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Commons IO example source code file (bestpractices.xml)

This example Commons IO source code file (bestpractices.xml) is included in the DevDaily.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons IO tags/keywords

apache, file, file, inputstream, inputstream, license, license, see, string, string, the, version, windows, you

The Commons IO bestpractices.xml source code

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!--
Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
(the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
-->
<document>
 <properties>
  <title>Best practices
  <author email="dev@commons.apache.org">Commons Documentation Team
 </properties>
  <body>

    <section name="Best practices">
        <p>
            This document presents a number of 'best practices' in the IO area.
        </p>
    </section>

    <section name="java.io.File">
    
        <p>
            Often, you have to deal with files and filenames. There are many
            things that can go wrong:
        </p>
        <ul>
            <li>A class works in Unix but doesn't on Windows (or vice versa)
            <li>Invalid filenames due to double or missing path separators
            <li>UNC filenames (on Windows) don't work with my home-grown filename utility function
            <li>etc. etc.
        </ul>
        <p>
            These are good reasons not to work with filenames as Strings.
            Using java.io.File instead handles many of the above cases nicely.
            Thus, our best practice recommendation is to use java.io.File
            instead of String for filenames to avoid platform dependencies.
        </p>
        <p>
            <i>
            Version 1.1 of commons-io now includes a dedicated filename
            handling class - <a href="api-release/index.html?org/apache/commons/io/FilenameUtils.html">FilenameUtils.
            This does handle many of these filename issues, however we still
            recommend, wherever possible, that you use java.io.File objects.
            </i>
        </p>
        <p>
            Let's look at an example.
        </p>
        <source>
 public static String getExtension(String filename) {
   int index = filename.lastIndexOf('.');
   if (index == -1) {
     return "";
   } else {
     return filename.substring(index + 1);
   }
 }</source>
        <p>
            Easy enough? Right, but what happens if someone passes in a full path 
            instead of only a filename? Consider the following, perfectly legal path:
            "C:\Temp\documentation.new\README".
            The method as defined above would return "new\README" - definitely
            not what you wanted.
        </p>
        <p>
            Please use java.io.File for filenames instead of Strings.
            The functionality that the class provides is well tested.
            In FileUtils you will find other useful utility functions
            around java.io.File.
        </p>
        <p>
            Instead of:
        </p>
        <source>
 String tmpdir = "/var/tmp";
 String tmpfile = tmpdir + System.getProperty("file.separator") + "test.tmp";
 InputStream in = new java.io.FileInputStream(tmpfile);</source>
        <p>
            ...write:
        </p>
        <source>
 File tmpdir = new File("/var/tmp");
 File tmpfile = new File(tmpdir, "test.tmp");
 InputStream in = new java.io.FileInputStream(tmpfile);</source>

    </section>
    
    <section name="Buffering streams">
        <p>
            IO performance depends a lot from the buffering strategy. Usually, it's 
            quite fast to read packets with the size of 512 or 1024 bytes because
            these sizes match well with the packet sizes used on harddisks in 
            file systems or file system caches. But as soon as you have to read only 
            a few bytes and that many times performance drops significantly.
        </p>
        <p>
            Make sure you're properly buffering streams when reading or writing 
            streams, especially when working with files. Just decorate your 
            FileInputStream with a BufferedInputStream:
        </p>
        <source>
 InputStream in = new java.io.FileInputStream(myfile);
 try {
   in = new java.io.BufferedInputStream(in);
   
   in.read(.....
 } finally {
   IOUtils.closeQuietly(in);
 }</source>
        <p>
            Pay attention that you're not buffering an already buffered stream. Some
            components like XML parsers may do their own buffering so decorating
            the InputStream you pass to the XML parser does nothing but slowing down
            your code. If you use our CopyUtils or IOUtils you don't need to 
            additionally buffer the streams you use as the code in there already
            buffers the copy process. Always check the Javadocs for information. 
            Another case where buffering is unnecessary is when you write to a 
            ByteArrayOutputStream since you're writing to memory only.
        </p>
    </section>

  </body>

</document>

Other Commons IO examples (source code examples)

Here is a short list of links related to this Commons IO bestpractices.xml source code file:



my book on functional programming

 

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