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Commons Math example source code file (

This example Commons Math source code file ( is included in the "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Java - Commons Math tags/keywords

derivativeexception, derivativeexception, secondorderdifferentialequations, secondorderdifferentialequations

The Commons Math source code

 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.

package org.apache.commons.math.ode;

/** This interface represents a second order differential equations set.

 * <p>This interface should be implemented by all real second order
 * differential equation problems before they can be handled by the
 * integrators {@link SecondOrderIntegrator#integrate} method.</p>
 * <p>A second order differential equations problem, as seen by an
 * integrator is the second time derivative <code>d2Y/dt^2 of a
 * state vector <code>Y, both being one dimensional
 * arrays. From the integrator point of view, this derivative depends
 * only on the current time <code>t, on the state vector
 * <code>Y and on the first time derivative of the state
 * vector.</p>
 * <p>For real problems, the derivative depends also on parameters
 * that do not belong to the state vector (dynamical model constants
 * for example). These constants are completely outside of the scope
 * of this interface, the classes that implement it are allowed to
 * handle them as they want.</p>
 * @see SecondOrderIntegrator
 * @see FirstOrderConverter
 * @see FirstOrderDifferentialEquations
 * @version $Revision: 811786 $ $Date: 2009-09-06 05:36:08 -0400 (Sun, 06 Sep 2009) $
 * @since 1.2

public interface SecondOrderDifferentialEquations {

    /** Get the dimension of the problem.
     * @return dimension of the problem
    int getDimension();

    /** Get the current time derivative of the state vector.
     * @param t current value of the independent <I>time variable
     * @param y array containing the current value of the state vector
     * @param yDot array containing the current value of the first derivative
     * of the state vector
     * @param yDDot placeholder array where to put the second time derivative
     * of the state vector
     * @throws DerivativeException this exception is propagated to the caller if the
     * underlying user function triggers one
    void computeSecondDerivatives(double t, double[] y, double[] yDot,
                                  double[] yDDot) throws DerivativeException;


Other Commons Math examples (source code examples)

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