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Tomcat example source code file (cluster-membership.xml)

This example Tomcat source code file (cluster-membership.xml) is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

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The Tomcat cluster-membership.xml source code

<?xml version="1.0"?>
  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
  limitations under the License.
<!DOCTYPE document [
  <!ENTITY project SYSTEM "project.xml">
<document url="cluster-membership.html">


    <author email="">Filip Hanik
    <title>The Cluster Membership object


<section name="Introduction">
    The membership component in the Apache Tribes <a href="cluster-channel.html">Channel is responsible
    for dynamic discovery of other members(nodes) in the cluster.

<section name="Default Implementation">
    The default implementation of the cluster group notification is built on top of multicast heartbeats
    sent using UDP packets to a multicast IP address.
    Cluster members are grouped together by using the same multicast address/port combination.
    Each member sends out a heartbeat with a given interval (<code>frequency), and this
    heartbeat is used for dynamic discovery.
    In a similar fashion, if a heartbeat has not been received in a timeframe specified by <code>dropTime
    ms. a member is considered suspect and the channel and any membership listener will be notified.

<section name="Attributes">

  <subsection name="Multicast Attributes">

    <attribute name="className" required="true">
      The default value is <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.McastService
      and is currently the only implementation.
      This implementation uses multicast heartbeats for member discovery.
    <attribute name="address" required="false">
      The multicast address that the membership will broadcast its presence and listen
      for other heartbeats on. The default value is <code>
      Make sure your network is enabled for multicast traffic.<br/>
      The multicast address, in conjunction with the <code>port is what 
      creates a cluster group. To divide up your farm into several different group, or to 
      split up QA from production, change the <code>port or the address
      <br/>Previously known as mcastAddr.
    <attribute name="port" required="false">
      The multicast port, the default value is <code>45564
The multicast port, in conjunction with the <code>address is what creates a cluster group. To divide up your farm into several different group, or to split up QA from production, change the <code>port or the address </p> </attribute> <attribute name="frequency" required="false"> <p> The frequency in milliseconds in which heartbeats are sent out. The default value is <code>500 ms.
In most cases the default value is sufficient. Changing this value, simply changes the interval in between heartbeats. </p> </attribute> <attribute name="dropTime" required="false"> <p> The membership component will time out members and notify the Channel if a member fails to send a heartbeat within a give time. The default value is <code>3000 ms. This means, that if a heartbeat is not received from a member in that timeframe, the membership component will notify the cluster of this.<br/> On a high latency network you may wish to increase this value, to protect against false positives.<br/> Apache Tribes also provides a <a href="cluster-interceptor.html#tcpfailuredetector">TcpFailureDetector that will verify a timeout using a TCP connection when a heartbeat timeout has occurred. This protects against false positives. </p> </attribute> <attribute name="bind" required="false"> <p> Use this attribute if you wish to bind your multicast traffic to a specific network interface. By default, or when this attribute is unset, it tries to bind to <code> and sometimes on multihomed hosts this becomes a problem. </p> </attribute> <attribute name="ttl" required="false"> <p> The time-to-live setting for the multicast heartbeats. This setting should be a value between 0 and 255. The default value is VM implementation specific. </p> </attribute> <attribute name="domain" required="false"> <p> Apache Tribes has the ability to logically group members into domains, by using this domain attribute. The <code>org.apache.catalina.tribes.Member.getDomain() method returns the value specified here. </p> </attribute> <attribute name="soTimeout" required="false"> <p> The sending and receiving of heartbeats is done on a single thread, hence to avoid blocking this thread forever, you can control the <code>SO_TIMEOUT value on this socket.
If a value smaller or equal to 0 is presented, the code will default this value to frequency </p> </attribute> </attributes> </subsection> </section> </body> </document>

Other Tomcat examples (source code examples)

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