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Java example source code file (DiagonalMatrix.java)

This example Java source code file (DiagonalMatrix.java) is included in the alvinalexander.com "Java Source Code Warehouse" project. The intent of this project is to help you "Learn Java by Example" TM.

Learn more about this Java project at its project page.

Java - Java tags/keywords

abstractrealmatrix, array2drowrealmatrix, arrayrealvector, diagonalmatrix, dimensionmismatchexception, matrixdimensionmismatchexception, notstrictlypositiveexception, nullargumentexception, numberistoolargeexception, outofrangeexception, override, realmatrix, serializable, singularmatrixexception

The DiagonalMatrix.java Java example source code

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.commons.math3.linear;

import java.io.Serializable;

import org.apache.commons.math3.exception.DimensionMismatchException;
import org.apache.commons.math3.exception.NotStrictlyPositiveException;
import org.apache.commons.math3.exception.NullArgumentException;
import org.apache.commons.math3.exception.NumberIsTooLargeException;
import org.apache.commons.math3.exception.OutOfRangeException;
import org.apache.commons.math3.util.FastMath;
import org.apache.commons.math3.util.MathUtils;
import org.apache.commons.math3.util.Precision;

/**
 * Implementation of a diagonal matrix.
 *
 * @since 3.1.1
 */
public class DiagonalMatrix extends AbstractRealMatrix
    implements Serializable {
    /** Serializable version identifier. */
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 20121229L;
    /** Entries of the diagonal. */
    private final double[] data;

    /**
     * Creates a matrix with the supplied dimension.
     *
     * @param dimension Number of rows and columns in the new matrix.
     * @throws NotStrictlyPositiveException if the dimension is
     * not positive.
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix(final int dimension)
        throws NotStrictlyPositiveException {
        super(dimension, dimension);
        data = new double[dimension];
    }

    /**
     * Creates a matrix using the input array as the underlying data.
     * <br/>
     * The input array is copied, not referenced.
     *
     * @param d Data for the new matrix.
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix(final double[] d) {
        this(d, true);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a matrix using the input array as the underlying data.
     * <br/>
     * If an array is created specially in order to be embedded in a
     * this instance and not used directly, the {@code copyArray} may be
     * set to {@code false}.
     * This will prevent the copying and improve performance as no new
     * array will be built and no data will be copied.
     *
     * @param d Data for new matrix.
     * @param copyArray if {@code true}, the input array will be copied,
     * otherwise it will be referenced.
     * @exception NullArgumentException if d is null
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix(final double[] d, final boolean copyArray)
        throws NullArgumentException {
        MathUtils.checkNotNull(d);
        data = copyArray ? d.clone() : d;
    }

    /**
     * {@inheritDoc}
     *
     * @throws DimensionMismatchException if the requested dimensions are not equal.
     */
    @Override
    public RealMatrix createMatrix(final int rowDimension,
                                   final int columnDimension)
        throws NotStrictlyPositiveException,
               DimensionMismatchException {
        if (rowDimension != columnDimension) {
            throw new DimensionMismatchException(rowDimension, columnDimension);
        }

        return new DiagonalMatrix(rowDimension);
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public RealMatrix copy() {
        return new DiagonalMatrix(data);
    }

    /**
     * Compute the sum of {@code this} and {@code m}.
     *
     * @param m Matrix to be added.
     * @return {@code this + m}.
     * @throws MatrixDimensionMismatchException if {@code m} is not the same
     * size as {@code this}.
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix add(final DiagonalMatrix m)
        throws MatrixDimensionMismatchException {
        // Safety check.
        MatrixUtils.checkAdditionCompatible(this, m);

        final int dim = getRowDimension();
        final double[] outData = new double[dim];
        for (int i = 0; i < dim; i++) {
            outData[i] = data[i] + m.data[i];
        }

        return new DiagonalMatrix(outData, false);
    }

    /**
     * Returns {@code this} minus {@code m}.
     *
     * @param m Matrix to be subtracted.
     * @return {@code this - m}
     * @throws MatrixDimensionMismatchException if {@code m} is not the same
     * size as {@code this}.
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix subtract(final DiagonalMatrix m)
        throws MatrixDimensionMismatchException {
        MatrixUtils.checkSubtractionCompatible(this, m);

        final int dim = getRowDimension();
        final double[] outData = new double[dim];
        for (int i = 0; i < dim; i++) {
            outData[i] = data[i] - m.data[i];
        }

        return new DiagonalMatrix(outData, false);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the result of postmultiplying {@code this} by {@code m}.
     *
     * @param m matrix to postmultiply by
     * @return {@code this * m}
     * @throws DimensionMismatchException if
     * {@code columnDimension(this) != rowDimension(m)}
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix multiply(final DiagonalMatrix m)
        throws DimensionMismatchException {
        MatrixUtils.checkMultiplicationCompatible(this, m);

        final int dim = getRowDimension();
        final double[] outData = new double[dim];
        for (int i = 0; i < dim; i++) {
            outData[i] = data[i] * m.data[i];
        }

        return new DiagonalMatrix(outData, false);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the result of postmultiplying {@code this} by {@code m}.
     *
     * @param m matrix to postmultiply by
     * @return {@code this * m}
     * @throws DimensionMismatchException if
     * {@code columnDimension(this) != rowDimension(m)}
     */
    @Override
    public RealMatrix multiply(final RealMatrix m)
        throws DimensionMismatchException {
        if (m instanceof DiagonalMatrix) {
            return multiply((DiagonalMatrix) m);
        } else {
            MatrixUtils.checkMultiplicationCompatible(this, m);
            final int nRows = m.getRowDimension();
            final int nCols = m.getColumnDimension();
            final double[][] product = new double[nRows][nCols];
            for (int r = 0; r < nRows; r++) {
                for (int c = 0; c < nCols; c++) {
                    product[r][c] = data[r] * m.getEntry(r, c);
                }
            }
            return new Array2DRowRealMatrix(product, false);
        }
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public double[][] getData() {
        final int dim = getRowDimension();
        final double[][] out = new double[dim][dim];

        for (int i = 0; i < dim; i++) {
            out[i][i] = data[i];
        }

        return out;
    }

    /**
     * Gets a reference to the underlying data array.
     *
     * @return 1-dimensional array of entries.
     */
    public double[] getDataRef() {
        return data;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public double getEntry(final int row, final int column)
        throws OutOfRangeException {
        MatrixUtils.checkMatrixIndex(this, row, column);
        return row == column ? data[row] : 0;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc}
     * @throws NumberIsTooLargeException if {@code row != column} and value is non-zero.
     */
    @Override
    public void setEntry(final int row, final int column, final double value)
        throws OutOfRangeException, NumberIsTooLargeException {
        if (row == column) {
            MatrixUtils.checkRowIndex(this, row);
            data[row] = value;
        } else {
            ensureZero(value);
        }
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc}
     * @throws NumberIsTooLargeException if {@code row != column} and increment is non-zero.
     */
    @Override
    public void addToEntry(final int row,
                           final int column,
                           final double increment)
        throws OutOfRangeException, NumberIsTooLargeException {
        if (row == column) {
            MatrixUtils.checkRowIndex(this, row);
            data[row] += increment;
        } else {
            ensureZero(increment);
        }
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public void multiplyEntry(final int row,
                              final int column,
                              final double factor)
        throws OutOfRangeException {
        // we don't care about non-diagonal elements for multiplication
        if (row == column) {
            MatrixUtils.checkRowIndex(this, row);
            data[row] *= factor;
        }
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public int getRowDimension() {
        return data.length;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public int getColumnDimension() {
        return data.length;
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public double[] operate(final double[] v)
        throws DimensionMismatchException {
        return multiply(new DiagonalMatrix(v, false)).getDataRef();
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public double[] preMultiply(final double[] v)
        throws DimensionMismatchException {
        return operate(v);
    }

    /** {@inheritDoc} */
    @Override
    public RealVector preMultiply(final RealVector v) throws DimensionMismatchException {
        final double[] vectorData;
        if (v instanceof ArrayRealVector) {
            vectorData = ((ArrayRealVector) v).getDataRef();
        } else {
            vectorData = v.toArray();
        }
        return MatrixUtils.createRealVector(preMultiply(vectorData));
    }

    /** Ensure a value is zero.
     * @param value value to check
     * @exception NumberIsTooLargeException if value is not zero
     */
    private void ensureZero(final double value) throws NumberIsTooLargeException {
        if (!Precision.equals(0.0, value, 1)) {
            throw new NumberIsTooLargeException(FastMath.abs(value), 0, true);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Computes the inverse of this diagonal matrix.
     * <p>
     * Note: this method will use a singularity threshold of 0,
     * use {@link #inverse(double)} if a different threshold is needed.
     *
     * @return the inverse of {@code m}
     * @throws SingularMatrixException if the matrix is singular
     * @since 3.3
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix inverse() throws SingularMatrixException {
        return inverse(0);
    }

    /**
     * Computes the inverse of this diagonal matrix.
     *
     * @param threshold Singularity threshold.
     * @return the inverse of {@code m}
     * @throws SingularMatrixException if the matrix is singular
     * @since 3.3
     */
    public DiagonalMatrix inverse(double threshold) throws SingularMatrixException {
        if (isSingular(threshold)) {
            throw new SingularMatrixException();
        }

        final double[] result = new double[data.length];
        for (int i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
            result[i] = 1.0 / data[i];
        }
        return new DiagonalMatrix(result, false);
    }

    /** Returns whether this diagonal matrix is singular, i.e. any diagonal entry
     * is equal to {@code 0} within the given threshold.
     *
     * @param threshold Singularity threshold.
     * @return {@code true} if the matrix is singular, {@code false} otherwise
     * @since 3.3
     */
    public boolean isSingular(double threshold) {
        for (int i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
            if (Precision.equals(data[i], 0.0, threshold)) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
}

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