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Java example source code file (TestCookieRFC2109Spec.java)

This example source code file (TestCookieRFC2109Spec.java) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java tags/keywords

arraylist, basicclientcookie, basicheader, cookieorigin, cookiespec, domain, illegalargumentexception, list, malformedcookieexception, path, rfc2109spec, set-cookie, util, version=0, version=1

The TestCookieRFC2109Spec.java example source code

/*
 * ====================================================================
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
 * individuals on behalf of the Apache Software Foundation.  For more
 * information on the Apache Software Foundation, please see
 * <http://www.apache.org/>.
 *
 */

package org.apache.http.impl.cookie;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import junit.framework.Test;
import junit.framework.TestCase;
import junit.framework.TestSuite;

import org.apache.http.Header;
import org.apache.http.cookie.ClientCookie;
import org.apache.http.cookie.Cookie;
import org.apache.http.cookie.CookieOrigin;
import org.apache.http.cookie.CookieSpec;
import org.apache.http.cookie.MalformedCookieException;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicHeader;


/**
 * Test cases for RFC2109 cookie spec
 *
 * 
 */
public class TestCookieRFC2109Spec extends TestCase {


    // ------------------------------------------------------------ Constructor

    public TestCookieRFC2109Spec(String name) {
        super(name);
    }

    // ------------------------------------------------------- TestCase Methods

    public static Test suite() {
        return new TestSuite(TestCookieRFC2109Spec.class);
    }

    public void testConstructor() throws Exception {
        new RFC2109Spec();
        new RFC2109Spec(null, false);
        new RFC2109Spec(new String[] { DateUtils.PATTERN_RFC1036 }, false);
    }
    
    public void testParseVersion() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie","cookie-name=cookie-value; version=1");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("127.0.0.1", 80, "/", false);
        List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
            cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
        }
        assertEquals("Found 1 cookie.",1,cookies.size());
        assertEquals("Name","cookie-name",cookies.get(0).getName());
        assertEquals("Value","cookie-value",cookies.get(0).getValue());
        assertEquals("Version",1,cookies.get(0).getVersion());
    }

    /**
     * Test domain equals host 
     */
    public void testCookiesomainEqualsHost() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie",
            "cookie-name=cookie-value; domain=www.b.com; version=1");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("www.b.com", 80, "/", false);
        List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
            cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
        }
        assertNotNull(cookies);
        assertEquals(1, cookies.size());
        assertEquals("www.b.com", cookies.get(0).getDomain());
    }

    /**
     * Domain does not start with a dot
     */
    public void testParseWithIllegalDomain1() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie",
            "cookie-name=cookie-value; domain=a.b.com; version=1");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("www.a.b.com", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
            for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
                cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
            }
            fail("MalformedCookieException should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // expected
        }
    }

    /**
     * Domain must have alt least one embedded dot
     */
    public void testParseWithIllegalDomain2() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie",
            "cookie-name=cookie-value; domain=.com; version=1");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("b.com", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
            for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
                cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
            }
            fail("MalformedCookieException should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // expected
        }
    }

    /**
     * Host minus domain may not contain any dots
     */
    public void testParseWithIllegalDomain4() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie",
            "cookie-name=cookie-value; domain=.c.com; version=1");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("a.b.c.com", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
            for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
                cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
            }
            fail("MalformedCookieException should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // expected
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests if that invalid second domain level cookie gets 
     * rejected in the strict mode, but gets accepted in the
     * browser compatibility mode.
     */
    public void testSecondDomainLevelCookie() throws Exception {
        BasicClientCookie cookie = new BasicClientCookie("name", null);
        cookie.setDomain(".sourceforge.net");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.DOMAIN_ATTR, cookie.getDomain());
        cookie.setPath("/");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, cookie.getPath());

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("sourceforge.net", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            cookiespec.validate(cookie, origin);
            fail("MalformedCookieException should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // Expected
        }
    }    

    public void testSecondDomainLevelCookieMatch() throws Exception {
        BasicClientCookie cookie = new BasicClientCookie("name", null);
        cookie.setDomain(".sourceforge.net");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.DOMAIN_ATTR, cookie.getDomain());
        cookie.setPath("/");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, cookie.getPath());

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("sourceforge.net", 80, "/", false);
        assertFalse(cookiespec.match(cookie, origin));
    }
    
    public void testParseWithWrongPath() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie",
            "cookie-name=cookie-value; domain=127.0.0.1; path=/not/just/root");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("127.0.0.1", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
            for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
                cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
            }
            fail("MalformedCookieException exception should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // expected
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests if cookie constructor rejects cookie name containing blanks.
     */
    public void testCookieNameWithBlanks() throws Exception {
        Header setcookie = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", "invalid name=");
        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("127.0.0.1", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(setcookie, origin);
            for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
                cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
            }
            fail("MalformedCookieException exception should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // expected
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests if cookie constructor rejects cookie name starting with $.
     */
    public void testCookieNameStartingWithDollarSign() throws Exception {
        Header setcookie = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", "$invalid_name=");
        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("127.0.0.1", 80, "/", false);
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(setcookie, origin);
            for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
                cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
            }
            fail("MalformedCookieException exception should have been thrown");
        } catch (MalformedCookieException e) {
            // expected
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests if default cookie validator rejects cookies originating from a host without domain
     * where domain attribute does not match the host of origin 
     */
    public void testInvalidDomainWithSimpleHostName() throws Exception {    
        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", 
            "name=\"value\"; version=\"1\"; path=\"/\"; domain=\".mydomain.com\"");
        CookieOrigin origin1 = new CookieOrigin("host", 80, "/", false);
        List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin1);
        try {
            cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(0), origin1);
            fail("MalformedCookieException must have thrown");
        }
        catch(MalformedCookieException expected) {
        }
        CookieOrigin origin2 = new CookieOrigin("host2", 80, "/", false);
        header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", 
            "name=\"value\"; version=\"1\"; path=\"/\"; domain=\"host1\"");
        cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin2);
        try {
            cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(0), origin2);
            fail("MalformedCookieException must have thrown");
        }
        catch(MalformedCookieException expected) {
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests if cookie values with embedded comma are handled correctly.
     */
    public void testCookieWithComma() throws Exception {
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", "a=b,c");

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("localhost", 80, "/", false);
        List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        assertEquals("number of cookies", 2, cookies.size());
        assertEquals("a", cookies.get(0).getName());
        assertEquals("b", cookies.get(0).getValue());
        assertEquals("c", cookies.get(1).getName());
        assertEquals(null, cookies.get(1).getValue());
    }

    /**
     * Tests RFC 2109 compiant cookie formatting.
     */
    public void testRFC2109CookieFormatting() throws Exception {
        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec(null, false);
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", 
            "name=\"value\"; version=1; path=\"/\"; domain=\".mydomain.com\"");
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("myhost.mydomain.com", 80, "/", false);
        List<Cookie> cookies  = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(0), origin);
        List<Header> headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=1; name=\"value\"; $Path=\"/\"; $Domain=\".mydomain.com\"", 
                headers.get(0).getValue());

        header = new BasicHeader( "Set-Cookie", 
            "name=value; path=/; domain=.mydomain.com");
        cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(0), origin);
        headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=0; name=value; $Path=/; $Domain=.mydomain.com", 
                headers.get(0).getValue());
    }

    public void testRFC2109CookiesFormatting() throws Exception {
        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec(null, true);
        Header header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", 
            "name1=value1; path=/; domain=.mydomain.com, " + 
            "name2=\"value2\"; version=\"1\"; path=\"/\"; domain=\".mydomain.com\"");
        CookieOrigin origin = new CookieOrigin("myhost.mydomain.com", 80, "/", false);
        List<Cookie> cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
            cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
        }
        assertNotNull(cookies);
        assertEquals(2, cookies.size());
        List<Header> headers  = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals( 
            "$Version=0; name1=value1; $Path=/; $Domain=.mydomain.com; " + 
            "name2=value2; $Path=/; $Domain=.mydomain.com",
            headers.get(0).getValue());

        header = new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", 
            "name1=value1; version=1; path=/; domain=.mydomain.com, " + 
            "name2=\"value2\"; version=\"1\"; path=\"/\"; domain=\".mydomain.com\"");
        cookies = cookiespec.parse(header, origin);
        for (int i = 0; i < cookies.size(); i++) {
            cookiespec.validate(cookies.get(i), origin);
        }
        assertNotNull(cookies);
        assertEquals(2, cookies.size());
        headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertEquals( 
            "$Version=1; name1=\"value1\"; $Path=\"/\"; $Domain=\".mydomain.com\"; " + 
            "name2=\"value2\"; $Path=\"/\"; $Domain=\".mydomain.com\"",
            headers.get(0).getValue());
    }
    
    /**
     * Tests if null cookie values are handled correctly.
     */
    public void testNullCookieValueFormatting() {
        BasicClientCookie cookie = new BasicClientCookie("name", null);
        cookie.setDomain(".whatever.com");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.DOMAIN_ATTR, cookie.getDomain());
        cookie.setPath("/");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, cookie.getPath());

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        List<Cookie> cookies = new ArrayList();
        cookies.add(cookie);
        List<Header> headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=0; name=; $Path=/; $Domain=.whatever.com", 
                headers.get(0).getValue());

        cookie.setVersion(1);
        cookies = new ArrayList<Cookie>();
        cookies.add(cookie);
        headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=1; name=; $Path=\"/\"; $Domain=\".whatever.com\"", 
                headers.get(0).getValue());
    }

    public void testCookieNullDomainNullPathFormatting() {
        BasicClientCookie cookie = new BasicClientCookie("name", null); 
        cookie.setPath("/");
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, cookie.getPath());

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        List<Cookie> cookies = new ArrayList();
        cookies.add(cookie);
        List<Header> headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=0; name=; $Path=/", headers.get(0).getValue());

        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.DOMAIN_ATTR, null);
        cookie.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, null);
        cookies = new ArrayList<Cookie>();
        cookies.add(cookie);
        headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=0; name=", headers.get(0).getValue());
    }

    public void testCookieOrderingByPath() {
        BasicClientCookie c1 = new BasicClientCookie("name1", "value1");
        c1.setPath("/a/b/c");
        c1.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, c1.getPath());
        BasicClientCookie c2 = new BasicClientCookie("name2", "value2");
        c2.setPath("/a/b");
        c2.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, c2.getPath());
        BasicClientCookie c3 = new BasicClientCookie("name3", "value3");
        c3.setPath("/a");
        c3.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, c3.getPath());
        BasicClientCookie c4 = new BasicClientCookie("name4", "value4");
        c4.setPath("/");
        c4.setAttribute(ClientCookie.PATH_ATTR, c4.getPath());

        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec(null, true);
        List<Cookie> cookies = new ArrayList();
        cookies.add(c2);
        cookies.add(c4);
        cookies.add(c1);
        cookies.add(c3);
        List<Header> headers = cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
        assertNotNull(headers);
        assertEquals(1, headers.size());
        assertEquals("$Version=0; name1=value1; $Path=/a/b/c; " +
                "name2=value2; $Path=/a/b; " +
                "name3=value3; $Path=/a; " +
                "name4=value4; $Path=/", headers.get(0).getValue());
    }

    public void testInvalidInput() throws Exception {
        CookieSpec cookiespec = new RFC2109Spec();
        try {
            cookiespec.parse(null, null);
            fail("IllegalArgumentException must have been thrown");
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            // expected
        }
        try {
            cookiespec.parse(new BasicHeader("Set-Cookie", "name=value"), null);
            fail("IllegalArgumentException must have been thrown");
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            // expected
        }
        try {
            cookiespec.validate(null, null);
            fail("IllegalArgumentException must have been thrown");
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            // expected
        }
        try {
            cookiespec.formatCookies(null);
            fail("IllegalArgumentException must have been thrown");
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            // expected
        }
        try {
            List<Cookie> cookies = new ArrayList();
            cookiespec.formatCookies(cookies);
            fail("IllegalArgumentException must have been thrown");
        } catch (IllegalArgumentException ex) {
            // expected
        }
    }
        
}

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