positionError("Synthetic tree [""] contains nonsynthetic tree [""]") {
            reportTree("Enclosing", encltree)
            reportTree("Enclosed", tree)
          if (!(encltree.pos includes tree.pos))
            positionError("Enclosing tree [""] does not include tree [""]") {
              reportTree("Enclosing", encltree)
              reportTree("Enclosed", tree)

          findOverlapping(tree.children flatMap solidDescendants) match {
            case List() => ;
            case xs => {
              positionError("Overlapping trees " { case (x, y) => (, }.mkString("", ", ", "")) {
                reportTree("Ancestor", tree)
                for((x, y) <- xs) {
                  reportTree("First overlapping", x)
                  reportTree("Second overlapping", y)
        for (ct <- tree.children flatMap solidDescendants) validate(ct, tree)

    if (!isPastTyper)
      validate(tree, tree)

  def solidDescendants(tree: Tree): List[Tree] =
    if (tree.pos.isTransparent) tree.children flatMap solidDescendants
    else List(tree)

  /** A free range from `lo` to `hi` */
  private def free(lo: Int, hi: Int): Range =
    Range(Position.range(null, lo, lo, hi), EmptyTree)

  /** The maximal free range */
  private lazy val maxFree: Range = free(0, Int.MaxValue)

  /** A singleton list of a non-empty range from `lo` to `hi`, or else the empty List */
  private def maybeFree(lo: Int, hi: Int) =
    if (lo < hi) List(free(lo, hi))
    else List()

  /** Insert `pos` into ranges `rs` if possible;
   *  otherwise add conflicting trees to `conflicting`.
  private def insert(rs: List[Range], t: Tree, conflicting: ListBuffer[Tree]): List[Range] = rs match {
    case List() =>
    case r :: rs1 =>
      if (r.isFree && (r.pos includes t.pos)) {
//      println("subdividing "+r+"/"+t.pos)
        maybeFree(t.pos.end, r.pos.end) ::: List(Range(t.pos, t)) ::: maybeFree(r.pos.start, t.pos.start) ::: rs1
      } else {
        if (!r.isFree && (r.pos overlaps t.pos)) conflicting += r.tree
        r :: insert(rs1, t, conflicting)

  /** Replace elem `t` of `ts` by `replacement` list. */
  private def replace(ts: List[Tree], t: Tree, replacement: List[Tree]): List[Tree] =
    if (ts.head == t) replacement ::: ts.tail
    else ts.head :: replace(ts.tail, t, replacement)

  /** Does given list of trees have mutually non-overlapping positions?
   *  pre: None of the trees is transparent
  def findOverlapping(cts: List[Tree]): List[(Tree, Tree)] = {
    var ranges = List(maxFree)
    for (ct <- cts) {
      if (ct.pos.isOpaqueRange) {
        val conflicting = new ListBuffer[Tree]
        ranges = insert(ranges, ct, conflicting)
        if (conflicting.nonEmpty) return conflicting.toList map (t => (t, ct))

  /** Set position of all children of a node
   *  @param  pos   A target position.
   *                Uses the point of the position as the point of all positions it assigns.
   *                Uses the start of this position as an Offset position for unpositioed trees
   *                without children.
   *  @param  trees  The children to position. All children must be positionable.
  private def setChildrenPos(pos: Position, trees: List[Tree]): Unit = try {
    for (tree <- trees) {
      if (!tree.isEmpty && tree.canHaveAttrs && tree.pos == NoPosition) {
        val children = tree.children
        if (children.isEmpty) {
          tree setPos pos.focus
        } else {
          setChildrenPos(pos, children)
          tree setPos wrappingPos(pos, children)
  } catch {
    case ex: Exception =>
      println("error while set children pos "+pos+" of "+trees)
      throw ex

  class ValidateException(msg : String) extends Exception(msg)

  /** A locator for trees with given positions.
   *  Given a position `pos`, locator.apply returns
   *  the smallest tree that encloses `pos`.
  class Locator(pos: Position) extends Traverser {
    var last: Tree = _
    def locateIn(root: Tree): Tree = {
      this.last = EmptyTree
    protected def isEligible(t: Tree) = !t.pos.isTransparent
    override def traverse(t: Tree) {
      t match {
        case tt : TypeTree if tt.original != null && (tt.pos includes tt.original.pos) =>
        case _ =>
          if (t.pos includes pos) {
            if (isEligible(t)) last = t
          } else t match {
            case mdef: MemberDef =>
            case _ =>

  case class Range(pos: Position, tree: Tree) {
    def isFree = tree == EmptyTree

  class TypedLocator(pos: Position) extends Locator(pos) {
    override protected def isEligible(t: Tree) = super.isEligible(t) && t.tpe != null

  trait PosAssigner extends Traverser {
    var pos: Position
  protected[this] lazy val posAssigner: PosAssigner = new DefaultPosAssigner

  protected class DefaultPosAssigner extends PosAssigner {
    var pos: Position = _
    override def traverse(t: Tree) {
      if (!t.canHaveAttrs) ()
      else if (t.pos == NoPosition) {
        super.traverse(t)   // TODO: bug? shouldn't the traverse be outside of the if?
        // @PP: it's pruning whenever it encounters a node with a
        // position, which I interpret to mean that (in the author's
        // mind at least) either the children of a positioned node will
        // already be positioned, or the children of a positioned node
        // do not merit positioning.
        // Whatever the author's rationale, it does seem like a bad idea
        // to press on through a positioned node to find unpositioned
        // children beneath it and then to assign whatever happens to
        // be in `pos` to such nodes. There are supposed to be some
        // position invariants which I can't imagine surviving that.

  /** Position a tree.
   *  This means: Set position of a node and position all its unpositioned children.
  def atPos[T <: Tree](pos: Position)(tree: T): T = {
    if (useOffsetPositions || !pos.isOpaqueRange) {
      posAssigner.pos = pos
    else {
      if (!tree.isEmpty && tree.canHaveAttrs && tree.pos == NoPosition) {
        val children = tree.children
        if (children.nonEmpty) {
          if (children.tail.isEmpty) atPos(pos)(children.head)
          else setChildrenPos(pos, children)

Other Scala source code examples

Here is a short list of links related to this Scala Positions.scala source code file:

... this post is sponsored by my books ...

#1 New Release!

FP Best Seller


new blog posts


Copyright 1998-2021 Alvin Alexander,
All Rights Reserved.

A percentage of advertising revenue from
pages under the /java/jwarehouse URI on this website is
paid back to open source projects.